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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining The ‘Cognitive Walkthrough’, Colin M. Gray, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez Jun 2015

Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining The ‘Cognitive Walkthrough’, Colin M. Gray, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the ‘Cognitive Walk through’Students in engineering are required to evaluate their products against user requirements, but often, these requirements are abstracted from the user or context of use, making it difficult for students to empathize with the eventual user of the product or system they are designing. In previous research, we have demonstrated the use of Design Heuristics to encourage divergencein ideation at initial stages of the design process. Design Heuristics—a tool based on award-winning products and design activities of engineers and product designers (e.g., Yilmaz &Siefert, 2011)—has been extensively validated through empirical studies, shown to increase ideation capacity and flexibility. Use of this method has been focused primarily on early stage ideation, with less support for students who are iterating on or evaluating more developed concepts. Our proposal focuses on extending the student’s understanding of the problem space by generating empathy with the end user and context. Through this empathetic positioning, the Design Heuristics method can be used to lead to a richer space for additional idea generation.Typical uses of Design Heuristics in an engineering classroom context (e.g., Daly, et al., 2012)have not been situated in the context of use, thus operating at a level of abstraction above the user, context, or sociocultural milieu. One of the more significant insights to come out of the design community is the importance of problematizing the context and a rich understanding of the user and importing that information back into the design process (Beyer & Holtzblatt, 1996;Young, 2008). So while ideating with ...


The Impact Of Teaming And Cognitive Style On Student Perceptions Of Design Ideation Outcomes, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Wesley Teerlink, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Eli M. Silk Jun 2015

The Impact Of Teaming And Cognitive Style On Student Perceptions Of Design Ideation Outcomes, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Wesley Teerlink, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Eli M. Silk

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The Impact of Teaming and Problem Solving Style on Student Perceptions of Design Ideation Out comes The importance of idea generation (ideation) within the engineering design process is recognized in academic and industrial settings alike. The collaborative nature of engineering design is also well-established, with individuals of differing personalities, technical backgrounds, and levels of experience coming together to meet shared design objectives. Engineering educators routinely put students in design teams to complete both simple and complex projects, with the assessment of students’ individual differences becoming increasingly common. Our goal for this study was to explore the extent to which teaming ...


Impact Of Problem Contexts On The Diversity Of Design Solutions: An Exploratory Case Study, Seda Yilmaz, Meisha N. Berg, Shanna R. Daly, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Eli M. Silk, Wesley Teerlink Jun 2015

Impact Of Problem Contexts On The Diversity Of Design Solutions: An Exploratory Case Study, Seda Yilmaz, Meisha N. Berg, Shanna R. Daly, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Eli M. Silk, Wesley Teerlink

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Impact of problem contexts on the diversity of design solutions: An exploratory case study he role of ideation in design is to generate design solutions that have the potential for further development. Having many diverse ideas increases the potential for successful design out comes by increasing the number of possibilities available during concept evaluation and selection phases. How do we define the problems that would allow for the most diverse solution space?The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of how different contexts impacted the variety of solutions generated within the solution space, by a diverse group ...


Exploring The Effects Of Problem Framing On Solution Shifts: A Case Study, Samuelina M. Wright, Eli M. Rutgers, Shanna R. Daly, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Seda Yilmaz Jun 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Problem Framing On Solution Shifts: A Case Study, Samuelina M. Wright, Eli M. Rutgers, Shanna R. Daly, Kathryn W. Jablokow, Seda Yilmaz

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Exploring the Effects of Problem Framing on Solution Shifts: A Case Analysis Both students in engineering and practicing engineers are continually challenged with new problems to solve. We propose that the way the problem is presented will influence the engineer’s ideation processes, and eventually, the design outcomes. In our previous research, we developed three categories of framings for design problem statements based on Kirton’s Adaption-Innovation theory: (1) neutral framing, (2) adaptive framing, and (3) innovative framing. The neutral framing is intended to leave designers uninfluenced with respect to their natural ideation processes. The adaptive framing offers additional constraints ...


Expanding Evidence-Based Pedagogy With Design Heuristics, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez, Colin M. Gray Jun 2015

Expanding Evidence-Based Pedagogy With Design Heuristics, Seda Yilmaz, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez, Colin M. Gray

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Expanding Evidence-based Pedagogy with Design Heuristics Creative thinking during concept generation has been identified as a key source of successful innovations; thus, techniques to support creative conceptual design are imperative in engineering education. However, teaching students to “think in novatively” has been difficult for many educators, often because of a lack of effective instructional methods. While a variety of methods for concept generation have been published, only one method has been systematically derived from observing engineers during design creation and empirically validated in scientific studies:Design Heuristics. In empirical studies, Design Heuristics have been successfully tested in engineering and design ...


What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation And Effective Team Communication, Colin M. Gray, Seda Mckilligan, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez Jun 2015

What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation And Effective Team Communication, Colin M. Gray, Seda Mckilligan, Shanna R. Daly, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Idea generation has frequently been explored in design education as an exercise of students’ “innate” creativity, and few tools or techniques are offered to scaffold ideation ability. As students develop their design skills, we expect them to demonstrate increasing ideation flexibility—a cognitive and social ability to see a problem from multiple perspectives, and to create more varied concepts within the problem space. In this study, we introduced three tools— functional decomposition, Design Heuristics, and affinity diagramming—to aid students’ ideation in a three-hour workshop. Participants included 20 students in a junior industrial design studio arranged in five pre-existing teams ...