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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung Jan 2008

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vicuna fiber has a high value in the textile and fashion industry and is seen on the runways of the most selective and luxurious clothing designers in Europe. However, the vicuna fiber process and commodity chain are little known. This thesis presents the commodity chain of vicuna fiber and the positive and negative impacts that vicuna fiber commercialization generates in Peruvian peasant communities. The research, based on in-depth interviews and document analysis, studies the development of this buyer-driven chain, the social actors' roles, and the policies and legislation implemented to preserve vicuna species. In response to consumption demands, the marketing ...


Early Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Book Design: An Agentive Vehicle For Social Change, Shannon Kelly Proulx Jan 2008

Early Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Book Design: An Agentive Vehicle For Social Change, Shannon Kelly Proulx

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing dominance of visual communication puts pressure on professional communicators and students of rhetoric to understand the nature of the scopic regime and how competing ways of seeing affect communication networks and the societies they serve. This document focuses on the attempts of the early twentieth-century avant gardists to profoundly shift social realities by challenging the scopic regime of their time through book design. Their attempts to seize agency through aesthetics failed to directly enact a new social order, but the avant gardists succeeded in establishing the necessary visual grammars for new ways of visually presenting information, including the ...


Effectiveness Of Values Communication Through Cross-Cultural Corporate Symbol Design, Juan Manuel Ruiz Alvarez Jan 2008

Effectiveness Of Values Communication Through Cross-Cultural Corporate Symbol Design, Juan Manuel Ruiz Alvarez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intercultural communication occurs between people whose culture, language, and visual perceptions are distinct enough to alter the communication event between them. In this arena, the graphic designer plays the role of a visual ambassador, creating vehicles of communication intended to carry messages within or across cultural barriers. The task is challenging and necessary because of the contemporary tendency toward globalization. In today's global market, multinational corporations are creating brands to express their corporate values. As a result, these corporations are more connected to their customers and are differentiated from their competition.;This study tested the effectiveness of communicating values ...


The Tradition Of Meskwaki Ribbonwork: Cultural Meanings, Continuity, And Change, Brenda Papakee Ackerman Jan 2008

The Tradition Of Meskwaki Ribbonwork: Cultural Meanings, Continuity, And Change, Brenda Papakee Ackerman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Applied decoration of garments is common practice for the majority of Native American tribes in North America. Ribbonwork, a textile art form, is a method of applied decoration to dress prevalent in Indian tribes originating from the Great Lakes Region. This study examines the tradition of ribbonwork from the perspectives of those who make it and wear it. Participants are from the Meskwaki Nation of Iowa where the tradition of ribbonwork has been in existence for over 175 years. Though the materials used are not native in origin, the traditional method of applied decoration to garments continues as a form ...


The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth Jan 2008

The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study addresses the design studio learning experiences of fifth-year architectural students, from their first year to their fourth year. It discusses the descriptions that architecture students give to the learning experiences, describes the perceptions that design students have of their learning experiences, and illuminates the outcomes of these learning experiences. The findings show that the students described their learning experiences as interrelational, perceived the experiences as transitional, and felt that their learning experiences aided in the production of outcomes. The findings were viewed within social constructivist and constructionist viewpoints and were contingent on Chickering and Reisser's model ...


The Influence Of Chinese Cultural Values On Consumer Perceptions And Behavioral Intention Towards An Apparel Mass Customization Website, Kun Song Jan 2008

The Influence Of Chinese Cultural Values On Consumer Perceptions And Behavioral Intention Towards An Apparel Mass Customization Website, Kun Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Mass customization may deliver superior value to consumers compared to mass production because it provides personalized products with prices close to mass produced products. This assertion was made under the conditions and assumptions in Western societies where individual needs, rights, and interests are greatly valued. It is not known whether mass customization will deliver similar value to consumers in other societies, where different value systems exist. The purpose of the present study was to examine Chinese consumers' responses toward mass customization and the influence of Chinese cultural values on these responses.;This study focused on web-based apparel mass customization and ...


Design Patterns In Level Design: Common Practices In Simulated Environment Construction, Denise Bacher Jan 2008

Design Patterns In Level Design: Common Practices In Simulated Environment Construction, Denise Bacher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creation of video game levels is an inexact and often intuitive process. Currently, much of level design focuses on the "how" as opposed to the "why." That is to say, level designers know how to build a level, but do not know why they built it the way they did. Before more immersive player experiences can occur, an understanding of what levels are, what common functionality exists between them, and a means of consistently reproducing player behaviors is necessary.;The author advances the premise that by examining the use of design patterns in architecture, computer science, and interaction design ...


A Recommendation For Improving The Sense Of Orientation By Enhancing Visual Communication On Wayfinding Systems: A Case Study Of Minneapolis Skyway System, Sohyun Kim Chung Jan 2008

A Recommendation For Improving The Sense Of Orientation By Enhancing Visual Communication On Wayfinding Systems: A Case Study Of Minneapolis Skyway System, Sohyun Kim Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the world becomes more complex and the population more mobile, people increasingly rely on wayfinding systems. The task for graphic designers, architects and other professionals who participate in building planning, is to design a sufficient and clear wayfinding system that will direct people in and out of the building, around the building, and to their destination effectively, comfortably, and confidently, without wasting any time or energy. The lack of orientation in an unfamiliar environment can lead to physical exhaustion, stress, anxiety, and frustration, all threaten their sense of well-being and limit one's mobility. This study focuses on wayfinding ...


Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman Jan 2008

Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Interior Design is a field that greatly impacts society and the well being of the world's inhabitants. It is imperative to make sure that designs as well as students and professionals practicing interior design, impact society in a positive manner that are well received, emotionally, physically, and psychologically. But important questions to be asked are: how are designs perceived if the users are falsely educated about interior design? If the public is only educated about design through "design television" that has little or no credibility based on several factors such as entertainment demands, proper examination, education and experience of ...


Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer Jan 2008

Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Living in the fast-paced and ever-changing corporate world of today, it has become very easy for society---including designers themselves---to forget or confuse the identity and intrinsic cultural value of the graphic designer. Flaws such as these do not just suffocate the credibility of designers, but ultimately put the cultures they represent through visual artifacts in a very fragile position. As graphic designers, we are significantly responsible for interpreting and reinterpreting these cultural messages into visual vernaculars suitable for specific target audiences. This research explores how graphic design educators can improve and maintain the designer's integrity through social, cultural, and ...


Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart Jan 2008

Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to visualize three-dimensional (3D) forms from two-dimensional (2D) shapes is critical to apparel designers. While most designers still use traditional techniques to analyze a 3D sample, advances in CAD for apparel design include use of 3D virtual prototypes assembled from 2D pattern data. Textiles and clothing research has examined both 2D CAD and student spatial visualization ability, but no studies compare spatial visualization ability with 3D virtual prototype use in the classroom. Other fields of research have found that a person's computer self-efficacy (CSE) can influence acceptance of a new technology and that spatial visualization ability can ...


Bion: A Novel Interface For Biological Network Visualization, Lisa Mcgarthwaite Jan 2008

Bion: A Novel Interface For Biological Network Visualization, Lisa Mcgarthwaite

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Information Visualization impacts every day life. As life continues to become more technologically enhanced, increasing amounts of data are being collected, stored, and analyzed. Technology assists researchers and scientists not only to make new discoveries, but also to create new ways to explore the information they collect. This paper contains a small preview of the vast field of Information Visualization. From the various fields of visualization, visualization history, and current findings, we investigate the field's impact. After studying the current technologies and tools for visualizing networks, we believe there is a more optimal solution than ones currently in use ...


Medium Of Gameplay, Chad Michael Kilgore Jan 2007

Medium Of Gameplay, Chad Michael Kilgore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd Jan 2007

Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of my thesis was to research the preservation of African Heritage in the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro and the subsequent modernization of these Samba Schools and their entry into the world scene through globalization. Through these processes, Samba Schools are being recognized as a cultural product for export, and are receiving national and transnational sponsorships for whoever wants to display their image around the world. The paper also presents Carnaval as a festival related to religion, ethnicity and politics. In addition, this research shows the persistence of black Brazilians in preserving their heritage in their music ...


Webpage Design Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm Driven Css, Sunyoung Park Jan 2007

Webpage Design Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm Driven Css, Sunyoung Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the rapid emergence of globalization, e-commerce, and internet accessibility in remote parts of the world, ongoing feedback and participation from site visitors are essential for attaining clear and effective communication on a web site. This thesis presents a computational experiment for optimizing design of a webpage in an evolutionary manner. Webpage personalization is viewed as a configuration problem whose goal is to determine the optimal presentation of a webpage while taking into account the preference of the web author (designer), layout constraints (web design/editing language: HTML, CSS), and viewer interaction with the browser. The study proposes use of ...


The Construction Of Scale In Museum Exhibition Design: Negotiating Context And Narrative With Object Display, Jillian S. Noble Jan 2007

The Construction Of Scale In Museum Exhibition Design: Negotiating Context And Narrative With Object Display, Jillian S. Noble

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historical museums take large-scale events and attempt to recreate them within the spatial confines of the museum space. This shift from the large-scale event to the small-scale display is enacted in order to present a history to the public for educational and preservation purposes. This construction of scale, while necessary, is not without consequences. It is important for exhibit designers to acknowledge and understand how their decisions about scale influence the interpretation of the narrative. This study examined the exhibit designer's role in the construction of scale, and the decisions made by them as they construct narrative space. A ...


An Evolution In Grid Structures: A Study For Conceptual Grid Structure Design, Valorie Michelle Brinson Jan 2007

An Evolution In Grid Structures: A Study For Conceptual Grid Structure Design, Valorie Michelle Brinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Grid structures are intended to aid graphic designers by providing a foundation for consistent communication; however, the usage of grid structures is rapidly descending. Numerous designers have expressed concern regarding habitual layouts produced by traditional grid design, and many have discarded the grid altogether. Because the grid is an organizational device, which allows for easy collaboration and faster communication, it is important that it not be abandoned. Not only does this thesis examine the evolution of grid design, it also discusses its potential future. By establishing a methodological approach to create conceptually dynamic grid structures, non-traditional alternative grid solutions are ...


Visual Design In The Online Learning Environment, Mandi Jo Pralle Jan 2007

Visual Design In The Online Learning Environment, Mandi Jo Pralle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Today more and more students take online courses because they offer flexibility and convenience the traditional classroom does not. The development of online courses first began in haste, but educators have since regrouped from the initial absence of strategic planning. However, the visual design of online courses continues to be ignored in online courses seeing that most online course developers do not have a background in design. This study establishes the importance of using principles of good design in online courses while at the same time creates a design guide for online course developers. The research conducted in visual design ...


The Frame Work For Kinetic Text Messages On Mobile Phones, Sooyun Im Jan 2007

The Frame Work For Kinetic Text Messages On Mobile Phones, Sooyun Im

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Text messaging on the mobile phone has become a hugely popular feature of youth oriented technology. Young people often use emoticons or small animated icons to convey expressive details such the speaker's tone of voice or intensity of emotion. These icons, however, are quite limited in their expressive potential. Kinetic typography has the potential to go far beyond the emoticon. Using kinetic text messages, therefore, should produce more enjoyable communication experiences for young users. This study explores both the appeal of kinetic text messaging, and the small screen as a design format. The results of two surveys were used ...


Graffiti: A Visual Vernacular As Graphic Design Source, Sung Hun Choi Jan 2007

Graffiti: A Visual Vernacular As Graphic Design Source, Sung Hun Choi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vernacular design, the language of the everyday locale, has perhaps always been a source for graphic designers. Graffiti, as one of the newer art forms to make the transition from vernacular design to graphic design is graffiti art. Graphic designers should understand something about the language and symbolism of this design resource if they are to use it wisely in their designs. Due to its short lifespan in the urban environment, designers must begin to record, understand, and study this evolving symbol system and art form. This study records and compares graffiti art forms in two regions of Chicago. Through ...


The Potential Of Computationally Rendered Images For The Evaluation Of Lighting Quality In Interior Spaces, Claudia Dana Totir Jan 2007

The Potential Of Computationally Rendered Images For The Evaluation Of Lighting Quality In Interior Spaces, Claudia Dana Totir

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Lighting designers have the ability to show, and help everyone visualize the outcome of the lighting design by using tools such as calculations, mock-ups, and renderings. In recent years, the use of digital renderings instead of mock-up installations has become increasingly popular.;Even though the rendering methods that exist today offer the possibility to accurately simulate a scene, this does not guarantee that the images will be interpreted and perceived correctly. Increased applications of computer graphics which demand high levels of realism has made it necessary to examine the manner in which these images are evaluated and validated.;The objective ...


Preference And Performance With Cartoon-Like Images In Instructional Documentation , Amanda Nicole Metz Bemer Jan 2006

Preference And Performance With Cartoon-Like Images In Instructional Documentation , Amanda Nicole Metz Bemer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, I examine Americans' preferences for and performance with three different types of visuals in instructions: cartoon-like images, photographs, and line drawings. Using an electronic survey and usability tests, I conclude that though Americans of most ages generally dislike cartoon-like images and tend to prefer photographs and line drawings, performance for two specific age groups exhibiting dislike (those under 24 years of age and over 50) demonstrates increased success using cartoon-like images. This finding suggests that technical communicators need to conduct usability tests for multiple age groups. In addition, I explain that more research on methodology is necessary.


Places Of Vulnerability: An Investigation Of Restroom Symbols, Labels, And Gender Neutrality, Sara Elaine Wichtendahl Jan 2006

Places Of Vulnerability: An Investigation Of Restroom Symbols, Labels, And Gender Neutrality, Sara Elaine Wichtendahl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There are few places left in United States society that represent gender segregation. Restroom spaces are one such place. They represent the false dichotomy that gender is only male and female, leaving out other possibilities. Separating restroom spaces by gender also negates user needs, particularly among the disabled and families. By symbolically renegotiating the restroom so that it is gender neutral, this space will be more open to the needs of users regardless of gender, age and ability.;Gender neutral restrooms allow free movement of all people and gives recognition to the needs of transsexuals, intersexuals, cross-dressers, gender ambiguous persons ...


The Effect Of Active Learning In An Interior Design Daylighting Module , Geethapriya Balasubramanian Jan 2006

The Effect Of Active Learning In An Interior Design Daylighting Module , Geethapriya Balasubramanian

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is an experimental endeavor involving two instructional interventions for teaching a design concept. The sustainable design concept of 'interior daylighting' is instructed to the third year interior design students as part of the lectures in the 'Interior Materials Systems and Details IV' course. The purpose of the study is to analyze and compare the effectiveness of using active learning strategies with the lecture method of instruction. The effectiveness of the strategies is assessed based on the following three questions coined by Prof. Bonwell along with Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al., 1956): "(1) What do I want ...


Wayfinding Recommendations For The Navigation Of Taipei's Subway System Through Improved Graphic Design And Sign Design , Ying-Hsien Sonya Chen Jan 2006

Wayfinding Recommendations For The Navigation Of Taipei's Subway System Through Improved Graphic Design And Sign Design , Ying-Hsien Sonya Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Developing graphic design recommendations for a successful wayfinding system in a space that serves both internationals and locals is an especially difficult task since the target audience is so broad. In addition, unique challenges occur with dual language use. The purpose of this study was to analyze the existing wayfinding system in the Main Station of Taipei's MRT subway system, and to determine effective ways for improving audience navigation and orientation through the system. The analysis of the existing Taipei signage system was based on a range of visual communication criteria adopted from previous professional studies and on the ...


"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan Jan 2005

"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the American fashion designer portrayed through diverse publicity generated in various popular culture formats during the Depression era, 1930--1940. Through career literature, fiction, feature film, and promotion in magazine articles, the American woman came to know the creators of her fashions. Themes of wholesale design, retail design, income and perquisites, education and training emerged. Other themes such as client relations, selling, work process, and attitudes toward the French mystique were also discussed. A picture developed of a profession with unlimited opportunity which allowed women to rise to executive leadership, utilize creativity and artistic talent, earn a lucrative ...


Design Piracy In The United States Women's Ready-To-Wear Apparel Industry: 1910-1941 , Sara Beth Marcketti Jan 2005

Design Piracy In The United States Women's Ready-To-Wear Apparel Industry: 1910-1941 , Sara Beth Marcketti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research investigates the economic conditions of the American apparel industry, as well as the complex interactions of apparel industry members, trade organizations, and the U.S. government to better understand the reasons cited for supporters of apparel style protection versus those who accepted design piracy. The purpose is to examine the concept of piracy within the historical context of the American ready-to-wear apparel industry. Through an analysis of journalistic coverage in trade and popular fashion periodicals, pertinent legal records, economic and census data, governmental hearings, archival sources, and the case study of the Fashion Originators Guild of America, this ...


Creating Positive Wayfinding Experience, Yanling Wang Jan 2005

Creating Positive Wayfinding Experience, Yanling Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

About half a century after Lynch's research about way-finding, designers have been able to solve wayfinding problems more comprehensively. But the role of emotion, especially that of the positive ones on wayfinding design has seldom been systematically discussed before. My goal in writing this thesis is to increase the awareness of positive emotions and their impacts on wayfinding. A positive wayfinding experience is effective, efficient, as well as pleasurable and enjoyable. Key elements of a positive wayfinding experience include the consideration of environment, information, service, and emotion. A taxonomy of wayfinding experiences based on human needs instead of functions ...


Rhetoric As Collective Ethos: From Classical Chinese Texts To Postmodern Corporate Images , Wei Yong-Kang Jan 2004

Rhetoric As Collective Ethos: From Classical Chinese Texts To Postmodern Corporate Images , Wei Yong-Kang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the question of how to position ethos in rhetorical theory and practice by looking, mainly, at three areas: classical Chinese rhetoric, Web design, and the construction of corporate images in America after 9/11. In traditional Western rhetoric, ethos is perceived to be the appeal of one's personal character, with a vocabulary heavily steeped in individualism and self-representation. In the dissertation I argue for an alternative understanding of ethos, pointing out that ethos is essentially an invocation of cultural forces, with which rhetors not only identify themselves but also, through such identification, achieve their rhetorical purposes ...


Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn Jan 2004

Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Factors that contribute to artisan sustainability are of critical importance to the world's artisans who depend on hand-produced textiles for income and livelihood, and for whom textile production is closely intertwined with cultural identity. Navajo weavers have processed and woven the wool of Navajo-Churro sheep into textiles for more than 350 years. Navajo-Churro sheep, destroyed to reduce over grazing and crossbred to near extinction, are being restored to the Navajo Nation. The purpose of this study is to document and interpret ways that the community-based Navajo organization Dine be' iina (The Navajo Lifeway, or DBI) influences the restoration of ...