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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti Dec 2017

The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The Black Pride and Power Movements of the 1960s and 1970s changed the aesthetic of the larger African American community, promoting self-affirmation and reclaiming African pride. As individuals engaged in the movement, they began to internalize new meanings and understandings of themselves, leading to self-transformation and collective identity that promoted the specific political ideology and agenda of the group. In this research, the lived experiences of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18–25) during the Civil Rights Movement from 1960 to 1974 were examined, through in-depth interviews, to understand their experiences with wearing natural hairstyles during this ...


Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Liwen Wang, Yun Su, Chunhui Xiang Aug 2017

Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Liwen Wang, Yun Su, Chunhui Xiang

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The aim of the paper is to predict heat stress of human wearing chemical protective clothing (CPC). A proposed human thermal model was applied to simulate the core and skin temperatures with inputs of human activity level, clothing properties, and environmental conditions. Manikin tests were conducted to measure the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of clothing which were two important inputs of the thermal model. The core temperature was predicted as an indicator of heat stress to evaluate the maximum exposure time. The effects of ambient temperature, relative humidity, and metabolic rate on core temperature, skin temperature, and maximum exposure ...


Meaning And Symbolism In Bridal Costumes In Western Saudi Arabia, Wijdan A. Tawfiq, Sara B. Marcketti Jul 2017

Meaning And Symbolism In Bridal Costumes In Western Saudi Arabia, Wijdan A. Tawfiq, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The western region of Saudi Arabia has its own unique traditional bridal garments. Little is known about these bridal costumes because they are handmade by a few families in the region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the history, significance, and meaning of the Hijazi bridal costumes. Symbolic interactionism was the theoretical starting point of this study. Qualitative data were collected via in-depth interviews from 22 married Saudi women. A purposive, snowball sampling strategy was used. The data were analyzed using the Miles and Huberman process. Four key themes emerged including (a) physical appearance and process of wearing ...


Relationships Between Creativity And Its Antecedents Before And After Training: The Role Of Risk-Taking And Past Creative Experience, Anna Perry, Elena E. Karpova Jun 2017

Relationships Between Creativity And Its Antecedents Before And After Training: The Role Of Risk-Taking And Past Creative Experience, Anna Perry, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This research examined the effects of past creative experience and attitude toward risk-taking on creativity before and after training. College students enrolled in a creativity course participated in the study. Creativity was assessed by independent experts and self-assessed by the participants. Based on the results, an inverted U-shape relationship was proposed between (a) past creative experience and risk-taking, and (b) risk-taking and self-assessed creativity. Risk-taking was related to self-assessed creativity before and after the training, but not expert-assessed creativity. Past creative experience was not related to creativity, self and expert-assessed, before and after the training.


Effect Of Configuration Of Protective Fabrics On Thermal Protective Performance Under Steam Exposure, Yun Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, Jun Li Jan 2017

Effect Of Configuration Of Protective Fabrics On Thermal Protective Performance Under Steam Exposure, Yun Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, Jun Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

A novel steam simulator was employed in this study to evaluate thermal protective performance of protective clothing while exposing to steam hazard. Single- and double-layer fabric systems were selected, and different configurations of moisture barrier were exposed to steam hazard for investigating the effect of configuration of protective fabrics on the thermal protective performance. The skin bio-heat transfer and Henriques burn integral models were used to predict the required times to reach 2nd and 3rd degree skin burn. The results demonstrated that the thermal protective performance of protective clothing under steam exposure was determined by the air permeability, the thickness ...


Creativity Of Images: Using Digital Consensual Assessment To Evaluate Mood Boards, Charles Freeman, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova Jan 2017

Creativity Of Images: Using Digital Consensual Assessment To Evaluate Mood Boards, Charles Freeman, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Mood boards are used frequently in design and product development as well as in academic courses related to fashion design. However objectively evaluating the creativity of fashion design mood boards is often difficult. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation is to examine reliability of a digital consensual assessment instrument measuring creativity, using expert (from related domains) and non-expert raters (students). Creativity measures were compared with the mood board themes to further investigate any relationships between mood board types and the consensual assessment. Independent samples t test comparing group means indicated expert raters evaluated the mood boards significantly higher in creativity ...


Application Of Waterproof Breathable Fabric In Thermal Protective Clothing Exposed To Hot Water And Steam, Y. Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, J. Li Jan 2017

Application Of Waterproof Breathable Fabric In Thermal Protective Clothing Exposed To Hot Water And Steam, Y. Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, J. Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

A hot water and steam tester was used to examine thermal protective performance of waterproof and breathable fabric against hot water and steam hazards. Time to cause skin burn and thermal energy absorbed by skin during exposure and cooling phases was employed to characterize the effect of configuration, placing order and properties of waterproof and breathable fabric on the thermal protective performance. The difference of thermal protective performance due to hot water and steam hazards was discussed. The result showed that the configuration of waterproof and breathable fabric presented a significant effect on the thermal protective performance of single- and ...