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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova Dec 2016

Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This research examined two decades of the U.S. used clothing exports to the world. All countries (209) were classified into four groups based on the level of economic development. Between 1996 and 2012, U.S. used clothing exports shifted away from low-income economies to high-income economies. For the first time, our research demonstrated that the majority of used clothing discarded by American consumers is exported to high-income economies instead of poorest nations of the world. Next, used clothing exports and imports by volume and value in seven high-income countries were analyzed. The high-income countries not only exported but also ...


Matching Sourcing Destination With Fashion Brands’ Business Model: Comparative Advantages Of Bangladesh And Vietnam Apparel Industries, Bertha Jacobs, Leslie H. Simpson, Sara O. Nelson, Elena E. Karpova Dec 2016

Matching Sourcing Destination With Fashion Brands’ Business Model: Comparative Advantages Of Bangladesh And Vietnam Apparel Industries, Bertha Jacobs, Leslie H. Simpson, Sara O. Nelson, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study investigated the comparative advantages of the Bangladeshi and Vietnamese apparel industries using Global Value Chain (GVC) framework. In this study, the GVC framework was expanded to include social and environmental sustainability issues. Secondary data, for the 2012 - 2013 period, were collected and analyzed for each component of the apparel GVC. The findings indicated that while both countries have unique comparative advantages, Vietnam clearly emerged as a leader on many GVC components. Bangladesh’s comparative advantage lies in lower wages, producing high volume orders, and lean manufacturing. In spite of Vietnam’s higher labor costs, it has comparative advantages ...


Improving Properties Of Bacterial Cellulose By Incorporating Bio-Based Films, Armine Ghalachyan, Young-A Lee, Changhyun Nam Nov 2016

Improving Properties Of Bacterial Cellulose By Incorporating Bio-Based Films, Armine Ghalachyan, Young-A Lee, Changhyun Nam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Bacterial cellulose (BC) has been proposed as a novel renewable material for sustainable apparel. However, properties of the current BC material are not fully suitable for apparel products. With the purpose of reducing BC's moisture absorbency, this study aimed to experiment a method of modifying BC by incorporating commercially available bio-based sustainable films during its growing process. Five film samples were placed on the surface of the tea medium prepared for BC growth that were left to grow for three weeks in a static condition. The experimental results showed that the selected films could not be incorporated with BC ...


Effectiveness Of Electrical Heating For Improved Thermal Insulation Of A Multi-Layered Winter Clothing System, Huiju Park, Soo-Kyung Hwang, Joo-Young Lee, Jintu Fan, Youngjin Jeong Nov 2016

Effectiveness Of Electrical Heating For Improved Thermal Insulation Of A Multi-Layered Winter Clothing System, Huiju Park, Soo-Kyung Hwang, Joo-Young Lee, Jintu Fan, Youngjin Jeong

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This paper investigated the impact of the distance of the heating unit from the body in a multi-layered winter clothing system on effective thermal insulation and heating efficiency. To identify changes in the thermal insulation and heating efficiency of electrical heating in different layers inside a winter clothing ensemble, a series of thermal manikin tests was conducted. A multi-layered winter ensemble with and without activation of a heating unit was tested on the thermal manikin under two different ambient temperature conditions (10°C and 5°C). Results show that the effective thermal insulation of test ensembles increased by 5-7 percent ...


Influence Of Electrospun Morphology On Superhydrophobicity, Yue Yuan, Seong-O Choi, Jooyoun Kim Nov 2016

Influence Of Electrospun Morphology On Superhydrophobicity, Yue Yuan, Seong-O Choi, Jooyoun Kim

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Superhydrophobic surface have drawn considerable attention due to its applicability to protective and self-cleaning textiles. Generally, creating fine roughness on hydrophobic materials is an effective way of fabricating repellent surfaces. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of surface morphology and surface energy on the repellency (or wettability). To this end, PS nanowebs in various fiber morphologies were fabricated by varying the electrospinning conditions. Electrospinning with the varied polymer concentration and solvent mixture generated different surface morphologies, such as beads, wrinkles, and smooth fibers. A smooth PS film showed CA of 95Ëš; compared to the film's ...


Comparison Of Odor Intensity Between Nylon And Polyester, Mohammed Abdul-Bari, Rachel Mcqueen Nov 2016

Comparison Of Odor Intensity Between Nylon And Polyester, Mohammed Abdul-Bari, Rachel Mcqueen

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this study was to compare fabrics made from nylon and polyester fibers in odor intensity following wear against the underarm. Fabrics were sewn into the underarm region of a t-shirt and odor intensity was assessed using a trained sensory panel. Results showed that nylon and polyester fabrics did not tend to differ significantly from one another. This finding was unexpected given nylon is more hydrophilic than polyester and previous research has found an inverse relationship between moisture regain and odor intensity when comparing polyester with fabrics made from natural fibers. The lack of a difference may be ...


Investigation Of Sumac (Rhus Glabra L.) Leaves As A Natural Mordant On The Colorfastness Of Laundering For Weld-Dyed Cotton Batiste., Sarif Ullah Patwary, Sherry Haar Nov 2016

Investigation Of Sumac (Rhus Glabra L.) Leaves As A Natural Mordant On The Colorfastness Of Laundering For Weld-Dyed Cotton Batiste., Sarif Ullah Patwary, Sherry Haar

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Three mordant treatments: 1) sumac leaves at 50%, 100%, 150%, and 200% owf, 2) combination of sumac leaves at 50%, 100%, 150%, and 200% owf and Aluminum Acetate at 5% owf, and 3) aluminum acetate at 5% owf on cotton batiste samples were investigated. Color coordinates and Gray Scale ratings were taken with a RM200QC Imagining Spectrocolorimeter. The resulting data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA within and across treatments. Results indicate that increasing the amount of sumac does not change color coordinates and overall color difference significantly. Sumac in combination with alum increased grey scale rating by one ...


Evaluating Thermal Comfort Of Sweat-Management Fabrics For Sportswear, Su Kyoung An, Seung Bong Ko, Hae Jin Gam Nov 2016

Evaluating Thermal Comfort Of Sweat-Management Fabrics For Sportswear, Su Kyoung An, Seung Bong Ko, Hae Jin Gam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Exercise and fitness are essential elements of health and well-being. With increased attention to living a healthy lifestyle, people tend to allocate more time to exercise and are participating in sport and leisure activities more often. To accommodate people's desire to be kept dry, comfortable, and moving freely, while enhancing athletic performance, the production of sweat-management fabricated (SMF) apparels have accelerated (Davis & Bishop, 2013). Numerous manufacturers and retailers have paid attention and developed lines of fabrics used to make shorts, shirts, socks, pants and more. Despite these trends, research related to the thermal comfort of SMF apparels, especially determining ...


Functional Design Of Structural Firefighter Clothing Systems For Improved Comfort, Meredith Mcquerry, Roger Barker, Emiel Denhartog Nov 2016

Functional Design Of Structural Firefighter Clothing Systems For Improved Comfort, Meredith Mcquerry, Roger Barker, Emiel Denhartog

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Over 50% of firefighter injuries and fatalities are due to heat exhaustion. To reduce incidents of heat strain and improve the comfort of structural firefighter turnout suits, the functional design process was used. Specifically, such tools as an interaction matrix and digital logic decision making tables further informed the incorporation of multiple design specifications for improved functionality. Design modifications explored included clothing ventilation, systems modularity, strategic layer reductions, and air gap volume analysis (using 3D body scanning). Full garment prototypes were developed and evaluated for manikin total heat loss (THL) according to ASTM F 1291 and 2370. Physiological responses were ...


Embroidery And Beading Design For Fashion, Theresa Alexander Nov 2016

Embroidery And Beading Design For Fashion, Theresa Alexander

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This class will focus on designing for hand embroidery and adapting methods to machine embroidery and other surface techniques. The topics will include how to use certain embroidery techniques in designing, how to chart and communicate embroidery designs, and how to estimate costs among other subjects.


Profiling And Segmentation Of International Tourists In India, Nripendra Singh, Kathleen A. Krentler, Sunaina Ahuja Nov 2016

Profiling And Segmentation Of International Tourists In India, Nripendra Singh, Kathleen A. Krentler, Sunaina Ahuja

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Understanding visitors and the factors that pull them to visit a destination is imperative for successful branding as visitor characteristics and salient attributes are used to differentiate and position. This study identifies important attributes and segments of international tourists visiting India. Factor and Cluster analyses were used to analyse the data. Factor analysis identified six underlying dimensions while Cluster analysis identified four segments of international tourists across four continents. Profiling of clusters was done through Chi Square analysis leading to identification of target segments. Suggestions for branding and marketing strategies are provided according to the factors and segments identified.


Comparative Advantage Of The United States And South Korean Manmade Textile Industries, Eonyou Shin, Caitlyn Keenan, Elena E. Karpova Jun 2016

Comparative Advantage Of The United States And South Korean Manmade Textile Industries, Eonyou Shin, Caitlyn Keenan, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study examined the comparative advantage of manmade textile (MMT) industries in the United States (US) and South Korea (SK). The Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) framework was used to assess the MMT industries’ performance in both countries from 2004 to 2013. With the recent ratification of the United States-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), it is important to understand the current state of these industries. Using UN Comtrade export data, the RCA index values were calculated and analyzed for 27 MMT commodities, three aggregate groups, and the whole industry. It was found that SK had a consistent comparative advantage ...


Digital Textile Printing: Colorfastness Of Reactive Inks Versus Pigment Inks, Katherine L. Thompson Jan 2016

Digital Textile Printing: Colorfastness Of Reactive Inks Versus Pigment Inks, Katherine L. Thompson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Digital textile printing is over-taking the printing industry with eco-friendly processes and ability to produce short runs. With its rapid growth, there is a constant need to reproduce consistent colors throughout different print runs and crucial for these colors to perform well and up hold under certain conditions. The purpose of this study was to research the colorfastness digitally printed reactive and pigment inks printed on cotton fabrics. Fabric swatches printed using the reactive and pigment inks were tested according to the AATCC standards for laundering, crocking, light, and perspiration.

The digital textile printing industry has slowly started transitioning from ...


Are Hospitality Graduates Making Too Many Compromises? What They Give Up May Lead To Turnover, Eric Adam Brown, Robert H. Bosselman, Nicholas J. Thomas Jan 2016

Are Hospitality Graduates Making Too Many Compromises? What They Give Up May Lead To Turnover, Eric Adam Brown, Robert H. Bosselman, Nicholas J. Thomas

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The purpose of this research was to examine if differences between actual experiences of hospitality graduates and the perceived importance they placed on career factors can lead to turnover intent. The researchers surveyed hospitality graduates from the last 10 years about what they find important in selecting a career and what they are experiencing, or have experienced, in their career. Findings indicate as hospitality graduates rate certain factors more important, or experience factors less in their career, the differences become larger and their turnover intentions rise.