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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li Feb 2018

Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper aims to develop a numerical model to predict heat stress of frefghter under low-level thermal radiation. The model integrated a modifed multi-layer clothing model with a human thermoregulation model. We took the coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in the clothing, the size-dependent heat transfer in the air gaps, and the controlling active and controlled passive thermal regulation in human body into consideration. The predicted core temperature and mean skin temperature from the model showed a good agreement with the experimental results. Parametric study was conducted and the result demonstrated that the radiative intensity had a signifcant infuence ...


The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti Dec 2017

The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The Black Pride and Power Movements of the 1960s and 1970s changed the aesthetic of the larger African American community, promoting self-affirmation and reclaiming African pride. As individuals engaged in the movement, they began to internalize new meanings and understandings of themselves, leading to self-transformation and collective identity that promoted the specific political ideology and agenda of the group. In this research, the lived experiences of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18–25) during the Civil Rights Movement from 1960 to 1974 were examined, through in-depth interviews, to understand their experiences with wearing natural hairstyles during this ...


Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Liwen Wang, Yun Su, Chunhui Xiang Aug 2017

Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Liwen Wang, Yun Su, Chunhui Xiang

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The aim of the paper is to predict heat stress of human wearing chemical protective clothing (CPC). A proposed human thermal model was applied to simulate the core and skin temperatures with inputs of human activity level, clothing properties, and environmental conditions. Manikin tests were conducted to measure the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of clothing which were two important inputs of the thermal model. The core temperature was predicted as an indicator of heat stress to evaluate the maximum exposure time. The effects of ambient temperature, relative humidity, and metabolic rate on core temperature, skin temperature, and maximum exposure ...


Meaning And Symbolism In Bridal Costumes In Western Saudi Arabia, Wijdan A. Tawfiq, Sara B. Marcketti Jul 2017

Meaning And Symbolism In Bridal Costumes In Western Saudi Arabia, Wijdan A. Tawfiq, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The western region of Saudi Arabia has its own unique traditional bridal garments. Little is known about these bridal costumes because they are handmade by a few families in the region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the history, significance, and meaning of the Hijazi bridal costumes. Symbolic interactionism was the theoretical starting point of this study. Qualitative data were collected via in-depth interviews from 22 married Saudi women. A purposive, snowball sampling strategy was used. The data were analyzed using the Miles and Huberman process. Four key themes emerged including (a) physical appearance and process of wearing ...


Relationships Between Creativity And Its Antecedents Before And After Training: The Role Of Risk-Taking And Past Creative Experience, Anna Perry, Elena E. Karpova Jun 2017

Relationships Between Creativity And Its Antecedents Before And After Training: The Role Of Risk-Taking And Past Creative Experience, Anna Perry, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This research examined the effects of past creative experience and attitude toward risk-taking on creativity before and after training. College students enrolled in a creativity course participated in the study. Creativity was assessed by independent experts and self-assessed by the participants. Based on the results, an inverted U-shape relationship was proposed between (a) past creative experience and risk-taking, and (b) risk-taking and self-assessed creativity. Risk-taking was related to self-assessed creativity before and after the training, but not expert-assessed creativity. Past creative experience was not related to creativity, self and expert-assessed, before and after the training.


Effect Of Configuration Of Protective Fabrics On Thermal Protective Performance Under Steam Exposure, Yun Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, Jun Li Jan 2017

Effect Of Configuration Of Protective Fabrics On Thermal Protective Performance Under Steam Exposure, Yun Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, Jun Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

A novel steam simulator was employed in this study to evaluate thermal protective performance of protective clothing while exposing to steam hazard. Single- and double-layer fabric systems were selected, and different configurations of moisture barrier were exposed to steam hazard for investigating the effect of configuration of protective fabrics on the thermal protective performance. The skin bio-heat transfer and Henriques burn integral models were used to predict the required times to reach 2nd and 3rd degree skin burn. The results demonstrated that the thermal protective performance of protective clothing under steam exposure was determined by the air permeability, the thickness ...


Creativity Of Images: Using Digital Consensual Assessment To Evaluate Mood Boards, Charles Freeman, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova Jan 2017

Creativity Of Images: Using Digital Consensual Assessment To Evaluate Mood Boards, Charles Freeman, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Mood boards are used frequently in design and product development as well as in academic courses related to fashion design. However objectively evaluating the creativity of fashion design mood boards is often difficult. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation is to examine reliability of a digital consensual assessment instrument measuring creativity, using expert (from related domains) and non-expert raters (students). Creativity measures were compared with the mood board themes to further investigate any relationships between mood board types and the consensual assessment. Independent samples t test comparing group means indicated expert raters evaluated the mood boards significantly higher in creativity ...


Application Of Waterproof Breathable Fabric In Thermal Protective Clothing Exposed To Hot Water And Steam, Y. Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, J. Li Jan 2017

Application Of Waterproof Breathable Fabric In Thermal Protective Clothing Exposed To Hot Water And Steam, Y. Su, Rui Li, Guowen Song, J. Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

A hot water and steam tester was used to examine thermal protective performance of waterproof and breathable fabric against hot water and steam hazards. Time to cause skin burn and thermal energy absorbed by skin during exposure and cooling phases was employed to characterize the effect of configuration, placing order and properties of waterproof and breathable fabric on the thermal protective performance. The difference of thermal protective performance due to hot water and steam hazards was discussed. The result showed that the configuration of waterproof and breathable fabric presented a significant effect on the thermal protective performance of single- and ...


Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova Dec 2016

Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This research examined two decades of the U.S. used clothing exports to the world. All countries (209) were classified into four groups based on the level of economic development. Between 1996 and 2012, U.S. used clothing exports shifted away from low-income economies to high-income economies. For the first time, our research demonstrated that the majority of used clothing discarded by American consumers is exported to high-income economies instead of poorest nations of the world. Next, used clothing exports and imports by volume and value in seven high-income countries were analyzed. The high-income countries not only exported but also ...


Matching Sourcing Destination With Fashion Brands’ Business Model: Comparative Advantages Of Bangladesh And Vietnam Apparel Industries, Bertha Jacobs, Leslie H. Simpson, Sara O. Nelson, Elena E. Karpova Dec 2016

Matching Sourcing Destination With Fashion Brands’ Business Model: Comparative Advantages Of Bangladesh And Vietnam Apparel Industries, Bertha Jacobs, Leslie H. Simpson, Sara O. Nelson, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study investigated the comparative advantages of the Bangladeshi and Vietnamese apparel industries using Global Value Chain (GVC) framework. In this study, the GVC framework was expanded to include social and environmental sustainability issues. Secondary data, for the 2012 - 2013 period, were collected and analyzed for each component of the apparel GVC. The findings indicated that while both countries have unique comparative advantages, Vietnam clearly emerged as a leader on many GVC components. Bangladesh’s comparative advantage lies in lower wages, producing high volume orders, and lean manufacturing. In spite of Vietnam’s higher labor costs, it has comparative advantages ...


Profiling And Segmentation Of International Tourists In India, Nripendra Singh, Kathleen A. Krentler, Sunaina Ahuja Nov 2016

Profiling And Segmentation Of International Tourists In India, Nripendra Singh, Kathleen A. Krentler, Sunaina Ahuja

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Understanding visitors and the factors that pull them to visit a destination is imperative for successful branding as visitor characteristics and salient attributes are used to differentiate and position. This study identifies important attributes and segments of international tourists visiting India. Factor and Cluster analyses were used to analyse the data. Factor analysis identified six underlying dimensions while Cluster analysis identified four segments of international tourists across four continents. Profiling of clusters was done through Chi Square analysis leading to identification of target segments. Suggestions for branding and marketing strategies are provided according to the factors and segments identified.


Comparative Advantage Of The United States And South Korean Manmade Textile Industries, Eonyou Shin, Caitlyn Keenan, Elena E. Karpova Jun 2016

Comparative Advantage Of The United States And South Korean Manmade Textile Industries, Eonyou Shin, Caitlyn Keenan, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study examined the comparative advantage of manmade textile (MMT) industries in the United States (US) and South Korea (SK). The Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) framework was used to assess the MMT industries’ performance in both countries from 2004 to 2013. With the recent ratification of the United States-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), it is important to understand the current state of these industries. Using UN Comtrade export data, the RCA index values were calculated and analyzed for 27 MMT commodities, three aggregate groups, and the whole industry. It was found that SK had a consistent comparative advantage ...


Are Hospitality Graduates Making Too Many Compromises? What They Give Up May Lead To Turnover, Eric Adam Brown, Robert H. Bosselman, Nicholas J. Thomas Jan 2016

Are Hospitality Graduates Making Too Many Compromises? What They Give Up May Lead To Turnover, Eric Adam Brown, Robert H. Bosselman, Nicholas J. Thomas

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The purpose of this research was to examine if differences between actual experiences of hospitality graduates and the perceived importance they placed on career factors can lead to turnover intent. The researchers surveyed hospitality graduates from the last 10 years about what they find important in selecting a career and what they are experiencing, or have experienced, in their career. Findings indicate as hospitality graduates rate certain factors more important, or experience factors less in their career, the differences become larger and their turnover intentions rise.


Leap Of Imagination: Design Heuristics Help Students Think Outside The Box And Devise Novel, More Diverse Solutions., Julia Kramer, Shanna Daly, Seda Yilmaz, Colleen Seifert, Richard Gonzalez Oct 2015

Leap Of Imagination: Design Heuristics Help Students Think Outside The Box And Devise Novel, More Diverse Solutions., Julia Kramer, Shanna Daly, Seda Yilmaz, Colleen Seifert, Richard Gonzalez

Industrial Design Publications

Innovations depend on creative-concept generation, but engineering students often struggle to come up with ideas. They typically proffer a handful and fixate either on their first idea or existing solutions. As a result, students explore only a narrow subset of possible solutions.


Exploring The Determinants Of E-Commerce By Integrating A Technology–Organization–Environment Framework And An Expectation–Confirmation Model, Sung Mi Song, Eojina Kim, Liang (Rebecca) Tang, Robert H. Bosselman Jan 2015

Exploring The Determinants Of E-Commerce By Integrating A Technology–Organization–Environment Framework And An Expectation–Confirmation Model, Sung Mi Song, Eojina Kim, Liang (Rebecca) Tang, Robert H. Bosselman

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

An increasing number of lodging businesses utilize online third-party intermediaries (OTPIs) for distribution services on the internet. The purpose of the study was to investigate the decision-making processes of lodging firms in the adoption of OTPIs. The study developed and tested a conceptual model by strategically combining a technology–organization–environment framework (TOE) and an expectation–confirmation model (ECM). The results showed that, with regard to TOE, technology and organization have significant impacts on confirmation in ECM. Furthermore, the environment aspect of TOE significantly influences satisfaction in ECM, and both confirmation and satisfaction are antecedents of continuance intention. The study ...


Jellies, Sabrina Skerston, Ellen C. Mckinney Jan 2015

Jellies, Sabrina Skerston, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Jellies are colorful plastic shoes that were very popular in the 1980s in mainly Europe and the United States. Women and children of all classes wore them because they were fun, easy-to-care-for summer footwear that was relatively inexpensive. They were available in many different colors, textures, and styles, from slip-ons to sandals. Although jellies were the most prevalent during the 1980s, they come back into style every few years.


Barong Tagalong, Sabrina Skerston, Ellen C. Mckinney Jan 2015

Barong Tagalong, Sabrina Skerston, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The barong tagalong, also known as the barong Filipino or simply the barong, is the national men's shirt of the Philippines. It is a long-sleeved, collared shirt, buttoning halfway down the front. Traditionally, the barong is made of white, transparent cloth with embroidery around the buttons. The shirt is usually woven out of pina fiber, which is harvested from the leaves of the pineapple plant.


Faja, Ellen C. Mckinney Jan 2015

Faja, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The faja is a compression undergarment, similar to a girdle. The faja is worn very tight on the body to create an extremely curvy hourglass figure. The undergarment shifts organs and flesh and has been said to reduce one's appetite. The degree of figure shaping and body compression depends on the fabric composition. Versions can be found in mixtures of spandex, cotton, nylon, or latex; the less forgiving the material, the more flattering the effect. The undergarment may be closed with hooks, a zipper, or both.


Synthesis Of Handcrafts And Digital Printing: Creative Sustainable Apparel Design., Ling Zhang, Eulanda Sanders Nov 2014

Synthesis Of Handcrafts And Digital Printing: Creative Sustainable Apparel Design., Ling Zhang, Eulanda Sanders

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Apparel manufacturing processes are one of the most prevalent sources of environmental problems at almost every stage (Gam & Banning, 2011). Some apparel designers/manufacturers are striving to incorporate sustainable and socially responsible processes to create non-toxic, healthy, biodegradable textiles and apparel products. This apparel design project combined handcraft techniques and digital printing to create an eco-friendly line entitled Life of Earth. The design process model used was created by LaBat and Sokoloskwi (1999) including: (a) problem definition and research, (b) creative exploration, and (c) implementation; and the designer included an evaluation step.


Metallicis Bride, Eulanda Sanders Nov 2014

Metallicis Bride, Eulanda Sanders

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The goal set forth was to design a wedding gown for a non-traditional bride who desires distinct aesthetics and comfort for the special day through the use of fiber art techniques. A secondary goal for the designer was to reuse metal findings from the manufacture of jeans for the bridal market. To achieve the second goal surplus nickel backs of tack buttons for jeans were knit and crocheted into the gown.


That's Just Nuts! George Washington Carver: Textile Dye & Pigment Chemist, Eulanda Sanders, Chanmi Hwang Nov 2014

That's Just Nuts! George Washington Carver: Textile Dye & Pigment Chemist, Eulanda Sanders, Chanmi Hwang

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The soils of Macon county have yielded to the great chemist's magic and given up many dyes and colors of gorgeousness and splendor. The blue, for instance, is made from red clay by oxidizing it intermittently far six successive operations, producing a color which is described as 70 times bluer than the bluest blue. (Moss, 1930, p.58)


George Washington Carver: Textile Artist, Eulanda A. Sanders, Chanmi Hwang Sep 2014

George Washington Carver: Textile Artist, Eulanda A. Sanders, Chanmi Hwang

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Born a slave, George Washington Carver (1864-1943) is one of the most historically prominent African American scientists. Carver was a pioneer as an agriculturalist and botanist by introducing methods of soil conservation for farmers, inventing hundreds of by-products from peanuts, pecans, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, and practicing “zero waste” sustainability. Scholars have recognized Carver’s talent as a painter and his ability to develop paints and dyes from various natural sources; however, there is very little scholarship documenting his work as a textile artist. Holdings at the G.W. Carver National Monument and Tuskegee Institute National Historic indicate that Carver ...


Implementation Of Food Defense Best Practices In Northern U.S. School Nutrition Programs: A Case Study, Carol J. Klitzke, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Susan W. Arendt Jan 2014

Implementation Of Food Defense Best Practices In Northern U.S. School Nutrition Programs: A Case Study, Carol J. Klitzke, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Susan W. Arendt

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

One act of intentional contamination of school meals can quickly harm many children. Food defense guidelines for schools exist; yet previous research has found communication, utility security, and physical security practices are infrequently implemented. A multi-site case study approach obtained a 360-degree assessment of food defense practices in five school districts. Meal production and service were observed, a food defense checklist was completed, and key stakeholders were interviewed. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed lack of awareness, lack of concern, conflicting priorities, and isolation of food service from other school operations impaired food defense implementation. School security measures protected children, but ...


What's Up With Dats?: The Redesign Of A Digital Textile Printing Course, Tina Denekas, Eulanda Sanders Jan 2014

What's Up With Dats?: The Redesign Of A Digital Textile Printing Course, Tina Denekas, Eulanda Sanders

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The market for digital textile printing is projected to grow to $1.3 billion by the end of 2014 according to the Printing Industry Research Association (Monson, 2013). Digital printing technologies for repeat print design are also used in a variety of industries such as paper goods, home furnishings, and historic reproductions; therefore knowledge in these areas will increase job opportunities for students. According to Dani Locastro of Design Works International/First2Print (2013), digital textile printing is used in the apparel industry as: (a) a sampling solution or (b) end products for retail. Early in the adoption of digital textile ...


Getting Ready For The Real World: Student Perspectives On Bringing Industry Collaboration Into The Classroom, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova Jan 2014

Getting Ready For The Real World: Student Perspectives On Bringing Industry Collaboration Into The Classroom, Sara B. Marcketti, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Learning through industry collaborations is critical in decreasing the gap between the real world and the academic environment. Working on challenges drawn from industry can increase students' knowledge and future employability, thus enhancing labor force preparation. This study explored students' perceptions (n = 110) of the benefits and challenges of working with industry projects as part of a creative thinking and problem-solving course. As a result of the industry collaboration, students reported more meaning to their learning experiences, deeper relevance to their future career paths, and increased motivation to deliver quality outcomes for industry and their class instructors. The challenges included ...


The Role Of Museum Exhibits In Teaching Textile Science, Sonali Diddi, Sara Marcketti Jan 2014

The Role Of Museum Exhibits In Teaching Textile Science, Sonali Diddi, Sara Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

A constant challenge for family and consumer sciences (FCS) educators, particularly those in more scientific-based courses, is keeping students interested in course material and ensuring active participation (Ramey-Gassert, Walberg, & Walberg, 1994). The concept of learning outside of the traditional, formal classroom setting is an important component of FCS educational pedagogy. Methods of learning beyond the FCS classroom include visiting museums, accessing archives—both in person and virtually—and participating in field studies (Roehl, 2013).


Food Safety Culture In Onsite Foodservices: Development And Validation Of A Measurement Scale, Ungku Fatimah Ungku Zainal Abidin, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn Jan 2014

Food Safety Culture In Onsite Foodservices: Development And Validation Of A Measurement Scale, Ungku Fatimah Ungku Zainal Abidin, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a measurement scale for food safety culture in onsite foodservices. Nonsupervisory employees in hospital and school foodservices participated in a two-phase, mixed methods research design process. In phase 1, four focus groups were conducted to identify relevant factors of food safety culture. In phase 2, a survey completed by 582 respondents appeared to validate six food safety culture factors: management and coworkers support, communication, self commitment, environment support, work pressure, and risk judgement. The scale can be used to assess current food safety practices and strategize future food safety improvement ...


Fashion Industry Professionals’ Viewpoints On Creative Traits And, Strategies For Creativity Development, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Caitlyn Kamm Dec 2013

Fashion Industry Professionals’ Viewpoints On Creative Traits And, Strategies For Creativity Development, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Caitlyn Kamm

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Through in-depth interviews, the study explored fashion industry professionals’ viewpoints, on creativity, focusing on traits of creative people and how creativity can be developed. Four creative, traits were identified, including different thought processes, determination, having an open mind, and, risk taking. About one-third of participants believed that creativity is innate, and therefore, some, people were born creative whereas others were not. Another third of participants maintained that, everyone has some creative potential that can be further developed. The remaining fashion, professionals distinguished artistic creativity from creative problem solving. Suggested strategies for, creativity enhancement and development included (1) practicing creative thinking ...


Rayon's Introduction To U.S. Consumers, 1911-1924, Carmen Keist, Sara Kadolph, Sara Marcketti Apr 2012

Rayon's Introduction To U.S. Consumers, 1911-1924, Carmen Keist, Sara Kadolph, Sara Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The article focuses on the introduction of Rayon in U.S. market. The term was coined by the National Retail Dry Goods Association in 1924. It was created in 1846 in Europe and the U.S. manufactured it in 1911. It was the first regenerated fiber and before its introduction, only cotton, linen, wool and silk were used in making clothes.


Effective Learning Strategies In The History Of Dress, Sara Marcketti Aug 2011

Effective Learning Strategies In The History Of Dress, Sara Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

MANY UNDERGRADUATES have trepidation about survey of history courses.1 Student fears and occasional complaints may be based on the traditional methods of teaching survey courses, specifically the exclusive use of lectures, multiple-choice exams, and term papers for instruction and assessment.2 These instructor-centered approaches are convenient and use class time efficiently, but they do not actively engage students in the discovery of knowledge; prerequisites for meaningful learning environments.3