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Full-Text Articles in Art and Design

Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova May 2019

Examination Of Two Decades In Used Clothing Trade: The Case Of The United States And Selected Developed Economies, Youngji Lee, Ling Zhang, Elena E. Karpova

Ling Zhang

This research examined two decades of the U.S. used clothing exports to the world. All countries (209) were classified into four groups based on the level of economic development. Between 1996 and 2012, U.S. used clothing exports shifted away from low-income economies to high-income economies. For the first time, our research demonstrated that the majority of used clothing discarded by American consumers is exported to high-income economies instead of poorest nations of the world. Next, used clothing exports and imports by volume and value in seven high-income countries were analyzed. The high-income countries not only exported but also ...


Eternal Perspective: Synthesis Of Faith And Digital Printing In Creative Apparel Design, Augusta Overy, Ling Zhang May 2019

Eternal Perspective: Synthesis Of Faith And Digital Printing In Creative Apparel Design, Augusta Overy, Ling Zhang

Ling Zhang

This apparel design collection combines origami techniques and digital printing to create an inspiring and faith-filled line entitled Eternal Perspective. The line was inspired by the designer's faith and the importance of always maintaining an eternal perspective. Flat patterning techniques were used to create origami garments which fold into a vortex, spiral, and diagonal stair steps in the completed garments. Two different digital prints were inspired by eternal ideas represented by images which were modified in Adobe Photoshop. The main print motif used is an altered image of stained glass windows on the San Diego LDS temple. A sunflower ...


From Chinese Painting To Wearable Art: The Development Of Wearable Art Design Process Model And Evaluation Methods For Wearable Art Designers, Ling Zhang, Brent Holland, Eulanda Sanders May 2019

From Chinese Painting To Wearable Art: The Development Of Wearable Art Design Process Model And Evaluation Methods For Wearable Art Designers, Ling Zhang, Brent Holland, Eulanda Sanders

Ling Zhang

Applying design process model as the framework during the creative process facilitates documenting the process in a method easy to interpret and replicate for other wearable artists or designers. Thus, the purpose of this research were to: (a) fuse the techniques of Chinese painting and art philosophy with contemporary garment silhouettes to create three lines of wearable art that are inspired by the three most prominent motifs found in Dafang Zhang’s (the researcher/designer’s father) Xie Yi painting, (b) propose a model outlining a design system for creating wearable art useful to other designers and artists based on ...


Millennials' Acceptance Of Voice Activated Shopping, Katelyn Nicole Sorensen May 2019

Millennials' Acceptance Of Voice Activated Shopping, Katelyn Nicole Sorensen

Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design: Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research

The rise of voice technologies has changed the way individuals complete tasks and interact with their devices. Retail companies are now offering voice features to shop for products, but there is a gap in literature about consumers’ acceptance of using voice technology to make purchases. Previous studies have compared the different brands of voice technologies, investigated privacy issues, or explained the acceptance of voice technology. Millennials’ acceptance and shopping through voice technologies have not been researched before. Kääriä (2017) calls for future studies to focus on voice technologies, since the technology is constantly improving, and new forms are entering the ...


Investigation Of Patrol Officers' Musculoskeletal Health: Needs Assessment Of Campus Patrol Officers, Mercan Derafshi, Adriana Petrova, Aditya Jayadas, Semra Peksoz Mar 2019

Investigation Of Patrol Officers' Musculoskeletal Health: Needs Assessment Of Campus Patrol Officers, Mercan Derafshi, Adriana Petrova, Aditya Jayadas, Semra Peksoz

MERCAN DERAFSHI

Patrol officers are experiencing high incident rates of musculoskeletal injuries particularly low back pain that has attracted the attention of researchers. The purpose of this preliminary study was to better understand the underlying risk factors of musculoskeletal issues in patrol officers. Focus group discussions, interviews, and shadowing sessions were conducted to collect data. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze the qualitative data and a model was built based on patrol officers' experiences. The findings identified three major categories of risk factors that emerged from officers' narratives: duty gear, vehicle seat, and physical fitness. It is appropriate to note that ...


Waste Size: The Skinny On The Environmental Costs Of The Fashion Industry, Elisha Teibel Jan 2019

Waste Size: The Skinny On The Environmental Costs Of The Fashion Industry, Elisha Teibel

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

The fashion industry is a web of complex global markets currently valued at $3 trillion that employs somewhere around sixty million people worldwide and is estimated to be one of the most labor-intensive industries on the planet. Over the past couple of decades, the industry has evolved into a highly fragmented sector with complicated supply chains and completely unstandardized production practices, which vary by factory and by country. The most significant facet of the fashion trade is the clothing and textile industry. The current total value of the clothing and textiles trade is estimated at $726 billion and a staggering ...


Development And Marketing Of A Repurposed Textile Product For Homeless Individuals In Northwest Arkansas, Mckenna Whitaker, Beau Broyles, Lindsey Stone May 2018

Development And Marketing Of A Repurposed Textile Product For Homeless Individuals In Northwest Arkansas, Mckenna Whitaker, Beau Broyles, Lindsey Stone

Apparel Merchandising and Product Development Undergraduate Honors Theses

Growing concerns over waste disposal methods have led to a greater focus on recycling efforts in the textile industry. Second only to the oil industry, the textile industry continues to be one of the most wasteful among leading businesses around the world and determining ways to repurpose fashion materials could be a reasonable solution to this growing problem (Dobilaite, V., Mileriene, G., Juciene, M., & Sacevičienė, 2017). In addition to alleviating disposal issues, repurposed materials could serve the humanitarian needs of local communities, and even more importantly, could specifically benefit homeless populations. The purpose of this project was to design, execute ...


How To Be The Perfect Asian Wife!, Sophia Hill Apr 2018

How To Be The Perfect Asian Wife!, Sophia Hill

Art and Art History Honors Projects

“How to be the Perfect Asian Wife” critiques exploitative power systems that assault female bodies of color in intersectional ways. This work explores strategies of healing and resistance through inserting one’s own narrative of flourishing rather than surviving, while reflecting violent realities. Three large drawings mimic pervasive advertisement language and presentation reflecting the oppressive strategies used to contain women of color. Created with charcoal, watercolor, and ink, these 'advertisements' contrast with an interactive rice bag filled with comics of my everyday experiences. These documentations compel viewers to reflect on their own participation in systems of power.


Cradle To Grave Cotton Product Life-Cycle: How Can Excess Waste Water Be Recycled ?, Dana Knight, Sade Cole Apr 2018

Cradle To Grave Cotton Product Life-Cycle: How Can Excess Waste Water Be Recycled ?, Dana Knight, Sade Cole

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Through literature review, this study entails concerns of waste- water used in the process of making apparel. Consumers’ behavior was not a determining factor in apparel purchased due to lack of knowledge of harmful environmental effects. This study is about how consumers perceive water waste and practices to extend the life of excess water use attained during the cotton product life-cycle. This study will implement an experimental design to answer the research question. Conducted research will challenge dye inclusive water waste practices by formulating an experiment using the variables 1lb of cotton t-shirts 3 gallons of water, and blue dye ...


Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, Mckinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss Apr 2018

Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, Mckinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The cotton industry has seen a rise in demand due to the increasing popularity of the athleisure clothing market. The disruption in the market has created a need for higher preforming materials to better suit the mobility, strength, and performance of the athleisure garments for the user. Modifications to the DNA of the cotton plant have been found to increase these performing factors, along with the combination of synthetic fibers. Studying the effects that modified cotton plants have on the consumer is a key piece of knowledge due to the fact that our clothing is largely based of the product ...


Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie Apr 2018

Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The athleisure market’s newest innovation is producing a 100% cotton fabric that is comfortable, soft yet durable and light enough to be used for athletic activity. Athleisure wear is a large market that cotton has started to capitalize on. This study will question on how performance cotton compares to the favored characteristics of man-made performance fibers when being used during intensified workouts. To answer this research question, this study will design an experiment that will be demonstrated on girls, ages 18-23. During this study, each person will perform a workout in 100% cotton performance wear and then perform a ...


Firefly, Michelle Park, Paramanand Deginal, Naser Madi, Elena Blaginykh Apr 2018

Firefly, Michelle Park, Paramanand Deginal, Naser Madi, Elena Blaginykh

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Purse designs changed over the years but we have yet to see a big leap in the purse world. Firefly is a smart purse that incorporates technology to enhance communication in everyday life. Crafted out of fiber-optic material and a 3D-printed Firefly decal, this purse incorporates a removable small computer that easily links up to the owner’s cellular device. Upon receiving a notification, the purse fabric lights up in various beautiful patterns, just as fireflies do when they communicate. Offering a rich range of notification patterns that capture users attention, and creating a new form of wearable technology experience ...


A Sizing System For Big & Tall: Comparison Between Proportional Sizing System And Linear Regression Model Approach, Su-Jeong Hwang Shin, Hyo Jung (Julie) Chang, Cynthia L. Istook Jan 2018

A Sizing System For Big & Tall: Comparison Between Proportional Sizing System And Linear Regression Model Approach, Su-Jeong Hwang Shin, Hyo Jung (Julie) Chang, Cynthia L. Istook

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This study aimed to identify applicable sizing systems for big and tall men by examining current menswear sizing systems. A cluster analysis, a linear regression, and t-test with fit comparison plots were employed to test two dominant approaches of sizing systems: 1) a size chart based on proportions of a sampling distribution of means in normal distribution, which is the most common approach of sizing in the apparel industry; and 2) a size chart developed with a liner regression model. Body dimensions from a total of 301 big and tall men height over 71.5 inches and weight over 215 ...


Conceptualizing Chinese-Style Clothing: Empirical Evidence From Top Chinese Ethnic Apparel Brands, Xiaohui Sui, Chuanlan Liu Jan 2018

Conceptualizing Chinese-Style Clothing: Empirical Evidence From Top Chinese Ethnic Apparel Brands, Xiaohui Sui, Chuanlan Liu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This study intended to conceptualize Chinese-style fashion from Chinese consumers’ perspective, as well as product design, and construction perspectives. Empirical study provided the evidence to support the proposed conceptualization of Chinese-style clothing. Even though China’s domestic market of culturally inspired fashion and fashionable ethnic clothing is still under development, the market has shown emergence of different segmentations with brands positioning themselves differently as modern, traditional, and ethnic Chinese styles. Overall, modern Chinese-style brands gain more consumers' awareness and acceptance.


“Creating A Virtual Retail Store Using The Sims4™ Programs In A Visual Merchandising Course”, April Elisha Stanley, Corissa Hite, Jennifer Wood Jan 2018

“Creating A Virtual Retail Store Using The Sims4™ Programs In A Visual Merchandising Course”, April Elisha Stanley, Corissa Hite, Jennifer Wood

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

SnapFashun, a plugin software used in conjunction with Adobe Illustrator (SnapFashun, 2017), was previously used in a visual merchandising course to create a final project: a digital retail store. Due to technological problems and student frustrations, an alternative was chosen: The Sims4™ programs. The expectation was the change in technology would permit students to focus on applications of visual merchandising concepts and result in a more engaged, creative final project. YouTube videos and online guides aided in learning the software for The Sims4™ programs. The outcome was a digital retail store that permitted increased engagement, greater creativity, and the application ...


Female Millennials Wearing Workout Wear As Daily Wear In The U.S., Sooah Choi, Kim Hahn Jan 2018

Female Millennials Wearing Workout Wear As Daily Wear In The U.S., Sooah Choi, Kim Hahn

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Due to the rise of fitness-conscious consumers who consider athletics not only a hobby but also a lifestyle (Petro, 2015), athleisure wear has become a large lifestyle trend among female consumers. it is common to see women in yoga pants and similar workout attire rather than skinny jeans as athleisure is now a comfortable lifestyle for consumers of all ages focusing more on lifestyle than performance (Marshal Cohen,2017).Regardless of age, athleisure has proven to be popular among females of all ages with exceptional popularity among millennials. Younger millennials (ages 18–24) tend to spend more time and money ...


Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi Jan 2018

Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Given the demands of practical education, today’s design education programs focus more on various industry–academia cooperation projects. Especially in the fashion design industry, professionals need to be aware of the current trends while students must be more eligible and closer to an entry-level designer who is able to perform immediately upon graduation. This case study is an industry–academia cooperation project which that served as one of the graduate fashion stages in a university in South Korea in 2016. It is a re-interpretation of an athleisure young casual wear line “Tate Like” from the Tate brand.

From this ...


A Sustainable Fashion Company's Transition From Home To Mass Production: An Exploratory Study, Sara Jablon-Roberts, Diane Mccrohan Jan 2018

A Sustainable Fashion Company's Transition From Home To Mass Production: An Exploratory Study, Sara Jablon-Roberts, Diane Mccrohan

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this study is to document the transition of a small fashion company from home to mass-produced sustainable apparel. The case company is a two-person apparel company whose mission is to create sustainable, natural goddess wear. In 2017, with increasing orders, Unalome's proprietors decided to cease home sewing and contract for mass. To delve deeply into this topic and to incorporate multiple sources of data (e.g., interviews, company website, social media, and internal documents), the case study research approach was chosen. Several themes emerged from data analysis, the most prominent being the company's strong and ...


Consumer Behavior Toward Luxury Fashion Rental: A Hierarchical Motivations Approach, Yanwen Ruan, Yingjiao Xu Jan 2018

Consumer Behavior Toward Luxury Fashion Rental: A Hierarchical Motivations Approach, Yanwen Ruan, Yingjiao Xu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

With the emerging New Luxury Comers and new consumerism after the recession, luxury fashion rental has been showing a great potential for speed growth. However, limited literature is existing on consumer behavior toward luxury fashion rental. Using a hierarchical Confirmatory Factor Analysis, this study conceptualized the multi-dimensional structure of consumers’ motivations toward luxury fashion rentals. Seven motivations were identified and classified as intrinsic vs. extrinsic. The results of this study can provide a great foundation for future studies on consumers’ behavior toward luxury fashion rental services.


Cross Culture Education: Sustainability And Slow Fashion, Lynn M. Boorady, Nicholas Hall Jan 2018

Cross Culture Education: Sustainability And Slow Fashion, Lynn M. Boorady, Nicholas Hall

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This paper describes a four-week project that partners university students with Somali refugees in our local community. The aim of the project was to develop a socio-cultural skills exchange between students and refugees with the objectives of [1] experiential transfer of handcrafting skills and fashion business expertise, [2] encouraging slow fashion production methods and sustainable fashion techniques and [3] embed these concepts within a small scale commercial enterprise framework. Students worked with refugees to develop a small scale commercial fashion business which would help support the local refugees. The project's focus on the benefits of slow fashion oriented modes ...


Life Satisfaction And Depression Associated With A Fashion Designer's Creative Design Process, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Kim Hahn Ph.D. Jan 2018

Life Satisfaction And Depression Associated With A Fashion Designer's Creative Design Process, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Kim Hahn Ph.D.

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The aim of this study is to understand the effects of life satisfaction and depression level of fashion designers on their perception of effort, challenges, and harmonious passion during their creative design process. The results indicate that overall, compared to the highly-depressed, low life satisfaction group, those in the low-depressed, high life satisfaction group, tend to exert more effort, have higher harmonious passion, and value their work more highly.


Rutherford Teaching Challenge--Steam Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment, Janet Andrea Blood Jan 2018

Rutherford Teaching Challenge--Steam Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment, Janet Andrea Blood

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

2018 Rutherford Teaching Challenge

STEAM Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment


Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Kennedy Benson, Eulanda A. Sanders Jan 2018

Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Kennedy Benson, Eulanda A. Sanders

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Black female fashion designers come from a rich heritage that uniquely prepares them for entrepreneurship. The societal challenges and limitations they have faced throughout history and continue to face today have served as motivational factors, often pushing them to seek solace through self-employment. The historical past of Black women's involvement in the textile, apparel and fashion industries is important in developing the complex understanding of the motivation that drives them to succeed today despite the limitations that are still placed before them. Through in-depth interviews the researcher inquired into the characteristics, personality traits, background, education and life experiences of ...


Is Fast Fashion A Concern Of The Everyday Teen?, Mariah N. Cruz May 2017

Is Fast Fashion A Concern Of The Everyday Teen?, Mariah N. Cruz

Student Research Symposium

The phrase “fast fashion” refers to getting clothes at extremely low costs to keep up with the newest fashion trends. When we purchase items, we don’t put much thought into where our clothing goes after we “get rid” of them. The saying “Out of sight, out of mind” is apparent when it comes down to consumers and letting go of old clothes. Our only concern as consumers is the next big thing. The fashion industry has drastically changed over the past two decades and trends play a huge role in this push for mass production. We as a society ...


Exploring Wearable Technology: Solar Powered Book Bags, Courtney Beringer, Sam Vande Loo Apr 2017

Exploring Wearable Technology: Solar Powered Book Bags, Courtney Beringer, Sam Vande Loo

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The purpose of this study was to gauge public opinion on wearable technology, with an extra focus on solar panel integration. Thus, the researchers gathered the information needed to develop a useful wearable technology product. Despite growing interest in wearable technology, the use of solar panels in commercial products seems to be non-existent. Some companies have experimented with the integration of solar panels in clothing but have not been successful. This is due to multiple factors including aesthetics, efficiency, functionality, and price (Dunne, 2010). This mixed method research design is composed of two parts: 1) a student focus group interview ...


Designing A Solar Powered Jacket: Interdisciplinary Research And Design Through The Functional, Expressive, And Aesthetic (Fea) Consumer Needs Model, Kathryn Jean Kaalberg Apr 2017

Designing A Solar Powered Jacket: Interdisciplinary Research And Design Through The Functional, Expressive, And Aesthetic (Fea) Consumer Needs Model, Kathryn Jean Kaalberg

Honors Projects and Posters

Wearable technology and product sustainability in the apparel industry is an increased focus of consumers. A major problem of wearable electronics currently on the market is the reliance on conventional power supplies (i.e. batteries) that are typically heavy, made from topic sources, and have a short lifetime. To save resources, solar energy can be harnessed. Flexible solar panels offer a sustainable, lightweight source of energy, but consumer attitudes towards solar powered clothing are greatly affected by the product's functional, expressive, and aesthetic (FEA) qualities (Hwang, Chung, & Sanders, 2016; Lamb & Kallal, 1992). Because few apparel products beyond accessories exist in the ...


Exploration Of Female Auto-Racing Athletes' Satisfaction With Current Suits, Ann Huebner, Africa Martinez, Wei Cao, Hira Cho Jan 2017

Exploration Of Female Auto-Racing Athletes' Satisfaction With Current Suits, Ann Huebner, Africa Martinez, Wei Cao, Hira Cho

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The motorsports industry has exploded into a global phenomenon attracting both male and female fans and drivers. Both men and women compete in the same locations and on the same tracks. Different gender bodies perform differently. However, most professional organizations approved suits are unisex and made to fit the male body. Female drivers need "ready-to-wear" racing suits, which are made to fit the female form. The goal of this research is to determine if female drivers are satisfied with the current racing suits. A non-experimental cross sectional survey was built based on the Function Expression Aesthetic (FEA) consumer needs model ...


Influence Of Social Connectedness On Apparel Purchases Through Social Commerce, Eunjoo Cho, Jihyeong Son, Ann Marie Fiore Jan 2017

Influence Of Social Connectedness On Apparel Purchases Through Social Commerce, Eunjoo Cho, Jihyeong Son, Ann Marie Fiore

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The present study expands the scope of social media research by investigating whether social connectedness influences the motivations for using social commerce and consequent attitude toward and purchases of apparel products through social commerce (i.e., apparel shopping through social media platforms). A new conceptual framework was proposed by incorporating variables from self-psychology theory and the technology acceptance model. A convenience sample of 531 respondents between the ages of 18 and 24 completed an online survey. The results confirmed social connecteness positively influences consumers attitude toward and intention to adopt social commerce. The present study provides new insight—TAM variables ...


Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Loranger Jan 2017

Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Loranger

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The Scottish kilt is one of the world's most renowned cultural garments, and the Highland Dress industry contributes £350 million annually to the Scottish apparel industry ("Licensed to Kilt," 2009). However, outsourcing and deceptive marketing tactics have negatively impacted the kiltmaking industry (XXX, 2014). The purpose of this dissertation study was to investigate Scottish kiltmakers' knowledge and experiences as a basis for industry protection. A qualitative, phenomenological method employed interviews, observations, video and artifact analysis, and prototyping to understand participant's (n=17) experiences with learning and practicing kiltmaking. Findings indicated that: (a) kiltmakers' experience life-long learning through ...


What's Hair Got To Do With It?: An Analysis Of Ebony Magazine Hair Advertisements From 2011 To 2015, Ashney Williams, Courtney Johnson, Archana Edmond, Eulanda Sanders Jan 2017

What's Hair Got To Do With It?: An Analysis Of Ebony Magazine Hair Advertisements From 2011 To 2015, Ashney Williams, Courtney Johnson, Archana Edmond, Eulanda Sanders

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Black hair product advertisements communicate both overt and covert messages to consumers through their phenotypic traits, facial expressions, and body language. The problem with the ads is that the messages communicated sometimes appear stereotypical of Black women. There is no study that inquired: What are the trends and messages communicated by Black hair product advertisements between the years of 2011 to 2015 in Ebony magazine, a time when the natural hair movement gained momentum? Ebony magazine was used, as it is the longest printed Black magazine with the widest distribution. The team of 4 researchers analyzed 474 Black hair advertisements ...