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Ellis H. Minns And Nikodim Kondakov’S The Russian Icon (1927), Wendy Salmond Jan 2017

Ellis H. Minns And Nikodim Kondakov’S The Russian Icon (1927), Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Books and Book Chapters

"Kondakov’s magnum opus [The Russian Icon] failed to win an audience. Though it appeared just in time for a surge of popular interest in Russian icons abroad, it never became the book of choice for the English-speaking public seeking a guide through the ‘dark forest’ of the icon’s history... My chapter offers some suggestions for why this crude caricature of Kondakov’s work took hold in the 1920s and became axiomatic throughout the Soviet period. In particular, it considers the role that Minns’s translation may have played, however inadvertently, in cementing this impression. Minns’s interventions in ...


Embroidery In The Circle Of The Last Romanovs, Wendy Salmond Jan 2016

Embroidery In The Circle Of The Last Romanovs, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Articles and Research

This article essay examines the liturgical embroideries associated with the Empress Alexandra Fedorovna and her sister Grand Duchess Elizaveta Fedorovna. It suggests that the sisters’ needlework for sacred purposes was invested with a significance not seen in elite Russian society since the late seventeenth century. At a time when the arts of Orthodoxy were undergoing a state-sponsored renaissance, who was better suited to lead the resurgence of liturgical embroidery than the wife and sister-in-law of the Emperor, the last in a long line of royal women seeking to assert their piety and their power through traditional women’s work? In ...


Pavel Tretiakov’S Icons, Wendy Salmond Jun 2014

Pavel Tretiakov’S Icons, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Books and Book Chapters

"Between 1890 and his death in 1898, the Moscow art collector Pavel Tretiakov acquired sixty-two icons of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. With this comparatively late entry into the world of icons, Tretiakov laid the foundation for one of the world’s greatest collections of medieval Russian paintings. Why is it, then, that Tretiakov’s icons are today so rarely mentioned and so hard to find? The most practical explanation is that they were simply swallowed up into the vast repositories of the reorganized State Tretiakov Gallery in 1930, along with thousands of icons from churches and private collections nationalized ...


An Imperial Collection: Exploring The Hammers' Icons, Wendy Salmond Jan 2013

An Imperial Collection: Exploring The Hammers' Icons, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Books and Book Chapters

"Changing hands one last time, in the 1950s, for many years the icons at BJU lived as it were incognito, the details of their glamorous origins largely forgotten. Reuniting this core group-the cream of the Hammers' imperial icons--with others that passed into American museums in the 1930s allows us to appreciate the full significance of Armand and Victor Hammer's foray into marketing icons Americans.Viewed in isolation, most of their "imperial icons" are perhaps no mo than a poignant reminder of the vast destruction and dislocation of Orthodox culture during the Soviet Cultural Revolution. Taken together, however, they paint ...


Foreword To Irina Yazykova, Hidden And Triumphant: The Underground Struggle To Save Russian Iconography, Wendy Salmond Jan 2010

Foreword To Irina Yazykova, Hidden And Triumphant: The Underground Struggle To Save Russian Iconography, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Wendy Salmond's foreword to Irina Yazykova's Hidden and Triumphant: The Underground Struggle to Russian Iconography, in which Yazykova discusses how the art of icon painting survived during years of Russian Communism and is now poised to launch a new era that reflects modern experience.


How America Discovered Russian Icons: The Soviet Loan Exhibition Of 1930-32, Wendy Salmond Jan 2010

How America Discovered Russian Icons: The Soviet Loan Exhibition Of 1930-32, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Books and Book Chapters

On 14 October 1930, the first exhibition of Russian icons ever to take place in the United States opened at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. Over the next nineteen months it traveled to nine venues across the country, introducing the American public to a form of medieval painting virtually unknown outside Russia. Billed as the "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Loan Exhibition," its avowed goal was to share with the outside world the full story of Russian icon painting's evolution from the twelfth to the nineteenth centuries, thereby adding a vital missing chapter to the history of ...


Russian Icons And American Money, 1928-1938, Wendy Salmond Jan 2009

Russian Icons And American Money, 1928-1938, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Articles and Research

The article explores the marketing tactics and consumer expectations with regards to icons released in the street markets and provincial cities of Soviet Russia and acquired by American collectors from 1928-1938. These icons, including those from Byzantium in the tenth century, were seen as cultural commodities during the Russian revolution and the subsequent socialist construction. The Soviet apparatus Antikvariat was tasked with appraising the icon collections held by the Gosmuzeifond or the State Museum Reserve for exports.


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 3, Don Yoder, Alfred L. Shoemaker, Paul R. Wieand, Earl F. Robacker, Ada Robacker, Herbert H. Beck, Edna Eby Heller, Vincent R. Tortora, Frances Lichten Apr 1997

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 3, Don Yoder, Alfred L. Shoemaker, Paul R. Wieand, Earl F. Robacker, Ada Robacker, Herbert H. Beck, Edna Eby Heller, Vincent R. Tortora, Frances Lichten

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Two Worlds in the Dutch Country
• Belsnickel Lore
• Carpet-Rag Parties
• Quilting Traditions in the Dutch Country
• Lititz
• Lititz Specialties
• Amish Funerals
• Pennsylvania Redware
• Scratch-Carved Easter Eggs
• Fractur From the Hostetter Collection


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 2, Nancy Kettering Frye, Jean-Paul Benowitz, Amos Long Jr., John A. Milbauer Jan 1997

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 2, Nancy Kettering Frye, Jean-Paul Benowitz, Amos Long Jr., John A. Milbauer

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• "An Uncommon Woman" in the Age of the Common Man: The Life and Times of Sarah Righter Major
• Maintaining Mennonite Identity: The Old Order Church in Pennsylvania and Virginia
• The End of an Era: The Last One-Room Public Schools in Lebanon County
• Pennsylvania Extended in the Cherokee Country: A Study of Log Architecture


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 1, Jean-Paul Benowitz, John Lowry Ruth, Paula T. Hradkowsky, Monica Mutzbauer Oct 1996

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 46, No. 1, Jean-Paul Benowitz, John Lowry Ruth, Paula T. Hradkowsky, Monica Mutzbauer

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The Mennonites of Pennsylvania: A House Divided
• "Not Only Tradition, but Truth": Legend and Myth Fragments Among Pennsylvania Mennonites
• Mennonite Women and Centuries of Change in America
• "It is Painful to Say Goodbye": A Mennonite Family in Europe and America


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 3, Susan L. F. Isaacs, Donald Roan, Debora Kodish, Lois Fernandez, Karen Buchholz, Susan Fellman Jacob, Ron Schlegel, Mindy Brandt Apr 1996

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 3, Susan L. F. Isaacs, Donald Roan, Debora Kodish, Lois Fernandez, Karen Buchholz, Susan Fellman Jacob, Ron Schlegel, Mindy Brandt

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Folklife at the Margins: Cultural Conservation for the Schuylkill Heritage Corridor
• The Goschenhoppen Historians: Preserving and Celebrating Pennsylvania German Folk Culture
• The African American Festival of Odunde: Twenty Years on South Street
• Joanna Furnace: Then and Now
• Port Clinton: A Peek Into the Past


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 2, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Robert Troy Boyer, Amos Long Jr., Christine M. Mueseler, Catherine Anne Jacobs, Hugo A. Freund Jan 1996

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 2, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Robert Troy Boyer, Amos Long Jr., Christine M. Mueseler, Catherine Anne Jacobs, Hugo A. Freund

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Occupational Folklife
• A Fine-Tooth Comb: Atlee Crouse Carries on a Family Tradition
• "Lime and Manure": Agricultural Practices Among the Pennsylvania Germans
• Alcoa, New Kensington: "It was More Than a Job - It was a Way of Life"
• Women's Work: Textile Manufacturing in the Lackawanna Valley
• Working the Seams: African American Professional Performers Moving Between White Public Culture and African American Private Culture


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 1, Joan Saverino, Joseph Bentivegna, Nicholas V. De Leo, Catherine Cerrone, Janet Theophano Oct 1995

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 45, No. 1, Joan Saverino, Joseph Bentivegna, Nicholas V. De Leo, Catherine Cerrone, Janet Theophano

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• "Domani Ci Zappa": Italian Immigration and Ethnicity in Pennsylvania
• A Study of the San Cataldesi Who Emigrated to Dunmore, Pennsylvania
• A Look at the Early Years of Philadelphia's "Little Italy"
• "An Aura of Toughness, Too": Italian Immigration to Pittsburgh and Vicinity
• Expressions of Love, Acts of Labor: Women's Work in an Italian American Community


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 3, Diane Sidener Young, Anne W. Goda, Susan Kalcik, Woodward S. Bousquet, Monica Mutzbauer Apr 1995

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 3, Diane Sidener Young, Anne W. Goda, Susan Kalcik, Woodward S. Bousquet, Monica Mutzbauer

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Conservation and Mediation in the Folk and Traditional Arts of Pennsylvania
• Isaac and Thomas Stahl, the Revival Potters of Powder Valley
• The Folk Art of Decorated Eggs
• Jim Popso and His Coal Country Folk Art
• Leaving the Old World for the New: Rules Governing Emigration from Landau in the Palatinate


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 2, Susan Kalcik, June Granatir Alexander, M. Mark Stolarik, Corinne Earnest, Klaus Stopp, Jobie E. Riley Jan 1995

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 2, Susan Kalcik, June Granatir Alexander, M. Mark Stolarik, Corinne Earnest, Klaus Stopp, Jobie E. Riley

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Fortune's Stepchildren: Slovaks in Pennsylvania
• Slovak Churches: Religious Diversity and Ethnic Communities
• Slovak Fraternal-Benefit Societies in Pennsylvania
• Early Fraktur Referring to Birth and Baptism in Pennsylvania: A Taufpatenbrief from Berks County for a Child Born in 1751
• The Solitary Sisters of Saron


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 1, Charles L. Blockson, Roland C. Barksdale-Hall, Jerrilyn Mcgregory, Terry G. Jordan Oct 1994

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 1, Charles L. Blockson, Roland C. Barksdale-Hall, Jerrilyn Mcgregory, Terry G. Jordan

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• "A Missing Link": The History of African Americans in Pennsylvania
• The Twin City Elks Lodge: A Unifying Force in Farrell's African American Community
• The Greening of Philadelphia
• The "Saddlebag" House Type and Pennsylvania Extended


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 3, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Elaine Mercer, Kenneth E. Kopecky, Eric O. Hoiberg, Gertrude E. Huntington, Marilyn E. Lehman, Samuel S. Stoltzfus, William B. Fetterman, Bernadette L. Hutchison, John W. Friesen Apr 1994

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 3, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Elaine Mercer, Kenneth E. Kopecky, Eric O. Hoiberg, Gertrude E. Huntington, Marilyn E. Lehman, Samuel S. Stoltzfus, William B. Fetterman, Bernadette L. Hutchison, John W. Friesen

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The Old Order Amish
• Amish Quilts: Creativity Supported by Rules and Traditions
• Conflict: A Mainspring of Amish Society
• Occupational Opportunities for Old Order Amish Women
• The Amish Taboo on Photography: Its Historical and Social Significance
• Our Changing Amish Church District
• Images of the Amish on Stage and Film
• Amish Gardens: A Symbol of Identity
• The Myth of the Ideal Folk Society Versus the Reality of Amish Life


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 2, Susan Kalcik, Hilda Adam Kring, Regina Bendix, Mindy Brandt, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Patricia Irvin Cooper, John I. Schwarz Jr., Willard Wetzel Jan 1994

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 2, Susan Kalcik, Hilda Adam Kring, Regina Bendix, Mindy Brandt, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., Patricia Irvin Cooper, John I. Schwarz Jr., Willard Wetzel

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The America's Industrial Heritage Project: A Model for Cultural Tourism
• The Harmonists are Waiting for You
• The Quest for Authenticity in Tourism and Folklife Studies
• Tourism and the Old Order Amish
• The Log Cabin: Notes on its Structure and Dissemination
• On the Making of Die Union Choral Harmonie (1833): Evidence from Henry C. Eyer's Working Papers
• In Memoriam: Paul R. Wieand, a True Artist


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 1, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., James D. Mcmahon Jr., Gary M. Johnston, Monica Mutzbauer, Robert P. Stevenson Oct 1993

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 1, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., James D. Mcmahon Jr., Gary M. Johnston, Monica Mutzbauer, Robert P. Stevenson

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Causes of Diversity Between Old Order Amish Settlements
• Daniel Danner, Woodturner: An Early 19th-Century Rural Craftsman in Central Pennsylvania
• "Truth Somewhere in the Telling": The Legend of the Wigton Massacre
• The Connections Between Pennsylvania and the Palatinate in Popular 20th-Century German Literature
• The Story of One Old-Time Country Store


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 3, Margaret Clark Reynolds, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Lee C. Hopple Apr 1993

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 3, Margaret Clark Reynolds, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Lee C. Hopple

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Assimilation and Acculturation in a Pennsylvania-German Landscape: The Nisley Family and its Architecture in the Lower Swatara Creek Basin
• Charles-Alexandre Lesueur of Paris, Philadelphia, and New Harmony, Indiana
• Religious-Geographical History of the Hutterian Brethren in Europe and Russia, 1523-1879


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 2, Wendell R. Zercher, Charles Greg Kelley, Robert P. Stevenson, Henry J. Kauffman, John W. Parsons, Roy Christman, Elwood Christman, Greg Huber Jan 1993

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 2, Wendell R. Zercher, Charles Greg Kelley, Robert P. Stevenson, Henry J. Kauffman, John W. Parsons, Roy Christman, Elwood Christman, Greg Huber

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Charles E. Starry, Adams County Chair Maker
• Lewis Miller's Chronicle of York: A Picture of Life in Early America
• Family Anecdotes from a Georges Creek Home
• The Pennsylvania-German Schrank
• The Barns of Towamensing Township
• A Review of Robert F. Ensminger's The Pennsylvania Barn


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 1, Marion Lois Huffines, Amos Long Jr., Robert P. Stevenson, Robert L. Leight Oct 1992

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 1, Marion Lois Huffines, Amos Long Jr., Robert P. Stevenson, Robert L. Leight

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The Trunk in the Attic was a Window
• The Rural Pennsylvania-German Home and Family
• The Happy Story of Georges Creek
• Duties of a Rural School Board at the Turn of the Century
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 3, Nelson M. Williams, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Henry J. Kauffman, Ned D. Heindel, Linda H. Heindel, Simon J. Bronner Apr 1992

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 3, Nelson M. Williams, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Henry J. Kauffman, Ned D. Heindel, Linda H. Heindel, Simon J. Bronner

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• "Love, David"
• Studebaker and Stutz: The Evolution of Dunkard Entrepreneurs
• Latches and Locks
• H. L. Mencken and "A Girl from Red Lion, PA"
• Mac E. Barrick (1933-1991): An Appreciation
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 2, Nancy Kettering Frye, William B. Fetterman, Annette Lockwood Jan 1992

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 2, Nancy Kettering Frye, William B. Fetterman, Annette Lockwood

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The Meetinghouse Connection: Plain Living in the Gilded Age
• Paul Wieand's Contributions to Pennsylvania German Folk Theater
• Amish Cottage Industries
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 1, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Marianne Ruch, Steve Friesen, Robert P. Stevenson, Richard E. Wentz, Nancy K. Gaugler, Robin Clouser Oct 1991

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 41, No. 1, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Marianne Ruch, Steve Friesen, Robert P. Stevenson, Richard E. Wentz, Nancy K. Gaugler, Robin Clouser

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Jacob Maentel: A Second Look
• The Five-Plate Stove Revisited
• The Life and Death of an Appalachian Farm
• Henry Harbaugh, Quintessential "Dutchman"
• In Memoriam: William T. Parsons, 1923-1991


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 3, Steve Friesen, Monica Mutzbauer, Christopher S. Witmer, Mary Lamey Hoffer, Harry W. Barner, Robert L. Leight, Catherine L. Emerson Apr 1991

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 3, Steve Friesen, Monica Mutzbauer, Christopher S. Witmer, Mary Lamey Hoffer, Harry W. Barner, Robert L. Leight, Catherine L. Emerson

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Home is Where the Hearth is
• The Hearth is Where the Cook is
• "Philipps gehn in Amerka": The Palatinate Emigration in German Schoolbooks
• The Barner Farm: A Connection to Clinton County's Pennsylvania-German Heritage
• A Teacher With a Heart: Carrie Frankenfield Horne
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 2, Amos Long Jr., Henry J. Kauffman, Robert P. Stevenson, Mark D. Howell, Hilda Adam Kring Jan 1991

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 2, Amos Long Jr., Henry J. Kauffman, Robert P. Stevenson, Mark D. Howell, Hilda Adam Kring

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Some Early Rural and Domestic Industries in Pennsylvania
• Jacob Dickert, Rifle Maker
• Several Early Woolen Mills of Western Pennsylvania
• A Rural Craftsman in Present-Day Pennsylvania
• Who is in the Kitchen?
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 1, Terry G. Jordan, Jon T. Kilpinen, Robert P. Stevenson, Richard E. Wentz, Henry J. Kauffman, Ray J. Dieffenbach, George L. Irgang Oct 1990

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 40, No. 1, Terry G. Jordan, Jon T. Kilpinen, Robert P. Stevenson, Richard E. Wentz, Henry J. Kauffman, Ray J. Dieffenbach, George L. Irgang

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Square Notching in the Log Carpentry Tradition of Pennsylvania Extended
• Letters from Home to a Wandering Farm Boy
• Parre Schtories
• Handcrafts in Lancaster County
• Johann Conrad Dieffenbach of Tulpehocken
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 39, No. 4, Theresa G. Saul, John L. Dochter, Henry Berkowitz, Linda Berkowitz, John Marshall, Shirley Marshall, Joseph L. Tognoli, Michael W. Rhode, Constantine Kermes, Judy Sweetland, Robert Legge, Kenelm Winslow Iii, Barry Mcfarland, Matthew Vardjan, Elaine Vardjan, John E. Stinsmen, Mark R. Eaby Jr. Jul 1990

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 39, No. 4, Theresa G. Saul, John L. Dochter, Henry Berkowitz, Linda Berkowitz, John Marshall, Shirley Marshall, Joseph L. Tognoli, Michael W. Rhode, Constantine Kermes, Judy Sweetland, Robert Legge, Kenelm Winslow Iii, Barry Mcfarland, Matthew Vardjan, Elaine Vardjan, John E. Stinsmen, Mark R. Eaby Jr.

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Our Church
• Pig Roast
• Wooden Jointed Dolls
• Coal Jewelry
• The Pennsylvania Long Rifle
• The Mennonites
• Festival Focus
• Festival Programs
• Blockprinting
• Dried Flowers, Wreaths and Baskets
• Broom Making
• Wood-Turning
• Moravian and German Stars
• A Plain Costume Primer
• Farewell to the Folk Festival Magazine


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 39, No. 3, Amos Long Jr., Marion Lois Huffines, Robert L. Leight, Charles R. Steitz Jr., Alvenia Schultz Graber Apr 1990

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 39, No. 3, Amos Long Jr., Marion Lois Huffines, Robert L. Leight, Charles R. Steitz Jr., Alvenia Schultz Graber

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• The General Store
• Pennsylvania German in Public Life
• Building a One-Room School: The Dynamics of School Board Decision-Making at the Turn of the 20th Century
• Washington Hood: 500th Graduate of the United States Military Academy
• Grandmother Schultz
• Aldes un Neies (Old and New)