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Full-Text Articles in Africana Studies

Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007), Rees Odeil Bryant, Patti Mattox Bryant Apr 2019

Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007), Rees Odeil Bryant, Patti Mattox Bryant

Center for Restoration Studies Archives, Manuscripts and Personal Papers Finding Aids

Finding aid for the Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007).


Finding Aid For Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, Patti Mattox Bryant, Rees Odeil Bryant Apr 2019

Finding Aid For Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, Patti Mattox Bryant, Rees Odeil Bryant

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Finding aid for the Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers.


Muddling The Middle: Cynical Representations Of Ethnic Relations In V.S. And Shiva Naipaul, Kevin Frank Apr 2019

Muddling The Middle: Cynical Representations Of Ethnic Relations In V.S. And Shiva Naipaul, Kevin Frank

Publications and Research

In this essay from the collection, Seepersad and Sons: Naipaulian Synergies, Kevin Frank argues that coming from a creolized society, unlike their father, Seepersad, V.S. and Shiva Naipaul's representations of "race" and ethnicity in their works is cynical, favoring one side in the Indo- and Afro-Caribbean racial antagonism, mainly because of their anxiety about "Black Power."


“In The Beginning Was Body Language” Clowning And Krump As Spiritual Healing And Resistance, Sarah S. Ohmer Feb 2019

“In The Beginning Was Body Language” Clowning And Krump As Spiritual Healing And Resistance, Sarah S. Ohmer

Publications and Research

In the neighborhood of HollyWatts in Los Angeles, dance allows a shift from existing as bodies presented as sites of threat and extinction to sources of spiritual empowerment. Clowning and Krump dancers—their subjectivity and their dancing bodies—negotiate survival from trauma and socioeconomic marginalization. I argue that the dancers’ performances act as embodied narratives of “re-membering in the flesh.” The performance acts as a spiritual retrieval and re-integration of traumatic memories and afflictions into memory through the body. Choreography and quotes from dancers support the claim that Krump and Clowning is “re-membering in the flesh” that enacts self-worth, self-defined ...


Bruce Mutsvairo (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook Of Media And Communication Research In Africa, Gregory Gondwe Jan 2019

Bruce Mutsvairo (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook Of Media And Communication Research In Africa, Gregory Gondwe

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

To many scholars around the world, African media and communication research is either a terra incognita or an amalgamation of Western thought. The theories that underpin media and communication research in Africa are deeply rooted in the frameworks of Western thought. And it is through these lenses that African scholars execute and operationalize Communication Research in Africa. This book, therefore, provides new approaches for undertaking media and communication scholarship in the postcolonial era. It highlights a number of approaches adopted to navigate and interrogate issues that Western theoretical frameworks are incapable of answering. It further suggests new frontiers for rethinking ...


Child Marriage In Ghana: A Projectsabroad Internship, Rikki Bergen Nov 2018

Child Marriage In Ghana: A Projectsabroad Internship, Rikki Bergen

SASAH 4th Year Capstone and Other Projects: Presentations

For her Community Engaged Learning internship, Rikki travelled to Ghana with ProjectsAbroad to volunteer in Ghana for several weeks in the summer of 2017. Accompanied by a friend, the two worked together to study several key issues in child marriage that occur in Ghana, and to produce a list of recommended points of action for future volunteers.


Experiential Learning Courses At The Walrus And Jkuat University, Betty Wang Nov 2018

Experiential Learning Courses At The Walrus And Jkuat University, Betty Wang

SASAH 4th Year Capstone and Other Projects: Presentations

Betty interned at The Walrus and worked at the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) for her two experiential learning credits. While at the Walrus, Betty worked in the Events department for two months, and at JKUAT Betty worked with other Ivey students to organize a case competition. In her final report and accompanying presentation, Betty describes both internships in detail and presents a wonderful example of the diverse opportunities available to undergraduate students at Western.


Internalized Racism: Biases Children And Adults Hold, Daniela G. Gonzales Oct 2018

Internalized Racism: Biases Children And Adults Hold, Daniela G. Gonzales

Student Publications

Due to one’s surroundings, many African American children have internalized these racial biases without them without consciously being aware of it. Hence, this paper highlights various studies that have done previous research on the racial biases children hold like the pioneering study, the Clark doll experiment of 1947. Furthermore, this paper elaborates on measurements of how children have internalized these biases along with the influence adults play on the lives of these children. Therefore, I expand on the many implications these biases have on the lives of African American children and suggest possible approaches to aid in the reduction ...


It's No Secret, It's Racism, Daniel E. Duffey Oct 2018

It's No Secret, It's Racism, Daniel E. Duffey

Student Publications

In the world of high level sports, it is everywhere you look. When you watch sports on television it is obvious. It is on the sideline and in the announcer’s voice. There are many objective examples that support what you are seeing and hearing, but are these examples just a coincidence? It is the reason Larry Bird is known for his cunning and witty characteristics on the basketball court and the same reason Michael Vick became known as a great quarterback for his foot speed rather than ability to read the defense. The “it” I am referring to is ...


Nature Or Nurture? The Concentration Of African Americans In Specific Sports, Eric J. Klimowicz Oct 2018

Nature Or Nurture? The Concentration Of African Americans In Specific Sports, Eric J. Klimowicz

Student Publications

The prevalence of African Americans in certain American professional sports is certainly evident. Their prevalence is particularly pertinent and commonly associated with sports such as basketball, football, and track. The percentage of the players in the National Basketball AssociatIon (NBA) that were African American in the 2017-2018 season was 73.9% (Lapchik, 2018). Additionally, the percentage of players that were African American in the National Football League (NFL) during the 2016-2017 season was 69.7% (Lapchik, 2018). These statistics however differ from proportions of African Americans representing these respective sports at the Division I college level. The percentage of African ...


Mind Control In The Post-Colonial State: The Impact Of Foreign Direct Investment In Tertiary Education In Senegal And Jamaica, Janiel Chantae Slowly Oct 2018

Mind Control In The Post-Colonial State: The Impact Of Foreign Direct Investment In Tertiary Education In Senegal And Jamaica, Janiel Chantae Slowly

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Since the end of 17th to 20th century colonization, Senegal and Jamaica have been victims of the rhetoric of development. The economic, social, and political progress of these nations have always been overshadowed by their categorization as “developing countries”. Yet, this development rhetoric fails to acknowledge not only the wounds of colonization but the more modern manifestations of continued exploitation of these countries often by the same countries that “emancipated” their colonies. Senegal and Jamaica for example, are both dominated by large percentages of young adults, in both cases a large majority of the populations are individuals under the age ...


A Look At Female Genital Mutilation, Norhan H. Gomaa Oct 2018

A Look At Female Genital Mutilation, Norhan H. Gomaa

Student Publications

Female Genital Mutilation is deeply rooted in misogyny and sexism. This paper looks at current and past efforts of NGOs and other organizations that have tried to eradicate the practice in many countries, mainly in Africa. The strategies and techniques of these organizations have failed for many reasons, this paper highlights those that have worked and those that have failed. The next possible steps to reduce the practice have been proposed in the paper.


Underrepresentation Of Women In Sports Leadership: Stereotypes, Discrimination, And Race, Keyleigh N. Wallick Oct 2018

Underrepresentation Of Women In Sports Leadership: Stereotypes, Discrimination, And Race, Keyleigh N. Wallick

Student Publications

Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, the number of women playing sports has significantly increased; however, the percentage of women in coaching positions has strikingly declined. Before the passage of Title IX, women occupied more than 90% of the coaching positions in women’s sports. In 2009, women held 21% of all head coaching positions in intercollegiate sports for both men and women’s teams and 43% of the head coaching positions for women’s teams (Miller & Flores, 2011). Between 2000 and 2014, 2,080 new head coaching jobs in women’s athletics have opened up and one-third ...


The Damaging Effects Of Intersectionality And Layers Of Oppression On United States Female Soccer Players, Brooke L. Priddy Oct 2018

The Damaging Effects Of Intersectionality And Layers Of Oppression On United States Female Soccer Players, Brooke L. Priddy

Student Publications

Black athletes face structural and overt racism in all sports across the country, in which the majority of White Americans either chooses to ignore or sometimes even use to victimize certain athletes. They are discriminated against because of the color of their skin, despite achieving the same levels of success and fame as their white competitors. Black athletes must work harder than white athletes for the same end goal, not because of any sort of athletic disadvantage, but because of racial injustice and intolerance. Soccer is a prime example of how Black athletes face racism in sport. Black female soccer ...


Trapped In The Mouse House: How Disney Has Portrayed Racism And Sexism In Its Princess Films, Jessica L. Laemle Oct 2018

Trapped In The Mouse House: How Disney Has Portrayed Racism And Sexism In Its Princess Films, Jessica L. Laemle

Student Publications

This paper analyzes the history of one of the most popular entertainment companies in the world, Disney. Through the discussion of multiple princess films, from the beginning of Disney to the more current films, I analyze the ongoing racism and sexism that is presented in these timeless Disney films. I will discuss the implications that this racism and sexism has on the children who view these films and what responsibility Disney has as a worldwide company in terms of what it displays to its audience.


Girls Can Play: Analysis Of Racial And Economic Barriers Of Entry For Women Of Color In Sport, Quinn I. Igram Oct 2018

Girls Can Play: Analysis Of Racial And Economic Barriers Of Entry For Women Of Color In Sport, Quinn I. Igram

Student Publications

In order to understand the racial division of modern sport, it is essential to investigate the barriers to entry that occur for black youth at an institutional level. Inner-city and low-income youth are denied opportunities presented to predominately white middle and upper-class youth, who are awarded the opportunities to advance in the dimension of sport. Low-income children are being pushed out of sports, falling into a track that provides marginal community programming, while the economically advantaged are funneled into the other track of competitive private clubs. Race, economics, and social status become drivers for this segmentation in youth sport.

Although ...


Dialogical Numbers: Counting Humanimal Pain In J.M. Coetzee's Elizabeth Costello, Mike Piero Jan 2018

Dialogical Numbers: Counting Humanimal Pain In J.M. Coetzee's Elizabeth Costello, Mike Piero

English Faculty Publications

This essay argues that J.M. Coetzee's Elizabeth Costello stages numerical sequences strategically, dialogically, and parodically in order to call attention to the ideological weight involved in counting. Focusing on how one counts - and accounts for - human and nonhuman animal pain, I contend that the repetition of numbers in the novel works to subvert the neoliberal faith put in numbers, quantification, and data. Without succumbing to some religious-mystical numerology, this reading attempts to expose the fiction involved in the act of counting and the need to pay more attention to numerical discourse in literary fiction. In tracking these numbers ...


Jenyffer Nascimento’S Epic Poetry Of Black Female Empowerment Jenyffer Nascimento: A Poesia Épica De Empoderamento Da Mulher Negra, Sarah S. Ohmer Jan 2018

Jenyffer Nascimento’S Epic Poetry Of Black Female Empowerment Jenyffer Nascimento: A Poesia Épica De Empoderamento Da Mulher Negra, Sarah S. Ohmer

Publications and Research

This article presents results of auto-ethnography, literary analysis, and fieldwork research to answer an underlying, perhaps unresolved, concern, relevant to this dossier: how can we produce an ethical dialogue as transnational Black Feminists, among Black Brazilian women, and North American Black women, in an ethical manner, while realizing that one may (not ever) be a part of the “carnival without you in it.” Fertile Earth/ Terra Fertil tells a long overdue epic story to an audience within the poetry: Black women, family members, other times a Black man, Brazil, white women, or “you,” undefined. Joy to pain to chaos, sensuality ...


The City-Child's Quest: Spatiality And Sociality In Paule Marshall's The Fisher King, Daphne Lamothe Nov 2017

The City-Child's Quest: Spatiality And Sociality In Paule Marshall's The Fisher King, Daphne Lamothe

Africana Studies: Faculty Publications

In The Fisher King, Paule Marshall depicts urban spatial and social relations that resonate with the psychic and social ruptures of the African Diaspora. The novel’s central characters comprise a blended family with Southern African American and Caribbean roots. They reckon with problems of social marginalization, alienation, and fragmentation, engendered by their various experiences of dislocation. While mindful of the diverse histories, values, and worldviews within black America’s heterogeneous collectivity, Marshall ultimately privileges black women’s perspectives on the limits and possibilities of traversing geographic and social spaces. Hattie Carmichael, the “City child” who occupies the moral center ...


Sacrificial Women: The Unlikely Heroes Of Uwem Akpan's Stories, Mary L. Bauer Feb 2017

Sacrificial Women: The Unlikely Heroes Of Uwem Akpan's Stories, Mary L. Bauer

English Faculty Publications

This paper examines whether the female characters in Fr. Uwem Akpan’s short story collection Say You’re One of Them accurately portray the challenges that African women face in the post-colonial era, particularly when faced with challenges of poverty and violence that threaten the lives of their loved ones. It investigates how these women use the limited devices available to them -- including transactional sex, voluntary starvation, and giving their own lives to protect others – to carry out the traditional role of African women in caring for dependents, including younger siblings. It highlights the impact of societal norms, such as ...


The 1994 Rwandan Genocide: The Religion/Genocide Nexus, Sexual Violence, And The Future Of Genocide Studies, Kate E. Temoney Jan 2016

The 1994 Rwandan Genocide: The Religion/Genocide Nexus, Sexual Violence, And The Future Of Genocide Studies, Kate E. Temoney

Department of Religion Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

In recent genocides and other conflicts—for example, the Sudan, Burma, and now Iraq—sexual violence and religion have received increasing but modest systematic treatment in genocide studies. This essay contributes to the nascent scholarship on the religious and sexual dimensions of genocide by providing a model for investigating the intersections among religion, genocide, and sexual violence. I treat the Rwandan genocide as a case study using secondary and primary sources and proffer the reinforcing typologies of “othering,” justification, and authorization as an investigatory tool. I further nuance the influences of religion on forms of sexual violation by arguing that ...


Carnival In The Creole City: Place, Race And Identity In The Age Of Globalization, Daphne Lamothe Apr 2012

Carnival In The Creole City: Place, Race And Identity In The Age Of Globalization, Daphne Lamothe

Africana Studies: Faculty Publications

In this essay I argue that Haitian-American artists Edwidge Danticat and Wyclef Jean employ Carnival symbolism to explore the practices and politics of belonging in "global" cities. While meditating on the cultural and social dynamism produced by transnationalism, they resist the impulse to idealize its effects. In song and nonfictional narrative, they reflect also on the ways that historical and structural violence shape the lives of Haitian migrants in creolized cities.


Introduction: Carnival In The Creole City: Place, Race And Identity In The Age Of Globalization, Cynthia Dobbs, Daphne Lamothe, Theresa Tensuan Apr 2012

Introduction: Carnival In The Creole City: Place, Race And Identity In The Age Of Globalization, Cynthia Dobbs, Daphne Lamothe, Theresa Tensuan

Africana Studies: Faculty Publications

This cluster of "Life Stories from the Creole City" brings together essays that focus on figures negotiating subjectivity within different "creole cities" at specific historical junctures, as these urban spaces become compelling sites for narrating subjectivity in negotiation with forces of globalization, diaspora, and cosmopolitanism. The essays variously illuminate the difficulties and payoffs associated with narrating lives in—and of—porous urban space.


Review: Black Feminist Cultural Criticism By Jacqueline Bobo: Feminism Is For Everybody: Passionate Politics By Bell Hooks: Feminist Theory: From Margin To Center By Bell Hooks, Daphne Lamothe Jul 2005

Review: Black Feminist Cultural Criticism By Jacqueline Bobo: Feminism Is For Everybody: Passionate Politics By Bell Hooks: Feminist Theory: From Margin To Center By Bell Hooks, Daphne Lamothe

Africana Studies: Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of: Black And White Women's Travel Narratives: Antebellum Explorations By Cheryl J. Fish, Daphne Lamothe Jan 2005

Review Of: Black And White Women's Travel Narratives: Antebellum Explorations By Cheryl J. Fish, Daphne Lamothe

Africana Studies: Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Photograph Of Bible School Children, Unknown Aug 1966

Photograph Of Bible School Children, Unknown

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Photograph has caption written on the back in black pen: "Bible School Children, Church of Christ, Ala Omah W/S; Etche County Council, Ahoadah [illegible]; 8/12/66." and has a purple stamp presumably from the company who produced the print. There are multiple rows of children sitting and standing in front of a building. Several children are holding books. Date of creation is estimated.


Photograph Of Rees Odeil Bryant Teaching At The Bible Training College, Unknown Jan 1966

Photograph Of Rees Odeil Bryant Teaching At The Bible Training College, Unknown

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Photograph of Rees Odeil Bryant teaching at the Bible Training College in Nigeria. He is wearing a white shirt and a bowtie. The back of the photograph has the following caption written in black pen: "35. Rees Bryant teaching at the ON BTC."


Photograph Of Rees Odeil Bryant And Bible Training College Students, Unknown Jan 1966

Photograph Of Rees Odeil Bryant And Bible Training College Students, Unknown

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Photograph has following caption written in verso: "Rees Bryant and ON BTC students working in a field." The field is presumably near the Bible Training College in Nigeria. The date of creation is estimated.


Photograph Of Nigerian Christian Bible Correspondence School, Unknown Jan 1966

Photograph Of Nigerian Christian Bible Correspondence School, Unknown

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Photograph has following caption written on back in black pen: "NCBCS with chart". The Nigerian Christian Bible Correspondence School chart is being held up by a man. A young boy is also in the photograph on the far right. Date of creation is estimated.


Photograph Of The Bryant Family, Unknown Jan 1965

Photograph Of The Bryant Family, Unknown

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Photograph of Patti Mattox Bryant and Rees Odeil Bryant with their children. The children are, from left to right, William, Rebecca, Sara Jo, and David. The photograph appears to have been taken in Nigeria and the date of creation is estimated.