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Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

This Was A Man: A Memorial Tribute To Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, Chukwuma Azuonye May 2012

This Was A Man: A Memorial Tribute To Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

A memorial tribute to one of the leading members of the the Biafran war generation of Nsukka poets. Dr. Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, October 14, 1944 to June 25, 2012.


This Was A Man: A Memorial Tribute To Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2011

This Was A Man: A Memorial Tribute To Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

A memorial tribute to one of the leading members of the Biafra war generation of Nsukka poets, Dr. Felix Emeka Okeke-Ezigbo, Ocober 14, 1944 to June 25, 2012.


‘The Mystic Drum’: Critical Commentary On Gabriel Okara’S Love Lyrics, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

‘The Mystic Drum’: Critical Commentary On Gabriel Okara’S Love Lyrics, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

Structurally, Okara’s love lyric, “The Mystic Drum,” evinces a tripartite ritual pattern of initiation from innocence through intimacy to experience. By comparison to the way of Zen as manifested in the experience of Zen Master, Ch’ing Yuän Wei-hsin, this pattern resolves itself into an emotional and epistemological journey from conventional knowledge (born of innocence) through more intimate knowledge (born of closer apperception of reality) to substantial knowledge (born of experience). The substantial knowledge born of experience empowers the lover to understand that beneath the surface attractiveness of what we know very well (such as the women we love ...


'Clearing The Forest': Critical Commentary On Gabriel Okara’S Postwar Ode, ‘The Dreamer’, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

'Clearing The Forest': Critical Commentary On Gabriel Okara’S Postwar Ode, ‘The Dreamer’, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

The present essay is essentially a preliminary exploration of a previously unexplored territory of postcolonial, modernist African poetics—Gabriel Okara’s venture into the appropriation of the signs of the classical and latter-day European ode as a vehicle for both a satirical interrogation of the performance of the postcolonial civilian and military elite the dysfunctional Nigerian federation after its war against Biafra and for an understanding of the possibility of heroic regeneration in the face of the depth of , bordering on existentialist , into which the nation has been reduced by the post-civil war triumph of disorder in the hands of ...


The Burden Of Several Centuries: Papers From The 2007 Christopher Okigbo Conference, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

The Burden Of Several Centuries: Papers From The 2007 Christopher Okigbo Conference, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

A major landmark in the history of modern African letters, the 2007 Christopher Okigbo Conference, co-sponsored by Harvard, Boston University and UMass Boston, attracted scholars, intellectuals and artists from Africa, Europe and the Americas, including Achebe, Adichie, Brutus, Echeruo, Mazrui, Echeruo, and several writers of the younger generations. In vigorous debates over three packed days, Okigbo’s life and poetry were revisited from a wide diversity of perspectives framed by the theme, “Postcolonial African Literature and the ideals of the Open Society.” This book brings together the fruits of these explorations—50 poignant papers which represent an attestation of the ...


‘The Monstrous Anger Of The Guns’: Critical Commentary On The War Poems Of Gabriel Okara, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

‘The Monstrous Anger Of The Guns’: Critical Commentary On The War Poems Of Gabriel Okara, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

Throughout the Biafran War of Independence from Nigeria (1967-1970), Gabriel Okara remained a committed Biafran. But he was neither an iconoclastic secessionist (determined to wantonly wreck any well-founded order, including the subaltern state of Nigeria) nor a romantic revolutionary (dreaming of a postcolonial African utopia rising like a phoenix from the ashes of the failed postcolonial state of Nigeria), he was a Biafran at a higher level of philosophical and humanist reasoning as eloquently argued throughout his war lyrics discussed in the present paper, whose themes include: commitment, nationalism and pacifism as they pertain to his Biafran experience; modern warfare ...


'The White Man Laughs': Commentary On The Satiric Dramatic Monologues Of Gabriel Okara, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

'The White Man Laughs': Commentary On The Satiric Dramatic Monologues Of Gabriel Okara, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

Examined in the present article are two early satiric lyrics of Gabriel Okara—“Once Upon a Time” and “He Laughed and Laughed and Laughed”—which are the products of the postcolonial cultural war environment in which the issues of modernity, alterity (otherness or difference) and afro-authenticity implicated in Achebe’s ripostes on the bigotry of the colonialist critic were central. The tone of this discourse amongst leading African intelligentsia was set in the 1930’s and 1940’s by four fellow south-eastern Nigerian writers in their semi-autobiographical blueprints for African cultural emancipation—Renascent Africa ((1937)) by Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904–1996 ...


‘Up These Hills To The Mountain Top’: Memories Of 'The Golden Sun' In Michael Echeruo's War Poems (Distanced), Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2010

‘Up These Hills To The Mountain Top’: Memories Of 'The Golden Sun' In Michael Echeruo's War Poems (Distanced), Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

One of the leading voices among the first generation of post-independence African modernist poets of the twentieth-century, Michael J. C. Echeruo's second collection of poetry, Distanced (1975), is, unlike his better-known first collection, Mortality (1968), characterized by direct phrasing and open accessibility—in terms of imagery and other signifiers—to the general reader. Composed within the first four years (1970-74) after the end of the Biafran war of independence of 1967-1970, the nineteen lyrics that make up this collection look back with extraordinary candor and passion into the future of the Biafran experience, especially with regard to the problems ...


The African Roots Of Michael Echeruo’S Poetry: A Close-Reading Of ‘Sophia’, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2009

The African Roots Of Michael Echeruo’S Poetry: A Close-Reading Of ‘Sophia’, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

This paper argues that, contrary to widespread opinion, the poetry of first generation, postcolonial, modernist Nigerian poet, Michael J. C. Echeruo, draws some of its core and defining tropes from indigenous African system of thought and symbolism. The much maligned early poem "Sophia" is subjected to line-by-line close-reading to illustrate this argument. The analysis suggests that, as a matter of fact, "Sophia" can be read as a portal to Echeruo's poetic corpus as a whole.


Christopher Okigbo At Work: Towards A Pilot Study And Critical Edition Of His Previously Unpublished Poems, 1957-1967, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 2006

Christopher Okigbo At Work: Towards A Pilot Study And Critical Edition Of His Previously Unpublished Poems, 1957-1967, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

The objectives of the present paper are two-fold. The first is to produce a critical edition of the complete corpus of the previously unpublished papers of Christopher Okigbo (1930-1967), who is today widely acknowledged as by far the most outstanding postcolonial, Anglophone, African, modernist poet of the 20th century. The second is to offer a pilot critical interpretation of the previously unknown poems in the corpus and to ascertain their place in the Okigbo canon. In 2007 these papers became the first corpus of unpublished works to be nominated and accepted into the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. The ...


Eagle On Iroko: Selected Papers From The Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990, Edith Ihekweazu, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1995

Eagle On Iroko: Selected Papers From The Chinua Achebe International Symposium, 1990, Edith Ihekweazu, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

No abstract provided.


'The Big Canvass": An Interview With Mazisi Kunene, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1995

'The Big Canvass": An Interview With Mazisi Kunene, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

In the present interview, recorded in his office, in July,1996, during an NEH Summer-long Seminar on the Literature and Culture of the New South Africa in which I participated, Kunene reflects on the challenges of the New South Africa and offers some illuminating insights into the impetus behind his choice of the epic as a mode of communication, his interest in the African world view and cosmology, the variety of his writing and interests beyond the epics for which he was best known, and his vision of the commonalty of all African cultures. In this, as in his creative ...


From Voices Of The Silence, The Anthill Annual: A Harvest Of New Nigerian Poetry, Ed. Olu Oguibe, Esiaba Irobi, Emman Usman Shehu And Chinenye Mba-Uzoukwu. Nsukka: The Anthill Press, Pp.20-22, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1987

From Voices Of The Silence, The Anthill Annual: A Harvest Of New Nigerian Poetry, Ed. Olu Oguibe, Esiaba Irobi, Emman Usman Shehu And Chinenye Mba-Uzoukwu. Nsukka: The Anthill Press, Pp.20-22, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

No abstract provided.


"Der Verlorene Pfad" [German Translation Of "The Lost Path,” 1971by Christiane Agricola]. In Erkundungen: 27 Afrikanische Erzahler, Ed. Burkhard Forstreuter. Berlin: Verlag Volk Und Velt, Pp. 92-104, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1977

"Der Verlorene Pfad" [German Translation Of "The Lost Path,” 1971by Christiane Agricola]. In Erkundungen: 27 Afrikanische Erzahler, Ed. Burkhard Forstreuter. Berlin: Verlag Volk Und Velt, Pp. 92-104, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

No abstract provided.


Nsukka Harvest: Poetry From Nsukka, 1966-1972, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1971

Nsukka Harvest: Poetry From Nsukka, 1966-1972, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

This first collection of poetry from the post-independence Nigerian Crisis, the Biafra war of independence, and their aftermaths (1966-1972) is a harvest of the vision and commitments of the second generation of Nsukka student poets. Most of the poets represented in this harvest have gone on to publish collections of their own poetry and to claim a place in the canons of modern Nigerian poetry.


"Adaogu". A Short Story. The Muse: Literary Journal Of The English Association At Nsukka (English Department, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka), No. 4, May, Pp. 11-16, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1971

"Adaogu". A Short Story. The Muse: Literary Journal Of The English Association At Nsukka (English Department, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka), No. 4, May, Pp. 11-16, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

No abstract provided.


Nsukka Harvest: Poetry From Nsukka, 1966-1972, Chukwuma Azuonye Dec 1971

Nsukka Harvest: Poetry From Nsukka, 1966-1972, Chukwuma Azuonye

Chukwuma Azuonye

This first collection of poetry from the post-independence Nigerian Crisis, the Biafra war of independence, and their aftermaths (1966-1972) is a harvest of the vision and commitments of the second generation of Nsukka student poets. Most of the poets represented in this harvest have gone on to publish collections of their own poetry and to claim a place in the canons of modern Nigerian poetry.


Gedischte Aus Biafra (Poetry From Biafra), Chukwuma Azuonye, Akomaye Oko, Uche Okeke, Obiora Udechukwu, Bons Nwabiani, Godwyn Nwaorgu Dec 1968

Gedischte Aus Biafra (Poetry From Biafra), Chukwuma Azuonye, Akomaye Oko, Uche Okeke, Obiora Udechukwu, Bons Nwabiani, Godwyn Nwaorgu

Chukwuma Azuonye

An illustrated color brochure, featuring my poem "Rituals eines Angriffs" [Rituals of Raids] about the uncanny resemblance of the ubiquituous air raids of the day and the raids on chicken by hawks ritually reenacted in the routines of the hawk mask Ojionu on festive occasions (plus poetry by five other Biafran poets)