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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 165

Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Literary Creolization In Layachi's A Life Full Of Holes, Maarten Van Gageldonk Dec 2016

Literary Creolization In Layachi's A Life Full Of Holes, Maarten Van Gageldonk

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Literary Creolization in Layachi's A Life Full of Holes" Maarten van Gageldonk discusses the publication of Larbi Layachi's 1964 book by Grove Press based on a transcription and translation by Paul Bowles. Both Bowles and the editors at Grove Press made numerous alterations to the content and form of Layachi's tales in order to make them more accessible for readers. In the process, Layachi's book became a "cultural creole" (Hannerz). Drawing on archival materials from the Grove Press Records housed at Syracuse University, van Gageldonk examines how in its published form A Life ...


Authorship In Burroughs's Red Night Trilogy And Bowles's Translation Of Moroccan Storytellers, Benjamin J. Heal Dec 2016

Authorship In Burroughs's Red Night Trilogy And Bowles's Translation Of Moroccan Storytellers, Benjamin J. Heal

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Authorship in Burroughs's Red Night Trilogy and Bowles's Translation of Moroccan Storytellers" Benjamin J. Heal discusses Paul Bowles's and William S. Burroughs's varying interrogation of the constructed nature of authorship. In his study Heal focuses on the publication history of Burroughs's Cities of the Red Night (1981), which was written with considerable collaborative influence and Bowles's translation of illiterate Moroccan storytellers, where his influence over the production and editing of the texts is blurred as are the roles of author and translator. Through an examination of Bowles's and Burroughs's ...


Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Sabelo. Coloniality Of Power In Postcolonial Africa: Myths Of Decolonization. Dakar: Codesria, 2013, 290 Pp., Jason Morgan Dec 2016

Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Sabelo. Coloniality Of Power In Postcolonial Africa: Myths Of Decolonization. Dakar: Codesria, 2013, 290 Pp., Jason Morgan

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


French, Howard W. China’S Second Continent: How A Million Migrants Are Building A New Empire In Africa. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2014, 285 Pp., Richard Ehui Dec 2016

French, Howard W. China’S Second Continent: How A Million Migrants Are Building A New Empire In Africa. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2014, 285 Pp., Richard Ehui

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


Gros, Jean-Germain. Healthcare Policy In Africa: Institutions And Politics From Colonialism To The Present. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 283 Pp., Richard Ehui Dec 2016

Gros, Jean-Germain. Healthcare Policy In Africa: Institutions And Politics From Colonialism To The Present. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 283 Pp., Richard Ehui

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


Elischer, Sebastian. Political Parties In Africa: Ethnicity And Party Formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2013, 336 Pp., Elizabeth Miller Dec 2016

Elischer, Sebastian. Political Parties In Africa: Ethnicity And Party Formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2013, 336 Pp., Elizabeth Miller

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


Davie, Grace. Poverty Knowledge In South Africa: A Social History Of Human Science, 1855-2005. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2015, 334 Pp., Sandy El Hage Dec 2016

Davie, Grace. Poverty Knowledge In South Africa: A Social History Of Human Science, 1855-2005. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2015, 334 Pp., Sandy El Hage

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


Caminero-Santangelo, Byron. Different Shades Of Green: African Literature, Environmental Justice And Political Ecology. Charlottesville, Va: University Of Virginia Press, 2014, 214 Pp., Anthony Kola-Olusanya Dec 2016

Caminero-Santangelo, Byron. Different Shades Of Green: African Literature, Environmental Justice And Political Ecology. Charlottesville, Va: University Of Virginia Press, 2014, 214 Pp., Anthony Kola-Olusanya

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


Allan, Tony. Handbook Of Land And Water Grabs In Africa: Foreign Direct Investment And Food And Water Security. New York: Routledge, 2013, 488 Pp., Jennifer Yvette Terrell Dec 2016

Allan, Tony. Handbook Of Land And Water Grabs In Africa: Foreign Direct Investment And Food And Water Security. New York: Routledge, 2013, 488 Pp., Jennifer Yvette Terrell

Journal of Retracing Africa

No abstract provided.


"Gained In Translation": Building The African Diaspora Through Linguistic Transposition In 20th Century Poetry, Cyril Vettorato Dec 2016

"Gained In Translation": Building The African Diaspora Through Linguistic Transposition In 20th Century Poetry, Cyril Vettorato

CALL: Irish Journal for Culture, Arts, Literature and Language

This paper examines the relationship between language and diaspora by trying to look beyond the question of what befalls native tongues in the countries of arrival. The experience of forced migration undergone by African people brought to the Americas might have dispossessed them from their ancestral tongues, but it did not prevent them from aspiring to use language, be it the language of the former slave owner, to express their identity and shared historical experience. Using the example of American poet Langston Hughes and his Cuban peer Nicolás Guillén, this article will highlight the way poets from the African diaspora ...


The Knowledge Of Ideophones In Multilingual Contexts: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs Dec 2016

The Knowledge Of Ideophones In Multilingual Contexts: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This presentation examines the ubiquity of multilingualism and its somewhat uncertain characterization; the claim for linguistic repertoires vs. languages; how to evaluate and document a linguistic repertoire, economically and expeditiously; ideophones as functionally areal but formally local, thus a control for borrowings; and, is there any sharing in highly multilingual areas? Are ideophones less local than has been empirically shown?


Subsidies, Aquaculture Technology Adoption, And Welfare Impacts In Ghana And Kenya, Akuffo Amankwah Dec 2016

Subsidies, Aquaculture Technology Adoption, And Welfare Impacts In Ghana And Kenya, Akuffo Amankwah

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation empirically examines subsidies, aquaculture technology adoption, and welfare implications of fish farming households in Ghana and Kenya. It is divided into three separate chapters, each addressing a specific empirical issue related to aquaculture in the countries.

The second chapter of this dissertation applies the lognormal double hurdle model to a cross-section of fish farms to analyze commercial demand for improved feed, and whether the government feed subsidy program influences private demand for the feed. The results indicate that households’ decisions to participate in improved feed market are affected by the quantity of the subsidized feed received. Once the ...


The Knowledge Of Ideophones And Multilingualism: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs Dec 2016

The Knowledge Of Ideophones And Multilingualism: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Expressive language such as ideophones and mimetics have provided an important index of social and cultural features. On the continent of Africa, where the word category is generally known as ideophones, such words appear in every major phylum and in most families. They even appear in the continent’s pidgins and creoles, thus representing a language function of some considerable areality. The one place they do not appear, however, is in the colonizing languages when they have not been appropriated by local communities. When the European languages become every day varieties, however, ideophones are regularly used just as they would ...


Thematic Bibliography To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke Dec 2016

Thematic Bibliography To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Introduction To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke Dec 2016

Introduction To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided for the introduction.


Photovoltaic Cooking In The Developing World, Tyler Watkins, Christopher O'Day, Omar Arriaga Dec 2016

Photovoltaic Cooking In The Developing World, Tyler Watkins, Christopher O'Day, Omar Arriaga

Mechanical Engineering

The challenge of clean cooking is faced by hundreds of millions of people worldwide. We present a cooking technology consisting of a solar panel directly connected to an electric heater in a well-insulated chamber. Assuming continued decrease in solar panel prices, we anticipate that in a few decades Solar Electric Cooking technologies will be the most common cooking technology for the poor. Appropriate use of insulation reduces the power demand making low-power Insulated Solar Electric Cooking systems already cost competitive.


Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, Casey L. Wagner Dec 2016

Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, Casey L. Wagner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The effects of the colonial project in Kenya created multi-faceted damages to the land and indigenous people-groups. Using the lens of ecofeminism, this study examines the undergirding structures that produce systems such as colonization that oppress and destroy land, people, and other beings. By highlighting the experience of the Kikuyu people within the Kenyan colonial program, the innovative and ingenious response of Wangari Maathai's Green Belt Movement proves to be a relevant and effective counter to women's disempowerment and environmental devastation in a post-colonial nation. The approach of the Green Belt Movement offers a unique and accessible method ...


The 1994 Rwandan Genocide: The Religion/Genocide Nexus, Sexual Violence, And The Future Of Genocide Studies, Kate E. Temoney Dec 2016

The 1994 Rwandan Genocide: The Religion/Genocide Nexus, Sexual Violence, And The Future Of Genocide Studies, Kate E. Temoney

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In recent genocides and other conflicts—for example, the Sudan, Burma, and now Iraq—sexual violence and religion have received increasing but modest systematic treatment in genocide studies. This essay contributes to the nascent scholarship on the religious and sexual dimensions of genocide by providing a model for investigating the intersections among religion, genocide, and sexual violence. I treat the Rwandan genocide as a case study using secondary and primary sources and proffer the reinforcing typologies of “othering,” justification, and authorization as an investigatory tool. I further nuance the influences of religion on forms of sexual violation by arguing that ...


The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

If there is one thing that philosophers agree upon, it is that the meaning of time is a central philosophical question. If we take the Western world as an example, there is no famous philosopher who has not investigated time. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger, to indicate the centrality of time, writes: “all ontology is rooted in the phenomenon of time correctly viewed and correctly explained.”

Likewise, according to the French philosopher Henri Bergson, the main reason that philosophical questions are difficult is because “we do not think about real time.” The fact that the question of time is very ...


The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity: Amharic Version, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity: Amharic Version, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

If there is one thing that philosophers agree upon, it is that the meaning of time is a central philosophical question. If we take the Western world as an example, there is no famous philosopher who has not investigated time. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger, to indicate the centrality of time, writes: “all ontology is rooted in the phenomenon of time correctly viewed and correctly explained.”

Likewise, according to the French philosopher Henri Bergson, the main reason that philosophical questions are difficult is because “we do not think about real time.” The fact that the question of time is very ...


The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell Nov 2016

The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My goal with this dissertation was to discover more about how the Bildungsroman genre in English or the coming-of-age story became a staple of post-colonial and ethnic minority writing. I grew up reading novels like these and feel a great deal of affection for them, and I wanted to understand how authors writing in these other traditions represented a broader response to colonialist Western culture. My method was to survey philosophical approaches to subjectivity and subject-formation, read a wide variety of texts I understood as engaging with the Bildung tradition, and examining how they represented subject-formation.

While I originally saw ...


Literary And Theatrical Circulations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Rwanda And Burundi, From The Belgian Colonial Empire To The Africa Of The Great Lakes., Maëline Le Lay Nov 2016

Literary And Theatrical Circulations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Rwanda And Burundi, From The Belgian Colonial Empire To The Africa Of The Great Lakes., Maëline Le Lay

Artl@s Bulletin

This article on literary and theatrical circulations in Africa’s Great Lakes region begins by retracing the history of these practices, taking several examples from the colonial period. It then analyzes contemporary modalities of the circulation of texts (via procedures such as reprising narrative patterns and adaptation), and cultural actors, in the different transnational arts networks that are more or less closely tied to the humanitarian sector, or to international cooperation. Finally, it proposes a critical questioning of the concept of artistic circulation.


Style Migrations: South-South Networks Of African Fashion, Victoria L. Rovine Nov 2016

Style Migrations: South-South Networks Of African Fashion, Victoria L. Rovine

Artl@s Bulletin

Fashion design from Africa and by African designers provides a rich source of information about south-south networks of influence and inspiration. Using several case studies, this article explores the products of cultural interactions between Africa and other world regions, and between cultures within Africa, to illuminate south-south networks of innovation. Case studies include the work of Sakina M’Sa, Maimouna Diallo, and the distinctive embroidery of northern Mali known as “Ghana Boy” style.


What Is The Difference Between “Muslim” And “Islamic”?, Ahmed E. Souaiaia Nov 2016

What Is The Difference Between “Muslim” And “Islamic”?, Ahmed E. Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

Social labels and categories are exercise in control. They describe opponents, create boundaries, exclude social groups, justify discrimination, and promote persecution. They are imbued with sociopolitical power. Muslims used labels, internally for the first time, during the formative period of the community to privilege the elite and marginalize dissenters. They called those who challenged the established order, Khawarij [Outsiders]. Today, Muslims living in Western societies are often labeled radical Islamic extremists. But aside from this politically charged phrase, even common adjectives, such as Islamic and Muslim, are misused. So in what contexts should these adjectives be appropriately used and why ...


The Hybridizing Nature Of Ancestor Presence In Morrison’S Sula, Mounica V. Kota Ms. Nov 2016

The Hybridizing Nature Of Ancestor Presence In Morrison’S Sula, Mounica V. Kota Ms.

Oglethorpe Journal of Undergraduate Research

In her writings, Toni Morrison works towards a common goal of establishing a black literary canon, once that represents black characters as autonomous and nuanced human beings unable to be boxed into a one-dimensional narrative. Part of this overarching project appears to be creating a hybridizing narrative in which the cultural roots of various African-American communities are integrated with the social movements of the modern diaspora. One common theme between her novels is the inclusion of a specific ancestral figure, one that functions as some kind of pushing point or learning tool for the community within the story. In examining ...


La Colonisation, L’Identité Et L’Ambition Dans Deux Romans Francophones, Abdulameer Waly Nov 2016

La Colonisation, L’Identité Et L’Ambition Dans Deux Romans Francophones, Abdulameer Waly

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

Cette étude se focalise sur la crise d’identité dans deux textes africains, écrit en français, Une vie de boy, de Ferdinand Oyono, et L’ex-père de la nation d’Aminata Sow Fall. Les personnages principaux de ces deux romans se trouvent dans des situations compliquées à cause des traces laissés par l’époque coloniale. Ils se trouvent déchirés entre le désir de garder leurs modes de vie traditionnelles, et la nécessité de se modifier avec la nouvelle culture qui s’impose et change irrévocablement la vie de ces personnages. Ils n’arrivent pas à concilier leurs rêves, ou leurs ...


Positionality And Feminisms Of Women Within Sufi Brotherhoods Of Senegal, Georgia Collins Oct 2016

Positionality And Feminisms Of Women Within Sufi Brotherhoods Of Senegal, Georgia Collins

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Humboldt State University

No abstract provided.


Songs Of Passage And Sacrifice: Gabriella Ghermandi’S Stories In Performance, Laura Dolp, Eveljn Ferraro Oct 2016

Songs Of Passage And Sacrifice: Gabriella Ghermandi’S Stories In Performance, Laura Dolp, Eveljn Ferraro

Modern Languages & Literature

In this time and on this page, Spivak's island seems an apt place to begin a discussion about storytelling, resistance, and belonging. This chapter documents a conversation originating from two disciplinary perspectives-literature (Ferraro) and music (Dolp). We explore how spoken-word performance in a global context can facilitate social empowerment, craft a cultural past, and invigorate political consciousness. Although our analytical strategies and some of our conclusions differ, we share the assertion that the notion of artistic citizenship as it is defined elsewhere in this collection is considerably complicated, and even requires redefinition, in the context of non-Western cultures. Our ...


The Universality Of Traditional Tales Of The Portuguese Speaking Countries, M.Margarida Pereira-Müller 177152 Oct 2016

The Universality Of Traditional Tales Of The Portuguese Speaking Countries, M.Margarida Pereira-Müller 177152

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

Throughout the ages, the traditional tale has been the vehicle used for transmitting the culture from generation to generation - the memory of a community. Since the beginning of mankind there have always been tales in all countries and in all cultures of the world. Many of the traditional stories we think are Portuguese or European are to be found as well in other parts of the world, told in a very similar way. Sometimes the only difference is the physical frame: the landscape, the flora and the fauna, how people dress or eat.

Most of these tales have animals as ...


Give A Man A Fish: A Narrative Approach To A Case Study Of Soup Kitchens In The Wentworth Community, Evelyn Shen Oct 2016

Give A Man A Fish: A Narrative Approach To A Case Study Of Soup Kitchens In The Wentworth Community, Evelyn Shen

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study uses a narrative approach to explore the role of soup kitchens in the predominantly Coloured and English-speaking Wentworth community. Many of the community’s churches1 and non-profit organizations host soup kitchens regularly, rotating so that there is a meal available each day of the week.

Qualitative data was gathered through volunteering with the soup kitchens as a participant observer and having conversations and open-ended interviews with soup kitchen guests and hosts. Institutional context was provided by interviews with the Convener of the War Room and the Ward Councillor, and representatives of three non-profits in the community. In order ...