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Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts”, Michaelle L. Biddle Aug 2017

"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts”, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

For more than a century watermarks have been used as an important component in cataloging, dating, and authenticating books, manuscripts, art work, musical scores, financial instruments and other paper items. The gains can be immense if watermarks and countermarks, not as singletons but in combination, are studied as only one aspect of a paper sheet and that examination is combined with study extending across many disciplines. The Andrea Galvani Pordenone paper mills provide a useful case study as to how we can deduce date ranges for their watermarks by using a holistic approach – combining paper sheet analysis with the information ...


Conservation Workshops In Djenné, Mali, 2015 And 2017, Michaelle L. Biddle Dec 2016

Conservation Workshops In Djenné, Mali, 2015 And 2017, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

A report on two conservation workshops Michaelle Biddle conducted in Djenne, Mali. The workshop in 2015 was about making lightweight all-in-one conservation boxes. The one in 2017 was a course on how to separate stuck manuscript pages using various humidification techniques. A syllabus for the latter workshop is included.


"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts" In Arts And Crafts Of Literacy In Sub-Saharan Africa, Brigaglia, A. And Nobili, M., Eds., Michaelle L. Biddle Dec 2015

"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts" In Arts And Crafts Of Literacy In Sub-Saharan Africa, Brigaglia, A. And Nobili, M., Eds., Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

For more than a century watermarks have been used as an important component in cataloging, dating, and authenticating books, manuscripts, art work, musical scores, financial instruments and other paper items. The gains can be immense if watermarks and countermarks, not as singletons but in combination, are studied as only one aspect of a paper sheet and that examination is combined with study extending across many disciplines. The Andrea Galvani Pordenone paper mills provide a useful case study as to how we can deduce date ranges for their watermarks by using a holistic approach – combining paper sheet analysis with the information ...


"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts" In Arts And Crafts Of Literacy In Sub-Saharan Africa, Brigaglia, A. And Nobili, M., Eds., Michaelle L. Biddle Dec 2015

"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts" In Arts And Crafts Of Literacy In Sub-Saharan Africa, Brigaglia, A. And Nobili, M., Eds., Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

For more than a century watermarks have been used as an important component in cataloging, dating, and authenticating books, manuscripts, art work, musical scores, financial instruments and other paper items. The gains can be immense if watermarks and countermarks, not as singletons but in combination, are studied as only one aspect of a paper sheet and that examination is combined with study extending across many disciplines. The Andrea Galvani Pordenone paper mills provide a useful case study as to how we can deduce date ranges for their watermarks by using a holistic approach – combining paper sheet analysis with the information ...


La Conservation Des Manuscrits De L’Afrique Sub-Saharienne.Pdf, Michaelle L. Biddle Dec 2015

La Conservation Des Manuscrits De L’Afrique Sub-Saharienne.Pdf, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

Traduction "Conservation of sub-Saharan African Manuscripts", The Annual Review of Islam in Africa 2013-2014, 12/2, 61-68


Report On The Establishment Of An Arabic Manuscripts Conservation Laboratory At Arewa House, Michaelle L. Biddle Aug 2015

Report On The Establishment Of An Arabic Manuscripts Conservation Laboratory At Arewa House, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

During August 2015 a laboratory for the conservation of Nigerian manuscripts in Arabic script was established at Arewa House, Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna, Nigeria. In addition to a full range of hand tools, the lab is equiped with a variable speed control vacuum for cleaning manuscripts and a vacuum chamber pump machine for creating anoxic enclosures on bagged wet, moldy or insect infested manuscripts


Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, Michaelle L. Biddle Aug 2015

Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

A brochure describing the services offered by the Arewa House (Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna) Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory


Conservation Of Sub-Saharan African Manuscripts, Michaelle L. Biddle Dec 2013

Conservation Of Sub-Saharan African Manuscripts, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

This paper describes a focused conservation and preservation strategy whereby collections of sub-Saharan manuscripts, or even single manuscript items, are treated in stages, or phases, over a period of time according to a planned and logical sequence of procedures in order to achieve economies of scale and utilize resources most effectively. Also covered are issues that must be considered when conserving these manuscripts as well as the fundamental importance of surface cleaning, foldering, boxing, storage rooms and shelving, storage temperature and humidity control, cleanliness, staff and researcher training, emergency preparedness, item conservation and digitization.