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Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter Jan 2018

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research lead me to the Kedougou Region of southeastern Senegal, a rural area struggling for accessible healthcare. This paper explores how neoliberal health reforms have negatively affected access to quality health care in rural Senegal. I used ethnographic research methods, such as in person interviews and participant observation during my fieldwork in Senegal from May through August 2017. In analyzing my interview and observation data, I applied a localist, semi-structured approach and utilized a critical ethnographic perspective. Over 2-months worth of observations and 15 interviews yielded data that illustrates the lasting effects of neoliberal economic reforms from 30 years ...


Skills And Knowledge Required For Merchandising Professionals In The South African Apparel Retail Industry, Bertha Margaretha Jacobs Jan 2018

Skills And Knowledge Required For Merchandising Professionals In The South African Apparel Retail Industry, Bertha Margaretha Jacobs

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate skills and knowledge for merchandising professionals in the South African apparel retail industry. An exploratory, sequential mixed method research design was implemented in two phases. Phase I followed a phenomenological approach focused on: (a) examining merchandising positions and responsibilities and (b) identifying skills and knowledge required for apparel merchandising professionals to fulfill their positions and perform their responsibilities. Data were collected through semi-structured individual in-depth interviews from a purposive sample of 16 merchandising professionals employed within the South African retail industry. The successive Phase II employed an adaptive conjoint analysis survey to ...


Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody Jan 2018

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cortisol patterns differ across both socioeconomic status and racial minority groups. Yet, whether the underlying constructs that are used to measure socioeconomic status impacts the output of cortisol differentially across racial groups is unclear. Using a secondary data analysis from the Parents Who Care longitudinal study, which integrated the biomarker cortisol as youth entered emerging adulthood, the goal of this thesis is to parse apart the common conflation of income and education into a single catchall variable.

The following data was collected in 2 waves from a group of youth who were (M=20.24; R=18.51-22.89) years ...


The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell Nov 2016

The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My goal with this dissertation was to discover more about how the Bildungsroman genre in English or the coming-of-age story became a staple of post-colonial and ethnic minority writing. I grew up reading novels like these and feel a great deal of affection for them, and I wanted to understand how authors writing in these other traditions represented a broader response to colonialist Western culture. My method was to survey philosophical approaches to subjectivity and subject-formation, read a wide variety of texts I understood as engaging with the Bildung tradition, and examining how they represented subject-formation.

While I originally saw ...


A Life Cycle Assessment Of A Uranium Mine In Namibia, Janine Lambert Jun 2016

A Life Cycle Assessment Of A Uranium Mine In Namibia, Janine Lambert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Uranium mining and nuclear power is a controversial topic as of late, especially in light of the recent Fukushima event. Although the actual use of nuclear fuel has minimal environmental impact, its issues come at the very beginning and end of the fuel’s life cycle in both the mining and fuel disposal process. This paper focuses on a life cycle analysis (LCA) of uranium mine in the desert nation of Namibia in Southern Africa. The goal of this LCA is to evaluate the environmental effects of uranium mining. The LCA focuses on water and energy embodiment such that they ...


“A Wound That Never Heals”: Health-Seeking Behaviors And Attitudes Towards Breast Cancer And Cancer In General Among Women In Nakirebe, Uganda, Ann Louise Tezak Jun 2016

“A Wound That Never Heals”: Health-Seeking Behaviors And Attitudes Towards Breast Cancer And Cancer In General Among Women In Nakirebe, Uganda, Ann Louise Tezak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The scale and severity of cancer, specifically breast cancer, remains significantly different across the spectrum of low-income to high-income countries. This study explores women’s beliefs about breast cancer and associated prevention and health-seeking behaviors in a rural area of Uganda. Through a critical medical anthropological perspective, the study examines the social, cultural, and economic factors that shape women’s understanding of cancer, and breast cancer specifically, and that influence their use of biomedical services. Data were collected over a three-month period through 35 in-depth interviews and two focus groups with 10 women older than 18 years in the rural ...


Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai Jan 2013

Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the effectiveness of video as a tool to either complement or replace existing lecture/demonstration training for small farmer groups. The effectiveness of video in decreasing the knowledge gap among farmers who differ by gender, bean production volume, and education level was also evaluated. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through a quasi-experiment including a pre-test and a post-test design with three experimental groups. Results showed that video could be an effective complement and replacement for the conventional lecture/demonstration training method. The training method that included both video and traditional lecture/demonstration was especially effective for ...


A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans Jan 2013

A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increased presence of modern/Western style food retail outlets is changing the food retail environment in many developing countries. This phenomenon, known as "supermarketization," is just recently taking off in Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a case study methodology, this research uses direct observation, retailer interviews, mapping, a food retail assessment and household surveys, first to describe the food retail environment of consumers in the neighborhood of Ashongman Estates, located in Accra, Ghana. Second, the study evaluates consumer access to food and consumer behavior related to retail outlets and food types. Results demonstrate that, although supermarkets have entered the food retail ...


From Upper Volta To Burkina Faso: A Study Of The Politics Of Reaction And Reform In A Post-Colonial African Nation-State, 1960-1987, Bryan J. Williamson Jan 2013

From Upper Volta To Burkina Faso: A Study Of The Politics Of Reaction And Reform In A Post-Colonial African Nation-State, 1960-1987, Bryan J. Williamson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract (from thesis text)

From Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, is the study of the politics of reaction and reform in a post-colonial nation-state of Burkina Faso. Since its independence from France on 5 August 1960 to 15 October 1987, Burkina Faso, the "land of the upright" people, has experience five changes in government. All of the coups that took place in this twenty-seven year period were reactionary and reforming. However, the most memorable reforms arrived after the coup of 4 August 1983 which gave rise to a youthful president in a thirty-three year old Captain Thomas Sankara. As the ...


Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere Jan 2012

Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Changing institutional arrangements are central to the nascent transformation of food retail in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA). These emergent arrangements are reshaping the power relations, roles, and livelihood outcomes for actors in the region's food systems.

This study examines processes of institutional change within fruit and vegetable supply chains that are stemming from the expanding geographical scope of global private food standards, and from policy and demographic shifts in Uganda. First, the study examines the mechanisms through which global private food standards influence procurement strategies of emerging food retail operators (supermarkets, hotels, fast food restaurants and cafés) and ...


Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu Jan 2012

Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Africa has been a politically disturbed place for centuries, during which the African people have been struggling for independence, living in conflicts and continuous wars, and fighting against poverty and diseases. There are so many problems and issues in Africa that almost every country is caught in one trap or another except for a few who thrived out of their traps and achieved relative success in economic growth. Africa has been receiving aid worldwide, but things are not getting better. I cannot refrain from asking questions: why is Africa so poor? What is preventing from growing and developing? In addition ...


Effects Of Solids Loadings And Particle Size Distribution On Siphon Ceramic Candle Filters, Danielle Renzi Jan 2011

Effects Of Solids Loadings And Particle Size Distribution On Siphon Ceramic Candle Filters, Danielle Renzi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the rural areas of Madagascar only 29% of the population has access to clean water and 10% has access to improved sanitation. It has been estimated that environmental risk factors, such as inadequate access to clean drinking water and proper sanitation, are responsible for 94% of the diarrheal disease burden. This study was focused on testing a point-of-use technology called the Tulip filter, which is a siphon ceramic candle filter impregnated with silver. The purpose is to assess its feasibility for implementation in rural regions of Madagascar through a laboratory study performed at the University of South Florida.

The ...


Adolescence Is An Ocean: A Biocultural Investigation Of Youth Food Consumption In Tanzania, Elizabeth J. Danforth Jan 2011

Adolescence Is An Ocean: A Biocultural Investigation Of Youth Food Consumption In Tanzania, Elizabeth J. Danforth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates adolescents' relationships with food and other community and household members' perceptions of youth and their food consumption to understand the multifactorial dynamic processes which create nutritional outcomes among urban and rural youth in central Tanzania. Youth are an important and demographically large population in developing countries. The identities created during this distinct stage of cultural production can be reflected in youths' food consumption and relationships with food. Nutrition likely affects how youth transition through a variety of states, including their growth and development stages, primary to secondary to higher education, child to parent, or unemployed to employed ...


Small Flowerings Of Unhu: The Survival Of Community In Tsitsi Dangarembga's Novels, Dana Rine Jan 2011

Small Flowerings Of Unhu: The Survival Of Community In Tsitsi Dangarembga's Novels, Dana Rine

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the presence of unhu, a process of becoming and remaining human through community ties, in Nervous Conditions and The Book of Not by Tsitsi Dangarembga. Dangarembga interrogates corrupt versions of community by creating positive examples of unhu that alternatively foster community building. Utilizing ecocritical, utopian, and postcolonial methodologies, this thesis postulates that these novels stress the importance of retaining a traditional concept like unhu while also acknowledging the need to adjust it over time to ensure its vitality. Both novels depict the creativity and resilience of unhu amid toxic surroundings.