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Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Katanga Secession: The Growth And Manipulation Of Ethnic Associations, Hannah L. Mohtadi May 2019

Katanga Secession: The Growth And Manipulation Of Ethnic Associations, Hannah L. Mohtadi

Young Historians Conference

The Katanga province in the Democratic Republic of Congo remains one of the most minerally rich regions in the world, leading to many political and social interferences by foreign powers hoping to secure a part of the wealth. Following decades of oppressive colonial rule, the Democratic Republic of Congo gained independence from Belgium in 1960, sparking a violent political shift and allowing a secessionist movement to take place in Katanga. While it is commonly held that foreign powers manipulated indigenous leaders in order to remain a powerful source within the community, this assertion is inaccurate. Although external powers undoubtedly shaped ...


Let's Speak Bolom! The First Sherbro Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Sherbro Language Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs, Abdulai Bendu Jun 2018

Let's Speak Bolom! The First Sherbro Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Sherbro Language Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs, Abdulai Bendu

The Sherbro Language and Culture of Sierra Leone

The Sherbro wring system uses a number of non‐English symbols that are explained in Appendix A at the end of the book. They are the standard symbols used in wring all other Sierra Leone languages (including Krio). The first obvious difference from English is that the symbols used to represent Sherbro vowels have quite different pronunciations from the leers used to represent vowel sounds in English. Other differences are relatively minor.

The book is organized as follows. After these prefatory remarks appears the text itself, which is divided into three sections and a set of appendices.

The first section ...


Maps For Sherbro Area, George Tucker Childs Oct 2017

Maps For Sherbro Area, George Tucker Childs

The Sherbro Language and Culture of Sierra Leone

Maps pertaining to Sherbro language and culture.


Sherbro Dictionary, George Tucker Childs Feb 2017

Sherbro Dictionary, George Tucker Childs

The Sherbro Language and Culture of Sierra Leone

Sherbro Dictionary


Busy Intersections: A Framework For Revitalization, George Tucker Childs Jan 2017

Busy Intersections: A Framework For Revitalization, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper reports on the applicability of a pedagogical model for use in West Africa drawn from adult literacy practices in the United States. It proposes bridging the gap between linguists, teachers, and community organizers, and building on the ethnographic skills of language documenters. One increasingly important goal of language documentation has been “creating and mobilizing documentation in support of pedagogy” (Nathan and Fang 2009:132) or even as a “social movement” (Dobrin and Berson 2011). A documentary perspective is here synthesized with an adult literacy one, fitted to the context of West Africa, to offer some guidelines for revitalization ...


The Knowledge Of Ideophones In Multilingual Contexts: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs Dec 2016

The Knowledge Of Ideophones In Multilingual Contexts: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This presentation examines the ubiquity of multilingualism and its somewhat uncertain characterization; the claim for linguistic repertoires vs. languages; how to evaluate and document a linguistic repertoire, economically and expeditiously; ideophones as functionally areal but formally local, thus a control for borrowings; and, is there any sharing in highly multilingual areas? Are ideophones less local than has been empirically shown?


The Knowledge Of Ideophones And Multilingualism: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs Dec 2016

The Knowledge Of Ideophones And Multilingualism: A West African Pilot Study, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Expressive language such as ideophones and mimetics have provided an important index of social and cultural features. On the continent of Africa, where the word category is generally known as ideophones, such words appear in every major phylum and in most families. They even appear in the continent’s pidgins and creoles, thus representing a language function of some considerable areality. The one place they do not appear, however, is in the colonizing languages when they have not been appropriated by local communities. When the European languages become every day varieties, however, ideophones are regularly used just as they would ...


The Definite Article In Mel, George Tucker Childs Sep 2016

The Definite Article In Mel, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

As a function word, the definite article is subject to some attrition in the course of language change, usually originating in a a form with fuller phonetic substance such as a demonstrative, e.g., Greenberg 1978. This generalization holds true for the Mel languages, spoken in the countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. These languages were formerly part of the southern branch of Atlantic but are now thought to constitute an independent, e.g., Segerer Forthcoming. The reconstructed form of the Mel definite article is likely *lɛ (tone uncertain). In some dialects of Bom-Kim and the Dema dialect of ...


The Language Ecology Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs Oct 2015

The Language Ecology Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Many of Sierra Leone’s indigenous languages are robust and enjoy some support on the national level. Mende and Temne, for example, receive government support in terms of materials having been created for developing literacy in those languages. Other Sierra Leone languages receive support in nearby countries, e.g., Mandingo (Malinké) and Kisi in Guinea. Three languages in Sierra Leone, however, receive no such support and will likely disappear in a generation, namely, the three South Atlantic languages Mani (Bullom So), Kim (Krim) and Bom (Bum). A fourth language belonging to the same group, Sherbro, the subject of an upcoming ...


Busy Intersections: A Framework For Revitalization, George Tucker Childs Feb 2015

Busy Intersections: A Framework For Revitalization, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Slides from a presentation given to the 4th International Conference on Language Documentation & Conservation (ICLDC4), University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawaii. 26 Feb – 1 Mar., 2015.


Synthesis Before The Proto-Niger-Congo Inflectional Verb: Evidence From The Peripheral South Atlantic Languages, George Tucker Childs Sep 2014

Synthesis Before The Proto-Niger-Congo Inflectional Verb: Evidence From The Peripheral South Atlantic Languages, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper contributes to the understanding of Proto-Niger-Congo (PNC) verb structure. It supports the contention in Nurse 2007 that PNC verbs were likely more analytical than synthetic in nature. It does so by illustrating several paths of grammaticalization (and cliticization), in a set of several far-west Atlantic languages, geographically distant from the Niger-Congo core.


Beyond The Ancestral Code: Towards A Model For Sociolinguistic Language Documentation, George Tucker Childs, Jeff Good, Alice Mitchell Jun 2014

Beyond The Ancestral Code: Towards A Model For Sociolinguistic Language Documentation, George Tucker Childs, Jeff Good, Alice Mitchell

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Most language documentation efforts focus on capturing lexico-grammatical information on individual languages. Comparatively little effort has been devoted to considering a language’s sociolinguistic contexts. In parts of the world characterized by high degrees of multilingualism, questions surrounding the factors involved in language choice and the relationship between ‘communities’ and ‘languages’ are clearly of interest to documentary linguistics, and this paper considers these issues by reporting on the results of a workshop held on sociolinguistic documentation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Over sixty participants from Africa and elsewhere discussed theoretical and methodological issues relating to the documentation of language in its social ...


Review Of Repertoires And Choices In African Languages By Friederike Lûpke And Anne Storch, George Tucker Childs Jan 2013

Review Of Repertoires And Choices In African Languages By Friederike Lûpke And Anne Storch, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Repertoires and Choices in African Languages (RCAL) will interest not only Africanists but also specialists in other geographical areas and those generally concerned with language endangerment and language documentation. In short, this is a timely book for readers of this journal. The authors, Friederike Lüpke and Anne Storch, are two of the finest scholars working on African languages today and two of the most reflective thinkers in this field. The breadth and depth of their research records (they call themselves, somewhat modestly, ‘fieldworkers’) are both exemplary, and together constitute a whole that any two other scholars would find difficult to ...


The Tense-Op Syntagm: Unity To Nc Word Order, Evidence From Bulom, South Atlantic, George Tucker Childs Sep 2012

The Tense-Op Syntagm: Unity To Nc Word Order, Evidence From Bulom, South Atlantic, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Provides the outline of a paper that examines Proto-Niger-Congo features; the classification of Atlantic languages; The VP in Bulom and Atlantic, TNS-OP; A contact explanation: S-AUX-O-V-X from Mande; Other explanations, internal to Bullom, internal to Atlantic, and elsewhere; and comparison to (speculations as to) reconstructed Niger-Congo.


Story 2 (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Apr 2009

Story 2 (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Text of a performance of a Mani folk tale by a group of children in Moribaya.


Story 1 (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Apr 2009

Story 1 (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The is the second of two parts of a Mani folk tale.


Let's Speak Bom! The First Bom Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Bom Language Of Sierra Leone, Hannah Sarvasy, George Tucker Childs Jan 2009

Let's Speak Bom! The First Bom Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Bom Language Of Sierra Leone, Hannah Sarvasy, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

A graphic introduction to the Bom language of Sierra Leone, based on the stories of Bom community elders. Compiled and illustrated by Hannah Sarvasy, with editorial assistance from Tucker Childs.


Mariama Khain Interviews Yema Janga About Kim Language, George Tucker Childs Apr 2008

Mariama Khain Interviews Yema Janga About Kim Language, George Tucker Childs

The Kim and Bom Languages of Sierra Leone

Audio file of Mariama Khain interviewing Yema Janga about the Kim language, and inquiring why Kim is no longer spoken by the people.


Language Death Within The Atlantic Group Of West Africa, George Tucker Childs Apr 2008

Language Death Within The Atlantic Group Of West Africa, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article presents an overview of the less widely spoken languages of the Atlantic Group (Niger-Congo), as representing the most seriously threatened language group in West Africa. Study of this group indicates that language endangerment is real and widespread. The basis for this claim comes from the literature on these languages, from personal research on the Atlantic languages dating back to 1984, and from recent and ongoing fieldwork on several highly endangered languages of Sierra Leone and Guinea.


Language Endangerment In West Africa: Its Victims And Causes, George Tucker Childs Jan 2008

Language Endangerment In West Africa: Its Victims And Causes, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper catalogues the forces at work threatening the Atlantic languages of Guinea and Sierra Leone. Compared to Mande, the other major language group in the area, and to figures for Africa in general (Sommer 1992), the Atlantic Group is beset by ominous forces. These include what could be considered ecological features (e.g., Mufwene 2001): the Mande Expansion (Niane 1989), colonialism, the spread of Islam, and globalization. There are other forces to be sure, such as the influence of Christian missions (Welmers 1971; cf. Mühlhäusler 1990), urbanization (a sub-category, perhaps, of globalization), and climatic changes (Brooks 1993, Fairhead and ...


Devil And Tapster 3, George Tucker Childs Oct 2005

Devil And Tapster 3, George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Transcriptions of the third of three parts of the telling of the folk tale "Devil and the tapster," by Amara Camara in Palatougou.


Herbalist (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Oct 2005

Herbalist (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The second of three parts of the story "The Herbalist," as told by Amara Camara in Palatougou.


Dog And Monkey (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Oct 2005

Dog And Monkey (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Transcriptions of the folk tale "Dog and monkey" as told by Kaba Camara in Palatougou.


Herbalist (Part 3), George Tucker Childs Oct 2005

Herbalist (Part 3), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The third of three parts of the story "The Herbalist," as told by Amara Camara in Palatougou.


Why Dogs Have No Names (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Oct 2005

Why Dogs Have No Names (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Part 2 of "Why dogs have no names," as told by Kaba Camara in Palatougou. The audio version of this folk tale can be found here.


A Man And His Four Wives (Part 2), George Tucker Childs Apr 2005

A Man And His Four Wives (Part 2), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The second of four parts of the telling of the folk tale "A man and his four wives."


A Man And His Four Wives (Part 4), George Tucker Childs Apr 2005

A Man And His Four Wives (Part 4), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The fourth of four parts of the telling of the folk tale "A man and his four wives."


A Man And His Four Wives (Part 3), George Tucker Childs Apr 2005

A Man And His Four Wives (Part 3), George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

The third of four parts of the telling of the folk tale "A man and his four wives."


The S-Aux-O-V-Other Syntagm In Atlantic, George Tucker Childs Apr 2005

The S-Aux-O-V-Other Syntagm In Atlantic, George Tucker Childs

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

As the largest language phylum in the world and the most geographically widespread (Williamson & Blench 2000), Niger-Congo understandably exhibits some variation at all grammatical levels. Basic word order stands as no exception to this generalization, and there have been partisans for both an SOY and an SVO reconstructed word order. Gensler 1994 attempts to reconcile the two by claiming that neither proposal is correct; he suggests that both SOY and SVO are derived from Proto-Niger-Congo *S-AUX-O-V-Other. Because of the pattern's "quirkiness" (being found virtually nowhere else in the world) and because it is so widely attested in geographically widely separated Niger-Congo languages, the pattern should be reconstructed for all of Niger-Congo. One crucial piece of evidence for this claim comes from the Southern Atlantic language Kisi. This paper explores Kisi' s facts in further detail to show how central the structure is to the language. It then expands the ...


Mani History, George Tucker Childs Jan 2005

Mani History, George Tucker Childs

Mani, a Disappearing Language of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Audio and transcriptions of an interview with Morlaye Boyo Keita, who describes the history of the Mani people, and how they came to be situated in their current location