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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody Jan 2018

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cortisol patterns differ across both socioeconomic status and racial minority groups. Yet, whether the underlying constructs that are used to measure socioeconomic status impacts the output of cortisol differentially across racial groups is unclear. Using a secondary data analysis from the Parents Who Care longitudinal study, which integrated the biomarker cortisol as youth entered emerging adulthood, the goal of this thesis is to parse apart the common conflation of income and education into a single catchall variable.

The following data was collected in 2 waves from a group of youth who were (M=20.24; R=18.51-22.89) years ...


Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter Jan 2018

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research lead me to the Kedougou Region of southeastern Senegal, a rural area struggling for accessible healthcare. This paper explores how neoliberal health reforms have negatively affected access to quality health care in rural Senegal. I used ethnographic research methods, such as in person interviews and participant observation during my fieldwork in Senegal from May through August 2017. In analyzing my interview and observation data, I applied a localist, semi-structured approach and utilized a critical ethnographic perspective. Over 2-months worth of observations and 15 interviews yielded data that illustrates the lasting effects of neoliberal economic reforms from 30 years ...


The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee Mcdermott Dec 2017

The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee Mcdermott

Honors Projects and Posters

The medicinal practices around the world are inconsistent in treatment, especially in developing countries, such as Uganda. In the district of Kamuli, Uganda, stark differences in treatment exist from one health center and hospital to another, integrating traditional medical practices (TM), often herbal, and modern, Westernized practices (WM). The purpose of this study was to compile commonly used TM used in Uganda, compare how they are integrated or replacements for WM, and analyze the benefits and drawbacks of these practices towards the safety and health of Ugandan patients. A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles on a PubMed and Google Scholar ...


Receptions Of The Classics In The African Diaspora Of The Hispanophone And Lusophone Worlds, Elisa G. Rizo, Madeleine M. Henry Sep 2016

Receptions Of The Classics In The African Diaspora Of The Hispanophone And Lusophone Worlds, Elisa G. Rizo, Madeleine M. Henry

World Languages and Cultures Books

Atlantis Otherwise expands the study of the African diaspora by focusing on postcolonial literary expressions from Latin America and Africa. The book studies the presence of classical references in texts written by writers (black and non-black) who are committed to the articulation of the fragmented history of the African experience from the Middle Passage to the present outside of Euro-centric views. Consequently, this book addresses the silencing of the African Diaspora within the official discourses of Latin America and Hispanic Africa, as well as the limitations that linguistic and geographic boundaries have imposed upon scholarship. The contributors address questions related ...


Glocalizing Democracy Through A Reception Of The Classics In Equatorial Guinean Theatre: The Case Of Morgades’ Antígona, Elisa G. Rizo Sep 2016

Glocalizing Democracy Through A Reception Of The Classics In Equatorial Guinean Theatre: The Case Of Morgades’ Antígona, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Books

Born in 1931, Equatorial Guinean academic and intellectual Trinidad Morgades1 has seen the transition of her country from a Spanish colony to an independent nation. She has witnessed the emergence of postcolonial regimes and the transformation of her country's economy from one based on cacao and timber production under the Spanish colonial administration to one centered on a booming oil industry in postcolonial times.2 Her only published literary work, Antigona (1991), a drama referencing Sophocles's famous tragedy, is concerned with a crucial national process that she has observed: the failure of the democratic efforts in her nation.


Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst Apr 2016

Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The Group Areas Act of 1950 was a tool used by the apartheid government of South Africa to separate people geographically by racial classifications. Most neighborhoods and suburbs of Cape Town were impacted by this act either through forced removals or the establishment of new townships. The two areas exempt this act were the Muslim neighborhood of Bo-Kaap and the racially mixed suburb of Woodstock. These neighborhoods are now experiencing an increase in property values, an outward migration of working-class and lower income households, and an influx in the number of wealthy young professionals. The aforementioned indicators are all signs ...


Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese Apr 2016

Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking past the fictionalized “monsters” that are depicted in today’s popular culture, Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking ...


The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh Apr 2016

The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Sierra Leone, home to 6.1 million people, has suffered huge consequences in the country’s economic growth due to a civil war that took place from 1991-2002. Therefore, Sierra Leone’s population is made of mostly the young youths and adults due to abandonment of caregivers and deaths. The effect of the violent civil war has caused the country to be ranked as one of the poorest country in the world. There are some efforts being put to stimulate economic growth so the citizens can be able to sustain themselves. The efforts include outside assistance from other countries and ...


Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh Jul 2015

Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh

Education Publications

Using a case study approach, the authors o f this article strive to explore the challenges and adverse impact that faculty o f color often experience due to structural inequities, institutional racism, and the lack o f cultural awareness on the part o f White institutions. Furthermore, the purpose o f this article is to demonstrate that even when there is a significant number o f faculty members o f color, stereotyping and discrimination still occur and often impact the promotion, retention, and experiences o f newly recruited faculty o f color. Our narratives as African American female faculty are ...


Guinea Ecuatorial Como Pregunta Abierta: Hacia El Diálogo Entre Nuestras Otredades, Lola Aponte, Elisa G. Rizo Jul 2014

Guinea Ecuatorial Como Pregunta Abierta: Hacia El Diálogo Entre Nuestras Otredades, Lola Aponte, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

La invitación de este dossier es la siguiente: rehusarse a la ambigüedad y al enigma que descansa del lado del otro. La aspiración sería en este dialogo hacer el ejercicio de leer como escuchar, lo que significa quebrar el lenguaje y cada una de sus palabras para volverlas nuevas, contendoras de significaciones insospechadas. Quizás entonces ocurra la consecuencia más temida: el diálogo entre nuestras otredades. Así, esta letra africana en español nos expone a la posibilidad de desgarrar las ordenaciones que se nos han vuelto sustantivas. Leer, no para servirnos de un registro de inequidades, antes bien para evidenciar el ...


Entrevista A Trinidad Morgades, Elisa G. Rizo Jul 2014

Entrevista A Trinidad Morgades, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Trinidad Morgades (Santa Isabel, hoy Malabo, 1931), es una personalidad de la cultura en Guinea Ecuatorial. Además de escritora, académica e investigadora, ha desarrollado una larga carrera de impresionantes logros. Morgades es miembro de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española y, entre 2005 y 2010 fungió como Vicerrectora de la Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial (U.N.G.E).

Malabo, 17 de marzo del 2010. La siguiente entrevista se inició en la oficina de Doña Trinidad Morgades en la U.N.G.E en Malabo, semanas antes de su jubilación como vicerrectora de tal institución. El diálogo continuó por ...


Entrevista A Guillermina Mekuy Mba Obono, Elisa G. Rizo Jul 2014

Entrevista A Guillermina Mekuy Mba Obono, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Guillermina Mekuy Mba Obono nace en Bata (Evinayong) en 1982. Desde la infancia se traslada a España con su familia. En ese país estudia la licenciatura en Derecho y Ciencias Políticas en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid y comienza su carrera literaria. Hasta ahora ha publicado tres novelas que han sido grandes éxitos editoriales: El llanto de la perra (Plaza y Janés, 2005), Las tres vírgenes de Santo Tomás (Suma, 2008) y Tres Almas para un corazón (Planeta, 2011). Paralelamente a su carrera literaria, Mekuy también desarrolla una carrera política. Desde enero de 2010, se convierte en la Secretaria de ...


El Teatro De Guinea Ecuatorial: Intrahistoria En Tres Actos (1990-2010), Elisa G. Rizo Jul 2014

El Teatro De Guinea Ecuatorial: Intrahistoria En Tres Actos (1990-2010), Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Al reto de crear un teatro en los márgenes del hispanismo, los dramaturgos, directores y actores de Guinea Ecuatorial responden. Unos lo hacen escribiendo, otros, dando voz y cuerpo a universos contenidos en libretos teatrales en un país donde no hay librerías ni bibliotecas públicas.1 Tanto los dramaturgos como los performers de Guinea Ecuatorial actúan transversalmente: son mediadores no sólo del arte teatral sino de la misma audiencia ante su realidad; una realidad que, desde la independencia (1968), se teje entre dinámicas locales y transnacionales de neocolonialismo y de gobiernos autoritarios.


Crónicas De Lágrimas Anuladas (Teatro Y Poesía), Elisa G. Rizo Jan 2014

Crónicas De Lágrimas Anuladas (Teatro Y Poesía), Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Books

Este volumen presenta una muestra de la escritura lírica y dramática de Recaredo Silebo Boturo. Generada a partir de la experiencia de vivir en Guinea Ecuatorial, la escritura de Boturu busca fomentar un sentido de comunidad mediante historias de origen local que echan luz, entre otras cosas, sobre la transformación de valores tradicionales en la era de la globalización.

A pesar de ser una escritura isleña, no es una escritura aislada pues entre los textos aquí recogidos se revela una vena cosmopolita, una voz literaria que va hacia adentro y que a la vez busca un diálogo más allá de ...


Racial And Caste Prejudice In Somalia, Mohamed A. Eno, Abdi M. Kusow Jan 2014

Racial And Caste Prejudice In Somalia, Mohamed A. Eno, Abdi M. Kusow

Sociology Publications

Based on in-depth oral interviews carried out in Mogadishu, Somalia, and countries neighboring Somalia in 2009 and 2013, our purpose in this study is to map the nature of prejudice and hate discourse used by Somalis against the Bantu Jareer and the Yibir, Gabooye, and Tumaal communities in Somalia. The hate discourse used against the Yibir, Gabooye, and Tumal outcast communities is premised on assumptions of their supposed unholy origin and their engagement in occupations and social activities that are despised by the so-called Somali noble groups. The prejudice and hate discourse against the Bantu Jareer Somalis is derived from ...


The Somali Question, Abdi M. Kusow Jan 2014

The Somali Question, Abdi M. Kusow

Sociology Publications

More than half a century ago, Frantz Fanon made two pivotal observations about cataclysmic convulsions that would engulf Central and Eastern Africa. The first referred to his prescient observation that the African continent resembles a revolver, and Zaire is the trigger (Fanon, 1966 [2005]). His clairvoyant statement eerily prefigures what political commentators have, since the 1990s, characterized as the potential starting point of Africa’s First World War (Williams, 2013). After the overthrow of Mobutu Sese Seko, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly known as Zaire) became the site where warring armies from more than four neighboring countries came ...


A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans Jan 2013

A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increased presence of modern/Western style food retail outlets is changing the food retail environment in many developing countries. This phenomenon, known as "supermarketization," is just recently taking off in Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a case study methodology, this research uses direct observation, retailer interviews, mapping, a food retail assessment and household surveys, first to describe the food retail environment of consumers in the neighborhood of Ashongman Estates, located in Accra, Ghana. Second, the study evaluates consumer access to food and consumer behavior related to retail outlets and food types. Results demonstrate that, although supermarkets have entered the food retail ...


Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai Jan 2013

Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the effectiveness of video as a tool to either complement or replace existing lecture/demonstration training for small farmer groups. The effectiveness of video in decreasing the knowledge gap among farmers who differ by gender, bean production volume, and education level was also evaluated. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through a quasi-experiment including a pre-test and a post-test design with three experimental groups. Results showed that video could be an effective complement and replacement for the conventional lecture/demonstration training method. The training method that included both video and traditional lecture/demonstration was especially effective for ...


Equatorial Guinean Literature In A Context Of State-Promoted Amnesia, Elisa G. Rizo Sep 2012

Equatorial Guinean Literature In A Context Of State-Promoted Amnesia, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The challenge for Equatorial Guinean writers and artists goes far beyond articulating their African-Hispanic identity: their works must also render the implications of a past, a present, and a future defined by local and global intersections.


Letras Transversales: Obras Escogidas (Ensayo, Poesía, Relatos, Teatro), Elisa G. Rizo Jan 2012

Letras Transversales: Obras Escogidas (Ensayo, Poesía, Relatos, Teatro), Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Books

Este volumen recoge una amplia muestra de la obra de Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, una de las figuras literarias más sobresalientes de Guinea Ecuatorial y una de las voces africanas más transgresoras e independientes.


Oesterheld’S Iconic And Ironic Eternautas, Rachel H. Haywood Ferreira Jan 2012

Oesterheld’S Iconic And Ironic Eternautas, Rachel H. Haywood Ferreira

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When speaking of Héctor Germán Oesterheld and his Eternautas series of comics, we are speaking of multiple and interlocking levels of icons. Oesterheld first began the historieta [comic] about the time-traveling Juan Salvo, known as the “Eternauta,” in the late 1950s, later revisiting it in the 1960s and 1970s. In the three Eternauta narratives in question,1 a group of intrepid technologically savvy individuals struggle against a deadly phosphorescent snowfall and a series of alien species only to have the news of their local victory obliterated by nuclear devastation and alien treachery. Attempts to avoid this near-future reality for Buenos ...


Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu Jan 2012

Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Africa has been a politically disturbed place for centuries, during which the African people have been struggling for independence, living in conflicts and continuous wars, and fighting against poverty and diseases. There are so many problems and issues in Africa that almost every country is caught in one trap or another except for a few who thrived out of their traps and achieved relative success in economic growth. Africa has been receiving aid worldwide, but things are not getting better. I cannot refrain from asking questions: why is Africa so poor? What is preventing from growing and developing? In addition ...


Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere Jan 2012

Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Changing institutional arrangements are central to the nascent transformation of food retail in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA). These emergent arrangements are reshaping the power relations, roles, and livelihood outcomes for actors in the region's food systems.

This study examines processes of institutional change within fruit and vegetable supply chains that are stemming from the expanding geographical scope of global private food standards, and from policy and demographic shifts in Uganda. First, the study examines the mechanisms through which global private food standards influence procurement strategies of emerging food retail operators (supermarkets, hotels, fast food restaurants and cafés) and ...


Re-Hybridizing Transnational Domesticity And Femininity: Women’S Contemporary Filmmaking And Lifewriting In France, Algeria, And Tunisia, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2010

Re-Hybridizing Transnational Domesticity And Femininity: Women’S Contemporary Filmmaking And Lifewriting In France, Algeria, And Tunisia, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Books

Re-hybridizing Transnational Domesticity and Femininity examines the problems of voicing the personal when considering the role and place of women in the home. Analyzing a collection of first-person cinematic and literary narratives by Assia Djebar, Annie Ernaux, Simone de Beauvoir, Raja Amari, Coline Serreau, Leïla Sebbar, and Yamina Benguigui; Weber-Fève explores the transnational processes of identity formation, gender performance, and construction of culture and society. Through a closer look at contemporary representations of French, Algerian, and Tunisian women on the page and on the screen, this study discusses the ways in which homemaking, nation, and gender are intricately bound to ...


Housework And Dance As Counterpoints In French-Tunisian Filmmaker Raja Amari's Satin Rouge, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2010

Housework And Dance As Counterpoints In French-Tunisian Filmmaker Raja Amari's Satin Rouge, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, when an independent, postcolonial Tunisia emerged from under French colonial rule and began to engage in “modernized” nation-building practices, questions addressing the role of Tunisian women (and more importantly their image in this “new,” postcolonial and independent society) took precedence. Many political, artistic, and intellectual figures were concerned with how Tunisian women’s images were constructed in the public eye, in the arts, and in the media. These concerns led to a variety of reformist thoughts during this nationalist movement (and even still today), but all postulations appeared to coalesce in the perceived ...