Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

African Languages and Societies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1085

Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh Jun 2019

Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh

Constance P. Hargrave

Using a case study approach, the authors o f this article strive to explore the challenges and adverse impact that faculty o f color often experience due to structural inequities, institutional racism, and the lack o f cultural awareness on the part o f White institutions. Furthermore, the purpose o f this article is to demonstrate that even when there is a significant number o f faculty members o f color, stereotyping and discrimination still occur and often impact the promotion, retention, and experiences o f newly recruited faculty o f color. Our narratives as African American female faculty are ...


The Power Of Narratives: Purple Hibiscus And Nigerian Culture, Danielle Cifonie May 2019

The Power Of Narratives: Purple Hibiscus And Nigerian Culture, Danielle Cifonie

Augsburg Honors Review

In order to understand a nanative such as Purple Hibiscus to its fulI capacity, the relationship it has to the culture it comes from must be recognized. Narratives have the capacity to reflect the culture from which they are derived, as well as repair and transform that culture.


Competition And Cooperation In Polygynous & Monogamous Households: Experimental Evidence From Sierra Leone, Bethany Gerdemann May 2019

Competition And Cooperation In Polygynous & Monogamous Households: Experimental Evidence From Sierra Leone, Bethany Gerdemann

Master's Theses

Competition and cooperation in polygynous households have both been widely documented across various disciplines. There is contradictory evidence as to whether these interpersonal dynamics produce better or worse outcomes for the household. This study uses a competitiveness game and a series of dictator games to measure competition and cooperation within households and between marriage types. Results show that there are key differences between monogamy and polygyny. Monogamous women compete less with their husbands than stranger and less in comparison to polygynous women. Monogamous spouses are more likely to forgo economic opportunities than polygynous spouses and have a greater preference for ...


Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, Steven Reynolds May 2019

Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, Steven Reynolds

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explores the mind-body experience through an arts-based research approach to examine, and redefine the emotional capacity and usefulness of males through societal determinants that limits and hinders men from living their authentic selves. Through the lens of a metaphoric “Man Box” 112 men participated in a workshop recreating their personal narratives of socialization through, style of dress, coping mechanisms, belief systems and who they should be as men through society's standards. In the “Man Box,” male bonding, and emotional feelings are discouraged, while the objectification of women, material property and physical/emotional strength are encouraged. This research ...


Marxist Ideology In Alice Chilress’S Like One Of The Family, Elizabeth Elliott May 2019

Marxist Ideology In Alice Chilress’S Like One Of The Family, Elizabeth Elliott

The Downtown Review

This paper explores Alice Childress work Like One of the Family, a collection of short stories originally published as a column the newspaper Freedom, and how Childress uses the highly personable work to advocate for socialist ideology and exhibit how socialism could positively affect the black working class, particularly domestic workers. Through her work, Childress humanizes the domestic worker, a group that was often not only disenfranchised by whites but also prohibited from labor organizing with other African-Americans. She engages with Marx’s ideology in an understandable and personal way: by utilizing the African-American oral tradition. This exposed her audience ...


Typed Document: The College And University Women’S Public Leadership Consortium May 2019

Typed Document: The College And University Women’S Public Leadership Consortium

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Outstanding Senior Women Leadership Award list. Typed on The College and University Women's Public Leadership Consortium letterhead. No date given.


Katanga Secession: The Growth And Manipulation Of Ethnic Associations, Hannah L. Mohtadi May 2019

Katanga Secession: The Growth And Manipulation Of Ethnic Associations, Hannah L. Mohtadi

Young Historians Conference

The Katanga province in the Democratic Republic of Congo remains one of the most minerally rich regions in the world, leading to many political and social interferences by foreign powers hoping to secure a part of the wealth. Following decades of oppressive colonial rule, the Democratic Republic of Congo gained independence from Belgium in 1960, sparking a violent political shift and allowing a secessionist movement to take place in Katanga. While it is commonly held that foreign powers manipulated indigenous leaders in order to remain a powerful source within the community, this assertion is inaccurate. Although external powers undoubtedly shaped ...


Labor Migration And Social Networking: Maasai Labor Migrants In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Elise Rakoff May 2019

Labor Migration And Social Networking: Maasai Labor Migrants In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Elise Rakoff

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Tanzania’s Maasai communities have historically occupied the northern and northeastern regions of the country, employing semi-nomadic and pastoralist practices. However, since the late 1990s, influxes of young, male Wamaasai have migrated to urban centers seeking economic and social opportunity, to diversify income when environmental changes limit the efficacy of pastoralism, and for other various reasons to be discussed herein. This research investigates the rural to urban migration of Maasai labor migrants from the northern regions to the coastal economic center of Dar es Salaam, utilizing ethnographic research and structured conversations.

Further, this research explores the processes through which urban ...


Reevaluating African Women’S Inheritance Rights In Indigenous Customary Law And Statutory National Law, Mallory Matheson, Ashleigh Heinze May 2019

Reevaluating African Women’S Inheritance Rights In Indigenous Customary Law And Statutory National Law, Mallory Matheson, Ashleigh Heinze

All Student Publications

When indigenous customary law violates women’s rights, how can national legal systems ensure justice for women while respecting regional cultural sovereignty? Which entities, if any, hold the jurisdiction to enforce compliance with statutory national law--and should they? I examine the tension between indigenous customary and statutory national law on women’s inheritance rights in Botswana, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. I argue that grassroots efforts to induce gender-based societal change must develop in tandem with institutional and legal reformation, as gender-egalitarian sociocultural foundations will best incentivize compliance with women’s inheritance rights. I propose three key tasks: mobilize women to achieve ...


Crise Linguistique En Algérie: Les Conséquences De L’Arabisation, Lily Keener Apr 2019

Crise Linguistique En Algérie: Les Conséquences De L’Arabisation, Lily Keener

Senior Capstone Theses

This essay details the implementation and eventual failure of the Arabization policies intended to reinstate and reform Arabophone and Islamic culture in Algeria after independence. I lay out the actions taken by the ruling party (the FLN) against the three main languages spoken in Algeria - Algerian Arabic, French, and Berber - through various laws and even in the language of the Algerian constitution. Ultimately, I conclude that the attempted repression of these languages is an injustice against the Algerian people and should desist for the good of the country.


Analysis Of Scholarly Communication On Phonology During 2000 - 2017: A Scientometric Study, Sadik Batcha M, Chaturbhuj S B Apr 2019

Analysis Of Scholarly Communication On Phonology During 2000 - 2017: A Scientometric Study, Sadik Batcha M, Chaturbhuj S B

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is aimed to find out the authorship pattern and the collaboration trends in the field of phonology. In the study, Collaborative index, Degree of collaboration, Collaborative Coefficient, Relative growth rate and Doubling time these Scientometric indicators were used. The study found that the Degree of Collaboration is 0.5 which reveals the average relationship between singled authored papers and muli-authored papers. Collaboration Coefficient and Modified Collaboration Coefficient is less than 0.5, it means there were fewer trends of authors collaboration. But the study found slight growth from 1013 to 2015 and again decreased. As per the study ...


Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007), Rees Odeil Bryant, Patti Mattox Bryant Apr 2019

Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007), Rees Odeil Bryant, Patti Mattox Bryant

Center for Restoration Studies Archives, Manuscripts and Personal Papers Finding Aids

Finding aid for the Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, (1957-2007).


Finding Aid For Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, Patti Mattox Bryant, Rees Odeil Bryant Apr 2019

Finding Aid For Rees Odeil And Patti Mattox Bryant Papers, Patti Mattox Bryant, Rees Odeil Bryant

Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers

Finding aid for the Rees Odeil and Patti Mattox Bryant Papers.


White Plight: A Review Of White Kids: Growing Up With Privilege In A Racially Divided America, Angela S. Farmer Apr 2019

White Plight: A Review Of White Kids: Growing Up With Privilege In A Racially Divided America, Angela S. Farmer

Journal of Research Initiatives

The United States of America offers the promise of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. However, even as fellow Americans find themselves firmly ensconced in the 21st century, it is clear that equality of opportunity is not available for all.

In newly published, "White Kids" (Hagerman, 2018), unveils the reality witnessed daily in schools across the nation. Some children are afforded enhanced benefits based on the school they attend and the settings in which they are raised. Rather than allowing this evidence to stand alone; however, the author spends years with a group of students who attend a variety ...


African Affinity Mask, Giselle M. Strauss Mar 2019

African Affinity Mask, Giselle M. Strauss

Toyon Literary Magazine

N/A


The Tongue-Tied Imagination [Table Of Contents], Tobias Warner Mar 2019

The Tongue-Tied Imagination [Table Of Contents], Tobias Warner

Literature

Should a writer work in a former colonial language or in a vernacular? The language question was one of the great, intractable problems that haunted postcolonial literatures in the twentieth century, but it has since acquired a reputation as a dead end for narrow nationalism.

Focusing on the case of Senegal, Warner investigates the intersection of French and Wolof. Drawing on an under-studied corpus of novels, poetry, and films in both languages, the book traces the emergence of a politics of language from colonization through independence to the era of neoliberal development.

Refusing to see the turn to vernacular languages ...


Gdr Involvement In South Africa: When Does Solidarity Become Engagement?, Edward Vaughan Feb 2019

Gdr Involvement In South Africa: When Does Solidarity Become Engagement?, Edward Vaughan

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

The German Democratic Republic (GDR) was one of the most influential forces during the Cold War in Southern Africa. Thanks to their assistance, revolutionary groups such as the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) and the African National Congress (ANC) were able to stand up against the Apartheid government in South Africa aided by the United States. This project examines the GDR support and solidarity measures during the Cold War and if the GDR‘s involvement in this area constitutes active engagement with the conflict. Since the German reunification, research into the specific policies of the GDR and its ...


A Study Of Precolonial Urban Africa, Molly Cooper Feb 2019

A Study Of Precolonial Urban Africa, Molly Cooper

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

Africa’s precolonial era of urban development lasted from approximately 3000 BC until the colonial era began in the sixteenth century AD. During this period, urban centers were built in regions of high ecological and economic potential, such as the Mediterranean coast, the Nile towns of Nubia, West Africa, and the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. Studying key cities in each of these areas demonstrates the rich history of precolonial Africa as well as the continued influence of these sophisticated cultures. Using historical records, archeological findings, and analysis of urban trends of cities such as Carthage, Meroe, Djenne, and the Great ...


The African American Political Party Flip, Shanna Riley Feb 2019

The African American Political Party Flip, Shanna Riley

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

My paper discusses the African American political party flip during the 1930s-1960s. Throughout my research, I found that there were many factors in the African American political party flip which began in the 1930s and continued into the 1960s. After analyzing the origin of the Democratic and Republican parties, I found that the latter supported freeing slaves during the 1800s. I will discuss how presidents Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson each handled Civil Rights during their times in office, and how this impacted the African American vote. Each president saw the power of African American voters, and knew that ...


Solidarity Between Women In Chimamanda Adichie's Purple Hibiscus, Michael Eniola Oshindoro Feb 2019

Solidarity Between Women In Chimamanda Adichie's Purple Hibiscus, Michael Eniola Oshindoro

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

Adichie presents a complex reality of the Nigerian society, with particular focus on the Igbo, a tribal majority in the country. The novel details a woman’s ordeal and how she breaks free from her husband’s abusive grip, which does not spare their two children either. Mr. Eugene Achike, mostly referred to as Papa in the novel, sets the rules in the house and makes Beatrice Achike, also known as Mama, and their teenage children, Kambili and Jaja, follow them; regularly he uses physical torture to enforce the rules. While in public he fights for human rights and freedom ...


A Passage To Bowling Green: A Chronological Exploration Of James Baldwin’S Connection To Bgsu’S Ethnic Studies Department, Blaze Campbell Feb 2019

A Passage To Bowling Green: A Chronological Exploration Of James Baldwin’S Connection To Bgsu’S Ethnic Studies Department, Blaze Campbell

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

James Baldwin became connected to Bowling Green State University’s (BGSU) Ethnic Studies Department starting in the late 1970s, making four visits to campus, once as a guest speaker, once as a Write-in-Residence, and twice as a Distinguished Visiting Professor. The purpose of this paper is to understand how the relationship between BGSU and Baldwin developed. I constructed a historical, chronological narrative utilizing primary sources including various documents from BGSU’s archival collection to understand Baldwin’s affiliation with the university.

Baldwin’s 1977 visit to BGSU was his first public lecture in the United Sates since his departure to ...


A Modern Mother: Harriet Powers, Alyssa Johnson Feb 2019

A Modern Mother: Harriet Powers, Alyssa Johnson

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

The proposed presentation, “A Modern Mother: Harriet Powers (1837-1911),” was inspired by Linda Nochlin’s provocative question, “Why have there been no great women artists?” While the question is simple and concise, it enlists a number of responses. The most common response to this question, as pointed out by the contemporary group of artists known as the Guerilla Girls, is to counter with the question: “Why haven’t more women been considered great artists throughout Western history?” The reframing of Nochlin’s question implies the presence of greatness among the female ranks of artists, and allows for discovery and celebration ...


Reframing Aesthetic Theory In The Caribbean Through Derrida’S Theory Of Deconstruction, Micaela Deogracias Feb 2019

Reframing Aesthetic Theory In The Caribbean Through Derrida’S Theory Of Deconstruction, Micaela Deogracias

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

There has been an ongoing struggle to pinpoint the definition of Caribbean aesthetic. Although still framed through Western values of beauty and significance, the Caribbean has been making strides towards breaking out of the artistic definitions of the Eurocentric art history canon. A means of doing so is evident in the works of Livia Ortiz Ríos, a Puerto Rican abstract expressionist artist who frames her art through the Chaos Theory and Derrida's Theory of Deconstruction. The latter's discussion of binary comparisons beautifully mirrors the present binary comparison of Caribbean art to Western art. This work will focus on ...


Blended Styles Of African American Folk Music, Joseph Johnson Feb 2019

Blended Styles Of African American Folk Music, Joseph Johnson

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

From childhood to the present, I have heard stories from my grandmother of growing up as an African American in rural North Carolina. As a young girl, she experienced a great deal of racial injustice, but she also told me of many of her most memorable experiences, mainly in relation to the church and old-time string band music. Through the musicological study of Rhiannon Giddens and The Carolina Chocolate Drops, Jake Blount, and Valerie June, I will show how these performing artists in the U.S. keep the tradition of African American old-time music alive while blending it with other ...


"Unite Yourselves In The Name Of Anywaa": Music And Anywaa Ethnic Identity In Gambella, Ethiopia, Sarah Bishop Feb 2019

"Unite Yourselves In The Name Of Anywaa": Music And Anywaa Ethnic Identity In Gambella, Ethiopia, Sarah Bishop

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

Ethnicity is highly politicized in northeast Africa and has been implicated in conflicts, tensions, and protests in different countries throughout the region. Various, complex factors play a role in this: political marginalization and cultural denigration of certain ethno-linguistic groups within nation-states, unequal access to resources, increasingly ethnicized cycles of violence, and overall rise in identity politics around the globe are a few. This paper aims to expand our understanding of ethnicity by examining how ethnic phenomena are manifested in expressive culture and how expressive culture reflects, shapes, and informs ethnic consciousness. I do so by exploring local music-making amongst members ...


Racism, Prejudice, And Democratization: The Westernization Of Japan Under U.S. Occupation, 1945-52, Jasmine Mitchell Feb 2019

Racism, Prejudice, And Democratization: The Westernization Of Japan Under U.S. Occupation, 1945-52, Jasmine Mitchell

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

Following the unconditional surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945, the Allied forces set out to establish a military occupation in Japan to instill democratic ideals upon the nation and rid Japan of its militarist and fascist sentiments. In facilitating Japan’s transformation into a democratic nation with values of freedom, liberty, and equality, there was also an influx of cultural exchanges between the American occupation forces and Japanese citizens. In fact, the issue of race revealed itself as a major component of American democracy that created a strain on the interactions and relationships between African American GIs, white GIs ...


Giving A Voice To The Voiceless And Women's Education In Kenya, Lyndah Wasike Feb 2019

Giving A Voice To The Voiceless And Women's Education In Kenya, Lyndah Wasike

Africana Studies Student Research Conference

Social stratification in any given capitalistic society leaves the poor voiceless. Moreover, children from well-off families attend prestigious schools, they are more informed and have resources to make meaningful life decisions. On the other hand, their poor counterparts attend low-cost schools and as if that is not enough, lots of problems claim a share of their lives. How can we make a safe learning environment for teenage girls from humble families? Meekers, Gage, & Zhan (1995) cites that in many cases, adolescents are insufficiently or incorrectly informed about their changing sexuality, and about the consequences and responsibilities associated with sexual activity. Given an African context like Kenya, where sexuality is labelled a taboo subject in public domain discussions (Boler at al. 2003), lack of sex education jeopardizes the lives of girls. As result. most families or schools in rural Kenya may not avail any useful sexual information to teenagers. Consequently, for many girls, adolescence is a period of high risk of child marriage and pregnancy rather than one of safe transitions to healthy and productive adult roles (Nguyen&Wodon,2015). As a growing concern, teenage pregnancy among poor schoolgirls in rural Kenya has sparked debates and numerous suggestions on the need to avail information to help young people to make important decisions about their sexuality (e.g. see Ahlberg, 1994; Boler at al. 2003; Njue et al., 2011; and Gary Knaul & Susan Rich, 1992). A logical piece to begin with, is to exhaustively identify and challenge the ...


The Justice Thread: A Curriculum For Ghanaian Churches On Biblical Justice And Child Trafficking, Matthew K. Robbins Feb 2019

The Justice Thread: A Curriculum For Ghanaian Churches On Biblical Justice And Child Trafficking, Matthew K. Robbins

Doctor of Ministry Projects

The goal of this project is to support the work of International Justice Mission in Ghana to end child trafficking by developing a compelling curriculum on biblical justice. The Justice Thread is an eight-week Bible study tracing the theme of biblical justice as it unfolds throughout the Bible. The curriculum aims to be a practical and contextually appropriate tool for churches in Ghana, which currently lack resources, training, and emphasis on justice-related ministry. The Justice Thread seeks to introduce participants to the God of justice while also educating them about the injustice of child trafficking in their midst. Ultimately, participants ...


The Two Yoḥannǝses Of Santo Stefano Degli Abissini, Rome: Reconstructing Biography And Cross-Cultural Encounter Through Manuscript Evidence, Samantha Kelly, Denis Nosnitsin Jan 2019

The Two Yoḥannǝses Of Santo Stefano Degli Abissini, Rome: Reconstructing Biography And Cross-Cultural Encounter Through Manuscript Evidence, Samantha Kelly, Denis Nosnitsin

Manuscript Studies

The Ethiopian Orthodox monastery of Santo Stefano degli Abissini in Rome was one of four diasporic Ethiopian communities around the Mediterranean and played a central role in disseminating knowledge about Ethiopian language, culture, and religion in sixteenth-century Europe. Yet apart from its most famous member, Täsfa Ṣǝyon, very little is known about the identities and careers of its monks. This article draws on the surviving Geez manuscripts of Santo Stefano’s own library, as well as European correspondence and archival documents, to reconstruct the biographies of two influential denizens of Santo Stefano. Hitherto believed to be a single person, Yoḥannǝs ...


Bruce Mutsvairo (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook Of Media And Communication Research In Africa, Gregory Gondwe Jan 2019

Bruce Mutsvairo (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook Of Media And Communication Research In Africa, Gregory Gondwe

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

To many scholars around the world, African media and communication research is either a terra incognita or an amalgamation of Western thought. The theories that underpin media and communication research in Africa are deeply rooted in the frameworks of Western thought. And it is through these lenses that African scholars execute and operationalize Communication Research in Africa. This book, therefore, provides new approaches for undertaking media and communication scholarship in the postcolonial era. It highlights a number of approaches adopted to navigate and interrogate issues that Western theoretical frameworks are incapable of answering. It further suggests new frontiers for rethinking ...