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French and Francophone Language and Literature

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Full-Text Articles in African Languages and Societies

Crise Linguistique En Algérie: Les Conséquences De L’Arabisation, Lily Keener Apr 2019

Crise Linguistique En Algérie: Les Conséquences De L’Arabisation, Lily Keener

Senior Capstone Theses

This essay details the implementation and eventual failure of the Arabization policies intended to reinstate and reform Arabophone and Islamic culture in Algeria after independence. I lay out the actions taken by the ruling party (the FLN) against the three main languages spoken in Algeria - Algerian Arabic, French, and Berber - through various laws and even in the language of the Algerian constitution. Ultimately, I conclude that the attempted repression of these languages is an injustice against the Algerian people and should desist for the good of the country.


La Modernité Tunisienne Dévoilée : Une Étude Autour De La Femme Célibataire, Madison Wagner Jan 2019

La Modernité Tunisienne Dévoilée : Une Étude Autour De La Femme Célibataire, Madison Wagner

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis explains recent accounts of discrimination and cutbacks in reproductive health spaces in Tunisia. Complicating dominant analyses, which attribute these events to the post-revolution political atmosphere which has allowed the proliferation of islamic extremism, I interpret these instances as a manifestation of a deeply rooted stigma against sexually active single women. I trace this stigma’s inception to the contradictory way that Habib Bourguiba conceptualized modernity after independence, and the responsibility he assigned to Tunisian women to embody that modernity. This responsibility remains salient today, and is putting Tunisian women in an increasingly untenable and vulnerable position.

After independence ...


Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature In Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017., Beatrice Guenther Jul 2018

Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature In Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017., Beatrice Guenther

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature in Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. vii + 291 pp.


“Lost In Translation”?: Tristan Tzara’S Non-European Side, Cosana Eram Mar 2018

“Lost In Translation”?: Tristan Tzara’S Non-European Side, Cosana Eram

Cosana M. Eram

No abstract provided.


Producing "Fabulous": Commodification And Ethnicity In Hair Braiding Salons, Sylviane Ngandu-Kalenga Greensword Nov 2017

Producing "Fabulous": Commodification And Ethnicity In Hair Braiding Salons, Sylviane Ngandu-Kalenga Greensword

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Black women wearing fabulous braids are a striking feature of the Afro-diasporic cultural landscape. However, the braiders and salon owners who enable this aesthetic engineering are seldom acknowledged. This dissertation investigates the experience and role of Caribbean and West and Central African women in the hair braiding industry, a rapidly growing business in the U.S. I address the complexity of these women’s multiple social roles and the multiple consciousness (King, 1988) associated with their demographic characteristics (color, ethnicity, gender, nationality, and immigrant status). The commonalities between the braiders and their mostly African American customers contrast vividly with their ...


Review : The Yambo Ouologuem Reader : The Duty Of Violence, A Black Ghostwriter's Letter To France, And The Thousand And One Bibles Of Sex By Christopher Wise., Ann Elizabeth Willey Sep 2017

Review : The Yambo Ouologuem Reader : The Duty Of Violence, A Black Ghostwriter's Letter To France, And The Thousand And One Bibles Of Sex By Christopher Wise., Ann Elizabeth Willey

Ann Elizabeth Willey

No abstract provided.


Ritual And Roles For Women In Werewere Liking's L'Amour-Cent-Vies., Ann Elizabeth Willey Aug 2017

Ritual And Roles For Women In Werewere Liking's L'Amour-Cent-Vies., Ann Elizabeth Willey

Ann Elizabeth Willey

No abstract provided.


"Ewondo In The Classes, French For The Masses." Mother-Tongue Education In Yaoundé, Cameroon., Parker Henry Apr 2017

"Ewondo In The Classes, French For The Masses." Mother-Tongue Education In Yaoundé, Cameroon., Parker Henry

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Cameroon is home to over two hundred eighty native languages coming from three language families, making it one of the most linguistically diverse countries on Earth. Despite this, native languages hold very few domains in Cameroonian society. In recent years, several experimental programs have begun to implement native languages in schools citing that children learn best in their mother tongue. Among these include ELAN-Afrique, an initiative put forth by La Francophonie with the main aim of helping students better learn French by way of their mother tongue. This paper seeks to differentiate the benefits prescribed or expected by overhead actors ...


Thematic Bibliography To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke Dec 2016

Thematic Bibliography To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Introduction To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke Dec 2016

Introduction To New Work On Immigration And Identity In Contemporary France, Québec, And Ireland, Dervila Cooke

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided for the introduction.


Literary And Theatrical Circulations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Rwanda And Burundi, From The Belgian Colonial Empire To The Africa Of The Great Lakes., Maëline Le Lay Nov 2016

Literary And Theatrical Circulations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Rwanda And Burundi, From The Belgian Colonial Empire To The Africa Of The Great Lakes., Maëline Le Lay

Artl@s Bulletin

This article on literary and theatrical circulations in Africa’s Great Lakes region begins by retracing the history of these practices, taking several examples from the colonial period. It then analyzes contemporary modalities of the circulation of texts (via procedures such as reprising narrative patterns and adaptation), and cultural actors, in the different transnational arts networks that are more or less closely tied to the humanitarian sector, or to international cooperation. Finally, it proposes a critical questioning of the concept of artistic circulation.


La Colonisation, L’Identité Et L’Ambition Dans Deux Romans Francophones, Abdulameer Waly Nov 2016

La Colonisation, L’Identité Et L’Ambition Dans Deux Romans Francophones, Abdulameer Waly

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

Cette étude se focalise sur la crise d’identité dans deux textes africains, écrit en français, Une vie de boy, de Ferdinand Oyono, et L’ex-père de la nation d’Aminata Sow Fall. Les personnages principaux de ces deux romans se trouvent dans des situations compliquées à cause des traces laissés par l’époque coloniale. Ils se trouvent déchirés entre le désir de garder leurs modes de vie traditionnelles, et la nécessité de se modifier avec la nouvelle culture qui s’impose et change irrévocablement la vie de ces personnages. Ils n’arrivent pas à concilier leurs rêves, ou leurs ...


Senegal's Language Problem: A Discourse Of Disparity, Monica Naida Apr 2016

Senegal's Language Problem: A Discourse Of Disparity, Monica Naida

Honors Theses

The purpose of this research is to assess the deficiencies of the Senegalese education system and to evaluate improvements to the system so that it works for the Senegalese, instead of against them. My research is mostly concerned with the process in which the French language is taught in schools. I explain these deficiencies in the education system through elucidation of the discourse used by the French colonizer, politicians, non-governmental organizations, teachers, and parents. My approach to this research includes an extensive literature review as well as my own personal observations during a faculty-led research trip to Dakar, Senegal during ...


Qui A Connu Lolita: Who Killed Lolita? A Review, Chris Brookes Apr 2015

Qui A Connu Lolita: Who Killed Lolita? A Review, Chris Brookes

RadioDoc Review

The brilliant and disturbing work Qui a Connu Lolita? (Who Knew Lolita?), or as it is more provocatively titled in the authors' English translation Who Killed Lolita?, starts with a precis: voices tell us there have been three deaths, of a mother and her two children, the bodies found in their Marseilles apartment two months later.

This is a composition for radio, not a collection of easy evidence for a police dossier. Who did kill Lolita? Who is to blame? The program draws its power from suggestion, like footnotes plucked from a subterranean soundtrack. It poses uncomfortable questions and leaves ...


“Lost In Translation”?: Tristan Tzara’S Non-European Side, Cosana Eram Jan 2015

“Lost In Translation”?: Tristan Tzara’S Non-European Side, Cosana Eram

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay Dec 2014

Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay

Master's Theses

This research paper explores some of the main reasons why refugees and asylum seekers, particularly from sub-Saharan African countries, embark on a journey and decide to settle, flee or migrate to and from Morocco. Because of this phenomenon, Morocco has seen a 96% increase of refugees migrating to the borders of Morocco each year for the past three years. Many say that this astonishing increase of migrants choosing Morocco is due to such factors as: wars breaking out regionally across central African and Middle Eastern countries causing them to flee; Morocco being a culturaly diverse francophone country whose laws and ...


Le (NéO)Colonialisme LittéRaire : Quatre Romans Africains Face À L'Institution LittéRaire Parisienne (1950-1970), Vivan Steemers Sep 2014

Le (NéO)Colonialisme LittéRaire : Quatre Romans Africains Face À L'Institution LittéRaire Parisienne (1950-1970), Vivan Steemers

Vivan Steemers

Le texte littéraire ne naît pas en apesanteur, selon Edward Saïd. Il se présente dans un contexte historique et social et dépend pour son existence d'instances de pouvoir spécifiques : maisons d'édition, presse, critique, comités de prix littéraires. Ce constat s'impose avec encore plus de force lorsque l'on considère la situation des auteurs africains francophones qui sont presque entièrement tributaires de l'infrastructure éditoriale parisienne et des autres instances légitimantes du pays (anciennement) colonisateur. Cette étude présente le discours éditorial et critique de la première édition de quatre romans africains francophones publiés en métropole pendant les années ...


History In The Making: Tunisia's Revolution, Nathaniel Greenberg May 2014

History In The Making: Tunisia's Revolution, Nathaniel Greenberg

Nathaniel Greenberg

ON THE NIGHT of January 24, 2011, I sat smoking shisha and sipping tea at a coffee shop in the downtown Cairo neighborhood of Lazoghly, just blocks from Tahrir Square. The Tunisian revolution had reached a crescendo, but there was little talk of it in this largely working-class neighborhood. With rumors spreading that protests were planned for the coming day, I asked some of the regulars if they thought Egypt could go the way of Tunisia. It was a laughable query. Egypt was too divided, they said, Mubarak too powerful. The following day seemed to confirm their skepticism. No one ...


Le Rapport Entre La France Et Le Rwanda Au Passé, Au Présent, Et À L’Avenir, Claire Nadolski Mar 2014

Le Rapport Entre La France Et Le Rwanda Au Passé, Au Présent, Et À L’Avenir, Claire Nadolski

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Le Rwanda est un pays d’Afrique centrale de l’est. Peuplé d’environ 10. 942.950 millions d’habitants parlant français, anglais, et Kinyarwanda. Bien que la France n’ait jamais colonisé le Rwanda, les deux pays ont un rapport très spécial. L’évènement historique auquel tout le monde pense est, sans aucun doute, le génocide au Rwanda et « l’Opération Turquoise » dans laquelle les Français ont aidé et protégé les Hutus qui tuaient des millions de Tutsis dans le but « soidisant » de la paix. Le génocide est un élément très important dans l’histoire du Rwanda, mais ce ...


Nafissatou Dia Diouf’S Critical Look At A “Senegal In The Midst Of Transformation”, Molly Krueger Enz Mar 2014

Nafissatou Dia Diouf’S Critical Look At A “Senegal In The Midst Of Transformation”, Molly Krueger Enz

Modern Languages and Global Studies Faculty Publications

Nafissatou Dia Diouf is a Senegalese author who has garnered recognition both in her home country and internationally since she began publishing in the 1990s. Her work, including fiction, poetry, children’s literature, and philosophical essays, portrays diverse topics as they relate to her country such as education, marriage, polygamy, maternity/paternity, the influence of the West, the roles of business and government, and the power of the media. Diouf provides her reader with a comprehensive yet critical view of Senegal and shows how her homeland is affected by and reacts to the changes it currently faces. In a recent ...


Introduction Fed Up: Creating A New Type Of Senegal Through The Arts, Molly Krueger Enz, Devin Bryson Mar 2014

Introduction Fed Up: Creating A New Type Of Senegal Through The Arts, Molly Krueger Enz, Devin Bryson

Modern Languages and Global Studies Faculty Publications

Present-day Senegal is home to a vibrant cultural milieu that, in many respects, is reflective of that which its first president, Léopold Sédar Senghor, and the Senegalese cultural eminences grises endeavored to promote during the early postcolonial period. As Elizabeth Harney has noted, Senghor “regarded art as a medium of change—a tool that could be used to advance his cultural, political, and economic development plans. Consequently, he envisioned the artist as a representative of and advocate for a new nation.” Today, there exists a burgeoning scene of young authors, artists, actors, and musicians who are continuing in this Senghorian ...


Enunciation And Plurilingualism In The Francophone And Anglophone African Novel, Ndeye F. Ba Jul 2013

Enunciation And Plurilingualism In The Francophone And Anglophone African Novel, Ndeye F. Ba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract:

My dissertation proposes to analyze the problematic of language and power in African literature written in French and English. Focusing on novels produced within the controversial contexts of La Francophonie and The Commonwealth, this thesis investigates the tight relationship between language, power and identity. By going beyond normative approaches which focus on the variations of the authorial languages inherited from colonization and nativist readings that continuously seek to establish the primacy of orality, this project analyzes how Francophone and Anglophone African writers—typically authors who chose to write in a language other than their maternal ones—write resistance. It ...


French In Madagascar: A Colonial Language After Independence, Christopher Roehrer-Macgregor May 2013

French In Madagascar: A Colonial Language After Independence, Christopher Roehrer-Macgregor

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

The French first landed off the south-eastern coast of Madagascar in December of 1648. A little over two and a half centuries later they would land troops, marking the beginning of sixty years of colonization. The groundwork for government and education set during these years continues to the present day, including the use of the French language. In this study I look at the role of the French language in modern-day Madagascar. Using interviews from two major urban centers, I argue that French has a dualistic role, both as an opportunity for self-advancement for a select few, while also as ...


Moroccan Discoveries: From The Imperial Cities To The Sahara, David Giovacchini Jan 2013

Moroccan Discoveries: From The Imperial Cities To The Sahara, David Giovacchini

Alumni Travel Reading Lists

Suggested readings for the Penn Alumni Travel trip to Morocco. See the Library Guide for this bibliography here.


Zarma-Songhoï Verbal Artistry And Expression: From The Epic To The Francophone Novel, With A Focus On Intertextual Dialogue Across The Genres, Hamadou Seini Jan 2013

Zarma-Songhoï Verbal Artistry And Expression: From The Epic To The Francophone Novel, With A Focus On Intertextual Dialogue Across The Genres, Hamadou Seini

French & Italian Graduate Theses & Dissertations

My dissertation considers West African Francophone literature in its relationship with local traditional oral literature. This study examines the intertextual dialogue between the Zarma-Songhoï oral narrative, The Epic Of Askia Mohammed, and the modern fictional tale of Toula, by contemporary Zarma-Songhoï writer, Boubou Hama. The study emerges from the necessity to correct persistent and inappropriate appreciations of local ethnographic specificities in the current academic treatments of West African Francophone literature. Aimed as a modest contribution to the study of the relationship between oral traditions and modern literature in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, this study is divided in three parts.

Part I ...


Piège Ou Mésaventure, Ordres Des Connaissances Et Des Croyances En Rivalité : Échos Dans Deux Œuvres De V. Y. Mudimbe, Kasongo Mulenda Kapanga Jan 2013

Piège Ou Mésaventure, Ordres Des Connaissances Et Des Croyances En Rivalité : Échos Dans Deux Œuvres De V. Y. Mudimbe, Kasongo Mulenda Kapanga

Languages, Literatures, and Cultures Faculty Publications

Cependant, même l'action résultant de la Convention de 1906 entre le Saint Siège-signée par de Cuvelier et Monseigneur Vico-et ce qui était l'État Indépendant du Congo, jugée mieux Iotie à certains égards, elle souffrait des mêmes carences que les enseignements dispensés par d'autres organisations confessionnelles. En l'absence d'une politique cohérente suivie, ce mariage noué entre deux partenaires de circonstances, la religion et l'enseignement des connaissances, menait vers des avatars, et pourquoi pas vers des crises identitaires qui sourderont plus tard avec force. Ma communication traite de cette disparité d'abstraction et de la crise ...


La Sociolinguistique Postcoloniale En Amérique Hispanophone Et En Afrique Francophone : Un Drame Linguistique En Deux Actes, Eva Valenti Apr 2012

La Sociolinguistique Postcoloniale En Amérique Hispanophone Et En Afrique Francophone : Un Drame Linguistique En Deux Actes, Eva Valenti

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis analyzes the sociolinguistic situations in postcolonial Latin America and francophone North Africa (the Maghreb) through a comparative lens. Specifically, it examines the ways in which Spain and France’s differing colonial agendas and language ideologies affected the relationships between colonizer and colonized, and, by extension, the role that Spanish and French play(ed) in these regions after decolonization. Finally, it explores how Spain and France’s contemporary discourses frame colonial participation in the two languages’ development, and the psychological effects these ideologies have had on the formerly colonized.


Ferdinand Oyono, Kasongo Mulenda Kapanga Jan 2011

Ferdinand Oyono, Kasongo Mulenda Kapanga

Languages, Literatures, and Cultures Faculty Publications

Ferdinand Oyono was a Cameroonian statesman and a Francophone novelist of the first generation of African writers who became active after World War II. He entered the literary scene at a time when writers such as his fellow Cameroonian Mongo Beti and the Senegalese Sembene Ousmane and Leopold Sedar Senghor were at their peak. Oyono and Mongo Beti are known as "the forefathers of modern African Identity" for their anticolonial novels.


Re-Hybridizing Transnational Domesticity And Femininity: Women’S Contemporary Filmmaking And Lifewriting In France, Algeria, And Tunisia, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2010

Re-Hybridizing Transnational Domesticity And Femininity: Women’S Contemporary Filmmaking And Lifewriting In France, Algeria, And Tunisia, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Books

Re-hybridizing Transnational Domesticity and Femininity examines the problems of voicing the personal when considering the role and place of women in the home. Analyzing a collection of first-person cinematic and literary narratives by Assia Djebar, Annie Ernaux, Simone de Beauvoir, Raja Amari, Coline Serreau, Leïla Sebbar, and Yamina Benguigui; Weber-Fève explores the transnational processes of identity formation, gender performance, and construction of culture and society. Through a closer look at contemporary representations of French, Algerian, and Tunisian women on the page and on the screen, this study discusses the ways in which homemaking, nation, and gender are intricately bound to ...


Housework And Dance As Counterpoints In French-Tunisian Filmmaker Raja Amari's Satin Rouge, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2010

Housework And Dance As Counterpoints In French-Tunisian Filmmaker Raja Amari's Satin Rouge, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, when an independent, postcolonial Tunisia emerged from under French colonial rule and began to engage in “modernized” nation-building practices, questions addressing the role of Tunisian women (and more importantly their image in this “new,” postcolonial and independent society) took precedence. Many political, artistic, and intellectual figures were concerned with how Tunisian women’s images were constructed in the public eye, in the arts, and in the media. These concerns led to a variety of reformist thoughts during this nationalist movement (and even still today), but all postulations appeared to coalesce in the perceived ...