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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities
The Relationship Between The Papacy And The Jews In Twelfth-Century Rome: Papal Attitudes Toward Biblical Judaism And Contemporary European Jewry, Marie Therese Champagne
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
The relationship of the papacy to the Jews in the Middle Ages, which had developed under the influences of Patristic writers, Roman law, and papal precedent, was marked in the twelfth century by toleration and increasing restriction, but also by papal protection. Between the First Crusade massacres of Jews and the restrictions and persecutions of the thirteenth century, the twelfth century is set apart as a unique era in the lives of European Jews. As Eugenius III (1145-1153) and Alexander III (1159-1181) extended their protection to the Jews of Rome and perhaps all of Christendom through the papal document Sicut ...