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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Understanding Muhammad's Interaction With The Church, Devonte Narde Sep 2018

Understanding Muhammad's Interaction With The Church, Devonte Narde

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

My research focuses on understanding Muhammad’s (the Islamic prophet) interaction with what he perceived to be the Christian church to find out why his understanding of Biblical narratives and theology is incorrect. With this information, Christians should reintroduce Christian scripture and theology to Muslims since Muhammad’s rejection of Christian doctrine is based on associating wrong texts as authoritative Christian teaching. The following questions that shape this research are: What possible sources did Muhammad use to learn about biblical narratives and themes? What did the first Muslims think about the canonical gospels of Jesus? How did early Muslims view ...


An Overview Of Four Traditions On War And Peace In Christian History, Joseph J. Fahey Aug 2018

An Overview Of Four Traditions On War And Peace In Christian History, Joseph J. Fahey

The Journal of Social Encounters

This essay examines four traditions on war and peace that have developed in Christian history. They are: Pacifism, Just War, Total War, and World Community.Pacifism characterized the earliest Christians; Just War appeared in the late fourth and fifth centuries; Total War in the eleventh century; and World Community began in the sixteenth century. All four positions continue today and are held by people who sincerely call themselves Christian.


The Devil Of The Missionary Church: The White Fathers And Catholic Evangelization In Zambia, Bernhard Udelhoven Dec 2017

The Devil Of The Missionary Church: The White Fathers And Catholic Evangelization In Zambia, Bernhard Udelhoven

Journal of Global Catholicism

This article examines how Western Catholic missionaries in Zambia dealt with claims of witchcraft and Satanism. Within an analytic frame that draws upon cultural history, theology, and anthropology the article also considers how African Christians appropriated missionary notions of the devil.


The Amoy China Mission Of The Reformed Church In America, 1937-1951, Jame E. Bell Jan 2017

The Amoy China Mission Of The Reformed Church In America, 1937-1951, Jame E. Bell

Grand Valley Journal of History

This article analyzes how successful the Reformed missionaries operating in Amoy and the surrounding region were in accomplishing their objectives of evangelism and the establishment of an indigenous Chinese Church from 1937 to 1951. Through a combination of evangelism, education, and medical work the missionaries sought to spread their faith to the lay population of Fujian province. The missionaries’ work became much more difficult in the late 1930s with the Japanese invasion, World War II, and the eventual Communist takeover. In spite of this, their efforts, in conjunction with other missions, built a dedicated Chinese Christian community that proved hardy ...


Recollections Of S. D. Rodholm, Peter D. Thomsen Jan 2017

Recollections Of S. D. Rodholm, Peter D. Thomsen

The Bridge

In both pulpit and classroom, S. D. Rodholm was a great teacher and a true servant of the church. His capacity for learning and discernment was enormous, yet he never used big words nor in any way intimidated anyone. To me, he was always the wise, old seer. He made it very clear that his purpose in teaching was not to make cut and dried theologians out of us. His purpose, rather, was to help us, his students, become servants of THE WORD. He said many times, “Simple Christianity has been my life’s goal.” He hoped it would also ...


Mutilation And The Law In Early Medieval Europe And India: A Comparative Study -- Open Access, Patricia E. Skinner Dec 2016

Mutilation And The Law In Early Medieval Europe And India: A Comparative Study -- Open Access, Patricia E. Skinner

The Medieval Globe

This essay examines the similarities and differences between legal and other precepts outlining corporal punishment in ancient and medieval Indian and early medieval European laws. Responding to Susan Reynolds’s call for such comparisons, it begins by outlining the challenges in doing so. Primarily, the fragmented political landscape of both regions, where multiple rulers and spheres of authority existed side-by-side, make a direct comparison complex. Moreover, the time slippage between what scholarship understands to be the “early medieval” period in each region needs to be taken into account, particularly given the persistence of some provisions and the adapatation or abandonment ...


The Edict Of King Gälawdéwos Against The Illegal Slave Trade In Christians: Ethiopia, 1548 -- Featured Source, Habtamu M. Tegegne Dec 2016

The Edict Of King Gälawdéwos Against The Illegal Slave Trade In Christians: Ethiopia, 1548 -- Featured Source, Habtamu M. Tegegne

The Medieval Globe

This study explores the relationship between documentary-legal prescriptions of slavery and actual practice in late medieval Ethiopia. It does so in light of a newly discovered edict against the enslavement of freeborn Christians and the commercial sale of Christians to non-Christian owners, issued in 1548 by King Gälawdéwos. It demonstrates that this edict emerged from a dramatic and violent encounter between the neighboring Sultanate of Adal, which was supported by Muslim powers, and the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia, which had the support of expanding European powers in the region. The edict was therefore issued to reaffirm and clarify the principles ...


Radicals In The Revolution: The Persecution Of Christians During The Revolutionary War, Kevan D. Keane Jan 2016

Radicals In The Revolution: The Persecution Of Christians During The Revolutionary War, Kevan D. Keane

Fidei et Veritatis: The Liberty University Journal of Graduate Research

This paper explores the plight of radical Christians in Pennsylvania during the American Revolution. Pennsylvania, up until the American Revolution, was governed by Quakers, and home to people of many denominational backgrounds, including various Anabaptist sects, such as the Amish, Mennonites, and Brethren. Both Quakers and Anabaptists adhered to the most conservative interpretation of Jesus’s teachings on not resisting an evil person (Matthew 5:38-42) and the swearing of oaths (Matthew 5:33-37). When Protestant revolutionaries took over the Pennsylvania government during the War, they required all residents of Pennsylvania to take an oath of allegiance to the Colony ...


Women And Religion In Nigeria, Fatai A. Olasupo Jan 2016

Women And Religion In Nigeria, Fatai A. Olasupo

The Journal of Traditions & Beliefs

No abstract provided.


Cesarean Section And Religious Hierarchies In Fifteenth- Century Europe, Isobel Mouat Sep 2015

Cesarean Section And Religious Hierarchies In Fifteenth- Century Europe, Isobel Mouat

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

Cesarean section in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth century was entangled in a web of legal, political, religious, medical, and ideological tensions. An act of desperation to save the child after the mother died, the procedure was embedded in the popular imagination and imbued with symbolic power. While it was promoted by the Catholic Church to save the souls of the infants through baptism, Jewish communities viewed the procedure with wariness due to its perceived unnaturalness. The coupling of divergent religious views on the procedure, a strained religious environment, and changes in the occupational landscape of obstetrics resulted in ...


Louis Henry Ziemer: A Journey Of Faith, Melissa Gibbs Aug 2015

Louis Henry Ziemer: A Journey Of Faith, Melissa Gibbs

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

This article seeks to present the importance of studying lesser known leaders in American Evangelicalism by looking into the life, conversion, and ministry of Dr. Louis Henry Ziemer. Not only was his ministry as a Christian Missionary Alliance pastor extensive, but his life and conversion story highlight some of the most controversial and highly debated issues regarding salvation. Ziemer served as a pastor in the Lutheran church for many years, before he was placed on trial for heresy. As a result, Ziemer left the Lutheran church and joined the Christian Missionary Alliance. Through the examination of Ziemer's conversion and ...


Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo Mar 2009

Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Walter Mignolo discusses how racial formations in colonialism and imperialism have to be understood in the context of the simultaneous transformation of Christianity and the emergence of the capitalist world economy. In his contribution he focuses on how Christian theology prepared the terrain for two complementary articulations of racism. One was founded on Christian epistemic privilege over the two major competing religions (Jews and Muslims), the other on a secularization of theological detachment culminating in the "purity of blood" that became the biological and natural marker (Indians, Blacks, Mestizos, Mulatos) of what used to be the marker of religious belief ...


Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar Mar 2009

Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Kalmar traces a sort of dialectic of demonization, a kind of a noxious ping-pong game, in the cultural history of representing Jews and Muslims in the West. The image of both had been united in a joint construction with roots in medieval Christianity, and which in the nineteenth century was racialized with the label "Semites." This joint image of Jew and Muslim (now more specifically, Arab) included in contradictory ways and at the same time a "prophetic" and a "demonic" aspect. However, by the late nineteenth century anti-Semites robbed it of its prophetic dimension, and reduced to the demonic. At ...


Fighting Demons, Fighting Cancer, Ethan Helm Mar 2008

Fighting Demons, Fighting Cancer, Ethan Helm

Eukaryon

Demons. I’m surrounded by demons. To my left, soul-draining succubi shoot balls of magic, to the right stand acid-flinging Cerberuses, and straight ahead, gigantic, fire-breathing balrogs lurk ominously. First I charge the succubi, killing them quickly with a barrage of Level 20 fireballs. Next, I take the Cerberuses using the same technique. The balrogs, however, are immune to fire. I push F4 to change my spell to chain lightning and electrocute the spawns of Satan. Now, on to Lazarus, the teleporting super demon. I’ll get him though, for I can teleport too!


Reviews Jan 2007

Reviews

The Bridge

The Nordic Sagas provide the background and basis for this novel about three women-Katla, a "thrall" (slave) who is the daughter of an Irish Christian woman captured by Viking Raiders along the Irish Coast before Katla was born, Bibrau, Katla's daughter, who is conceived after a brutal sexual assault, and Thorbjorg, who is a seeress and healer to the Viking settlement in Greenland and a faithful servant to the Nordic God, Odin. Fate brings these three women together and the story is told through their thoughts and feelings about each other, the events which bring them together, life in ...


N.F.S. Grundtvig's Approach To Christian Community And Civic Responsibility, Mark C. Mattes Jan 2006

N.F.S. Grundtvig's Approach To Christian Community And Civic Responsibility, Mark C. Mattes

The Bridge

A perennial concern of Christian social ethics is the attempt to discern the best paradigm for relating the Christian faith and life to wider culture. H. Richard Niebuhr's typology1 of how Christ relates to culture, i. e., "Christ against culture" (sectarian), "Christ above culture" (Roman Catholic), "Christ transforming culture" (Reformed), "Christ of culture" (liberal Protestant), and "Christ and culture in paradox" (Lutheran) continues to provide a helpful framework in which to understand the role of the Christian ethos in public life. One important interpretation of this latter type, "Christ and culture in paradox" is that of the nineteenth century ...


Grundtivigianism In America, Yesterday And Today, Thorvald Hansen Jan 2006

Grundtivigianism In America, Yesterday And Today, Thorvald Hansen

The Bridge

It has been said, "In Denmark, everyone is a Grundtvigian whether he knows it or not." This certainly is not the case in America. Indeed, there are very few Grundtvigians in this country, and the prospects for increasing that number are very slight. This is not because the followers of Grundtvig have been "hiding their light under a bushel," but because the vast majority has not accepted it as light.


A Chestertonian Approach To Humor, Robert Moore-Jumonville Nov 1999

A Chestertonian Approach To Humor, Robert Moore-Jumonville

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

As a journalist, G.K. Chesterton used his humor to engage intellectual opponents who might not have otherwise listened. Borrowing from Chesterton’s tone and manner, this paper explores the role of humor in the realms of life, academics and faith as seen in Chesterton’s own writing.


The Atheistic Influences Of The Christian Apologist, Eric Mcglaughlin Nov 1999

The Atheistic Influences Of The Christian Apologist, Eric Mcglaughlin

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

C.S. Lewis, though considered a great apologist for the Christian faith, did not become a Christian until the age of thirty-one. The many years spent as an atheist not only influenced his writings after his conversion, but allowed him to become a great apologist.


C.S. Lewis And Christian Scholarship, Bruce Edwards Jan 1997

C.S. Lewis And Christian Scholarship, Bruce Edwards

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

While well-loved and known for his profound impact on Christian apologetics, C.S. Lewis also made a mark on the world as a skilled academic. By observing his life one can see that his Christian work and academic work were not distinct, but born from the same desire to follow Christ.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Full Issue 1997 (Volume 1) Jan 1997

Full Issue 1997 (Volume 1)

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

The collected papers presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


C.S. Lewis: Lightbearer In The Shadowlands, Angus Menuge Jan 1997

C.S. Lewis: Lightbearer In The Shadowlands, Angus Menuge

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

Angus J.L. Menuge discusses editing his book, Lightbearer in the Shadowlands: The Evangelistic Vision of C.S. Lewis.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Shadows That Fall: The Immanence Of Heaven In The Fiction Of Lewis And Macdonald, David Manley Jan 1997

Shadows That Fall: The Immanence Of Heaven In The Fiction Of Lewis And Macdonald, David Manley

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

C.S. Lewis’s view of heaven were shaped by George MacDonald’s fiction. By examining the fiction of of both men we see their vision of heaven, how art imitates heaven, and how heaven shall come to earth.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Unto The End Of The World: Omega Point Eschatology In C.S. Lewis And Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Chris Smith Jan 1997

Unto The End Of The World: Omega Point Eschatology In C.S. Lewis And Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Chris Smith

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

There are many diverse understandings of the futuristic passages of scriptures and how to interpret their terms and symbols. Two eschatological perspectives on the “Omega Point” (the end of time when God would re-unite the church with himself) can be found in the writings of French Jesuit anthropologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and British Scholar C.S. Lewis.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Wordsmiths As Warriors: The Intellectual Honesty Of G.K. Chesterton And C.S. Lewis, Daryl Charles Jan 1997

Wordsmiths As Warriors: The Intellectual Honesty Of G.K. Chesterton And C.S. Lewis, Daryl Charles

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

The writings of G.K. Chesterton and C.S. Lewis are rich with creativity and intellect, and maintain a strong defense for Christianity. They are models for the Christian apologist through their direct engagement with the world while loving it as Christ did.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


The Apologetics Of Chesterton And Lewis In A World Marked By Disbelief, Michael R. Smith Jan 1997

The Apologetics Of Chesterton And Lewis In A World Marked By Disbelief, Michael R. Smith

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

In an age characterized by meaninglessness and relativeness, arguments once thought to be timeless are challenged by a postmodernism world view that evaluates all ideas as equal and flawed just the same. G.K Chesterton and C.S. Lewis are two sources of authority regularly referenced by current apologists, and provide a variety of logically sound arguments for Christianity.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Some Shattering Simplicity: Suffering, Love, And Faith In The Thought Of C.S. Lewis, Jennifer Woodruff Jan 1997

Some Shattering Simplicity: Suffering, Love, And Faith In The Thought Of C.S. Lewis, Jennifer Woodruff

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

A repeated theme in the works of C.S. Lewis is the tension inherent in why and how we believe and accept Christianity. Christianity makes sense of reality, but at the same time shatters all our expectations of reality. Examining Lewis’s writings about the nature of suffering, faith, and love we learn how this is not a contradiction but a shattering simplicity that reveals the truth about reality.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


Dorothy L. Sayers: Thinking Passionately, Marjorie Lamp Mead Jan 1997

Dorothy L. Sayers: Thinking Passionately, Marjorie Lamp Mead

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

Examines the life of Dorothy Sayers and her perspectives on the relationship between Christianity and reason. Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


The Abolition Of Man: First Principles And Pre-Evangelism (Or "What C.S. Lewis Taught My Brother"), Ted Dorman Jan 1997

The Abolition Of Man: First Principles And Pre-Evangelism (Or "What C.S. Lewis Taught My Brother"), Ted Dorman

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

In his work, The Abolition of Man, C.S. Lewis expresses a powerful analysis of the modern philosophies of the day. By defending what was deemed subjective and revealing the end point of modern thought, he communicates the Gospel in a way that resonates with unbelievers.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.


The Question Of Biblical Allegory In Tell We Have Faces, David Bedsole Jan 1997

The Question Of Biblical Allegory In Tell We Have Faces, David Bedsole

Inklings Forever: Published Colloquium Proceedings 1997-2016

In 1956, C.S. Lewis published a retelling of a pagan myth, Till We Have Faces. On the surface one may simply read it as a retelling, but considering his career as a theological author one can see how Till We Have Faces is rich with Christian themes and thought.

Presented at the 1997 Frances White Ewbank Colloquium.