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Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

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Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo Mar 2009

Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Walter Mignolo discusses how racial formations in colonialism and imperialism have to be understood in the context of the simultaneous transformation of Christianity and the emergence of the capitalist world economy. In his contribution he focuses on how Christian theology prepared the terrain for two complementary articulations of racism. One was founded on Christian epistemic privilege over the two major competing religions (Jews and Muslims), the other on a secularization of theological detachment culminating in the "purity of blood" that became the biological and natural marker (Indians, Blacks, Mestizos, Mulatos) of what used to be the marker of religious belief ...


Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar Mar 2009

Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Kalmar traces a sort of dialectic of demonization, a kind of a noxious ping-pong game, in the cultural history of representing Jews and Muslims in the West. The image of both had been united in a joint construction with roots in medieval Christianity, and which in the nineteenth century was racialized with the label "Semites." This joint image of Jew and Muslim (now more specifically, Arab) included in contradictory ways and at the same time a "prophetic" and a "demonic" aspect. However, by the late nineteenth century anti-Semites robbed it of its prophetic dimension, and reduced to the demonic. At ...