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Biblical Studies

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Biblical Ethics, Kevin Twain Lowery Jan 2020

Biblical Ethics, Kevin Twain Lowery

Faculty Scholarship – Biblical Literature

This article outlines the parameters of biblical ethics. It begins with an overview of how ethics functions in different ways throughout the biblical text, then it describes the ways that the content and emphases of biblical ethics changed over time, as evidenced in the biblical books themselves. This understanding provides a backdrop for a Wesleyan approach to appropriating biblical ethics for contemporary ethical issues.


A Forgotten Light: Rediscovering The Illuminating Power Of The Holy Spirit, Veronica H. Powers Aug 2019

A Forgotten Light: Rediscovering The Illuminating Power Of The Holy Spirit, Veronica H. Powers

Diligence: Journal of the Liberty University Online Religion Capstone in Research and Scholarship

The individualistic culture of the 21st Century has seeped into the fabric of God’s people and Christianity has been reduced to an abstract mechanism whereby individuals can plug into God’s grace whenever they want God to make them feel better about their own lives. As such, Christianity has been privatized to individual renewal and, in the same way, the Holy Spirit has been restricted to the same privatization and is thus merely seen as the means by which this renewal takes place in the individual alone. Unfortunately, this privatization of Christianity results in a watered-down Biblical message ...


Engaging Sacred Space And Experiencing God In The Mountains: A Study Of The Non-Traditional Worship Environment Of Mountain Cathedrals, An Ecumenical Meetup Group Based In Albuquerque, New Mexico, Brendan Isaiah Nixon Apr 2019

Engaging Sacred Space And Experiencing God In The Mountains: A Study Of The Non-Traditional Worship Environment Of Mountain Cathedrals, An Ecumenical Meetup Group Based In Albuquerque, New Mexico, Brendan Isaiah Nixon

Geography ETDs

This paper focuses on the non-traditional Christian worship site of Mountain Cathedrals in Albuquerque, New Mexico. I argue that affectual and emotional responses are elicited from the congregants of Mountain Cathedrals through the process of sacralization. It is shown that Christian worship in a non-traditional outdoor setting affects the ways in which the congregants engage with, participate in, and create sacred space. I survey current literatures of sacred space, the contemporary Christian church, and non-traditional worships spaces. Using the literature as a backdrop, I utilize Mountain Cathedrals as a case study for understanding the ways in which sacred space is ...


The Christian Bible And Tribalism (Or, How The God Of Israel Became The God Of The Gentiles And Some Implications For Today: Six Lectures), Scott Gambrill Sinclair Jan 2019

The Christian Bible And Tribalism (Or, How The God Of Israel Became The God Of The Gentiles And Some Implications For Today: Six Lectures), Scott Gambrill Sinclair

The Scott Sinclair Lecture Notes Collection

Lecture notes from Scott G. Sinclair


Practicing Justice : Justice In A Millennial, Wesleyan-Holiness Context, M. Andrew Gale Dec 2018

Practicing Justice : Justice In A Millennial, Wesleyan-Holiness Context, M. Andrew Gale

ATS Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Divine Selection: An Exegetical Analysis Of Vocational Calling, Timothy Nguyen Oct 2018

A Divine Selection: An Exegetical Analysis Of Vocational Calling, Timothy Nguyen

Senior Honors Theses

Within Christian circles, the ‘calling’ of the vocational minister is frequently abused and misunderstood and muddled by the lack of Scriptural evidence for the overused term. The focus of this research is to observe first, the current cultural climate surrounding the nature of calling, and second, to compare this understanding to the authoritative Scriptural teaching on the subject in both the Old and New Testaments. This analysis reveals that the “internal” vocational call to minister is absent from the Bible and must be replaced by an alternative the Scripture directly teaches. It is concluded that God gives man the desire ...


Restoring Eden: The Role Of Christianity On Environmental Conservation: A Case Of Karatu District, Arusha, Tanzania, Taylor Allen Oct 2018

Restoring Eden: The Role Of Christianity On Environmental Conservation: A Case Of Karatu District, Arusha, Tanzania, Taylor Allen

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In order for environmental conservation to be effective it must have a method of translating to people’s everyday values. Developing countries which include mostly bio-diversity hotspot areas are important to maintain sustainable development. Due to most of these countries following an organized religion, predominantly Christian, an alternative method of conservation may be successful to motivate citizens to participate in efforts. In order for this to be successful, members of the congregation must agree that there is a religious obligation to care for the environment. For Christianity this obligation is discussed by the creation story in the bible. This paper ...


African Christian Leadership: Realities, Opportunities, And Impact, David K. Penno Jul 2018

African Christian Leadership: Realities, Opportunities, And Impact, David K. Penno

Journal of Adventist Mission Studies

"African Christian Leadership is a well-organized, well-written report on some very significant research about leaders and the practice of leadership in the African church. The methodology allowed the researcher to hear from a broad spectrum of African Christians. One criticism of the study could be that a sample of church leaders and members in majority Muslim countries of North Africa were not included in the study, but this might be understandable due to the already vast scope of the project. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in leadership in the Christian context, and especially as practiced ...


Introibo Ad Altare Dei Exploring The Cross, The Mass, And The Last Supper, Jeffrey Rother Jul 2018

Introibo Ad Altare Dei Exploring The Cross, The Mass, And The Last Supper, Jeffrey Rother

School of Divinity Master’s Theses and Projects

This work is divided into three chapters. The first chapter discusses the idea of sacrifice in general. Section 1 considers contemporary and ancient notions of its importance, taking its point of departure whether sacrifice is or is not a central concept in Christian worship and salvation. Section 2 explores natural sacrifices, those sacrifices of all non-Hebrew or Christian origin. Section 3 explores the sacrifices present and defined in the Old Testament. The second chapter discusses the Passion and Death of Christ. Section 1 centers on the Passion and the Last Supper, giving particular consideration to the Passover. Section 2 discusses ...


Christ’S Faith: The Pattern Jesus Set For The World, Austen Haney Jul 2018

Christ’S Faith: The Pattern Jesus Set For The World, Austen Haney

Senior Honors Theses

Over the past 50 years, there has been a ripple throughout the Christian community on how to interpret one of its most precious doctrines, the doctrine of justification by faith. Some may think that this issue was resolved during the Reformation or the Enlightenment, but thanks to the New Perspective on Paul movement, the controversy is once again as intensely passionate as ever. The questions range from the vicariousness of Christ’s death, to Paul’s view of the law, and the fundamental meaning of saving faith. This thesis is an attempt to carefully unite the old perspective with the ...


A Kingdom Of Priests And Gods: Angelic And Participatory Deification In John's Apocalypse, David A. Armstrong May 2018

A Kingdom Of Priests And Gods: Angelic And Participatory Deification In John's Apocalypse, David A. Armstrong

MSU Graduate Theses

Ancient Jewish and Christian apocalyptic literature contains soteriological narratives of human transformation that qualify as examples of deification in antiquity. One widely exemplified type of deification in ancient Jewish apocalypses and apocalyptic literature focuses first on the analogy between priests and angels, and then the gradual assimilation of the former to the identity of the latter. In much apocalyptic thought, God resides in a celestial sanctuary in heaven where angels serve a heavenly liturgy of worship and praise, and it is this reality which the earthly priesthood, temple, and cult mimic and extend into the human world, which led to ...


The Parallels Between Art Therapy And Christianity: Integrating Identities As A Christian And An Art Therapist, Kendal Hansen Apr 2018

The Parallels Between Art Therapy And Christianity: Integrating Identities As A Christian And An Art Therapist, Kendal Hansen

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Therapists knowledge of their personal beliefs is extremely beneficial to individual’s working in the field of art therapy. Therapists are better able to serve their clients when they have a clear understanding of themselves and their biases. The writer of this thesis identifies strongly as an art therapist and as a Christian. To better understand how the two strongest parts of her identity integrated, this thesis explored the parallels between Christianity and art therapy by reviewing the literature and facilitating an arts-based qualitative study. The literature suggested that art therapy can be effective with various populations within the Christian ...


Nature Of Sin, Dylan Halter Feb 2018

Nature Of Sin, Dylan Halter

The Kabod

Sin is inescapable. Since the Fall, mankind has been doomed. God continuously provided His people an opportunity for repentance, but the cataclysmic effects of sin continued. Understanding the nature of sin is one of the most important doctrines for apologetics, evangelism, discipleship, and pastoral teachings. Upon firmly applying hermeneutics, historical tradition, theological exegesis, and practical applications, followers of the Way are more equipped to do the Will of the Lord. The serpent succeeded in the garden, but the Savior defeated death on the Cross, bringing about redemption and restoration for all of humanity.


Toward A Theology Of Transformation, Hannah Kathleen Griggs Jan 2018

Toward A Theology Of Transformation, Hannah Kathleen Griggs

Eddie Mabry Diversity Award

Black liberation theologians come to terms with white supremacy by collectively remembering the story of the Exodus and Jesus' crucifixion--affirming God's preference for freedom and in-the-world salvation. The particular history of white American Christianity requires a different story to provide the foundation for our social memory. As white American Christians, we have certain blind spots—blind spots created by historical and social privileges that have given white people unequal access to power and resources. The story of Zacchaeus has the potential to help reframe white Christianity’s conception of race relations in the United States, shifting from a reconciliation ...


Benefaction In Galatians: An Analysis Of Paul's Language Of God's Favor In Its Greco-Roman Context, Ferdinand Okorie Jan 2018

Benefaction In Galatians: An Analysis Of Paul's Language Of God's Favor In Its Greco-Roman Context, Ferdinand Okorie

Dissertations

The Letter to the Galatians is the first letter where Paul mentions χάρις not only in the opening (Gal 1:3) and closing (Gal 6:18) of the letter but also in the body (Gal 1:6; 2:9; 3:18; 5:4) of the letter. The term χάρις will be defined in this dissertation as a favor or goodwill freely given by a benefactor to a beneficiary. Also, χάρις is whatever a beneficiary does to return favor or thanks to a benefactor. Therefore, on one hand, whatever goodwill a benefactor extends to a beneficiary is generally designated as χάρις ...


A Divine Selection: An Exegetical Analysis Of Vocational Calling, Timothy Nguyen Dec 2017

A Divine Selection: An Exegetical Analysis Of Vocational Calling, Timothy Nguyen

Timothy Nguyen

Within Christian circles, the ‘calling’ of the vocational minister is frequently abused and misunderstood and muddled by the lack of Scriptural evidence for the overused term. The focus of this research is to observe first, the current cultural climate surrounding the nature of calling, and second, to compare this understanding to the authoritative Scriptural teaching on the subject in both the Old and New Testaments. This analysis reveals that the “internal” vocational call to minister is absent from the Bible and must be replaced by an alternative the Scripture directly teaches. It is concluded that God gives man the desire ...


Pentecost Journal Of Theology And Mission, Vol.2, No.1, August 2017, J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu, Kirsteen Kim, William Kay, Andrew Davies, Emmanuel Anim, Ruth Wall, Amos Yong Aug 2017

Pentecost Journal Of Theology And Mission, Vol.2, No.1, August 2017, J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu, Kirsteen Kim, William Kay, Andrew Davies, Emmanuel Anim, Ruth Wall, Amos Yong

Pentecost Journal of Theology and Mission

We are pleased to share with you the second edition of the Pentecost Journal of Theology and Mission (PJTM). We are indeed delighted and encouraged by the enthusiastic uptake of our frst issue, July 2016, on Pentecostalism, Migration and World Christianity. An aim of the PJTM is to provide a space for critical reflection on contemporary issues of theology and mission from Pentecostal perspectives that will have practical and transformative impact on the life of the individual, the church and society. The Editors have discovered that such a “space” does not exist without its creation, and the work of creation ...


Supplanting The Wrong With The Right: A Synoptic Overview Of Christian And Islamic Reactions Towards The Subject Of Heresy, Brett G. Barnard May 2017

Supplanting The Wrong With The Right: A Synoptic Overview Of Christian And Islamic Reactions Towards The Subject Of Heresy, Brett G. Barnard

Lawrence University Honors Projects

Whenever there is a faith that is claiming to be the “one true religion,” just what is it that defines that most sinister of opposition known as “heresy?” Is it the choices made by these aforementioned “heretics” to hold beliefs that are contrary to the mainstream? Or is the way in which “orthodox” authorities have historically asserted their own superiority while legally eliminating the competition? When overlooking monotheistic belief systems that claim universal theological authority, such as Christianity and Islam, what stands out the most is the fact that the greatest threat almost always comes not from exterior rivals, but ...


Feminism In Biology And Belief, Rachel Hurst May 2017

Feminism In Biology And Belief, Rachel Hurst

Dialogue & Nexus

As feminism has become more hotly-contested in today’s society, the need to analyze the movement’s claims from a scientific and theological perspective has developed. Labor statistics and sociological research reveal that income inequality persists between the sexes. Neuroscience and evolutionary psychology show that subtle differences exist between male and female brains, and these slight variations can potentially be traced to the differing selective pressures between the genders. Ultimately, the biological differences that favor power differentials must be overcome to remedy inequality and injustice. Although Christians have historically upheld these differences and viewed women as inferior, a more modern ...


“Bone Of My Bones And Flesh Of My Flesh”: A Feminist Analysis Of Christianity, Evolutionary Theory, And The Provenance Of Patriarchy, Heather Bishop May 2017

“Bone Of My Bones And Flesh Of My Flesh”: A Feminist Analysis Of Christianity, Evolutionary Theory, And The Provenance Of Patriarchy, Heather Bishop

Dialogue & Nexus

While perceived by many as conflicting in nearly every sphere, science and religion both play an important role in the promotion of patriarchal ideologies. My research has found that neither Christianity nor evolutionary theory are inherently patriarchal, neither do they justify patriarchy. Instead, it is the misinterpretation and misuse of these subjects that contribute to the justification of patriarchy for the deep-seated goal of reproductive power. I will show this by analyzing theological themes present throughout the Christian scriptures, as well as investigating findings of evolutionary psychology and hominid ancestry. The implication of this study is that there is no ...


Science, God, And Sexual Orientation, Devin Baker May 2017

Science, God, And Sexual Orientation, Devin Baker

Dialogue & Nexus

Sexual orientation is a modern and complex term for sexual attractions and behaviors that have been experienced throughout history. Science and religion have both taken stances on the origin and ethics of sexual orientation. Research done in both fields has begun to shed light on the fact that there is an innate biological cause for sexual orientation, and that the Bible might offer a more positive view on non-heterosexual orientations than previously thought.


“Man, Don’T Feel Like A Woman”: Christian Scriptural Interpretations, The Binary Gender System, And How They Can Lead To Misogyny And Homophobia, Alyssa Froehling Jan 2017

“Man, Don’T Feel Like A Woman”: Christian Scriptural Interpretations, The Binary Gender System, And How They Can Lead To Misogyny And Homophobia, Alyssa Froehling

Mary Wollstonecraft Writing Award

This paper utilizes different analyses of scripture to argue that a binary gender system is not inherent in Christianity. Contemporary societal norms placed onto Christianity contribute to the oppression of women and those in LGBTQ+ communities.


John's Usage Of Ἐρωτάω And Αἰτέω: A Theological Distinction, David Haggard Dec 2016

John's Usage Of Ἐρωτάω And Αἰτέω: A Theological Distinction, David Haggard

School of Divinity Master’s Theses and Projects

This work systematically examines the usage of ἐρωτάω and αἰτέω in Gospel of John in order to unveil the nuanced distinction between the words. Particular focus is placed on the Greek text of John 16:23, in which both ἐρωτάω and αἰτέω are used in distinct ways. The history of interpretation of ἐρωτάω and αἰτέω is presented from the patristic to modern biblical exegesis in order to give the work an historical framework. Then the various theological and literary concerns of the Fourth Gospel are related to John’s usage of the word. Topics such as the divinity of Christ ...


The Book Of Revelation [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair Aug 2016

The Book Of Revelation [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair

The Scott Sinclair Lecture Notes Collection

An examination of the context, message, and contemporary relevance of this extraordinary final book of the Christian New Testament.

Student Learning Outcomes: Student will demonstrate a knowledge of

  1. the literal contents of the Book of Revelation
  2. the cultural and/or historical situations to which they respond, and 3) the enduring theological perspectives that appear in these responses.


The Gospel And Epistles Of John [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair Aug 2016

The Gospel And Epistles Of John [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair

The Scott Sinclair Lecture Notes Collection

This course will study the major themes of John's Gospel and Epistles. It will pay special attention to the gospel's Christology and presentation of the stages in the Christian spiritual life.

Student learning outcomes: Students will:

  1. demonstrate a knowledge of the social setting and major ideas of the Johannine Epistles
  2. demonstrate a knowledge of the social setting of John's Gospel
  3. demonstrate an understanding of the Gospel's major themes, especially, its Christology and its presentation of the stages in the Christian spiritual life
  4. reflect on whether the course material is helpful in the students’ own quest for ...


The Gospels Of Matthew, Mark, And Luke And The Acts Of The Apostles [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair Aug 2016

The Gospels Of Matthew, Mark, And Luke And The Acts Of The Apostles [Course Lecture Notes], Scott Gambrill Sinclair

The Scott Sinclair Lecture Notes Collection

A detailed study of the New Testament gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke and of the historical Jesus. We will reconstruct the social setting of each gospel and examine the gospels' major theological themes. Then we will examine the life, teaching, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. Some attention will also be paid to the contents and message of the Acts of the Apostles.

Student Learning Outcomes: Students will demonstrate:

  1. A knowledge of the social settings of the New Testament gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke and the Acts of the Apostles
  2. a knowledge of the basic theological ideas ...


How Jesus Became God: One Scholar’S View, James F. Mcgrath Jul 2016

How Jesus Became God: One Scholar’S View, James F. Mcgrath

James F. McGrath

Dr. James McGrath's brief analysis of early Christology. Originally presented as a seminar paper at the University of Michigan, March 19, 2015.


"Introduction" To Theology And Science Fiction, James F. Mcgrath Jan 2016

"Introduction" To Theology And Science Fiction, James F. Mcgrath

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

What is the difference between a god and a powerful alien? Can an android have a soul, or be considered a person with rights? Can we imagine biblical stories being retold in the distant future on planets far from Earth? Whether your interest is in Christianity in the future, or the Jedi in the present--and whether your interest in the Jedi is focused on real-world adherents or the fictional religion depicted on the silver screen--this book will help you explore the intersection between theology and science fiction across a range of authors and stories, topics and questions.

Throughout this volume ...


Raising Ebenezer, Shannon Lee Bianco Jan 2016

Raising Ebenezer, Shannon Lee Bianco

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Raising Ebenezer is an antropoesia collection representing the adoption story of a Christian family and their children from Uganda, Africa. Through poetry, essay, short story, flash fiction, and non-traditional genres, Raising Ebenezer investigates the culture of international adoption, love, fear, faith, loss, corruption and redemption. It is a work of creative non-fiction.


Luther And The Jews: An Exposition Directed To Christians On Martin Luther's Anti-Semitism, Defense, And Legacy, Megan Wilson Apr 2015

Luther And The Jews: An Exposition Directed To Christians On Martin Luther's Anti-Semitism, Defense, And Legacy, Megan Wilson

Senior Honors Theses

This thesis is an analysis of the historical relations between reformer Martin Luther and the Jewish people. Its primary purpose is to defend Luther’s image as a prominent figure in Christian history while considering the possibility of his anti-Semitic views. This thesis focuses particularly on a number of Luther’s written works in order to achieve this goal, with a secondary concentration on historical and incidental defenses that can be used to exonerate him. This thesis also serves to inform contemporary Christians of the controversy surrounding these views and the result of his legacy in more recent centuries.