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2012

Urban Studies and Planning

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Articles 1 - 30 of 82

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Women Of African Descent: Persistence In Completing A Doctorate, Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu Dec 2012

Women Of African Descent: Persistence In Completing A Doctorate, Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu

Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu

This study examines the educational persistence of women of African descent (WOAD) in pursuit of a doctorate degree at universities in the southeastern United States. WOAD are women of African ancestry born outside the African continent. These women are heirs to an inner dogged determination and spirit to survive despite all odds (Pulliam, 2003, p. 337).This study used Ellis’s (1997) Three Stages for Graduate Student Development as the conceptual framework to examine the persistent strategies used by these women to persist to the completion of their studies.


Cultural Asset Mapping Project: Progress Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Dec 2012

Cultural Asset Mapping Project: Progress Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

CultureBlocks Philadelphia

This report describes SIAP work undertaken from December 2011 to December 2012 as part of the Philadelphia cultural asset mapping project. SIAP research and data analyses underway, in collaboration with Reinvestment Fund, included: a cross-sectional analysis of associations between cultural assets and social and community indicators by neighborhood; a time-­series of the geography of cultural assets between 1997 and 2010, using SIAP’s historical database; and a Philadelphia livability/social inclusion index that links information on cultural assets with other community indices on neighborhood vitality and social wellbeing.


Identity And Intersectionality For Big City Mayors: A Phenomenological Analysis Of Black Women, Constance J. Brooks Dec 2012

Identity And Intersectionality For Big City Mayors: A Phenomenological Analysis Of Black Women, Constance J. Brooks

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The role of a mayor is integral within local governance. Their leadership and influence directly effectuates outcomes for the cities over which they preside. For big city mayors, their impact extends beyond local government and into the national policy arena. The way an individual demonstrates the role of mayor can be influenced by his/her perception of their own identity. However, within the realm of academic research dedicated to mayoral leadership and African Americans in politics, Black female mayors have largely been ignored. In particular, there are no known attempts at investigating the intersection of race and gender in understanding ...


Ciudades Malas, Ciudades Falsas, Ciudades Feas, Jaime F. Erazo Espinosa Arq. Nov 2012

Ciudades Malas, Ciudades Falsas, Ciudades Feas, Jaime F. Erazo Espinosa Arq.

Jaime Erazo

Afuera de este mundo, en otro mundo, donde el orden ideal es bondad, verdad y beldad, existen ciudades que son todas iguales: o tan reservadas que parecen arbitrarias o tan pensadas que aparecen “sin mezclas”. Adentro de este mundo, nuestro mundo, hay un orden conflictivo e infernal que, en nuestras ciudades, parece malo, aparece falso y preside lo feo. En las ciudades de afuera, sus habitantes, o son entendidos o simples pedantes. La gente de adentro es popular y sólo se afecta cuando le pasa, entre sus carencias, el mercado como una flecha, que vulgariza su voluntad. Aislando cada orden ...


How Does The Composition Of A Cultural District Influence Its Sustainability?, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Nov 2012

How Does The Composition Of A Cultural District Influence Its Sustainability?, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

CultureBlocks Philadelphia

This research memo tests out different methods for identifying and classifying cultural clusters and estimating changes in Philadelphia clusters between 1997 and 2010. It concludes that block groups with a complex cultural ecology are more likely to retain their status, while those with a single strength are more likely to suffer a loss of resources (or at least a smaller gain) and a decline in overall position in the citywide cultural sector.


How Is The Most Segregated City In The Country Addressing Disproportionate Minority Contact With A Juvenile Burglary Restorative Justice Program And What Implications Exist For Community Based Restorative Circles? : Conflict Analysis And Recommendations, Lauren Thrift Oct 2012

How Is The Most Segregated City In The Country Addressing Disproportionate Minority Contact With A Juvenile Burglary Restorative Justice Program And What Implications Exist For Community Based Restorative Circles? : Conflict Analysis And Recommendations, Lauren Thrift

Capstone Collection

Milwaukee, Wisconsin is considered the most segregated city in the country and has the most disproportionate rate of minorities in Wisconsin’s juvenile justice system. The State of Wisconsin recognizes disproportionate minority contact (DMC) is a product of both differential offending by minorities and the racist differential processing by the juvenile justice system. Milwaukee’s residents are locked in a conflict about the role of racism in the high rates of minority crime and whether to address DMC with more stringent punishment or increasing alternatives to incarceration. The entrenched segregation between African American and Caucasian neighborhoods and social groups reinforces ...


Decommissioning Orleans Parish Prison: A Campaign To Build A Safer New Orleans / One Local Policy Step To Dismantle The Prison Industrial Complex, Tara M. Echo Oct 2012

Decommissioning Orleans Parish Prison: A Campaign To Build A Safer New Orleans / One Local Policy Step To Dismantle The Prison Industrial Complex, Tara M. Echo

Capstone Collection

Today, nearly two and a half million people in the U.S. are living in cages, with New Orleans holding the highest per capita rate of incarceration. While we have consistently seen that building cages does not bring us any closer to actualizing safety, the sheriff and other city officials of New Orleans justify a financially profitable plan to create more cages-to warehouse more of the city's people-in the name of safety.

Using an abolitionist framework, this paper examines safety by differentiating between contributing factors of being secure and factors which create harm in our communities. By tracing these ...


Prelude To A Master Plan: Ware, Massachusetts, Belen Alfaro, Bruno Carneiro, Margaret Engesser, Kathryn E. Fox, Evadne R. Friedman, Timothy Inacio, Anita Lockesmith, Christina Mills, Stephanie Molden, Meagen Mulherin, Russell Pandres, Vinicius Pereira, Brian Reid, Pedro Soto, Jennifer Stromsten Oct 2012

Prelude To A Master Plan: Ware, Massachusetts, Belen Alfaro, Bruno Carneiro, Margaret Engesser, Kathryn E. Fox, Evadne R. Friedman, Timothy Inacio, Anita Lockesmith, Christina Mills, Stephanie Molden, Meagen Mulherin, Russell Pandres, Vinicius Pereira, Brian Reid, Pedro Soto, Jennifer Stromsten

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Prelude to a Master Plan offers ideas, recommendations, and a toolkit to help the town chart its own path towards that future. While the teams and individual students worked to ‘drill down’ into specific topic areas, the Studio defined three basic areas in order to think about how the various assets, challenges and ideas undermine or reinforce one another. The report is loosely organized in those terms: addressing the outlying rural areas and issues specific to these places, considering one of the key growth areas that has extended from town and the conflicts that arise from the many uses occurring ...


The Constructs Of Coexistence: Visualizing Contemporary Saint-Louisien Identity Among The Architectures Of A Colonial Past, Isaac Lindy Oct 2012

The Constructs Of Coexistence: Visualizing Contemporary Saint-Louisien Identity Among The Architectures Of A Colonial Past, Isaac Lindy

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Saint-Louis, Senegal occupies a unique place among other Senegalese cities because of its history as the former colonial capital and, therefore, its profound experience with cross-cultural interactions. This study demonstrates how an urban identity predicated on coexistence is cultivated. Through interviews with Saint-Louisien residents and urban technicians, a metropolitan image is herein illustrated. Included in that image are specific sites of appropriation and the dreams of a utopian future, highlighting the continued dynamism among the architectures of a colonial past.


Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores Oct 2012

Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This poem is dedicated to Geoffrey Canada and the Harlem Children’s Zone and to Luis Rodriguez. I wrote this poem in response to the frustration I was feeling while delving into policy questions and strategies with various community leaders and think tank wonks about how to reverse the disparities of young men and boys of color in California. I am an original member of the Alliance for Boys and Men of Color, a coalition of community based organizations, researchers, foundations, and public systems engaging in a 10-year strategy to improve outcomes for boys and men of color, which was ...


Review Of Landscapes Of Leisure: Building An Urban History Of Tourism, J. Mark Souther Aug 2012

Review Of Landscapes Of Leisure: Building An Urban History Of Tourism, J. Mark Souther

J. Mark Souther

Review of MANSEL BLACKFORD, Fragile Paradise: The Impact of Tourism on Maui, 1959-2000. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001; CATHERINE COCKS, Doing the Town: The Rise of Urban Tourism in the United States, 1850-1915. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001, and HARVEY K. NEWMAN, Southern Hospitality: Tourism and the Growth of Atlanta. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1999.


“Winds Of Change”: Explaining Support For Wind Energy Developments In Ontario, Canada, Chad Jr Walker Aug 2012

“Winds Of Change”: Explaining Support For Wind Energy Developments In Ontario, Canada, Chad Jr Walker

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis addresses a major gap in the wind turbine and risk assessment literatures. It explains local support for wind energy in some areas in spite of vocal opposition in others. Findings from Port Burwell and Clear Creek, Ontario indicate that social and contextual forces may help explain much of the difference in opinion between the two communities. The case study was focused through 21 in-depth interviews. The interviews were analyzed verbatim using NVIVO 9 software. The findings were found to be consistent with Kasperson’s theory of the Social Amplification of Risk and seem to explain why Port Burwell ...


The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu Aug 2012

The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The last two decades have seen more and more cities joining the competitions for hosting the Olympic Games, resulting in soaring investments, both public and private, in Olympic-related projects. The Olympic Games have become a two-week gigantic event with tremendous costs burdening host cities. Meanwhile, the last three decades have witnessed underused facilities and lack of financial support for maintenance of the Olympic venues after the Games.

Based on previous literature, the “white elephant” effect has happened in every Olympic city during the last twenty years. In terms of Beijing, scholars have yet to substantially investigate the post-Games utilization of ...


Rhyme Or Reason:That Is The Question?, Jim Roche Aug 2012

Rhyme Or Reason:That Is The Question?, Jim Roche

Articles

Noting that “the aesthetic should not be limited merely to the way things look” the organisers of this conference sought “in part to address the discursive limitation in architecture and related subjects by broadening the aesthetic discourse beyond questions relating to purely visual phenomena in order to include those derived from all facets of human experience”.

So where does etchics come in? Well, the introductory brochure noted that most philosophical trained aestheticians will say that “the aesthetic is everything” hinting perhaps of the necessity for a more haptic experience of architecture. It also drew on Wittgenstein’s quote that “ethics ...


Raízes Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Raízes Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Evolução Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Evolução Da Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


O Que Fazer Com O Pagamento Do 13o Salário (Entrevista), Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

O Que Fazer Com O Pagamento Do 13o Salário (Entrevista), Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Valores Indevidamente Recebidos Por Servidores Públicos E As Discussões Sobre A Obrigação De Devolução Ao Erário, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Valores Indevidamente Recebidos Por Servidores Públicos E As Discussões Sobre A Obrigação De Devolução Ao Erário, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Paradiplomacia Empresarial Nas Relações Econômico-Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jul 2012

Paradiplomacia Empresarial Nas Relações Econômico-Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


The Landscape: Goose Hollow, Michael Burnham Jul 2012

The Landscape: Goose Hollow, Michael Burnham

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Michael Burnham looks at the rich history of Goose Hollow.


Rocky Mountain Refuge: Constructing "Colorado" In Science Fiction, Carl Abbott Jul 2012

Rocky Mountain Refuge: Constructing "Colorado" In Science Fiction, Carl Abbott

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Colorado has long functioned in American culture as the epitome of the American West, identified both as a safe refuge and as a place for starting over. This essay examines the ways in which writers of speculative fiction have drawn on Colorado's historically constructed identity as the setting for stories of refuge and retreat. The discussion examines parallels in the use of the Colorado setting by sf writers Robert A. Heinlein, Philip K. Dick, Walter M. Miller, Jr., Leigh Brackett, and Ursula K. LeGuin, by political novelist Ayn Rand, and by mainstream thriller writers Stephen King and Justin Cronin ...


Trabalhadores Vão Quitar Dívidas Com 13º, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Trabalhadores Vão Quitar Dívidas Com 13º, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Relevância Do Patrimônio Cultural Indígena, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

A Relevância Do Patrimônio Cultural Indígena, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Cultura Estratégica E Projeção Brasileira Nas Relações Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Cultura Estratégica E Projeção Brasileira Nas Relações Internacionais, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Um Balanço Após Uma Década Da Lei De Responbailidade Fiscal, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Um Balanço Após Uma Década Da Lei De Responbailidade Fiscal, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Marcos Normativos De Um Paradigma Cognitivo E Estratégico Para A Paz, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

Marcos Normativos De Um Paradigma Cognitivo E Estratégico Para A Paz, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Jun 2012

A Greve Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


"Natural" Cultural Districts And Public Policy, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Jun 2012

"Natural" Cultural Districts And Public Policy, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

CultureBlocks Philadelphia

This paper reports on research on the development of “natural” cultural districts—clusters of cultural resources that emerge in particular neighborhoods as a bottom-up, unplanned process. It uses data on Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Seattle to answer the following questions:

  • What social and economic benefits are associated with cultural clusters?
  • What are the social mechanisms that connect community benefits to cultural clusters?
  • How do we define “natural” cultural districts? Are there particular neighborhood features that foster formation of these cultural clusters?
  • Can we distinguish particular types of “natural” cultural districts?
  • What kinds of policy interventions are appropriate for different types of ...


A Lone Nut In Compton:Lessons In Community Engagement With Treepeople In South Los Angeles, Jason Schlatter May 2012

A Lone Nut In Compton:Lessons In Community Engagement With Treepeople In South Los Angeles, Jason Schlatter

Capstone Collection

The following study was conducted as an exploration of the community engagement practices of the Los Angeles based nonprofit organization, TreePeople. The intention of this study was to foster a deeper understanding about the theories and practice of the “outsider” TreePeople’s community engagement initiatives in the region of South Los Angeles, with particular emphasis on the communities of Compton, Inglewood, and historic South Central. I attempted to synthesize a collective narrative about the way TreePeople interacts with its constituents and community partners by drawing upon the experiences and perceptions of TreePeople staff, community partners, and community members. The individual ...


Lost In Space No Longer: The Visionary Union Of 'The Wire', Brett Dupré May 2012

Lost In Space No Longer: The Visionary Union Of 'The Wire', Brett Dupré

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

In its serial space, David Simon’s The Wire season two relates the seemingly “disconnected” union men, foreign sex worker women, and African-American drug traders and crosses constructed boundaries of race, gender, sexuality, and geography to evoke the possibility of a transnational working class. The Wire’s serialized narrative trespasses the limitations of money and numbers games and of individual characters to build, scene by scene, what Roderick Ferguson calls in Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique “the location for new and emergent identifications and social relations” (108).