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2006

International and Area Studies

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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Islam And The Prayer Economy: History And Authority In A Malian Town, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2006

Islam And The Prayer Economy: History And Authority In A Malian Town, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


On The Transportation Of Material Goods By Enslaved Africans During The Middle Passage: Preliminary Findings From Documentary Sources, Jerome S. Handler Dec 2006

On The Transportation Of Material Goods By Enslaved Africans During The Middle Passage: Preliminary Findings From Documentary Sources, Jerome S. Handler

African Diaspora Archaeology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Le Romancier Africain Et L'« Énigme D'Arrivée », Bernard Mouralis Dec 2006

Le Romancier Africain Et L'« Énigme D'Arrivée », Bernard Mouralis

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

The theme of travel occupies an important place in African literature for two reasons. The earliest African writers wanted to substitute their own discourse for the one that had been produced by the West for centuries and which was long considered to be the sole legitimate discourse on Africa. By portraying African heroes and/or narrators who embarked on voyages to Africa or to Europe, African writers showed that the African too could be a traveler. The second reason is linked to generic considerations. Since the time of Don Quixote, the novel unfolds as an itinerary moving from one point ...


L'Islam En Termes Chrétiens : Quand L’Aventure Ambiguë « Croise » Pascal Et Saint Augustin, Mbaye Diouf Dec 2006

L'Islam En Termes Chrétiens : Quand L’Aventure Ambiguë « Croise » Pascal Et Saint Augustin, Mbaye Diouf

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

If it is recognized that The Ambiguous Adventure is one of Africa’s most studied texts, it should also be noted that most analyses of Cheikh Hamidou Kane’s novel are general sociological commentaries on a mythologized Africa or on a society that is caught in the snares of its own mythic “values.” These commentaries often forget that the text is also the passage through a history that was imposed on Africa, and one which the writer tries to interpret in his own way. If Kane’s text plunges into the Christian faith by invoking Pascal and Augustine, it is ...


L’Historiographie Positiviste Au Miroir De La Fiction Littéraire, Kasereka Kavwahirehi Dec 2006

L’Historiographie Positiviste Au Miroir De La Fiction Littéraire, Kasereka Kavwahirehi

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

In its study of L’Écart by V.Y. Mudimbe, this article examines the critical and ironic mirroring of the discourses of the social sciences. By highlighting the pretensions of scientific discourse, Mudimbe’s fiction reveals the ambiguity and the limits of positivist methodology in a postcolonial context.


L’Espace Sexué Dans Riwan Ou Le Chemin De Sable De Ken Bugul, Antje Ziethen Dec 2006

L’Espace Sexué Dans Riwan Ou Le Chemin De Sable De Ken Bugul, Antje Ziethen

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

In Riwan ou le chemin de sable by Ken Bugul, the protagonist lives in the interstice between her own house and that of her husband’s, between the life of a woman educated in Europe and the life of a wife subjected to the laws of mouridism. In her circular movement along the sandy road evoked in the novel’s title, she gradually creates a space that allows her to reconcile the two facets of her identity. Merging different genres, stories and languages, the text itself enacts the symbolism of the road as a transitional sphere.


Murambi Et Moisson De Crânes Ou Comment La Fiction Raconte Un Génocide, Josias Semujanga Dec 2006

Murambi Et Moisson De Crânes Ou Comment La Fiction Raconte Un Génocide, Josias Semujanga

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

This article shows how literary fiction is able to narrate the event of genocide so as to shatter the rational explanations of the world that are the accepted framework for discourse. It studies two texts written on the Rwandan genocide: Murambi by Boubacar Boris Diop and Moisson de crânes by Abdourahman Waberi.


La Représentation Du Politique Dans La Littérature Gabonaise, Jean René Ovono Mendame Dec 2006

La Représentation Du Politique Dans La Littérature Gabonaise, Jean René Ovono Mendame

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

From which viewpoint do Gabonese writers relate to the realities of the political and social policies of their country and what place do political players occupy in their works? Why do they hesitate so much to denounce the problems of their society? Why is there such a pronounced silence within their literary works? This article raises these delicate and complex questions. The report produced on the evolution of Gabonese writing affirms that writers’ silence is the product of self-censorship. They are condemned to fear saying anything, not only because of potential reprisals, but because they are, for the majority, political ...


La Traversée Des Savoirs Dans Le Roman Africain, Justin K. Bisanswa Dec 2006

La Traversée Des Savoirs Dans Le Roman Africain, Justin K. Bisanswa

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

The African novel refers to a socio-political as well as a literary History, but does so with guile, expressing this History from an angle. Referring constantly to the social and human sciences, to the point of competing with them, the novel vacillates between dependency and autonomy. It thus proposes a specific knowledge of society, its functioning, and the individuals who constitute it. However, its true intention is not to copy the world, nor even to imitate its life, but to provide a miniaturized replica of both, and set itself up as a vast metonymic duplicate of a certain universe.


Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles Nov 2006

Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles

Tim Engles

As the title implies, this book offers a multi-disciplinary overview of the explosion of work in scholarly critical whiteness studies. The contributing bibliographers acknowledge that this work follows and builds upon a great deal of whiteness critique previously provided by African American writers, and by those writing from other racialized positions. Each section provides a solid introduction to key concepts and practices regarding whiteness in a particular field, including: philosophy, history, literature, cinema, the visual arts, psychology, education, media studies, qualitative inquiry, personal narratives, and international and comparative approaches.


Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles Nov 2006

Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

As the title implies, this book offers a multi-disciplinary overview of the explosion of work in scholarly critical whiteness studies. The contributing bibliographers acknowledge that this work follows and builds upon a great deal of whiteness critique previously provided by African American writers, and by those writing from other racialized positions. Each section provides a solid introduction to key concepts and practices regarding whiteness in a particular field, including: philosophy, history, literature, cinema, the visual arts, psychology, education, media studies, qualitative inquiry, personal narratives, and international and comparative approaches.


Ecumenical Attributes Of Methodism In The Czech Lands, Joyce Michael Nov 2006

Ecumenical Attributes Of Methodism In The Czech Lands, Joyce Michael

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Report Of The Communications Service Of The Department For External Church Relations Of The Moscow Patriarchate On The Work Of The Commission For The Investigation Of The Crisis In The Diocese Of Sourozh, Commission Investigating The Crisis In The Diocese Of Sourozh Nov 2006

Report Of The Communications Service Of The Department For External Church Relations Of The Moscow Patriarchate On The Work Of The Commission For The Investigation Of The Crisis In The Diocese Of Sourozh, Commission Investigating The Crisis In The Diocese Of Sourozh

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

The present report has been compiled from materials gathered by the Commission investigating the crisis in the Diocese of Sourozh. This is connected with the decision of the Diocesan Administrator, Bishop Basil of Sergievo, to go over to the Patriarchate of Constantinople. The Commission was appointed by decree of His Holiness Alexis, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, on 9 May 2006, and approved in the Minutes of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church of 7 June 2006. The temporary Administrator of the Diocese of Sourozh, Archbishop Innokenty of Korsun, was appointed Chairman of the Commission. Other members ...


Will The Ecumenical Ship Sink?, Bishop Hilarion Nov 2006

Will The Ecumenical Ship Sink?, Bishop Hilarion

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


La Polygamie Vue Et Vecue Dans Une Si Longue Lettre Par Mariama Ba Et Xala! Par Ousmane Sembene Simone, Simone A. Feaster-Armour Nov 2006

La Polygamie Vue Et Vecue Dans Une Si Longue Lettre Par Mariama Ba Et Xala! Par Ousmane Sembene Simone, Simone A. Feaster-Armour

MALS (1995-2019)

Le dictionnaire Larousse donne cinq definitions pour le mot ' mariage'; dans ce cadre nous n' avons pas besoin que deux. La premiere definition illustre l' acte individuel qui devient !'institution sociale: "Acte solennel par lequel un homme et une femme etablissent entre eux une union dont les conditions, les effets et la dissolution sont regis par les disposi-tions juridiques en vigueur dans leur pays." (Larousse 628) La deuxieme definition, "combinaison, reunion de plusieurs choses, organismes, etc.,'' exprime parfaitement les influences culturelles extemes qui s' imposent sur les maries dans n' importe quel pays ou culture. (628) Dans cette dissertation, nous ...


Two Mexicos, Linda Niemann Oct 2006

Two Mexicos, Linda Niemann

Linda G. Niemann

No abstract provided.


Plaque In Christ Chapel, Amanda C. Caligiuri Oct 2006

Plaque In Christ Chapel, Amanda C. Caligiuri

Hidden in Plain Sight Projects

We see them every day and pass them as we rush to class. Painting, monuments, and even old photographs that remind us of Gettysburg’s past. They have become so commonplace that we hardly spare a second glance for them so that they start to fade into the general scenery, eventually losing their meaning and with that, the rich history that they denote. What if one could turn back the clock and return to the beginning of freshman year when every sign and monument was new, worth our attention and more importantly, our curiosity? Although Gettysburg College is well steeped ...


The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista Oct 2006

The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista

History and Government Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã Sep 2006

No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Portrayals of Eastern European countries as "bridges" between East and West are commonplace both in the media and in the political discourse. While the question of the historical origin of Europe's East-West divide is still under heavy dispute among social scientists, it can be argued that it was the Orientalist discourse of the 19th century that decisively shaped the content of the present categories of Western and Eastern Europe and made policies of demarcation from "the Orient" an important strategy of geopolitical and cultural identification with Europe. The enduring quality of Orientalism's effects on both national self-definitions and ...


Life In Samarkand: Caucasus And Central Asia Vis-À-Vis Russia, The West, And Islam, Madina Tlostanova Sep 2006

Life In Samarkand: Caucasus And Central Asia Vis-À-Vis Russia, The West, And Islam, Madina Tlostanova

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper aims at defining the specific negotiating subjectivity of a trickster that can be found in such bordering locales as the Caucasus and Central Asia, positioned in-between Europe and Asia on the one hand and Western modernity and Islam on the other hand. Being multiply colonized in an epistemic as well as economic and political sense, these regions have developed their specific strategies of survival, resistance to various regimes and, created hybrid, trans-cultural border models of thinking, that are still alive today and can constitute a way out of the contemporary dilemma--the Christian West versus Islam. The article traces ...


Inventing Ecumenism? Inter-Confessional Dialogue In Transylvania, Romania In The 1960s, Anca Sincan Aug 2006

Inventing Ecumenism? Inter-Confessional Dialogue In Transylvania, Romania In The 1960s, Anca Sincan

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Religion In Coping With The Trauma Of Political Persecution: The Case Of Estonia, Tonu Lehtsaar, Heino Noor Aug 2006

The Role Of Religion In Coping With The Trauma Of Political Persecution: The Case Of Estonia, Tonu Lehtsaar, Heino Noor

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Coleman's "Russian Baptists & Spiritual Revolution 1905-1929" - Book Review, Walter Sawatsky Aug 2006

Coleman's "Russian Baptists & Spiritual Revolution 1905-1929" - Book Review, Walter Sawatsky

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Sawatsky's And Penner's, Eds. "Mission In The Former Soviet Union" - Book Review, John E. White Aug 2006

Sawatsky's And Penner's, Eds. "Mission In The Former Soviet Union" - Book Review, John E. White

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Finding A Balance Between Church And Academia: Baptist Theological Education In Estonia, Toivo Pilli Aug 2006

Finding A Balance Between Church And Academia: Baptist Theological Education In Estonia, Toivo Pilli

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter Jul 2006

The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


... Y No Se Lo Tragó La Tierra: A Bilingual Analysis In Terms Of Mikhail Bakhtin’S “Discourse In The Novel”, Haroldo Fontaine Jun 2006

... Y No Se Lo Tragó La Tierra: A Bilingual Analysis In Terms Of Mikhail Bakhtin’S “Discourse In The Novel”, Haroldo Fontaine

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This sketch is an attempt to illustrate how we can imagine Anzaldúa's "new mestiza" consciousness with the help of Mikhail Bakhtin's theory and Tomás Rivera's bildungsroman set in the Texas/Mexico border. More specifically, I attempt to position this effort between Bakhtin's sense of "ideological becoming" and Anzaldúa's "mestiza consciousness" by arguing that Tomás Rivera's novel dramatizes the process from the former to the latter--a reflection of his ability to be on "both shores at once" (Anzaldúa, 1987, p. 79). Allowing Anzaldúa, Bakhtin, and Rivera to cross-pollinate is to begin to theorize a dialogical ...


In Search Of America, Ellen Bigler Jun 2006

In Search Of America, Ellen Bigler

Faculty Publications

Taken collectively, Latinos are now the largest minority group in the USA. This chapter, with a focus on U.S. Latinos, explores the changing face of the USA in recent decades and the significance of this demographic change for the ongoing construction and negotiation of an American identity. The culture wars (e.g., debates over the canon, curriculum, and language) of the late 1980s and 1990s, and the contested role of schools in the arena of critical multiculturalism, are examined for insights into the bases of resistance to change. The author draws from her experiences in public schools as both ...


Faire Taire Les Silences Du Corps Noir, Cilas Kemedjio Jun 2006

Faire Taire Les Silences Du Corps Noir, Cilas Kemedjio

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

From the middle passage to modern day red light districts, from human zoos to the “compassionate” forum of the TV screen, the display of the black body has long formed the narrative thread of a monologue uttered by a West pleased with the sound of its own voice. The staging of the black body can be said to have rendered black voices silent, and this study sets out to break this silence.


Les Enfants De La Guerre : Adolescence Et Violence Postcoloniale Chez Badjoko, Dongala, Kourouma Et Monénembo, Koffi Anyinefa Jun 2006

Les Enfants De La Guerre : Adolescence Et Violence Postcoloniale Chez Badjoko, Dongala, Kourouma Et Monénembo, Koffi Anyinefa

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

This essay deals with the representation of African child-soldiers in three novels and an autobiography. Why do children take part in African postcolonial civil wars? How are they portrayed? These children are not —as public opinion would often have it— only the victims of postcolonial violence, but are also agents of social change. Their violent involvement in political affairs constitutes the most radical form of their determination to be heard, and the most eloquent form of their protest against their precarious living conditions in a postcolonial Africa in crisis.