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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders Jan 2005

Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the state of Iowa continues to see an influx in 'new immigrants,' English speaking retail and service agency employees often assist consumers who are nonnative speakers of English on a regular basis. This mismatch between language and culture can sometimes cause misunderstanding and discomfort in cross-cultural relationships. Six Hispanic Spanish LI adult consumers and 13 White English LI employees from one rural Iowa community participated in this study. Both groups were asked a series of interview questions to share their perceptions about their ability to communicate with people in the other group. The participants were also asked to consider ...


Locating Representation: Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Brown, And The Manifestation Of Biography, Gregory Chad Wolfe Jan 2005

Locating Representation: Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Brown, And The Manifestation Of Biography, Gregory Chad Wolfe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work explores the synthesis of Ralph Waldo Emerson's 1838 address "History" with the life of John Brown. In his address Emerson declares that "there is no history; only biography," and from this statement the foundation for Representative Men is put in place. Although nearly 21 years separate Emerson's lecture from Brown's work in "bloody Kansas" and Harpers Ferry, Brown's warfare for abolition gave Emerson's philosophy of "biography" an identity. In keeping with the concept of "biography," Emerson's overarching principle of "Self-Reliance" often deployed philosophical forms such as "Man Thinking" and "The Hero," but ...


Teen Pregnancy In Young Adult Literature, Kristen M. Nichols Jan 2005

Teen Pregnancy In Young Adult Literature, Kristen M. Nichols

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In a study of twenty young adult novels, the following research question is addressed: How realistic is the portrayal of pregnant teens, specifically from the perspective of the pregnant and/or parenting teen, in young adult literature from 1990-2004? This study includes an analysis of the twenty novels for how choice (abortion, adoption, or parenting), gender (focusing on novels written from the male's perspective), and education (high school and college), which are influenced by socioeconomic status and ethnicity, are represented in comparison to statistics and non-fiction accounts of pregnant and parenting teens. Though the authors of these twenty young ...


Blurred Boundaries Of Science And Advocacy: The Discourse Of Scientists At A Conservation Organization , Neil Lindeman Jan 2005

Blurred Boundaries Of Science And Advocacy: The Discourse Of Scientists At A Conservation Organization , Neil Lindeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation I argue that, in the field of conservation, the boundary separating science from advocacy appears to be undergoing a shift as the number of research scientists at conservation advocacy organizations grows. Drawing on data from interviews with scientists at a prominent conservation non-governmental organization (NGO), I identify and analyze the kinds of rhetorical work NGO scientists engage in as they attempt to participate effectively in the forums of both science and advocacy. I also analyze the publications of one scientist at the same organization to identify features of the discourse of NGO conservation science that suggest a ...


Scattering Ashes: Stories , Lucas Southworth Jan 2005

Scattering Ashes: Stories , Lucas Southworth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Praise Songs & Toxic Discourse: Alternative Readings Of Literature And The Environment , Diana L. Boeckmann Jan 2005

Praise Songs & Toxic Discourse: Alternative Readings Of Literature And The Environment , Diana L. Boeckmann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Middle Place, Amy Lynn Clark Jan 2005

The Middle Place, Amy Lynn Clark

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Rationality And Environmental Justice: The Visual Rhetoric Of A Culture At Risk , Tom Bowers Jan 2005

Rationality And Environmental Justice: The Visual Rhetoric Of A Culture At Risk , Tom Bowers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Scholars in rhetoric have recently sought to expand their understanding of social movements and the public sphere by integrating studies of visual rhetoric. For scholars exploring the rhetoric of social movements and the public sphere, the environmental movement provides a fruitful avenue of research by which to consider the role of visual rhetoric in changing social consciousness. Drawing on a methodology that views social movements through a rhetorical lens, I explore how the visual rhetoric of the environmental justice movement challenges corporate practices and discourses that shape public perceptions of sustainable development and industry's commitment to open communication. In ...


Third Space Sites, Subjectivities And Discourses: Reimagining The Representational Potentials Of (B)Orderlands' Rhetorics , Adela C. Licona Jan 2005

Third Space Sites, Subjectivities And Discourses: Reimagining The Representational Potentials Of (B)Orderlands' Rhetorics , Adela C. Licona

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation identifies feminist third-space (both/and) consciousness in academic and non-academic contexts. Although dissimilar, both academic discourses and zines (self-published magazines) are comprised of complex rhetorical performances with implications for feminist practices of representation and the re-production of meaning. This dissertation analyzes academic third-space sites resulting from the crossing of disciplinary borders and activist zines as examples of nonacademic third space, with particular emphasis on representations of bodies and sexualities. Zines reveal (1) the transformative potentials beyond gender binaries; (2) the importance of revisioning histories; (3) the practices of what I term "reverso" (critical reversals of the normative gaze ...


The Scholarship And Practice Of An Integrated Communication Education (Spice) , Irene Poesia Faass Jan 2005

The Scholarship And Practice Of An Integrated Communication Education (Spice) , Irene Poesia Faass

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the scholarship and practice of an integrated communication education. Specifically, it explores the contributions made by scholarship in the writing-across-the-curriculum (WAC) and learning community (LC) movements and in the areas of collaboration, and multimodal communication instruction to the development of an integrated communication curriculum. This innovative communication education responds to the changing nature of communication in the 21st century. After a literature review of this relevant scholarship (Part I), this dissertation includes an account of one curricular initiative, ISUComm, informed by this pedagogical research (Part II). Particular attention is paid in the penultimate chapter to the professional ...


Desiring To Do Good: Sarah Fielding's David Simple In The Context Of Christianity And The Writings Of Henry Fielding And Samuel Richardson, Michael Alan Behrens Jan 2005

Desiring To Do Good: Sarah Fielding's David Simple In The Context Of Christianity And The Writings Of Henry Fielding And Samuel Richardson, Michael Alan Behrens

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Spanish Business Writing Genre Research: Electronic Mail Memoranda , Therese M. Judge Jan 2005

Spanish Business Writing Genre Research: Electronic Mail Memoranda , Therese M. Judge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Despite the prevalence of a belief in the importance of preparing students for work in a global economy, very little research into Spanish-language written communication practices exists. In this study, I formed hypotheses regarding Mexican business e-mails based on congruencies in the findings of previous Spanish-language writing research and US-English e-mail writing research and then tested these hypotheses against a corpus of 107 Mexican business e-mails. I employed both a qualitative rhetorical analysis and a quantitative feature presence/absence analysis. Of the eight hypothesis statements describing Mexican business e-mails, only two were affirmed. The hypothesis statements describing these workplace e-mail ...


Fixed: A Story Cycle In Six Parts , Ryan Swartz Jan 2005

Fixed: A Story Cycle In Six Parts , Ryan Swartz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


"I Cannot Help Thinking Frederick's Manners Better Than His": Conduct Books And Jane Austen's Persuasion, Maria Nicole Vogler Jan 2005

"I Cannot Help Thinking Frederick's Manners Better Than His": Conduct Books And Jane Austen's Persuasion, Maria Nicole Vogler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Much research on conduct books and Jane Austen is limited to the roles and depictions of women in courtesy literature and in novels. This paper moves the focus over to Austen's portrayal of male characters in the novel Persuasion. A close reading of several eighteenth-century conduct books and of Austen's novel reveals many similarities between the texts. The hero of the novel, Captain Frederick Wentworth, is very nearly a conduct book model, and the various other men in the novel serve as contrasts against which Wentworth's conduct-book-like traits are revealed. The novel's heroine, Anne Elliot, is ...


Crypts, James Robert Wicka Jan 2005

Crypts, James Robert Wicka

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is the first 100 pages of my novel, Crypts. Tanner, a recently fired telemarketer, takes a job cleaning out a farmstead in a rural part of western South Dakota. Tanner has little experience with farming, but it makes no difference. The farm is unlike any other he, or anyone else, has ever seen. As Tanner uncovers the mysteries of the farm and it's inhabitants, Tanner's own past follows him out there.


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...


Hard-Boiled Race: The Examination Of Racialized Space And Identity Within Walter Mosley's Devil In A Blue Dress, Zachary Ty Wiser Jan 2005

Hard-Boiled Race: The Examination Of Racialized Space And Identity Within Walter Mosley's Devil In A Blue Dress, Zachary Ty Wiser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Walter Mosley is primarily known for his Easy Rawlins series, namely the first book of the series, Devil in a Blue Dress, which is a hard-boiled detective novel. While Walter Mosley performs the functions of the hard-boiled genre in a way that would make Raymond Chandler proud, Mosley is also providing a level of social commentary that was rarely, if ever, accessible to traditional hard-boiled writers. The primary way in which Mosley expands the realm of critical commentary within the hard-boiled genre is by racializing the landscape; however, while bringing race into the hard-boiled genre is the thematic goal of ...


The Rhetorical Situation: Its Historical Situation And Its Current Limitations, Jessica Lee Vanosdel Jan 2005

The Rhetorical Situation: Its Historical Situation And Its Current Limitations, Jessica Lee Vanosdel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this paper, I argue that the academic conversation surrounding Lloyd Bitzer's theory of the rhetorical situation has not taken into account the social implications that arise from the theory, given the unique historical moment of global capitalism. One reason for this gap may be that the academic discussion has focused too much on the rhetorical situation's constituent of exigence. In an effort to move beyond the existing academic conversation regarding the rhetorical theory, I intend to reevaluate the theory of rhetorical situation in terms of what the theory is capable of doing and what the theory should ...


History Of Thread, Allison Christine Mackin Jan 2005

History Of Thread, Allison Christine Mackin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a collection of poetry, written to explore a variety of connections. Poems in this collection examine the metaphorical connections between human relationships and the natural world, connections between past and present, and the interconnectedness of individuals within society.


Language Instruction In The High School Classroom: An Action Research Study, Amy L. Finnegan Jan 2005

Language Instruction In The High School Classroom: An Action Research Study, Amy L. Finnegan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the role of language in an Advanced Placement Literature class consisting of high school students in the Midwest. The language strategies focused on pertain to storytelling, dialect, syntax and style, vocabulary, and narrative framework. The three literature texts explored were Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms, and Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. The research questions for this study examine the literature classroom in terms of language instruction: (1) What strategies do students use to read difficult texts? (2) What motivates students to continue reading what they ...


Hannah Crafts And The Bondwoman's Narrative: Rhetoric, Religion, Textual Influences, And Contemporary Literary Trends And Tactics, Benjamin Craig Parker Jan 2005

Hannah Crafts And The Bondwoman's Narrative: Rhetoric, Religion, Textual Influences, And Contemporary Literary Trends And Tactics, Benjamin Craig Parker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The 2002 discovery by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., of a manuscript titled The Bondwoman's Narrative, written by a woman identifying herself as Hannah Crafts, presents a unique opportunity to examine the unpolished writing of an African American woman who had been a slave. The Bondwoman's Narrative, incorporating both novelistic and seemingly autobiographical elements to present Craft's rhetorical appeals against the injustices of slavery, has many similarities with more canonical works of antebellum African American literature, including Harriet Jacobs's Incidents, Frederick Douglass's Narrative, and Harriet Wilson's Our Nig. Among the most significant of these similarities ...


Reading Techniques Used By Mechanical Engineering Students, Amy Anne Holland Jan 2005

Reading Techniques Used By Mechanical Engineering Students, Amy Anne Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Communication researchers have found experience- and purpose-based differences in the reading techniques used by students and professionals in such fields as biology, physics, and law. More experienced readers tend to use techniques such as reading nonlinearly, questioning authority, integrating or referencing prior knowledge, and paying attention to illustrations. Using the read-aloud protocol methodology, this thesis examines the differences in the reading techniques used by two mechanical engineering students in the last year of their undergraduate program and two mechanical engineering students at the end of the first year of their graduate program. Suggestions for helping undergraduate engineering students read more ...


Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han Jan 2005

Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Retelling is not a new strategy, but it has been underestimated for a long time. This study investigates the effectiveness of retelling as a reading strategy for elementary school students of English as a Second Language (ESL). Two first graders, three second graders, and three fifth graders participated in the study. They were divided into two groups (Group A and B) considering their English competence and other factors. Their retelling outcomes including oral, written and drawings during 2 months period were collected and analyzed. During the study, students were being read stories and asked to retell the stories orally and ...


A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang Jan 2005

A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether Chinese adult ESL learners use the same reading strategies online as they do in traditional print. Three Chinese-speaking graduate students at Iowa State University participated in this study. To best elicit information regarding subjects' thought processes and their use of reading strategies, several methods were used, including think-aloud protocols, Morae software, and a follow-up interview. During the think-aloud process, subjects were assigned two reading tasks. One process involved reading in traditional print, and in the other process, participants read in hypertext. Each text format consisted of three passages. Each subject had the option of choosing two ...