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Reviewing Workplace Bullying: Strengthening Approaches To A Complex Phenomenon, Diana J. Kelly Dec 2005

Reviewing Workplace Bullying: Strengthening Approaches To A Complex Phenomenon, Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Workplace bullying is a growing problem which is costly for organisations and individual targets. The costs for organisations include loss of productivity and increased insurance costs, as rising stress claims generate rises in premiums. Measuring the costs to individuals or the ethical capital of an organisation is much more difficult but just as important. This paper seeks to understand the research practices in bullying in order to identify potential needs for research and practice. After examining the nature and extent of workplace bullying, approaches to bullying are surveyed, revealing how different disciplines and professions investigate workplace bullying. The importance of ...


Diasporic Spectrality: Minorities & Cultural Assertions In Canada, Australia And Beyond, Gerry Turcotte, Gaetano Rando Dec 2005

Diasporic Spectrality: Minorities & Cultural Assertions In Canada, Australia And Beyond, Gerry Turcotte, Gaetano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper provides a critical introduction to a special issue of Australian Canadian Studies 23(2) 2005 - "Diasporic Spectrality: Minorities and cultural Assertions in Canada, Australia and Beyond" - guestedited by Gerry Turcotte and Gaetano Rando. The paper discusses the selection of papers that produced a coherent, though not uniform, picture of minority interests that examine the complex ways culture is “asserted” in contemporary times, primarily in the Canadian context, but understood within the larger story of migration, plurality and diaspora. As we worked through the contributions we found not only that they represented a wide variety of fields — from broadcast ...


Salarymen Doing Queer: Gay Men And The Heterosexual Public Sphere In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland Nov 2005

Salarymen Doing Queer: Gay Men And The Heterosexual Public Sphere In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at the difficulties gay men in Japan experience in discussing their sexuality in the Japanese workplace.


Inside Out: Queer Theory And Popular Culture, Mark J. Mclelland Nov 2005

Inside Out: Queer Theory And Popular Culture, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at the proliferation of gay characters and subtexts in late 1990s media.


The World Of Yaoi: The Internet, Censorship And The Global “Boys’ Love” Fandom, Mark J. Mclelland Nov 2005

The World Of Yaoi: The Internet, Censorship And The Global “Boys’ Love” Fandom, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at the recent explosion of cultural concern over child sexual abuse and child pornography, particularly as it relates to the trading of such images via the internet. It is noted that legislation originally enacted to prohibit the sexualized representation of actual children has recently been extended to include fictional representations and in Australia includes text as well as graphics. Taking the online global fandom dedicated to ‘boys’ love’ (also known as yaoi) as an example, I argue that legislation prohibiting fictional accounts of ‘child’ sex-abuse is ill-conceived and potentially damaging to human rights and freedom of expression ...


Enemy Aliens: Gli Italoaustraliani E Il Secondo Conflitto Mondiale, Gaetano Rando Nov 2005

Enemy Aliens: Gli Italoaustraliani E Il Secondo Conflitto Mondiale, Gaetano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

L’entrata in guerra dell’Italia rese molto problematica l’esistenza della comunità italoaustraliana che negli anni ’30 annoverava oltre 30000 unità ed era diventata la più numerosa collettività nonangloceltica del quinto continente. Le autorità australiane, ritenendo la presenza di tanti non-britannici una grave minaccia potenziale alla sicurezza della nazione, rinchiusero 4727 Italoaustraliani, quasi tutti uomini, in appositi campi di internamento indipendentemente dai titoli di cittadinanza o dalla fede politica. Quale conseguenza le donne e i bambini furono lasciati allo sbaraglio in un ambiente palesemente ostile, fascisti convinti e attivisti antifascisti furono rinchiusi nello stesso campo talvolta con esiti devastanti ...


Transient Workers Count Too? The Intersection Of Citizenship And Gender In Singapore’S Civil Society, Lenore T. Lyons Oct 2005

Transient Workers Count Too? The Intersection Of Citizenship And Gender In Singapore’S Civil Society, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In November 2002, a group of Singaporean activists established a group called The Working Committee 2 (TWC2) to advocate for the rights of foreign domestic workers in Singapore. By limiting both its lifespan and the scope of its activities the TWC2 avoided the requirement that all NGOs formally register under the Singapore Registrar of Societies. At the end of its year-long campaign, however, the group signalled its intention to continue with its advocacy work. The new TWC2 (now called Transient Workers Count Too) was registered in August 2004. For some commentators, the TWC2 represents a new phase in the People ...


Moving Beyond The Ob Markers: Rethinking The Space Of Civil Society In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons, J. Gomez Oct 2005

Moving Beyond The Ob Markers: Rethinking The Space Of Civil Society In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons, J. Gomez

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In January 2004, prior to his appointment as Singapore’s third Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong gave a landmark speech to the Harvard Club of Singapore in which he outlined a new style of statesociety relations. Claiming that “I have no doubt that our society must open up further”, Lee emphasized that one of the important tasks facing the government was to “promote further civic participation, and continue to progressively widen the limits of openness” (Lee 2004). In his comments, Lee sought to signal a break between the ruling style of former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong, and himself.1 ...


The Politics Of A Scientific Meeting: The Origin-Of-Aids Debate At The Royal Society, Brian Martin Sep 2005

The Politics Of A Scientific Meeting: The Origin-Of-Aids Debate At The Royal Society, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The Royal Society of London held a scientific meeting in September 2000 focusing on two theories of the origin of AIDS, one that it occurred through "natural transfer" of immunodeficiency virus from monkeys or chimpanzees to humans and the other that it occurred through iatrogenic transfer via contaminated polio vaccines used in Africa in the late 1950s. This meeting was the culmination of years of public contention over the polio-vaccine theory. Several dimensions of the politics of science are revealed by analysis of this issue, including the power of scientific editors, the use of the mass media, decisions about selection ...


Theme Unit Analysis: A Systemic-Functional Treatment Of Textual Meanings In Japanese, Elizabeth A. Thomson Sep 2005

Theme Unit Analysis: A Systemic-Functional Treatment Of Textual Meanings In Japanese, Elizabeth A. Thomson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

According to Systemic Functional Linguistic (SFL) theory the structural shape of the clause in English is determined by the three metafunctions – ideational, interpersonal and textual (Halliday 1994:179). In Japanese, the situation is similar as far as ideational (Teruya 1998) and interpersonal (Fukui 1998) meanings are concerned. With respect to the textual metafunction, however, the situation appears to be different. Due to the presence of ellipsis, both anaphoric Subject ellipsis and formal exophoric Subject ellipsis (Hasan 1996), along with the operation of clause chaining, Japanese appears to organise textually over another kind of unit, the Theme unit. This paper will ...


The Parkin Backfire, Brian Martin, I. Murray Jul 2005

The Parkin Backfire, Brian Martin, I. Murray

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In September 2005, the Australian government arrested and deported Scott Parkin, a visiting US peace activist. This caused a storm of protest and greatly stimulated community interest in nonviolent action and threats to civil liberties. The Parkin case shows how an injustice can backfire and how activists can use an understanding of backfire dynamics to be more effective.


A Politics Of Accommodation: Women And The People’S Action Party In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons Jun 2005

A Politics Of Accommodation: Women And The People’S Action Party In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

For the first time since achieving Independence in 1965, women now make up more than 10% of parliamentary representatives in Singapore. While this figure still lags behind international benchmarks, it is a significant improvement on the last election in which women made up less than 5% of MPs. This article explores the factors that led to the increase in women’s parliamentary representation. I examine the attitudes of senior leaders within the ruling People’s Action Party (PAP), as well as recent constitutional reforms, including the introduction of the Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) scheme, and the creation of a ...


Snakes And Leaders: Hegemonic Masculinity In Ruling-Class Boys’ Boarding Schools, S. Poynting, Mike Donaldson Apr 2005

Snakes And Leaders: Hegemonic Masculinity In Ruling-Class Boys’ Boarding Schools, S. Poynting, Mike Donaldson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Recent events in a ruling-class boys’ boarding school college in Sydney prompted public discussion about “bullying.” Debate ranged between those seeing an endemic problem to be cured and those who saw minor, unfortunate, and atypical incidents in a system where bullying is under control. It is argued here that such a practice is inherent in ruling-class boys’ education. It is an important part of making ruling-class men. Using life-history methods with available biographical material, the article shows that ruling-class schooling of boys in boarding schools involves “sending away” and initial loneliness, bonding in groups demanding allegiance, attachment to tradition, subjection ...


A Continuous Association …: Airaanz As A Scholarly Association , Diana J. Kelly Feb 2005

A Continuous Association …: Airaanz As A Scholarly Association , Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Over twenty years ago industrial relations academics in Australia and New Zealand formed a scholarly association as one means of strengthening their field of study. This paper considers the nature and effects of Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand on academic industrial relations in light of the changing context for universities and employment relations in Australia, on the one hand, and the broader literature on scholarly communities on the other hand. The paper concludes that the foundation ideals of AIRAANZ have served the scholarly community well.


Treated Timber, Toxic Time-Bomb: The Need For A Precautionary Approach To The Use Of Copper Chrome Arsenate (Cca) As A Timber Preservative, N. Lansbury, Sharon Beder Feb 2005

Treated Timber, Toxic Time-Bomb: The Need For A Precautionary Approach To The Use Of Copper Chrome Arsenate (Cca) As A Timber Preservative, N. Lansbury, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Timber preserved with Copper Chrome Arsenate (CCA) is ubiquitous in Australia. Wood, such as radiata pine, is treated with CCA to protect it from insects, rot and fungus. CCA-treated timber is commonly used on telegraph poles, decking, fencing, landscaping, vineyard stakes, picnic tables and in playgrounds. However the arsenic in CCA leaches out of CCA-treated timber and arsenic is toxic and can cause cancer in the long-term.

There is a growing body of scientific evidence that timber treated with CCA poses a danger to both humans and the environment. As a result, authorities around the world are imposing tighter restrictions ...


The Green Constituency - Evidence From Cunningham, Stephen M. Brown, Damien Cahill Jan 2005

The Green Constituency - Evidence From Cunningham, Stephen M. Brown, Damien Cahill

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

There has been much interest during recent years in the factors underpinning a rise in support for the Greens in Australian politics. For several years, the Greens have laid claim to the title of a third force in Australian politics. Their leader, Bob Brown, is now one of the more recognizable politicians in the news media. At the 2004 Federal election, support for the Greens easily surpassed, for the first time, that of the Democrats, hitherto the Greens’ main rival in the 'third political force' stakes. Examining the Federal seat of Cunningham as a case study, this paper seeks to ...


Art And Advocacy: Mary Alice Evatt In The 1930s And '40s, Melissa Boyde Jan 2005

Art And Advocacy: Mary Alice Evatt In The 1930s And '40s, Melissa Boyde

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

On her return to Australia from Europe in 1939, Mary Alice Evatt remarked in an interview for the Australian Women s Weekly that paintings devoted to gum trees, sheep, koalas and misty seascapes were the only Australian works selected to hang in World Fair Art Exhibitions. In addition she derided the decision makers who overlooked Australia's modernist, experimental artists, many of whom were women: 'if only those in authority were to select the paintings of Australian artists who prefer creation to photography, and were less overawed by official selection bodies, Australia might find a worthy place on the art ...


Tales Of Internment: The Story Of Andrea La Macchia, Gaetano Rando Jan 2005

Tales Of Internment: The Story Of Andrea La Macchia, Gaetano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Relates the plight of one Italian migrant, Andrea La Macchia, who arrived in Australia in 1940 only to be caught up in the events following Italy's entry into the war by being interned for nearly three years. His story is placed in the general context of the internment experience.


Europe And Refugees: A Sparrow's Eye View, Alastair Davidson Jan 2005

Europe And Refugees: A Sparrow's Eye View, Alastair Davidson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This chapter contrasts Australian and European policies and attitudes towards refugees and asylum seekers, and suggests that underlying European attitudes there is a stronger sense of social decency, based on a longer and deeper historical perspective. A detailed examination of European treatment of refugees and asylum seekers would be more critical of European treatment, but compared with Australia's, European refugee policy does not appear so bad. While it is easy to point at figures like Le Pen or the late Pym Forteyn as examples of European failure, the difference between Australia and Europe is summed up in the Human ...


The British And Rubber In Malaya, C1890-1940, James Hagan, Andrew Wells Jan 2005

The British And Rubber In Malaya, C1890-1940, James Hagan, Andrew Wells

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper aims to explain the relations between Capital and Labour on the rubber plantations in Malaya until the time of the Japanese invasion. It examines the way in which the British acquired and controlled land as a resource, and the ways in which companies raised and applied investment capital. It considers the means of recruiting an adequate supply of labour, and controlling it as a workforce; it demonstrates a close relationship between the rubber companies and the State, which was modified by the special interests of the State itself.


Report On The International Conference: 'Mobile Communications And Health: Medical, Biological And Social Problems', Sept 20-22 2004, Moscow, Russia, Donald Maisch Jan 2005

Report On The International Conference: 'Mobile Communications And Health: Medical, Biological And Social Problems', Sept 20-22 2004, Moscow, Russia, Donald Maisch

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This conference report summarizes the research, views, disagreements, recommendations and conclusions of the above conference, with the author's comments on the apparent editing and changing of the final press release compared to what was stated or agreed at the conference.


Australia And Asia - Refugee Practices And Policies, Jo Coghlan, Robyn Iredale Jan 2005

Australia And Asia - Refugee Practices And Policies, Jo Coghlan, Robyn Iredale

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The demise of the old European empires and the rise of the modern nation state meant that masses of people were displaced by the new boundaries and new principles of the nation state. Mass migration, forced or voluntary-a consequence of the nationalist or ethnic makeup of many new states-created the modern refugee. Refugees are people who have been forced to leave their homelands because of a well-founded fear of persecution or a threat to their survival or that of their immediate families. International laws were developed to protect those not protected by their own governments or who came under threat ...


Challenges In Understanding Public Responses And Providing Effective Public Consultation On Water Reuse, Stewart Russell, Gregory R. Hampton Jan 2005

Challenges In Understanding Public Responses And Providing Effective Public Consultation On Water Reuse, Stewart Russell, Gregory R. Hampton

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper suggests key challenges facing our understanding of public responses to water recycling and our efforts to provide effective public consultation. The current understanding of public reactions to water recycling is insufficient to predict support in general or for specific schemes, and cannot obviate a thorough investigation and engagement for each proposal. Such support as is evident may not be robust. We need to provide better opportunities and mechanisms, and a wider scope, for community involvement. These entail a broader conception of the information needs of participants, and careful integration of education and consultation processes. Our discussion forms the ...


Introduction - A Turbulent Decade: Social Protest Movement And The Labour Movement, 1965-1975, Rowan Cahill Jan 2005

Introduction - A Turbulent Decade: Social Protest Movement And The Labour Movement, 1965-1975, Rowan Cahill

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The Conference, 'Social Protest Movements and the Labour Movement, 1965-1975', was held in Sydney on September 22-23, 2001. It took place eleven days after Muslim militants crashed hijacked airliners into the World Trade Centre in New York and into the Pentagon, and nine days after the Australian government, in consultation with the United States government, invoked relevant provisions of the ANZUS treaty equating an attack on the US as an attack on Australia's peace and safety. Australia was heading for military involvement in a war against the hapless, impoverished nation of Mghanistan - a war that US President George W ...


The Beating Of Rodney King: The Dynamics Of Backfire, Brian Martin Jan 2005

The Beating Of Rodney King: The Dynamics Of Backfire, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The 1991 beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police provides rich case material in how an attack perceived as unjust can backfire. Drawing on nonviolence theory, an original framework is developed to analyze attacks as potential backfires that are usually, but not always, inhibited. Attackers can use a variety of methods to inhibit backfires, including covering up the attack, devaluing the target, reinterpreting the events, using official channels, and using intimidation and bribery. Writings on the Rodney King beating include evidence on the use of each of these methods. Studying the backfire process offers improved understanding on how to ...


Embodying Transnationalism: The Making Of The Indonesian Maid, Lenore T. Lyons Jan 2005

Embodying Transnationalism: The Making Of The Indonesian Maid, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Extract: Female domestic workers are emblematic of the increasing movement of peoples across national borders. The global economic and cultural flows associated with transnational migration play a significant role in shaping the construction of gender in both sending and receiving countries by creating new forms of subjectivity and community, and destabilising traditional national boundaries. The interplay between local expressions of gender relations, and macro-level global processes, is central to the processes of nation-building and nationalism. This paper examines the material and discursive practices that produce foreign domestic workers as ‘symbolic border guards’ (Armstrong) between ‘here’ and ‘there’, between ‘us’ and ...


Vampiric Decolonization: Fanon, 'Terrorism' And Mudrooroo’S Vampire Trilogy, Gerry Turcotte Jan 2005

Vampiric Decolonization: Fanon, 'Terrorism' And Mudrooroo’S Vampire Trilogy, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] Long before the fact of Australia was ever confirmed by explorers and cartographers it had already been imagined as a grotesque space, a land peopled by monsters.1 The idea of its existence was disputed, was even heretical for a time, and with the advent of the transportation of convicts its darkness seemed confirmed. The Antipodes was a world of reversals, the dark subconscious of Britain. It was, for all intents and purposes, Gothic par excellence, the dungeon of the world. It is perhaps for this reason that the Gothic as a mode has been a consistent presence in ...


Transformative Soundscapes: Innovating De Forest Phonofilms Talkies In Australia, Brian M. Yecies Jan 2005

Transformative Soundscapes: Innovating De Forest Phonofilms Talkies In Australia, Brian M. Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The coming of sound to cinemas around the world traditionally has been included in the writings about great men and all-powerful companies and how their visions and integrated industry connections helped them maintain a dominating monopoly of the motion picture industry. Important and canonical reports of these business histories have been documented and offered by Tino Balio (1976; 1985; 1993), David Bordwell, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson (1985), Douglas Gomery (1986), Thomas Schatz (1988), John Belton (1994), Robert Sklar (1994), Donald Crafton (1997) and Ruth Vasey (1997) in the US and by Sally Stockbridge (1979), Susan Dermody (1981), John Tulloch ...


Inverse Invasions: Medievalism And Colonialism In Rolf Boldrewood's 'A Sydney-Side Saxon', Louise D'Arcens Jan 2005

Inverse Invasions: Medievalism And Colonialism In Rolf Boldrewood's 'A Sydney-Side Saxon', Louise D'Arcens

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Rolf Boldrewood’s forgotten 1894 novel, A Sydney-Side Saxon, merits reexamination as a fascinating nineteenth-century medievalist vision of Australian national identity. The novel’s vision of pastoral Australia depends on idiosyncratic notions of Saxon and Norman ethnicity derived from Scott’s Ivanhoe. While Scott’s portrait of post-conquest England dramatizes the ethnic and political conflict between Norman conquerors and subjected Saxons, Boldrewood consistently presents Norman and Saxons as two complementary sides of an English ‘type’ that is perfectly fitted to achieve the colonial settlement of Australia. Boldrewood’s racialized vision of England’s medieval past informs not only his novel ...


Review Of Women In The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia, 2 Vols, Louise D'Arcens Jan 2005

Review Of Women In The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia, 2 Vols, Louise D'Arcens

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

At the 2003 International Congress at Leeds, a panel posed the question of whether feminist medieval studies can be said today to be "pressing or passé." Far from signalling the obsolescence of feminist investigations into the Middle Ages, the posing of such a question reflects the extent to which feminist scholarship, and in particular the study of medieval women, has consolidated its position within the larger field of Medieval Studies. Similarly, the appearance of a watershed resource such as Women in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia is a clear sign not of only how far scholarship on medieval women has ...