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2005

Essays in Philosophy

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Current Crisis In American Morality: How Big Business Has Contributed To, And Ought To Address, The Crisis, Susan Anderson Jun 2005

The Current Crisis In American Morality: How Big Business Has Contributed To, And Ought To Address, The Crisis, Susan Anderson

Essays in Philosophy

In this paper, I argue that several features of Big Business in the United States, and its influence on our society, have caused far too many Americans to stop thinking about what is morally right as they choose their actions. An ethical vacuum has been created that Big Business has been only too glad to fill with questionable values that Americans have absorbed without consciously embracing. The time is right, and the stakes have never been higher, for us to reflect on our values and change our thinking and behavior. Big Business and Philosophy each have important roles to play ...


Review Of “Truth And Justification”, Karim Dharamsi Jun 2005

Review Of “Truth And Justification”, Karim Dharamsi

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


An Extreme Example? Using Arendt’S Eichmann In Jerusalem In The Business Ethics Classroom, Peter Gratton Jun 2005

An Extreme Example? Using Arendt’S Eichmann In Jerusalem In The Business Ethics Classroom, Peter Gratton

Essays in Philosophy

With Eichmann in Jerusalem, we have, I would admit, a most unlikely case study for use in a business ethics classroom. The story of Eichmann is already some sixty years old, and his activities in his career as a Nazi were far beyond the pale of even the most egregious cases found in the typical business ethics case books. No doubt, there is some truth to the fact that introducing Eichmann’s story into an applied ethics class would inevitably depict an unseemly analogy between the practices of latter day corporations and the bureaucracy of the Nazi era. My argument ...


Review Of “Debates In Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology”, John Scott Gray Jun 2005

Review Of “Debates In Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology”, John Scott Gray

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Basic Writings”, Brian Gregor Jun 2005

Review Of “Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Basic Writings”, Brian Gregor

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Amorality Of Public Corporations, James Hazelton Jun 2005

The Amorality Of Public Corporations, James Hazelton

Essays in Philosophy

We consider whether public corporations can be ethical, using the notion of corporate social responsibility (CSR). We distinguish between ‘weak’ CSR (where corporate profitability is enhanced by pursuing social and environmental objectives) and ‘strong’ CSR (where it is not) and consider four possible positions in relation to strong CSR. First, CSR is unnecessary – good ethics is synonymous with good business. Second, CSR is unethical as the government is responsible for intervention in markets. Third, CSR is ethical and is being implemented by corporations. We find none of these positions convincing and argue a fourth position – CSR is ethical but impossible ...


Review Of “Varieties Of Religion Today: William James Revisited”, Apple Zefelius Igrek Jun 2005

Review Of “Varieties Of Religion Today: William James Revisited”, Apple Zefelius Igrek

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Towards An Environmental Political Economy, David R. Keller Jun 2005

Towards An Environmental Political Economy, David R. Keller

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Happy Lives And The Highest Good: An Essay On Aristotle’S Nichomachean Ethics”, Jon Mahoney Kansas State University Jun 2005

Review Of “Happy Lives And The Highest Good: An Essay On Aristotle’S Nichomachean Ethics”, Jon Mahoney Kansas State University

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Confusion: A Study In The Theory Of Knowledge”, David B. Martens Jun 2005

Review Of “Confusion: A Study In The Theory Of Knowledge”, David B. Martens

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Right To Choose: Why Governments Should Compel The Tobacco Industry To Disclose Their Ingredients, H. E. May, J. S. Wigand Jun 2005

The Right To Choose: Why Governments Should Compel The Tobacco Industry To Disclose Their Ingredients, H. E. May, J. S. Wigand

Essays in Philosophy

Pursuant to the Doctrine of Consumer Sovereignty, we believe that tobacco companies should be compelled to disclose their ingredients so that the public health community can make more informed recommendations in order to protect consumer autonomy and sovereignty. However, a recent decision by the First Circuit precludes such a disclosure since it would be unduly burdensome to the industry, while granting only minimal gains to the public. We argue that many of the Court’s key claims rest on a misunderstanding of the science and chemistry of tobacco products. In our view, a mandatory disclosure of ingredients would more effectively ...


Review Of “The African Philosophy Reader”, Joseph Osei Jun 2005

Review Of “The African Philosophy Reader”, Joseph Osei

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Vol. 6, No. 2, James E. Roper Jun 2005

Introduction To Vol. 6, No. 2, James E. Roper

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Ethics, Technology, And Posthuman Communities, Steven Benko Jan 2005

Ethics, Technology, And Posthuman Communities, Steven Benko

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Sonar Technology And Shifts In Environmental Ethics, Christine James Jan 2005

Sonar Technology And Shifts In Environmental Ethics, Christine James

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Many Faces Of Science And Technology Relationships, Ana Cuevas Jan 2005

The Many Faces Of Science And Technology Relationships, Ana Cuevas

Essays in Philosophy

In this paper, the different theories about science and technology relationships are analyzed. All of them have some virtues, but also one main defect: these theories do not take into account other well-founded possible relationships. The origin of this problem is the narrow view about science and technology. In this paper another characterization about technology based on Ronald Giere’s perspective is suggested. In the light of this new description, six different relationships between science and technology arise. Some of these relations had been explained in the before analyzed theories, but others emerge from the new portrayal.


Review Of “Politics Of Nature: How To Bring The Sciences Into Democracy”, Peter H. Denton Jan 2005

Review Of “Politics Of Nature: How To Bring The Sciences Into Democracy”, Peter H. Denton

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Philosophy Regarding Technology, James Farris Jan 2005

Philosophy Regarding Technology, James Farris

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Chess, Games, And Flies, Stefano Franchi Jan 2005

Chess, Games, And Flies, Stefano Franchi

Essays in Philosophy

Research in Artificial Intelligence has always had a very strong relationship with games and game- playing, and especially with chess. Workers in AI have always denied that this interest was more than purely accidental. Parlor games, they claimed, became a favorite topic of interest because they provided the ideal test case for any simulation of intelligence. Chess is the Drosophila of AI, it was said, with reference to the fruit-fly whose fast reproductive cycle made it into a favorite test bed for genetic theories for almost a century. In this paper I will try to show Artificial Intelligence’s relationship ...


Review Of “Marginal Groups And Mainstream American Culture”, J. M. Fritzman Jan 2005

Review Of “Marginal Groups And Mainstream American Culture”, J. M. Fritzman

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Mind Incarnate”, Gregory D. Gilson Jan 2005

Review Of “The Mind Incarnate”, Gregory D. Gilson

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


(En)Framing Heidegger’S Philosophy Of Technology, Ronald Godzinski Jr. Jan 2005

(En)Framing Heidegger’S Philosophy Of Technology, Ronald Godzinski Jr.

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Anti-Individualism And Knowledge”, Benjamin A. Gorman Jan 2005

Review Of “Anti-Individualism And Knowledge”, Benjamin A. Gorman

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Strangers, Gods, And Monsters: Interpreting Otherness”, Brian Gregor Jan 2005

Review Of “Strangers, Gods, And Monsters: Interpreting Otherness”, Brian Gregor

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Departing From Frege: Essays In The Philosophy Of Language”, Robert M. Harnish Jan 2005

Review Of “Departing From Frege: Essays In The Philosophy Of Language”, Robert M. Harnish

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Collapse Of The Fact/Value Dichotomy And Other Essays”, Thomas Keith Jan 2005

Review Of “The Collapse Of The Fact/Value Dichotomy And Other Essays”, Thomas Keith

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Genealogy Of Nihilism”, Malek K. Khazaee Jan 2005

Review Of “Genealogy Of Nihilism”, Malek K. Khazaee

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Technology: History And Philosophy, Keekok Lee Jan 2005

Technology: History And Philosophy, Keekok Lee

Essays in Philosophy

It is sometimes remarked that while the preoccupation with the history of technology is a mature and well-established discipline, the preoccupation with the philosophy of technology is at best recent, and at worst considered as marginal in academic terms. In contrast, its relative, the philosophy of science is eminently respectable and unquestioningly accepted by the philosophical community.

This paper, first, briefly sets out the historical relationship between science and technology in the West. Against such a context, it then looks at the epistemological values and goals embedded respectively in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of technology, to consider ...


Review Of “Understanding The Political Philosophers: From Ancient To Modern Times”, Jon Mahoney Jan 2005

Review Of “Understanding The Political Philosophers: From Ancient To Modern Times”, Jon Mahoney

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Nature Of The Mind: An Introduction”, Hugh Marlowe Jan 2005

Review Of “The Nature Of The Mind: An Introduction”, Hugh Marlowe

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.