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Against Bullshit: Christopher Hitchens And The Public Intellectual, M. J. Bumb Jan 2005

Against Bullshit: Christopher Hitchens And The Public Intellectual, M. J. Bumb

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


King Bacca's Throne: Land, Life, And Labor In The Old Bright Belt Since 1880, Evan Patrick Bennett Jan 2005

King Bacca's Throne: Land, Life, And Labor In The Old Bright Belt Since 1880, Evan Patrick Bennett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the late nineteenth century, bright tobacco came to dominate the agricultural production of the Virginia-North Carolina Piedmont. as the cultivation of bright tobacco spread, it created a new economy and social order centered on small, family-operated farms. For over a century, tobacco remained at the center of the region's economic and social order, even as numerous economic, technological and cultural forces reshaped the realities of tobacco agriculture. This dissertation explores the effects of these forces on the lives of the region's farm families. While many historian's have described tobacco farm life in terms of inexorable decline ...


Facing Independence: American Revolutionary Portraits Within The Context Of British Identity, Susan Jensen Rawles Jan 2005

Facing Independence: American Revolutionary Portraits Within The Context Of British Identity, Susan Jensen Rawles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This paper examines the content of eighteenth-century American and British portraits within the ideologically-expanding context of eighteenth-century British identity. It explores the ways in which Britons and Americans negotiated who they were and, consequently, their claims on society, in the era preceding and including the American Revolution. It does so for three reasons: to advance a more interdisciplinary approach to the study of American portraiture; to motivate further dialogue on the relationship between American and British portraits; and to invoke the potential for American portraits as documentary evidence of social history.;Through historical examination of philosophical influences informing the development ...


Absconded: Fugitive Slaves In The "Daybook Of The Richmond Police Guard, 1834--1844", Leni Ashmore Sorensen Jan 2005

Absconded: Fugitive Slaves In The "Daybook Of The Richmond Police Guard, 1834--1844", Leni Ashmore Sorensen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the antebellum period Richmond, Virginia newspapers ran advertisements for runaway slaves. Most of the ads concerned individuals absconded from outlying counties, distant regions of the state, or nearby states. These short notices have been used frequently to describe and discuss runaways and the link between flight and freedom in Virginia. In contrast to the brief newspaper entries the Daybook of the Richmond Police Guard, 1834--1844 provides names and detailed descriptions of nine hundred-thirty-five runaways all of whom lived in the city and were reported within the city precincts during one ten year period. The Daybook is a hand written ...


Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, Slaves And The American Revolution In The Deep South, 1775-1782, James R. Piecuch Jan 2005

Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, Slaves And The American Revolution In The Deep South, 1775-1782, James R. Piecuch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the roles of white loyalists, Indians and African-Americans in the British effort to regain control of South Carolina and Georgia during the American Revolution, 1775--1782.;British officials believed that support from these three groups would make the conquest of the Deep South colonies a relatively easy task. But when the British launched a major effort to regain first Georgia and then South Carolina, the attempt ultimately ended in failure. Most historians have explained this outcome by arguing that British planning was faulty in its conception, and that officials overestimated both the numbers of southern loyalists and the ...


(Un)Conventional Coupling: Interracial Sex And Intimacy In Contemporary Neo-Slave Narratives, Colleen Doyle Worrell Jan 2005

(Un)Conventional Coupling: Interracial Sex And Intimacy In Contemporary Neo-Slave Narratives, Colleen Doyle Worrell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"(Un)Conventional Coupling" initiates a more expansive critical conversation on the contemporary neo-slave narrative. The dissertation's central argument is that authors of neo-slave narratives rely on the politicized theme of interracial coupling to both reimagine history and explore the possibility of social transformation. to establish a framework for my particular focus on interracial intimacy, this study extends the boundaries of the genre by adopting Paul Gilroy's theory of the black Atlantic. This theoretical paradigm serves as a provisional framework for both accommodating and analyzing the complexity of authorship, nationality, and influence within this large body of work.;This ...


Marketing To The 'Liberated' Woman: Feminism, Social Change, And Beauty Culture, 1960--2000, Elizabeth A. Kreydatus Jan 2005

Marketing To The 'Liberated' Woman: Feminism, Social Change, And Beauty Culture, 1960--2000, Elizabeth A. Kreydatus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation is a study of the influence of the women's movement on the marketing of beauty products between 1960 and 2000. The first and last chapters study feminist critiques of normative beauty standards and explore the challenges feminists faced when they tried to effect cultural change.;While the dissertation is framed by analysis of feminist engagement with beauty culture, the bulk of the dissertation examines beauty industries, focusing on the ways that these industries reflect debates over woman's identity and status. Chapter two traces the marketing of perfume between 1960 and 2000 by chronicling changing advertising campaigns ...


Envisioning Black Childhood: Black Nationalism, Community, And Identity Construction In Black Arts Movement Children's Literature, Meredith Meagan Crawford Jan 2005

Envisioning Black Childhood: Black Nationalism, Community, And Identity Construction In Black Arts Movement Children's Literature, Meredith Meagan Crawford

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The United States Army Chaplain As Prophet In The Twenty-First Century: "Is There A Soul Of Goodness In Things Evil?", Donald W. Kammer Jan 2005

The United States Army Chaplain As Prophet In The Twenty-First Century: "Is There A Soul Of Goodness In Things Evil?", Donald W. Kammer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Blue Notes And Brown Skin: Five African-American Jazzmen And The Music They Produced In Regard To The American Civil Rights Movement, Benjamin Park Anderson Jan 2005

Blue Notes And Brown Skin: Five African-American Jazzmen And The Music They Produced In Regard To The American Civil Rights Movement, Benjamin Park Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Integrating The Personal And The Political: The Body Politics In "Daughter Of Earth", Han Shen Jan 2005

Integrating The Personal And The Political: The Body Politics In "Daughter Of Earth", Han Shen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Predator Management And Colonial Culture, 1600-1741: A Study In Historical Ecology, Samuel Taylor Elswick Jan 2005

Predator Management And Colonial Culture, 1600-1741: A Study In Historical Ecology, Samuel Taylor Elswick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Fostering Pride And Badges Of Oppression: A Contextual Study Of British Military Buttons From Paget Fort, Bermuda, 1778-1820, Paul M. Nasca Jan 2005

Fostering Pride And Badges Of Oppression: A Contextual Study Of British Military Buttons From Paget Fort, Bermuda, 1778-1820, Paul M. Nasca

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Schoolhouse Behind Every Cannon: Freedpeople's Education And Reconstruction In Virginia, 1864-1876, Justin Andrew Pariseau Jan 2005

A Schoolhouse Behind Every Cannon: Freedpeople's Education And Reconstruction In Virginia, 1864-1876, Justin Andrew Pariseau

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Who Was Buried In James Madison's Grave?: A Study In Contextual Analysis, Charles Thomas Chapman Jan 2005

Who Was Buried In James Madison's Grave?: A Study In Contextual Analysis, Charles Thomas Chapman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Petticoat Flag: The Actions Of Confederate Women In Missouri During The Civil War, Jill Pesesky Jan 2005

Petticoat Flag: The Actions Of Confederate Women In Missouri During The Civil War, Jill Pesesky

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Between Black And White: The Religious Aftermath Of Nat Turner's Rebellion, Nancy Alenda Hillman Jan 2005

Between Black And White: The Religious Aftermath Of Nat Turner's Rebellion, Nancy Alenda Hillman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Subconscious Influences: The Leopold-Loeb Case And The Development Of An American Criminal Archetype, John Carl Fiorini Jan 2005

Subconscious Influences: The Leopold-Loeb Case And The Development Of An American Criminal Archetype, John Carl Fiorini

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Williamsburg And Urbanization In Antebellum Virginia: "A Place--A Process--A Parade Of Change That Continues Forward", Elisabeth Frederick Butler Jan 2005

Williamsburg And Urbanization In Antebellum Virginia: "A Place--A Process--A Parade Of Change That Continues Forward", Elisabeth Frederick Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Treasonous Patriots: The Secret Committee Of Six And Violent Abolitionism, Kristen Kimberly Epps Jan 2005

Treasonous Patriots: The Secret Committee Of Six And Violent Abolitionism, Kristen Kimberly Epps

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"A Nation's Wail Their Requiem!": Memory And Identity In The Commemoration Of The American Civil War Dead, 1865-1870, Diana Williams Bell Jan 2005

"A Nation's Wail Their Requiem!": Memory And Identity In The Commemoration Of The American Civil War Dead, 1865-1870, Diana Williams Bell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Predicting Aggression Using Domains Of Self-Esteem: Direct And Indirect Aggression In Males And Females As A Function Of Domain-Specific Self-Esteem, Carolyn Randolph Hodges Jan 2005

Predicting Aggression Using Domains Of Self-Esteem: Direct And Indirect Aggression In Males And Females As A Function Of Domain-Specific Self-Esteem, Carolyn Randolph Hodges

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Far Out Past": Hemingway, Manhood, And Modernism, Timothy L. Barnard Jan 2005

"Far Out Past": Hemingway, Manhood, And Modernism, Timothy L. Barnard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation investigates Ernest Hemingway's authorship as an instance of international modernisms forming as sustained engagements with gender and sexuality. By focusing on four of Hemingway's most experimental texts it shows how a figure of both "high" and "popular" modernism sought to occupy a heterogeneous space of cultural queerness vitalized by masculinity, national and ethnic identities, and writing.;The introduction discusses how post-war gender, sexual, and literary discourses reflected period obsessions with authenticity in the face of a rising commodity culture. It also introduces the dissertation's argument that Hemingway's success in becoming a valuable "literary property ...


Science And Imagination In Anglo-American Children's Books, 1760--1855, Sandra Burr Jan 2005

Science And Imagination In Anglo-American Children's Books, 1760--1855, Sandra Burr

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Didactic, scientifically oriented children's literature crisscrossed the Atlantic in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, finding wide popularity in Great Britain and the United States; yet the genre has since suffered from a reputation for being dull and pedantic and has been neglected by scholars. Challenging this scholarly devaluation, "Science and Imagination in Anglo-American Children's Books, 1760--1855" argues that didactic, scientifically oriented children's books play upon and encourage the use of the imagination. Three significant Anglo-American children's authors---Thomas Day, Maria Edgeworth, and Nathaniel Hawthorne---infuse their writings with the wonders of science and the clear message that an ...


"More Than Shelter": Community, Identity, And Spatial Politics In San Francisco Public Housing, 1938--2000, Amy L. Howard Jan 2005

"More Than Shelter": Community, Identity, And Spatial Politics In San Francisco Public Housing, 1938--2000, Amy L. Howard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During the second half of the twentieth century, scholars and journalists documented the failures of the public housing program in the United States with a range of studies focusing on the Midwest and East. Problems such as displacement, criminal activity, high vacancy rates, racial segregation, and the isolation of tenants informed critiques of federally-subsidized housing for low-income families. These aspects contributed to the national image of "the projects" as high-rise ghettos, populated primarily by African Americans, and located in run-down areas. Public housing with its position at the crossroads of national, state, and local politics and policies as well as ...


Nathaniel Jocelyn: In The Service Of Art And Abolition, Toby Maria Chieffo-Reidway Jan 2005

Nathaniel Jocelyn: In The Service Of Art And Abolition, Toby Maria Chieffo-Reidway

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Through my dissertation, I embark on a biographical, cultural and historical study of artist and abolitionist Nathaniel Jocelyn (1796-1881), primarily known as a nineteenth-century portrait painter and engraver in New Haven, Connecticut. Although Jocelyn received little formal training, he sought to become a preeminent portrait painter. Together with his younger brother, Simeon Smith Jocelyn (1799-1879), he established a successful engraving firm designing banknotes, maps, atlases, and book illustrations.;Jocelyn lived in an age of evangelical revivalism commonly called the Second Great Awakening. He was a devout Congregationalist and saw the various aspects of his life embedded in his religious convictions ...


Judas Exposed: Labor Spies In The United States, Jennifer D. Luff Jan 2005

Judas Exposed: Labor Spies In The United States, Jennifer D. Luff

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the phenomenon of labor espionage from the mid-nineteenth century through the 1930s. Trade unionists coined the term to describe the use of undercover agents posing as workers to collect information for employers about their employees' opinions and activities. Labor spies sometimes identified union supporters and blocked organizing drives; other spies functioned more like surrogate supervisors checking on job performance.;I explore the origins of labor espionage in "spotting," undercover surveillance of railway workers by private detectives to catch theft. I argue that spotting began as a management technology to cope with large dispersed railway workforces, but managers ...


The Jeffersons At Shadwell: The Social And Material World Of A Virginia Family, Susan A. Kern Jan 2005

The Jeffersons At Shadwell: The Social And Material World Of A Virginia Family, Susan A. Kern

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

From the 1730s through the 1770s Shadwell was home to Jane and Peter Jefferson, their eight children, over sixty slaves owned by them, and numerous hired workers. Archaeological and documentary evidence reveals much about Thomas Jefferson's boyhood home. Shadwell was a well-appointed gentry house at the center of a highly structured plantation landscape during a period of Piedmont settlement that scholars have traditionally classified as frontier. Yet the Jeffersons accommodated in their house, landscape, material goods, and behaviors the most up-to-date expectations of Virginia's elite tidewater culture. The material remnants of Shadwell raise questions about the character of ...


Medicating Slavery: Motherhood, Health Care, And Cultural Practices In The African Diaspora, Ywone Edwards-Ingram Jan 2005

Medicating Slavery: Motherhood, Health Care, And Cultural Practices In The African Diaspora, Ywone Edwards-Ingram

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A sophisticated exploration of the intricacies of motherhood and health care practices of people of African descent, especially the enslaved population of Virginia, can shed light on their notions of a well-lived life and the factors preventing or contributing to these principles. I situate my dissertation within this ideal as I examine how the health and well-being of enslaved people were linked to broader issues of economic exploitation, domination, resistance, accommodation, and cultural interactions. Historical and archaeological studies have shown that the living and working conditions of enslaved people were detrimental to their health. Building on these findings, I explore ...


Screen Strife: Race, Gender, And Movie Censorship In The New South, 1922--1965, Melissa D. Ooten Jan 2005

Screen Strife: Race, Gender, And Movie Censorship In The New South, 1922--1965, Melissa D. Ooten

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In 1922, Virginia's General Assembly created a Motion Picture Censorship Board, which viewed every movie seeking legal exhibition in Virginia until 1965. This cultural regulation of popular culture complemented other economic and political policies of the state designed to buttress the power of white, middle-to-upper class elites within the state. to this end, the censors, empowered by the authority of the state, were particularly concerned with regulating certain images of African Americans and female sexuality on-screen.;Yet the process of censorship was a contested, fluid practice, and individuals and community groups protested formal censorship decisions. Furthermore, filmmakers whose films ...