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2005

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Articles 1081 - 1104 of 1104

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Context Principle, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2004

The Context Principle, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Ellipsis And Non-Sentential Speech, Ray Elugardo, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2004

Introduction To Ellipsis And Non-Sentential Speech, Ray Elugardo, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Objects, Properties, And Functions, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2004

Objects, Properties, And Functions, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

Objects are contrasted with properties, by means of examples, non-linguistic hallmarks, and linguistic correspondents. Hard cases of objects which are in some respects akin to properties are considered, but the idea that properties simply are another kind of object is rejected. Finally, properties are seen to be interchangeable with a certain kind of function.


Null Complements: Licensed By Syntax Or By Semantics-Pragmatics?, Corinne Iten, M.-O. Junker, Aryn Pyke, Robert J. Stainton, Catherine Wearking Dec 2004

Null Complements: Licensed By Syntax Or By Semantics-Pragmatics?, Corinne Iten, M.-O. Junker, Aryn Pyke, Robert J. Stainton, Catherine Wearking

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


In Defense Of Non-Sentential Assertion, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2004

In Defense Of Non-Sentential Assertion, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

A defense of non-sentential assertion against Jason Stanley and Peter Ludlow


Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (Spanish/Espanol), Gil J. Villagran Dec 2004

Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (Spanish/Espanol), Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

About my father's experience as a Bracero (in Spanish)


The Opacity Of Transparency, Mark Fenster Dec 2004

The Opacity Of Transparency, Mark Fenster

Mark Fenster

The normative concept of transparency, along with the open government laws that purport to create a transparent public system of governance promise the world—a democratic and accountable state above all, and a peaceful, prosperous, and efficient one as well. But transparency, in its role as the theoretical justification for a set of legal commands, frustrates all parties affected by its ambiguities and abstractions. The public’s engagement with transparency in practice yields denials of reasonable requests for essential government information, as well as government meetings that occur behind closed doors. Meanwhile, state officials bemoan the significantly impaired decision-making processes ...


Anarchist Direct Actions: A Challenge For Law Enforcement, Randy Borum Dec 2004

Anarchist Direct Actions: A Challenge For Law Enforcement, Randy Borum

Randy Borum

No abstract provided.


Waiting For Some Angel: Indigenous Rights As An Ethical Imperative In The Theory And Practice Of Human Rights, Sam Grey Dec 2004

Waiting For Some Angel: Indigenous Rights As An Ethical Imperative In The Theory And Practice Of Human Rights, Sam Grey

Sam Grey

This article uses the stalled Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as the impetus for an examination of arguments championing and opposing the framing of Indigenous rights as human rights. Failings both theoretical and practical – in the conceptualisation, promulgation and interpretation of human rights – have long left Aboriginal peoples at a disadvantage. The dual focus of Indigenous claims is unique in the rights lexicon, asserting the right to be simultaneously different from and equal to the majority population. Yet Indigenous rights are often perceived, by governments with the power to block their progress, as a threat to state ...


Review Of Paul Chilton's (2004) Analysing Political Discourse, Adam Hodges Dec 2004

Review Of Paul Chilton's (2004) Analysing Political Discourse, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

No abstract provided.


Health And Disease In Greece: Past, Present And Future, Anastasia Tsaliki, C. Roberts, C. Bourbou, A. Lagia, S. Triantaphyllou Dec 2004

Health And Disease In Greece: Past, Present And Future, Anastasia Tsaliki, C. Roberts, C. Bourbou, A. Lagia, S. Triantaphyllou

Dr Anastasia Tsaliki, PhD

No abstract provided.


Desafios Da Constituição Europeia À Teoria Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2004

Desafios Da Constituição Europeia À Teoria Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

The project of the “Treaty that establishes a Constitution for the Europe”, beyond its political consequences, puts some challenges to the classical constitutional theory. At first sight, it seems completely heterodox towards canon constitutional tendencies, and first of all in what concerns the constituent power classical theories. However, a more rigorous analysis of the history of the modern constitutionalism and its founding texts, mainly French, can lead us to detect very revealing bridges between the liberal modern constitutionalism of the XVIIIth century and the present constitution making of a codified European Constitution. The “treaty” formula that was adopted also represents ...


Culture, Apology, And International Negotiation: The Case Of The Sino-U.S. ‘Spy Plane’ Crisis, Zheng Wang Dec 2004

Culture, Apology, And International Negotiation: The Case Of The Sino-U.S. ‘Spy Plane’ Crisis, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Vowel Shifting As A Marker Of Social Identity In The Portuguese Dialect Of Nordeste, Sao Miguel (Azores), David Silva Dec 2004

Vowel Shifting As A Marker Of Social Identity In The Portuguese Dialect Of Nordeste, Sao Miguel (Azores), David Silva

David Silva

English:
Several authors have described the variety of Portuguese spoken on the island of São Miguel (Azores,) but the speech of the Micaelans has never been analyzed from a contemporary sociolinguistic perspective. In this work, we present a quantitative analysis of the dialect of the village of Northeast (São Miguel), in which a vowel system is revealed whose variation oscillates between the island pronunciations of the tonic vowels and the corresponding forms of the Portuguese standard language. For example, while all the informants in the corpus pronounced the vowel tonic u as the previous high vowel rounded [y] (as u ...


Narrowing The Gap, Between The African-Centered And Postmodernist Interpretations Of Pan-Africanism In Contemporary Black-Atlantic Studies.Pdf, Babacar Mbaye Dec 2004

Narrowing The Gap, Between The African-Centered And Postmodernist Interpretations Of Pan-Africanism In Contemporary Black-Atlantic Studies.Pdf, Babacar Mbaye

Babacar Mbaye

No abstract provided.


Narrowing The Gap, Between The African-Centered And Postmodernist Interpretations Of Pan-Africanism In Contemporary Black-Atlantic Studies.Pdf, Babacar Mbaye Dec 2004

Narrowing The Gap, Between The African-Centered And Postmodernist Interpretations Of Pan-Africanism In Contemporary Black-Atlantic Studies.Pdf, Babacar Mbaye

Babacar Mbaye

No abstract provided.


Indefinites And The Operators They Depend On: From Japanese To Salish, Angelika Kratzer Dec 2004

Indefinites And The Operators They Depend On: From Japanese To Salish, Angelika Kratzer

Angelika Kratzer

No abstract provided.


The Length Of Stem-Final Vowels In Colloquial Arabic, John J. Mccarthy Dec 2004

The Length Of Stem-Final Vowels In Colloquial Arabic, John J. Mccarthy

John J. McCarthy

This paper has argued that richness of the base, when combined with OT’s inherent commitment to typology, leads to an improved understanding of problems of indeterminacy in underlying representations. The controversy over the length of Arabic final vowels, a controversy to which many analysts have contributed without a final resolution, disappears once the phenomena are examined from the perspective of ROTB and a typologically responsible CON. It has been suggested (M. Hale and Reiss 1998: 660) that “the notion of richness of the base [is] a computational curiosity of OT grammars that may be quite irrelevant to human language ...


Optimal Paradigms, John J. Mccarthy Dec 2004

Optimal Paradigms, John J. Mccarthy

John J. McCarthy

Transderivational Correspondence and Uniform Exponence are two recent theories of surface resemblances among morphologically related words. This article describes the Optimal Paradigms theory, which incorporates elements of both. In OP, candidates consist of entire inflectional paradigms. Within each candidate paradigm, there is a correspondence relation from every paradigm member to every other paradigm member. Faithfulness constraints on this intraparadigmatic correspondence relation resist alternation within the paradigm. This model is illustrated and supported with a type of evidence that has not figured in previous discussions, the templatic structure of the Classical Arabic verb. Generalized Template Theory demands that templatic restrictions emerge ...


Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy Dec 2004

Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy

John J. McCarthy

As language learners begin to analyze morphologically complex words, they face the problem of projecting underlying representations from the morphophonemic alternations that they observe. Research on learnability in Optimality Theory has started to address this problem, and this article deals with one aspect of it. When alternation data tell the learner that some surface [B]s are derived from underlying /A/s, the learner will under certain conditions generalize by deriving all [B]s, even nonalternating ones, from /A/s. An adequate learning theory must therefore incorporate a procedure that allows nonalternating [B]s to take a «free ride» on ...


Haptic Communication And Musical Aesthesis: Feeling In Jazz, Jon P. Radwan Dec 2004

Haptic Communication And Musical Aesthesis: Feeling In Jazz, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


A Retrospective On The Negative Income Tax Experiments: Looking Back At The Most Innovative Field Studies In Social Policy, Karl Widerquist Dec 2004

A Retrospective On The Negative Income Tax Experiments: Looking Back At The Most Innovative Field Studies In Social Policy, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Does She Exploit Or Doesn't She?, Karl Widerquist Dec 2004

Does She Exploit Or Doesn't She?, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Gijs Van Donselaar uses a Guathier-based definition of exploitation (A exploits B if A is better off and B worse off than either of them would have been had the other not existed) and a related concept the abuse of rights in a series of two-person examples to demonstrate that an unconditional basic income can be parasitic and to make the case that everyone has both a right and responsibility to work. This paper argues that the same conclusions cannot be made in a world of more than two people. Exploitation may be indefinable, and information problems may make both ...


State Terrorism And Globalization: The Cases Of Ethiopia And Sudan, Asafa Jalata Dec 2004

State Terrorism And Globalization: The Cases Of Ethiopia And Sudan, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

This article compares the essence and effects of Ethiopian and Sudanese state terrorism by focusing on the commonalities between the two states. These peripheral African states have used global and regional connections and state terrorism as political tools for creating and maintaining the confluence of identity, religion, and political power. Ethiopia primarily depends on the West, and Sudan on the Middle East, since Christianity and Islam are the dominant religions in these African states respectively. While the Ethiopian state was formed by the alliance of Abyssinian (Amhara-Tigray) colonialism and European imperialism, the Sudanese state was created by British colonialism known ...