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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Recommendations For Short Questions To Assess Food Consumption In Children For The Nsw Health Surveys, Victoria M. Flood, Karen Webb, Anna Rangan Jan 2005

Recommendations For Short Questions To Assess Food Consumption In Children For The Nsw Health Surveys, Victoria M. Flood, Karen Webb, Anna Rangan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Monitoring key food habits of children is important for planning and improving health services in New South Wales. The NSW Health Department conducts the NSW Health survey program using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATI). This survey includes questions for monitoring food habits of children aged 0-16 years. In this report, we recommend survey questions to be used in the NSW Health survey for this purpose, which meet a range of criteria for good survey questions about nutrition and food habits.


A Practical Application Of Theory: Using Social Marketing Theory To Develop Innovative And Comprehensive Sun Protection Campaigns, Sandra C. Jones, Donald C. Iverson, A. Penman, A. Tang Jan 2005

A Practical Application Of Theory: Using Social Marketing Theory To Develop Innovative And Comprehensive Sun Protection Campaigns, Sandra C. Jones, Donald C. Iverson, A. Penman, A. Tang

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents the background to a large-scale collaborative project between researchers at the University of Wollongong and the Cancer Council of New South Wales, and outlines in detail the stages of the ongoing research project. The project provides the opportunity to synthesise and apply best evidence form research in marketing, mass media communication, and health behaviour change real-life campaigns for a leading industry partner. This project demonstrates the value of ongoing research collaborations between university researchers and industry practitioners in systematically applying, and evaluating, research findings to real-world programs.


Workforce Issues, Skill Mix, Maternity Services And The Enrolled Nurse : A Discussion, Moira Williamson, Avon Strahle Jan 2005

Workforce Issues, Skill Mix, Maternity Services And The Enrolled Nurse : A Discussion, Moira Williamson, Avon Strahle

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

New South Wales (NSW) is experiencing a shortage of registered midwives. Currently midwives are being actively recruited for 125 metropolitan and 45 rural positions in area health services across the state. This shortage of registered midwives is occurring not only in NSW but also throughout Australia, and has also been reported internationally (McKenna & Hasson, 2002; Keeney et al. 2005). In an attempt to address the ongoing shortage of registered nurses and midwives the NSW Health Department has proposed that a skill mix of 80% registered nurses or midwives to 20% enrolled nurses be implemented within hospitals. This initiative will have significant consequences ...


Australian Industry Responses To Current Ethical Dilemmas – Fast Cars And Fast Food, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2005

Australian Industry Responses To Current Ethical Dilemmas – Fast Cars And Fast Food, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper reviews two ethical dilemmas currently facing advertisers in Australia, which have resulted from lobby group activities and public concern over health and safety issues, and discusses industry responses to these dilemmas. In Australia the main response mechanism for advertisers has been the introduction of self-regulatory codes of practice. A review of the general and trade press, and of the records of the Australian Advertising Standards Board, finds that industry responses tend to be based on teleological ethics (focus on the ends) rather than deontological ethics (focus on the means), with the primary teleological motive being to avoid deleterious ...


Are Negative Reactions To Sexist Appeals In Alcohol Advertisements A Function Of Feminism Or Gender?, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2005

Are Negative Reactions To Sexist Appeals In Alcohol Advertisements A Function Of Feminism Or Gender?, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the use of sexual appeals in alcohol advertising is increasing. It has been shown that the use of sex appeals may result in a more negative attitude towards the brand, particularly among female consumers. This study investigates the proposition that this is the effect of feminist ideology rather than, or in addition to, biological gender. The results show that female respondents have more negative attitudes towards alcohol advertisements utilizing overt (or demeaning) sexual appeals than males and more positive attitudes towards alcohol advertisements utilizing feminist (empowering) appeals than males; and that there is no consistent independent ...


The Interaction Of Transcutaneous Heating And Helicopter Flight Simulation Performance, Joanne N. Caldwell, Mark J. Patterson, Nigel A.S Taylor Jan 2005

The Interaction Of Transcutaneous Heating And Helicopter Flight Simulation Performance, Joanne N. Caldwell, Mark J. Patterson, Nigel A.S Taylor

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

It is well known that elevations in body temperature can impair both physical and cognitive performance. For helicopter pilots, the major heat source during flight originates from solar radiation. However, when nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) protective clothing is worn, metabolic heat generated during the pre-flight period, and during the mission, is trapped, exacerbating thermal strain. In this project, the hypothesis that elevations in body heat content would degrade flight performance was tested. Helicopter pilots completed three, two-hour flight simulations under three levels of thermal strain, administered in a balanced order. Thermal strain was induced using a water-perfusion gannent, worn ...


An Assessment Of The Repetitive Manual Tasks Of Cleaners, Fiona Weigall, Katrina Simpson, Alison F. Bell, Lynn Kemp Jan 2005

An Assessment Of The Repetitive Manual Tasks Of Cleaners, Fiona Weigall, Katrina Simpson, Alison F. Bell, Lynn Kemp

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

WorkCover NSW established a Steering Committee to investigate musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the cleaning industry following advice arising from the Workplace Safety Summtt 2002. In September 2004, Health & Safety Matters Pty Ltd was appointed to undertake research into this area, with a focus on conducting an assessment of the upper limbs demands of repetttive cleaning ta~ks, and to provide advice on reducing the risk of MSDs. The objectives of the project were to: 1. explore the impact of upper limb musculoskeletal disorder injuries amongst cleaners; 2. describe the physical and work organisational demands of the upper limb work in cleaning; 3. develop an evidence-based guide to be used in conjunction with risk assessment checklists; and 4. develop with industry, case study examples of risk assessment to address hazards commonly faced by general cleaning. The literature shows there is strong evidence to support the link between work related upper limb MSDs and physical risk factors such as force ...


Collaborative Recovery: An Integrative Model For Working With Individuals Who Experience Chronic And Recurring Mental Illness, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe, Gordon Lambert, David Kavanagh, Christopher Lloyd Jan 2005

Collaborative Recovery: An Integrative Model For Working With Individuals Who Experience Chronic And Recurring Mental Illness, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe, Gordon Lambert, David Kavanagh, Christopher Lloyd

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives: Recovery is an emerging movement in mental health. Evidence for recovery-based approaches is not well developed and approaches to implement recovery-oriented services are not well articulated. The collaborative recovery model (CRM) is presented as a model that assists clinicians to use evidencebased skills with consumers, in a manner consistent with the recovery movement. A current 5 year multisite Australian study to evaluate the effectiveness of CRM is briefly described. Conclusion: The collaborative recovery model puts into practice several aspects of policy regarding recovery-oriented services, using evidence-based practices to assist individuals who have chronic or recurring mental disorders (CRMD). It ...


Adaptation To Differences In 3-D Face Shape Across Changes In Viewpoint And Texture, Harold C. Hill, T Watson, G Vignali Jan 2005

Adaptation To Differences In 3-D Face Shape Across Changes In Viewpoint And Texture, Harold C. Hill, T Watson, G Vignali

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The 28th European Conference on Visual Perception, 22-26 August 2005, A Coruña, Spain


Do Infants Use A Generalised Motion Processing System For Discriminating Facial Motion?, J V. Spencer, J M. O'Brien, Harold C. Hill, A Johnston Jan 2005

Do Infants Use A Generalised Motion Processing System For Discriminating Facial Motion?, J V. Spencer, J M. O'Brien, Harold C. Hill, A Johnston

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The 28th European Conference on Visual Perception, 22-26 August 2005, A Coruña, Spain


Functional Foods: Definition And Commercialisation, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2005

Functional Foods: Definition And Commercialisation, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper outlines the framework for a working definition of functional foods utilised by the National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods, considers trends in the areas of influence, and raises issues for the successful commercialisation of functional foods by the Australian food industry.


An Evaluation Of A Life-Coaching Group Program: Initial Findings From A Waitlist Control Study, Suzy Green, Lindsay G. Oades, Anthony M Grant Jan 2005

An Evaluation Of A Life-Coaching Group Program: Initial Findings From A Waitlist Control Study, Suzy Green, Lindsay G. Oades, Anthony M Grant

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Life coaching has grown substantially in the last few years and received considerable media coverage worldwide (Rock, 2001). However, there have been few empirical investigations into its efficacy (Grant, 2003). The study outlined in this chapter aims to add to this limited empirical base.


Individual Difference & Computer User-Training Behaviour: Examination Of An Empirical Model, Anura R. Jayasuriya, Peter Caputi, Leonie M. Miller, Jocelyn R. Harper, Shae-Leigh C. Vella, Joseph A. Meloche Jan 2005

Individual Difference & Computer User-Training Behaviour: Examination Of An Empirical Model, Anura R. Jayasuriya, Peter Caputi, Leonie M. Miller, Jocelyn R. Harper, Shae-Leigh C. Vella, Joseph A. Meloche

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A model that incorporates both stable and dynamic individual differences to the nomological net of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in the context of computer user training is proposed. A study using 348 completed surveys from University students engaged in computer training found that stable traits (Negative Affects, Trait Anxiety and Personal Innovativeness in IT (PIIT)) explained 35% of variance in Computer Anxiety (CA). Significant support to the model provides evidence that stable individual differences are antecedents to and predict both Computer Self Efficacy and CA. In addition, the model demonstrates the relationship of these determinants to the TAM.


Western Australians' Perceptions Of The Survivability Of Different Cancers: Implications For Public Education Campaigns, Robert J Donovan, Owen Bj Carter, Geoffrey Jalleh, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2005

Western Australians' Perceptions Of The Survivability Of Different Cancers: Implications For Public Education Campaigns, Robert J Donovan, Owen Bj Carter, Geoffrey Jalleh, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Schizophrenia, Fats And Lab Rats, Teresa M. Du Bois Jan 2005

Schizophrenia, Fats And Lab Rats, Teresa M. Du Bois

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


A Cognitive-Behavioural Comparison Of Binge Eating And Non-Binge Eating In A Non-Clinical Population, Brianna K. Richards, Leanne E. Warner, Christen Elks, Craig J. Gonsalvez Jan 2005

A Cognitive-Behavioural Comparison Of Binge Eating And Non-Binge Eating In A Non-Clinical Population, Brianna K. Richards, Leanne E. Warner, Christen Elks, Craig J. Gonsalvez

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Binge eating episodes occur in a significant proportion of the non-clinical population, although only a small proportion of these individuals progress to developing disabling eating disorders. The purpose of this research was to examine the nature of binge eating episodes verses non-binge eating episodes and the nature of subjective binge eating episodes and objective binge eating episodes as they occur in a non-clinical population. This study consisted of 113 undergraduate psychology students who completed a range of self-report measures including the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2), demographics questionnaire and binge diary. Sixty-seven percent reported that they had experienced a binge-eating episode ...


Why Are Some Mitochondria More Powerful Than Others: Insights From Comparisons Of Muscle Mitochondria From Three Terrestrial Vertebrates, Helga Guderley, Nigel Turner, Paul Else, Anthony J. Hulbert Jan 2005

Why Are Some Mitochondria More Powerful Than Others: Insights From Comparisons Of Muscle Mitochondria From Three Terrestrial Vertebrates, Helga Guderley, Nigel Turner, Paul Else, Anthony J. Hulbert

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We studied the molecular composition of muscle mitochondria to evaluate whether the contents of cytochromes or adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) or phospholipid acyl compositions reflect differences in mitochondrial oxidative capacities. We isolated mitochondria from three vertebrates of similar size and preferred temperature, the rat (Rattus norvegicus), the cane toad (Bufo marinus) and the bearded dragon lizard (Pogona vitticeps). Mitochondrial oxidative capacities were higher in rats and cane toads than in bearded dragon, whether rates were expressed relative to protein, cytochromes or ANT. Inter-specific differences were least pronounced when rates were expressed relative to cytochrome A, a component of cytochrome C ...


An Allometric Comparison Of Microsomal Membrane Lipid Composition And Sodium Pump Molecular Activity In The Brain Of Mammals And Birds, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else, Nigel Turner Jan 2005

An Allometric Comparison Of Microsomal Membrane Lipid Composition And Sodium Pump Molecular Activity In The Brain Of Mammals And Birds, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else, Nigel Turner

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Previous research has shown that the lipid milieu surrounding membrane proteins may be an important factor in determining their activity. To investigate this we have examined sodium pump molecular activity and microsomal membrane lipid composition in the brain of five mammalian and eight avian species ranging in size from 30 g mice to 280 kg cattle and 13 g zebra finches to 35 kg emus, respectively. Sodium pump (Na+,K+-ATPase) activity was higher in the smaller species and showed a significant allometric decline with body mass in both the mammals (μmol Pi h-1 mg wet mass-1 ...


Membranes And The Setting Of Energy Demand, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else Jan 2005

Membranes And The Setting Of Energy Demand, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In his classic 1961 book, The Fire of Life, Max Kleiber presented a critique of the theories advanced to explain the BMR-body size relationship. One of the theories he dismissed was that the chemical composition of animals varies with body size. Since this time, however, much has been learned about the make-up of BMR in different animals as well as the chemical composition of different-sized animals. Specifically, in recent years it has become obvious that mammal species and bird species do vary in chemical composition in a systematic manner associated with the body size of the species. Small mammal and ...


Predictors Of Men's Acceptance Of Modern Contraceptive Practice: Study In Rural Vietnam, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Rohan Jayasuriya, Neville Owen Jan 2005

Predictors Of Men's Acceptance Of Modern Contraceptive Practice: Study In Rural Vietnam, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Rohan Jayasuriya, Neville Owen

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Studies have shown family planning adoption is likely to be more effective for women when men are actively involved. The transtheoretical model of behavior change was used to examine mens involvement in general contraception and intrauterine device (IUD) use by their wives. The study was carried out in rural Vietnam with 651 eligible participants. Cons of IUD use for men in precontemplation and contemplation/preparation were significantly higher than those in the action/maintenance stages, whereas the reverse was true for pros of IUD. The self-efficacy for convincing wife to have IUD in precontemplation was significantly lower than for those ...


Applying Formal Concept Analysis To Semantic File Systems Leveraging Wordnet, Benjamin Martin, Peter W. Eklund Jan 2005

Applying Formal Concept Analysis To Semantic File Systems Leveraging Wordnet, Benjamin Martin, Peter W. Eklund

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Formal Concept Analysis can be used to obtain both a natural clustering of documents along with a partial ordering over those clusters. The application of Formal Concept Analysis requires input to be in the form of a binary relation between two sets. This paper investigates how a semantic filesystem can be used to generate such binary relations. The manner in which the binary relation is generated impacts how useful the result of Formal Concept Analysis will be for navigating one’s filesystem.


Representation For (Re)Invention, Alisa Percy, Jeannette Stirling Jan 2005

Representation For (Re)Invention, Alisa Percy, Jeannette Stirling

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

In her plenary address to the 2001 Australian Language and Academic Skills Conference, Carolyn Webb (2002, p. 7) suggested that in comparison to other educational developers in the university context, Language and Academic Skills (LAS) practitioners had been less strategic in addressing their identity and practice ‘to secure their place in the landscape of university work, [and] to reinvent themselves for securing future places’. She concluded with the suggestion that LAS practitioners might wish to see themselves as ‘facilitators of organisational learning’ (Webb, 2002, p. 17). Both of these points will be addressed in the following discussion. This paper argues ...


High Level Learning By Design: The Nuts And Bolts Of Assessment And Evaluation In A Doctorate Of Business Administration Program, S. M. Lipu, A. Hill Jan 2005

High Level Learning By Design: The Nuts And Bolts Of Assessment And Evaluation In A Doctorate Of Business Administration Program, S. M. Lipu, A. Hill

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Commerce is the largest faculty at the University of Wollongong; it supports postgraduate coursework, Masters and PhD programs. In 2003 work began on preparing a pilot program that was designed to position the Faculty at the top level of commerce-related research within Australia. It was called the Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA) and the plan was that it would be fully implemented into the Faculty's research program at a later stage. The pilot DBA program comprised four research subjects, four postgraduate level commerce subjects and the doctoral thesis itself. This paper is based on a subject called Advanced Business ...


Truth Games/Truth Claims : Resisting Institutional Notions Of Las As Remediation, Jeannette Stirling, Alisa Percy Jan 2005

Truth Games/Truth Claims : Resisting Institutional Notions Of Las As Remediation, Jeannette Stirling, Alisa Percy

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Michel Foucault argues that the technologies of identity – whether professional or institutional – rely on what he calls ‘games of truth’. He argues that these truth games comprise ‘an ensemble of rules for the production of truth . . . which can be considered in function of its principles and its rules of procedure as valid or not’ (cited in Gauthier, 1988, p. 15). Moreover, we can only become subjects by ‘subjecting’ ourselves to selected truth games because there is neither selfhood nor truth outside of these games. For Foucault, the subject’s power in this process is to decide on what terms to ...


Small Campus, Collegial Development, A Community And Learning: Some Reflections On Developing Reflective Practice Amongst Part Time Casual Tutors, Robbie Collins Jan 2005

Small Campus, Collegial Development, A Community And Learning: Some Reflections On Developing Reflective Practice Amongst Part Time Casual Tutors, Robbie Collins

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Reflecting on the experiences of a small remote campus in a change management process, this paper foregrounds the importance of the collegial development of part time casual tutors. The discussion documents the way reflective practice is developed where these staff are facilitated in becoming a community of learners. Reflective practice refers to the interrogation of current practices through discussion, reflection and the potential process of improvement as a result. Development of part time casual tutors in the learning community on the campus and in the wider community is critical on a small campus where subject delivery is controlled from a ...


Information-Based Websites, Alison Norris Jan 2005

Information-Based Websites, Alison Norris

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Traditionally, libraries were the major information source for the public. However, as society's use of the Internet has increased, traditional information suppliers such as libraries have been forced to adapt their offerings to maintain their role as a major supplier of information. In 2002, 66% of Australians and 57% of the UK population had Internet access (CyberAtlas, 2003, p. 224). As these figures increase, researchers are more inclined to expect that information be both current and accessible from their desktop. The ease and speed of publication on the Internet makes this goal achievable.