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2005

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 33

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Critical Visual Literacy: Multimodal Communication Across The Curriculum, Barbara J. Blakely Duffelmeyer, Anthony Ellertson Dec 2005

Critical Visual Literacy: Multimodal Communication Across The Curriculum, Barbara J. Blakely Duffelmeyer, Anthony Ellertson

English Publications

"Critical Visual Literacy: Multimodal Communication Across the Curriculum" makes the case for expanding the pedagogical space and communication possibilities in undergraduate communication-intensive and linked (learning community) courses by allowing students to create multimodal texts that deal with civic and cultural and/or discipline-specific themes. We argue that, rather than diluting the opportunities for rhetorical education—now comprised of critical literacy, visual literacy, and critical technological literacy in today's increasingly fast-moving visual and electronic cultural environment—multimodal composing more meaningfully reflects the environment in which students receive and generate text today. Using a theory base that draws from the literatures ...


Latino Studies And Information Literacy Competencies, Susan A. Vega Garcia Jun 2005

Latino Studies And Information Literacy Competencies, Susan A. Vega Garcia

Reference and Instruction Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Historical Development And Applications Of The Epic And Apex Models, Philip W. Gassman, Jimmy R. Williams, Verel W. Benson, R. César Izaurralde, Larry M. Hauck, C. Allan Jones, Jay Atwood, James R. Kiniry, Joan D. Flowers Jun 2005

Historical Development And Applications Of The Epic And Apex Models, Philip W. Gassman, Jimmy R. Williams, Verel W. Benson, R. César Izaurralde, Larry M. Hauck, C. Allan Jones, Jay Atwood, James R. Kiniry, Joan D. Flowers

CARD Working Papers

The development of the field-scale Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) model was initiated in 1981 to support assessments of soil erosion impacts on soil productivity for soil, climate, and cropping conditions representative of a broad spectrum of U.S. agricultural production regions. The first major application of EPIC was a national analysis performed in support of the 1985 Resources Conservation Act (RCA) assessment. The model has continuously evolved since that time and has been applied for a wide range of field, regional, and national studies both in the U.S. and in other countries. The range of EPIC applications has ...


Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda Of Naming And Necessity, By Scott Soames, Heimir Geirsson May 2005

Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda Of Naming And Necessity, By Scott Soames, Heimir Geirsson

Philosophy and Religious Studies Publications

n Naming and Necessity Saul Kripke criticized descriptivist theories of proper names and suggested a ‘better picture’ as a replacement. But while the ‘better picture’ that Kripke provided was very interesting and stimulating, it was little more than a sketch of a theory that needed much work and refinement. While Kripke argued that proper names are not synonymous with definite descriptions or clusters of definite descriptions, he was silent on what the semantic contents of names might be. Further, he even speculated in the introduction to his book that the apparatus of propositions might break down given his arguments, thus ...


Artful Identifications: Crafting Survival In Japanese American Concentration Camps, Jane E. Dusselier Jan 2005

Artful Identifications: Crafting Survival In Japanese American Concentration Camps, Jane E. Dusselier

Jane E. Dusselier

"Artful Identifications" offers three meanings of internment art. First, internees remade locations of imprisonment into livable places of survival. Inside places were remade as internees responded to degraded living conditions by creating furniture with discarded apple crates, cardboard, tree branches and stumps, scrap pieces of wood left behind by government carpenters, and wood lifted from guarded lumber piles. Having addressed the material conditions of their living units, internees turned their attention to aesthetic matters by creating needle crafts, wood carvings, ikebana, paintings, shell art, and kobu. Dramatic changes to outside spaces of "assembly centers" and concentration camps were also critical ...


Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost Jan 2005

Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost

Bambi L Yost

Abstrat is not available. Citation: Homegirls in the Public Sphere by Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review by: Yost, Bambi Children, Youth and Environments Vol. 15, No. 1, Environmental Health, and Other Papers (2005) , pp. 406-413 Published by: The Board of Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, for the benefit of the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado Boulder Stable URL: http://0-www.jstor.org.library.simmons.edu/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.15.1.0406


Book Review: Espana Connection By Luis Gomez Arrojo, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2005

Book Review: Espana Connection By Luis Gomez Arrojo, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Espana connection is a series of in-depth articles on organized crime in Spain written by Luis Gomez, a former editor of El Pais where he is presently an investigative reporter. On the best-seller list in Spain at one time, the book brings to light the growing criminal and drug culture in Spain by centering each chapter on a particular criminal activity, citing official police reports, using eyewitness testimony by field investigators as well as national and international statistics by Interpol, Europol, and the Spanish Guardia Civil, among other official bodies. Gomez then reminds readers about well-known-some might even say infamous-cases ...


Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders Jan 2005

Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the state of Iowa continues to see an influx in 'new immigrants,' English speaking retail and service agency employees often assist consumers who are nonnative speakers of English on a regular basis. This mismatch between language and culture can sometimes cause misunderstanding and discomfort in cross-cultural relationships. Six Hispanic Spanish LI adult consumers and 13 White English LI employees from one rural Iowa community participated in this study. Both groups were asked a series of interview questions to share their perceptions about their ability to communicate with people in the other group. The participants were also asked to consider ...


Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser Jan 2005

Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To keep abreast of the advent of new occupations and majors, the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) was revised in 2004. This study examined the concurrent validity of the 2004 Strong Interest Inventory, primarily investigating the scales abilities to differentiate between different college majors for women. Discriminant analyses were used to examine the ability of the 41 scales of the SII to separate 31 college majors. Of the 41 scales, 39 scales were statistically significant in separating college majors for women. In addition, the utility of specific sets of scales and the cumulative ability of sets of SII scales to ...


The Historical And Materialist Subtext Of The Battle Of The Sheep, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2005

The Historical And Materialist Subtext Of The Battle Of The Sheep, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In his perceptive work on the interrelationship between history and literature, Louis Montrose advocates a resituation of texts within their contexts which leads to "a reciprocal concern with the historicity of texts and the textuality of history" (20). For Montrose, aesthetic works can historicize the past and provide an understanding and explanation of times past, even though they cannot provide an objective portrayal of history (20). It is in this spirit that i would like to approach the Battle of the Sheep in Don Quijote. To resituate this well-known episode within its socio-historical context is to make possible a more ...


The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel Jan 2005

The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan Jan 2005

"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the American fashion designer portrayed through diverse publicity generated in various popular culture formats during the Depression era, 1930--1940. Through career literature, fiction, feature film, and promotion in magazine articles, the American woman came to know the creators of her fashions. Themes of wholesale design, retail design, income and perquisites, education and training emerged. Other themes such as client relations, selling, work process, and attitudes toward the French mystique were also discussed. A picture developed of a profession with unlimited opportunity which allowed women to rise to executive leadership, utilize creativity and artistic talent, earn a lucrative ...


The Public Sphere And The Norms Of Transactional Argument, Jean Goodwin Jan 2005

The Public Sphere And The Norms Of Transactional Argument, Jean Goodwin

English Publications

An outsider to argument theory, should she look through the rich outpouring of our recent work, might be amused to find us theorists not following our own prescriptions. We propound our ideas, but we don't always interact with each other--we don't argue. The essays by William Rehg and Robert Asen make promising start on rectifying this difficulty. I want to discuss them, first, to show how they acknowledge in exemplary fashion a pair of challenges I think we should all be addressing; and next to consider their specific responses.


Interpersonal And Spiritual Resources In Late-Life Adaptation And Well-Being: A Study Of Elderly Men And Women Religious Residing Within Monastic Religious Communities , Alexander John Bishop Jan 2005

Interpersonal And Spiritual Resources In Late-Life Adaptation And Well-Being: A Study Of Elderly Men And Women Religious Residing Within Monastic Religious Communities , Alexander John Bishop

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to investigate how interpersonal and spiritual resources influence well-being in a sample of older men and women residing in religious monastic communities. Participants for this study included 235 (164 women and 71 men) individuals, age 64 and older, from the Religious Order of St. Benedict. Two (Age) X Two (Gender) Analyses of Variance were used to analyze mean differences. Young-old persons had higher mean scores on close friendship, coping behaviors, and personal growth than did old-old individuals. However, old-old individuals had higher average scores on religious coping behaviors and depression than did young-old ...


What Does Arguing Look Like?, Jean Goodwin Jan 2005

What Does Arguing Look Like?, Jean Goodwin

English Publications

Even on our best days, we teachers of argumentation sometimes suspect that our students are thinking bad things about us: that they don't like our subject! In this essay, I will give an account of a classroom exercise I call "What Does Arguing Look Like?" aimed to elicit and confront this suspected negative view of arguing. I'll start by pointing out why we need to know what our students are thinking. I'll then describe the exercise as I used it in one class, and analyze in detail the results it produced. And I'll close with some ...


Industrializing The Corn Belt: Iowa Farmers, Technology And The Midwestern Landscape, 1945-1972 , Joseph Leslie Anderson Jan 2005

Industrializing The Corn Belt: Iowa Farmers, Technology And The Midwestern Landscape, 1945-1972 , Joseph Leslie Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1945 to 1972 Iowa farmers remade their landscape in the image of an industrial model characterized by large-scale production, the substitution of capital for labor, strict cost accounting, specialization, and efficiency. Farm families were leaders in adopting new technology to solve their problems in the post World War II period, a contrast to the pre-war years when experts such as college educated professionals, journalists, and industry leaders advocated the application of industrial ideals to agriculture. Many farmers industrialized production because of a persistent postwar farm labor shortage and a cost-price squeeze in which the prices farmers paid for products ...


Rationality And Environmental Justice: The Visual Rhetoric Of A Culture At Risk , Tom Bowers Jan 2005

Rationality And Environmental Justice: The Visual Rhetoric Of A Culture At Risk , Tom Bowers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Scholars in rhetoric have recently sought to expand their understanding of social movements and the public sphere by integrating studies of visual rhetoric. For scholars exploring the rhetoric of social movements and the public sphere, the environmental movement provides a fruitful avenue of research by which to consider the role of visual rhetoric in changing social consciousness. Drawing on a methodology that views social movements through a rhetorical lens, I explore how the visual rhetoric of the environmental justice movement challenges corporate practices and discourses that shape public perceptions of sustainable development and industry's commitment to open communication. In ...


Third Space Sites, Subjectivities And Discourses: Reimagining The Representational Potentials Of (B)Orderlands' Rhetorics , Adela C. Licona Jan 2005

Third Space Sites, Subjectivities And Discourses: Reimagining The Representational Potentials Of (B)Orderlands' Rhetorics , Adela C. Licona

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation identifies feminist third-space (both/and) consciousness in academic and non-academic contexts. Although dissimilar, both academic discourses and zines (self-published magazines) are comprised of complex rhetorical performances with implications for feminist practices of representation and the re-production of meaning. This dissertation analyzes academic third-space sites resulting from the crossing of disciplinary borders and activist zines as examples of nonacademic third space, with particular emphasis on representations of bodies and sexualities. Zines reveal (1) the transformative potentials beyond gender binaries; (2) the importance of revisioning histories; (3) the practices of what I term "reverso" (critical reversals of the normative gaze ...


The Scholarship And Practice Of An Integrated Communication Education (Spice) , Irene Poesia Faass Jan 2005

The Scholarship And Practice Of An Integrated Communication Education (Spice) , Irene Poesia Faass

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the scholarship and practice of an integrated communication education. Specifically, it explores the contributions made by scholarship in the writing-across-the-curriculum (WAC) and learning community (LC) movements and in the areas of collaboration, and multimodal communication instruction to the development of an integrated communication curriculum. This innovative communication education responds to the changing nature of communication in the 21st century. After a literature review of this relevant scholarship (Part I), this dissertation includes an account of one curricular initiative, ISUComm, informed by this pedagogical research (Part II). Particular attention is paid in the penultimate chapter to the professional ...


Spanish Business Writing Genre Research: Electronic Mail Memoranda , Therese M. Judge Jan 2005

Spanish Business Writing Genre Research: Electronic Mail Memoranda , Therese M. Judge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Despite the prevalence of a belief in the importance of preparing students for work in a global economy, very little research into Spanish-language written communication practices exists. In this study, I formed hypotheses regarding Mexican business e-mails based on congruencies in the findings of previous Spanish-language writing research and US-English e-mail writing research and then tested these hypotheses against a corpus of 107 Mexican business e-mails. I employed both a qualitative rhetorical analysis and a quantitative feature presence/absence analysis. Of the eight hypothesis statements describing Mexican business e-mails, only two were affirmed. The hypothesis statements describing these workplace e-mail ...


The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy Jan 2005

The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros Jan 2005

Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren Jan 2005

Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy Jan 2005

Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Diachronic Linguistic Variation In Academic Papers And Its Relationship To The Enculturation Process Of A Novice Nns Graduate Student Into The Academia: A Developmental Case Study, Moisés Damián Perales Escudero Jan 2005

Diachronic Linguistic Variation In Academic Papers And Its Relationship To The Enculturation Process Of A Novice Nns Graduate Student Into The Academia: A Developmental Case Study, Moisés Damián Perales Escudero

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal Jan 2005

Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti Jan 2005

Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...