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2005

Philosophy

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Articles 31 - 60 of 440

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Feminism And The Art Of Interpretation: Or, Reading The First Wave To Think About The Second And Third Waves, Marilyn Fischer Oct 2005

Feminism And The Art Of Interpretation: Or, Reading The First Wave To Think About The Second And Third Waves, Marilyn Fischer

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Cory, my daughter, accuses me of having no thoughts of my own. I was talking with Jeremy [“Cory, what do you call him? partner? significant other? boyfriend?” “Mom, I just call him Jeremy.” Alright, then.]. Jeremy asked why I was an almost pacifist. Without even breathing, I launched into Addams’s arguments for pacifism, fully attributed to her, of course. That’s when Cory accused me of having no thoughts of my own. So, if I have no thoughts of my own, inhabiting Addams’s thoughts is not a bad substitute.

Remembering how Addams viewed much of her work as ...


Reciprocity, Justice, And Disability, Lawrence C. Becker Oct 2005

Reciprocity, Justice, And Disability, Lawrence C. Becker

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Toward A Cleaner Whiteness: New Racial Identities, David Ingram Oct 2005

Toward A Cleaner Whiteness: New Racial Identities, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

The article re-examines racial and ethnic identity within the context of pedagogical attempts to instill a positive white identity in white students who are conscious of the history of white racism and white privilege. The paper draws heavily from whiteness studies and developmental cognitive science in arguing (against Henry Giroux and Stuart Hall) that a positive notion of white identity, however postmodern its construction, is an oxymoron, since whiteness designates less a cultural/ethnic ethos and meaningful way of life than a pathological structure of privilege and narrowminded cognitive habitus.


Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Oct 2005

Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Setting The Moral Compass: Essays By Women Moral Philosophers, Edited By Cheshire Calhoun, Samantha Brennan Sep 2005

Setting The Moral Compass: Essays By Women Moral Philosophers, Edited By Cheshire Calhoun, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Meaningful Work As Due Inducement, Charles Weijer Sep 2005

Meaningful Work As Due Inducement, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


This Body Of Art: The Singular Plural Of The Feminine, Helen A. Fielding Sep 2005

This Body Of Art: The Singular Plural Of The Feminine, Helen A. Fielding

Helen A Fielding

I explore the possibility that the feminine, like art, can be thought in terms of Jean-Luc Nancy’s concept of the singular plural. In Les Muses, Nancy claims that art provides for the rethinking of a technë not ruled by instrumentality. Specifically, in rethinking aesthetics in terms of the debates laid out by Kant, Hegel and Heidegger, he resituates the ontological in terms of the specificity of the techniques of each particular artwork; each artwork establishes relations particular to its world or worlds. What is at stake in the singular plural is the multiplicity of relations that are lost in ...


Deliberative Democracy And The Politics Of Recognition, Cillian Mcbride Sep 2005

Deliberative Democracy And The Politics Of Recognition, Cillian Mcbride

Cillian McBride

No abstract provided.


Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2005

Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Worldviews emerge from our individual and collective Levels of Consciousness at given points in time and space and from what we come to “believe” is possible or not. In my own experience, my research on Consciousness, and my study of various cultures, societies, and Consciousness literature, I have identified at least seven Levels of Consciousness, twenty-five Archetypal Energies, and various Earth Lessons, which we seem to commonly experience as human beings, in our own unique personal, societal, and global life spaces.


Horizons Of Grace In Marilynne Robinson And Simone Weil, Katy Ryan Sep 2005

Horizons Of Grace In Marilynne Robinson And Simone Weil, Katy Ryan

Katy Ryan

No abstract provided.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Sep 2005

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Hormone Research As An Exemplar Of Underdetermination, P.D. Magnus Sep 2005

Hormone Research As An Exemplar Of Underdetermination, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

Debates about the underdetermination of theory by data often turn on specific examples. Many cases are invoked often enough that they become familiar, even well-worn. Here I consider one such commonplace: the connection between prenatal hormone levels and gender-linked childhood behavior. Since Helen Longino's original discussion of this case a decade-and-a-half ago, it has become become one of the stock examples of underdetermination. However, the case is not genuinely underdetermined. We can easily imagine a possible experiment to decide the question. The fact that we would not perform this experiment is a moral, rather than epistemic, point. Further, I ...


The Revisionist’S Guide To Responsibility, Manuel R. Vargas Sep 2005

The Revisionist’S Guide To Responsibility, Manuel R. Vargas

Philosophy

Revisionism in the theory of moral responsibility is the idea that some aspect of responsibility practices, attitudes, or concept is in need of revision. While the increased frequency of revisionist language in the literature on free will and moral responsibility is striking, what discussion there has been of revisionism about responsibility and free will tends to be critical. In this paper, I argue that at least one species of revisionism, moderate revisionism, is considerably more sophisticated and defensible than critics have realized. I go on to argue for the advantages of moderate revisionist theories over standard compatibilist and incompatibilist theories.


Tragic Error And Agent Responsibility, Charlotte Witt Sep 2005

Tragic Error And Agent Responsibility, Charlotte Witt

Philosophic Exchange

The characters of tragedy are in some sense responsible for their errors. However, given their ignorance of the consequences of their actions, it seems that they ought not be held responsible by others for what they have done. This is a paradox. The way to resolve the paradox is to distinguish two kinds of agent responsibility: accountability and culpability. Being accountable is primarily a private affair, whereas being culpable entails the possibility of just punishment.


Review Of Unprincipled Virtue An Inquiry Into Moral Agency By Nomy Arpaly, Matthew Pianalto Aug 2005

Review Of Unprincipled Virtue An Inquiry Into Moral Agency By Nomy Arpaly, Matthew Pianalto

Matthew Pianalto

No abstract provided.


Review Of Peter-Paul Verbeek's What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections On Technology, Agency, And Design, Albert Borgmann Aug 2005

Review Of Peter-Paul Verbeek's What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections On Technology, Agency, And Design, Albert Borgmann

Philosophy Faculty Publications

The three parts of What Things Do reflect the three phases of philosophy of technology.


Review: Petre Ţuțea: Between Sacrifice And Suicide (By Alexandru Popescu), Michael S. Jones Aug 2005

Review: Petre Ţuțea: Between Sacrifice And Suicide (By Alexandru Popescu), Michael S. Jones

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Innocent Threats, Lisa Kemmerer Aug 2005

Innocent Threats, Lisa Kemmerer

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Beyonde Viande: The Ethics Of Faux Flesh, Fake Fur And Thriftshop Leather, Susan M. Turner Aug 2005

Beyonde Viande: The Ethics Of Faux Flesh, Fake Fur And Thriftshop Leather, Susan M. Turner

Between the Species

Moral debate over vegetarianism forms the backdrop to a preliminary consideration of the questions: Is it ethical to produce, sell and eat faux meat? Is it ethical to produce, sell and wear fake animal skin? Is it ethical to sell or wear secondhand or thriftshop genuine animal skin? If vegetarianism is morally required, the question of just what uses of nonhuman animals are ethical or unethical and on what grounds is always on tap. In this piece, I examine the above questions in light of deontological then utilitarian reasons for vegetarianism. I conclude deontological or animal rights grounds entail the ...


The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott Wilson Aug 2005

The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott Wilson

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Many philosophers have argued against Singer’s claim that all animals are equal. However, none of these responses have demonstrated an appreciation of the complexity of his position. The result is that all of these responses focus on one of his arguments in a way that falls victim to another. This paper is a critical examination of a possible response to the full complexity of Singer’s position that derives from the work of Carl Cohen, Kathleen Wilkes, and F. Ramsey. On this response, a being’s moral status depends not on the capacities and abilities she does in fact ...


The Empirical Stance Vs. The Critical Attitude, Darrell Patrick Rowbottom Aug 2005

The Empirical Stance Vs. The Critical Attitude, Darrell Patrick Rowbottom

Staff Publications

Van Fraassen has recently argued that empiricism can be construed as a stance, involving commitments, attitudes, values, and goals, in addition to beliefs and opinions. But this characterisation emerges from his recognition that to be an empiricist cannot be to believe, or decide to commit to belief in, a foundational proposition, without removing any basis for a non-dogmatic empiricist critique of other philosophical approaches, such as materialism. However, noticeable by its absence in Van Fraassen\'s discussions is any mention of Bartley\'s ‘pancritical rationalism', for Bartley offers a cohesive argument that genuine dogmatism lies precisely in the act of ...


At The Seashore, Josephine Donovan Aug 2005

At The Seashore, Josephine Donovan

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Plato's Vegetarian Utopia, Timothy Eves Aug 2005

Plato's Vegetarian Utopia, Timothy Eves

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


The Predation Argument, Charles K. Fink Aug 2005

The Predation Argument, Charles K. Fink

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Lost Dog, H. Peter Steeves Aug 2005

Lost Dog, H. Peter Steeves

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott D. Wilson Aug 2005

The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott D. Wilson

Between the Species

Many philosophers have argued against Singer’s claim that all animals are equal. However, none of these responses have demonstrated an appreciation of the complexity of his position. The result is that all of these responses focus on one of his arguments in a way that falls victim to another. This paper is a critical examination of a possible response to the full complexity of Singer’s position that derives from the work of Carl Cohen, Kathleen Wilkes, and F. Ramsey. On this response, a being’s moral status depends not on the capacities and abilities she does in fact ...


[Book Review Of] Moral Acquaintances: Methodology In Bioethics, By Kevin Wm. Wildes, Janet Smith Aug 2005

[Book Review Of] Moral Acquaintances: Methodology In Bioethics, By Kevin Wm. Wildes, Janet Smith

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Medical Autonomy In Crisis: The Destruction Of The Right To Privacy, David A. Lufkin Sr. Aug 2005

Medical Autonomy In Crisis: The Destruction Of The Right To Privacy, David A. Lufkin Sr.

Masters Theses

This thesis is presented for a Master of Arts and Science Degree at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, from the College of Liberal Arts, Department of Philosophy, with a concentration in medical ethics.

The thesis's argument assumes that rules of ethics or morality should be rules and guidelines of uniformity and therefore universal in nature and scope. In that assumption, the thesis adheres to the present problematic state of ethics, and in particular, medical ethics. In response to that state it asks: without imprint from religious morality, upon what foundation can we design a system for medical ethics? In ...


Human Rights, Exploitation, And Genetic Use Restriction Technology: Sowing The Seeds Of Reason In The Field Of The Terminator Debate., Keith A. Bustos Aug 2005

Human Rights, Exploitation, And Genetic Use Restriction Technology: Sowing The Seeds Of Reason In The Field Of The Terminator Debate., Keith A. Bustos

Masters Theses

The current debate concerning genetically modified (GM) crops is primarily focused on the negative consequences that the production and consumption of GM foods could have on people and the environment. Adding to the list of concerns is the multinational agrochemical corporations' plan to implement GURTs (Genetic Use Restriction Technologies) to prohibit the unauthorized use of certain genetically modified plant varieties. Several activist groups perceive the potential implementation of GURTs to be a threat to resource-poor farmers since this technology (which the activists call Terminator Technology) may be used to wrongfully exploit resource-poor farmers in the name of economic gain. In ...


Quotation: Compositionality And Innocence Without Demonstration, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton Jul 2005

Quotation: Compositionality And Innocence Without Demonstration, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We discuss two kinds of quotation, namely indirect quotation (e.g., 'Anita said that Mexico is beautiful') and pure quotation (e.g., 'Mexico' has six letters). With respect to each, we have both a negative and a positive plaint. The negative plaint is that the strict Davidsonian (1968, 1979a) treatment of indirect and pure quotation cannot be correct. The positive plaint is an alternative account of how quotation of these two sorts works.