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2005

Philosophy

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Articles 1 - 30 of 157

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Physis And Nomos In Aristotle's Ethics, Thornton C. Lockwood Dec 2005

Physis And Nomos In Aristotle's Ethics, Thornton C. Lockwood

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In Nicomachean Ethics V.7, Aristotle claims that political justice (to dikaion politikon) possesses a “natural” (phusikon) pail and a “conventional” (nomikon) part In response to those who separated nature and convention and disparaged the latter because it was different from place to place, Aristotle claims that both nature and convention admit of variation, and his language suggests that the two are ultimately parts which need to be interwoven or combined. Scholars who have struggled with Aristotle’s apparently disparate senses of the idea of nature have assumed that nature is an ethical ideal which can be separated from and ...


Background Theories And Total Science, P.D. Magnus Dec 2005

Background Theories And Total Science, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

Background theories in science are used both to prove and to disprove that theory choice is underdetermined by data. The alleged proof appeals to the fact that experiments to decide between theories typically require auxiliary assumptions from other theories. If this generates a kind of underdetermination, it shows that standards of scientific inference are fallible and must be appropriately contextualized. The alleged disproof appeals to the possibility of suitable background theories to show that no theory choice can be timelessly or noncontextually underdetermined: Foreground theories might be distinguished against different backgrounds. Philosophers have often replied to such a disproof by ...


“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels Dec 2005

“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

During the past twenty years there has been a growing interest in monastic education within the larger field of Buddhist studies. Within the last ten years in particular, a number of monographs and articles examining the training and education of monks in Korea (Buswell [1992]), Tibet/India (Dreyfus [2003]), Thailand/Laos (Collins [1990], McDaniel [2002, 2003]), and Sri Lanka (Blackburn [1999a, 1999b, 2001] Samuels [2002]), have been published. Many of those works have paid particular attention to the texts used in monastic training, as well as to how the information contained in those very texts is imparted to and embodied ...


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Dec 2005

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Sagp Newsletter 2005/6 December East/Philol, Anthony Preus Dec 2005

Sagp Newsletter 2005/6 December East/Philol, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


On The Interplay Of The Cognitive And The Social In Scientific Practices, Hugh Lacey Dec 2005

On The Interplay Of The Cognitive And The Social In Scientific Practices, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

I consider the following questions, central to recent disagreements between Longino and Kitcher: Is it constitutive of making judgments of the cognitive acceptability of theories that they are made under certain social relations that embody specific social values that have been cultivated among investigators (Longino)? Or is making them (sound ones) just a consequence of social interactions that occur under these relations (Kitcher)? While generally endorsing the latter view, I make a distinction, not made by the philosophers under discussion, between sound acceptance and endorsement of a theory, and argue that Longino's view applies to endorsement.


Vestiges, Mark Y. Herring Nov 2005

Vestiges, Mark Y. Herring

Dacus Library Faculty Publications

Can intelligent design be found?


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Nov 2005

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Practical Reason, Instrumental Irrationality, And Time, Manuel R. Vargas Nov 2005

Practical Reason, Instrumental Irrationality, And Time, Manuel R. Vargas

Philosophy

Standard models of practical rationality face a puzzle that has gone unnoticed: given a modest assumption about the nature of deliberation, we are apparently frequently briefly irrational. I explain the problem, consider what is wrong with several possible solutions, and propose an account that does not generate the objectionable result.


Bell's Spaceships: A Useful Relativistic Paradox, Francisco J. Flores Nov 2005

Bell's Spaceships: A Useful Relativistic Paradox, Francisco J. Flores

Philosophy

Bell’s spaceship ‘paradox’ [1] in special relativity is a particularly good one to examine with students, because although it deals with accelerated motions, it can be dissolved with elementary space–time diagrams. Furthermore, it forces us to be very clear about the relativity of simultaneity, proper length, and the ‘reality’ of the Lorentz contraction.


Review Of Johanna Oksala's Foucault On Freedom, Ladelle Mcwhorter Nov 2005

Review Of Johanna Oksala's Foucault On Freedom, Ladelle Mcwhorter

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Johanna Oksala has produced a provocative reading of Michel Foucault's work on the issues of freedom and resistance to normalizing oppression. Although many commentators have contended that Foucault's historicization of subjectivity leads to metaphysical determinism and eliminates the very possibility of freedom in human life, Oksala argues that his radical rethinking of both bodies and freedom largely escapes the simplistic criticisms routinely put forward since the early 1980s. She does subject Foucault's work to criticisms of her own, however. While the title of her book leads the reader to expect a tight focus on the question of ...


Review Of Fichte’S Transcendental Philosophy: The Original Duplicity Of Intelligence And Will By Günter Zöller, Michael Vater Oct 2005

Review Of Fichte’S Transcendental Philosophy: The Original Duplicity Of Intelligence And Will By Günter Zöller, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Oct 2005

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Pascal Was No Fideist, David J. Baggett Oct 2005

Pascal Was No Fideist, David J. Baggett

SOR Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Sagp Ssips 2005 List Of Papers, Anthony Preus Oct 2005

Sagp Ssips 2005 List Of Papers, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Alphabetical listing of the participants in the 2005 SAGP SSIPS meeting at Fordham University.


School Desegregation 50 Years After Brown: Misconceptions, Lessons Learned, And Hopes For The Future, Gary Orfield Oct 2005

School Desegregation 50 Years After Brown: Misconceptions, Lessons Learned, And Hopes For The Future, Gary Orfield

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Great Anger, Anthony Cunningham Oct 2005

Great Anger, Anthony Cunningham

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Anger has had a major hand in a history of inhumanity. In this light, some schools of thought have suggested that we do best to jettison anger entirely. However, anger, like grief, is tied to caring deeply, and as such, both emotions can speak to what is best and most beautiful about human life and character.


On The Question Of Latin American Philosophy, Michael Monahan Oct 2005

On The Question Of Latin American Philosophy, Michael Monahan

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Feminism And The Art Of Interpretation: Or, Reading The First Wave To Think About The Second And Third Waves, Marilyn Fischer Oct 2005

Feminism And The Art Of Interpretation: Or, Reading The First Wave To Think About The Second And Third Waves, Marilyn Fischer

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Cory, my daughter, accuses me of having no thoughts of my own. I was talking with Jeremy [“Cory, what do you call him? partner? significant other? boyfriend?” “Mom, I just call him Jeremy.” Alright, then.]. Jeremy asked why I was an almost pacifist. Without even breathing, I launched into Addams’s arguments for pacifism, fully attributed to her, of course. That’s when Cory accused me of having no thoughts of my own. So, if I have no thoughts of my own, inhabiting Addams’s thoughts is not a bad substitute.

Remembering how Addams viewed much of her work as ...


Reciprocity, Justice, And Disability, Lawrence C. Becker Oct 2005

Reciprocity, Justice, And Disability, Lawrence C. Becker

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Toward A Cleaner Whiteness: New Racial Identities, David Ingram Oct 2005

Toward A Cleaner Whiteness: New Racial Identities, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

The article re-examines racial and ethnic identity within the context of pedagogical attempts to instill a positive white identity in white students who are conscious of the history of white racism and white privilege. The paper draws heavily from whiteness studies and developmental cognitive science in arguing (against Henry Giroux and Stuart Hall) that a positive notion of white identity, however postmodern its construction, is an oxymoron, since whiteness designates less a cultural/ethnic ethos and meaningful way of life than a pathological structure of privilege and narrowminded cognitive habitus.


Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Oct 2005

Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Sep 2005

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Hormone Research As An Exemplar Of Underdetermination, P.D. Magnus Sep 2005

Hormone Research As An Exemplar Of Underdetermination, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

Debates about the underdetermination of theory by data often turn on specific examples. Many cases are invoked often enough that they become familiar, even well-worn. Here I consider one such commonplace: the connection between prenatal hormone levels and gender-linked childhood behavior. Since Helen Longino's original discussion of this case a decade-and-a-half ago, it has become become one of the stock examples of underdetermination. However, the case is not genuinely underdetermined. We can easily imagine a possible experiment to decide the question. The fact that we would not perform this experiment is a moral, rather than epistemic, point. Further, I ...


The Revisionist’S Guide To Responsibility, Manuel R. Vargas Sep 2005

The Revisionist’S Guide To Responsibility, Manuel R. Vargas

Philosophy

Revisionism in the theory of moral responsibility is the idea that some aspect of responsibility practices, attitudes, or concept is in need of revision. While the increased frequency of revisionist language in the literature on free will and moral responsibility is striking, what discussion there has been of revisionism about responsibility and free will tends to be critical. In this paper, I argue that at least one species of revisionism, moderate revisionism, is considerably more sophisticated and defensible than critics have realized. I go on to argue for the advantages of moderate revisionist theories over standard compatibilist and incompatibilist theories.


Review Of Peter-Paul Verbeek's What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections On Technology, Agency, And Design, Albert Borgmann Aug 2005

Review Of Peter-Paul Verbeek's What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections On Technology, Agency, And Design, Albert Borgmann

Philosophy Faculty Publications

The three parts of What Things Do reflect the three phases of philosophy of technology.


Review: Petre Ţuțea: Between Sacrifice And Suicide (By Alexandru Popescu), Michael S. Jones Aug 2005

Review: Petre Ţuțea: Between Sacrifice And Suicide (By Alexandru Popescu), Michael S. Jones

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott Wilson Aug 2005

The Species-Norm Account Of Moral Status, Scott Wilson

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Many philosophers have argued against Singer’s claim that all animals are equal. However, none of these responses have demonstrated an appreciation of the complexity of his position. The result is that all of these responses focus on one of his arguments in a way that falls victim to another. This paper is a critical examination of a possible response to the full complexity of Singer’s position that derives from the work of Carl Cohen, Kathleen Wilkes, and F. Ramsey. On this response, a being’s moral status depends not on the capacities and abilities she does in fact ...


The Empirical Stance Vs. The Critical Attitude, Darrell Patrick Rowbottom Aug 2005

The Empirical Stance Vs. The Critical Attitude, Darrell Patrick Rowbottom

Staff Publications

Van Fraassen has recently argued that empiricism can be construed as a stance, involving commitments, attitudes, values, and goals, in addition to beliefs and opinions. But this characterisation emerges from his recognition that to be an empiricist cannot be to believe, or decide to commit to belief in, a foundational proposition, without removing any basis for a non-dogmatic empiricist critique of other philosophical approaches, such as materialism. However, noticeable by its absence in Van Fraassen\'s discussions is any mention of Bartley\'s ‘pancritical rationalism', for Bartley offers a cohesive argument that genuine dogmatism lies precisely in the act of ...


Reckoning The Shape Of Everything: Underdetermination And Cosmotopology, P.D. Magnus Jul 2005

Reckoning The Shape Of Everything: Underdetermination And Cosmotopology, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

This paper offers a general characterization of underdetermination and gives a prima facie case for the underdetermination of the topology of the universe. A survey of several philosophical approaches to the problem fails to resolve the issue: the case involves the possibility of massive reduplication, but Strawson on massive reduplication provides no help here; it is not obvious that any of the rival theories are to be preferred on grounds of simplicity; and the usual talk of empirically equivalent theories misses the point entirely. (If the choice is underdetermined, then the theories are not empirically equivalent!) Yet the thought experiment ...