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2005

Philosophy

Pacific University

Articles 31 - 42 of 42

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Review Of “Knowledge And Civilization”, David B. Martens Jan 2005

Review Of “Knowledge And Civilization”, David B. Martens

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Freedom Evolves”, Shaun Maxwell Jan 2005

Review Of “Freedom Evolves”, Shaun Maxwell

Essays in Philosophy

Freedom Evolves draws together themes from much of Daniel Dennett’s pervious work. It aims to support and extend the compatiblist account of free will he set out in Elbow Room (1984), now that he has fulfilled that book’s promissory notes with Consciousness Explained (1991a) and Darwin’s Dangerous Idea (1995). In the first third of the new book Dennett develops compatibalist accounts of his key concepts by extending the analysis of non-human agents presented in Darwin’s Dangerous Idea. The remainder of Freedom Evolves is an attempt to show that if concepts like determinism and freedom are conceived ...


The Domestication Of Water: Filtering Nature Through Technology, David Macauley Jan 2005

The Domestication Of Water: Filtering Nature Through Technology, David Macauley

Essays in Philosophy

This paper examines some of the key ways in which water is mediated by technology and human artifacts. I show how the modes in which we conceive and experience this vital fluid are affected deeply by the techniques and instruments we use to interact with it. I argue that a notion of the domestication of water enables us to better grasp our relations with the environment given that vast volumes of water are now neither completely natural nor artificial in the conventional senses of the terms. Instead, water is often filtered through an expansive technological network that not merely changes ...


A Framework To Systematize Positions In Neuroethics, Saskia Nagel, Nicolas Neubauer Jan 2005

A Framework To Systematize Positions In Neuroethics, Saskia Nagel, Nicolas Neubauer

Essays in Philosophy

Progress in Neuroscience advances rapidly and promises to change some of the basic concepts we have about ourselves. The field of Neuroethics is concerned with the resulting ethical implications. In this paper, we propose a framework to systematize the questions and positions in this context. We start with the discussion of three concrete cases around the topics of treatment/enhancement, personhood and privacy. For each case, we get a set of axes along which standpoints may vary. Finally, we generalize the particular axes of each case and arrive at a three-dimensional coordinate system spanned by the axes of “Liberty of ...


Introduction: On The Nature Of Technology, Peter H. Denton Jan 2005

Introduction: On The Nature Of Technology, Peter H. Denton

Essays in Philosophy

There is nothing so difficult to understand as the obvious, because the assumptions underlying it are rarely examined or challenged. Technology has become just such an obvious facet of our existence at the start of the twenty-first century. Our daily lives are shaped and directed by technology; it dominates our work and our leisure, constructs our home and work and our means of traveling between them, in ways so obvious it remains, for the most part, unexamined.

Technology has the Janus-like character of being both benefactor and threat. Unfortunately, neither aspect of technology is well understood by most of the ...


Thoughts On The Theory And Practice Of Speculative Markets Qua Event Predictors, Mason Richey Jan 2005

Thoughts On The Theory And Practice Of Speculative Markets Qua Event Predictors, Mason Richey

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Technology And The Evolution Of The Human: From Bergson To The Philosophy Of Technology, M. Scott Ruse Jan 2005

Technology And The Evolution Of The Human: From Bergson To The Philosophy Of Technology, M. Scott Ruse

Essays in Philosophy

Philosophy of technology is gaining recognition as an important field of philosophical scrutiny. This essay addresses the import of philosophy of technology in two ways. First, it seeks elucidate the place of technology within ontology, epistemology, and social/political philosophy. I argue technology inhabits an essential place in these fields. The philosophy of Henri Bergson plays a central role in this section. Second, I discuss how modern technology, its further development, and its inter-cultural transfer constitute a drive toward a global “hegemony of technology”. The crux of the argument is that the technological impulse within humanity insinuates itself into nearly ...


Review Of “Written Images: Søren Kierkegaard’S Journals, Notebooks, Booklets, Sheets, Scraps, And Slips Of Paper”, Steven Schroeder Jan 2005

Review Of “Written Images: Søren Kierkegaard’S Journals, Notebooks, Booklets, Sheets, Scraps, And Slips Of Paper”, Steven Schroeder

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “In Praise Of Blandness: Proceeding From Chinese Thought And Aesthetics”, Steven Schroeder Jan 2005

Review Of “In Praise Of Blandness: Proceeding From Chinese Thought And Aesthetics”, Steven Schroeder

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Reasons Of Love”, Alan Soble Jan 2005

Review Of “The Reasons Of Love”, Alan Soble

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “What Is Ancient Philosophy?”, Al Spangler Jan 2005

Review Of “What Is Ancient Philosophy?”, Al Spangler

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Aboriginal Cultures And Technocratic Culture: Two Ways Of Relating To Reality, Humberto Ortega Villasenor, Genaro Quinones Trujillo Jan 2005

Aboriginal Cultures And Technocratic Culture: Two Ways Of Relating To Reality, Humberto Ortega Villasenor, Genaro Quinones Trujillo

Essays in Philosophy

Threatened aboriginal cultures provide valuable criteria for fruitful criticism of the dominant Western cultural paradigm and perceptual model, which many take for granted as the inevitable path for humankind to follow. However, this Western model has proven itself to be imprecise and limiting. It obscures fundamental aspects of human nature, such as the mythical, religious dimension, and communication with the Cosmos. Modern technology, high-speed communication and mass media affect our ability to perceive reality and respond to it. Non-Western worldviews could help us to regain meaningful communication with Nature and to learn new ways of perceiving our world.