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2005

Medicine and Health Sciences

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Articles 31 - 60 of 122

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Ohio Academy Of Medical History Annual Meeting Program, April 16, 2005, Ohio Academy Of Medical History Apr 2005

Ohio Academy Of Medical History Annual Meeting Program, April 16, 2005, Ohio Academy Of Medical History

Annual Conference Programs

This four page program is from the annual meeting of the Ohio Academy of Medical History held on April 16, 2005 at the Dittrick Medical History Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The program details the events and presentations of the meeting.


2005 - The Tenth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars Apr 2005

2005 - The Tenth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars

Symposium of Student Scholars Program Books

The full program book from the Tenth Annual Symposium of Student Scholars, held on April 8, 2005. Includes abstracts from the presentations and posters.


The Sacred Circle And The Four Directions In American Indian Healing: A Historical Analysis, Lindsay Tompkins Apr 2005

The Sacred Circle And The Four Directions In American Indian Healing: A Historical Analysis, Lindsay Tompkins

Nursing Undergraduate Theses

American Indian people of North America have a unique and varied history perpetuated through oral tradition and legend. These traditions continue to remain a strong part of the present way of life for these people in spite of 500 years of European colonization, expansion, assimilation and outright genocide. Numerous deleterious effects resulting from European contact currently plague an estimated 2,448,000 registered Indian peoples, consisting of alcohol abuse, diabetes, suicide, despair and poverty. This becomes a heavy burden for all to bear, including the healthcare system. Of the many great challenges facing the healthcare system in North America today ...


A Short History Of Medical Dictionaries, Charles T. Ambrose Apr 2005

A Short History Of Medical Dictionaries, Charles T. Ambrose

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Great Pestilence: Yellow Fever In Portsmouth, Virginia, 1855, Burden Susan Lundgren Apr 2005

The Great Pestilence: Yellow Fever In Portsmouth, Virginia, 1855, Burden Susan Lundgren

Health Services Research Dissertations

In 1855, the town of Portsmouth, Virginia was devastated by an epidemic of yellow fever. Most citizens fled. Of those who remained, most became infected and a thousand died. The municipal government collapsed. In their place, a small organization known as the Portsmouth Relief Association assumed responsibility for ensuring the survival of the town. This organization managed the care of the sick, the burial of the dead, and the care of orphans. It was the sole agent receiving and allocating the funds and resources that poured into the community. Scarce food, drugs and other supplies were available only through the ...


The Devil In The Details: Evidence For The Affliction Of Lyme Disease In Seventeenth Century Massachusetts, Mary Drymon Derose Apr 2005

The Devil In The Details: Evidence For The Affliction Of Lyme Disease In Seventeenth Century Massachusetts, Mary Drymon Derose

All Theses & Dissertations

This study looks for evidence that Lyme disease is an old affliction that predates its "discovery" in Connecticut in the nineteen seventies. It analyzes the role that Lyme disease may have played in the history of English settlement in Massachusetts during the seventeenth century. Early settlers at Plymouth and in the Boston area described sicknesses that they suffered from at contact as being the result of starvation and scurvy. In 1692, the residents of the Salem Village area were describing physical and mental afflictions that they felt were caused by witchcraft. Some of the seventeenth-century symptoms are very similar to ...


Is Clinical Research And Ethics A Zero-Sum Game?, Charles Weijer Mar 2005

Is Clinical Research And Ethics A Zero-Sum Game?, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


A Literary Analysis Of Ken Dryden’S The Game.”, Don Morrow Mar 2005

A Literary Analysis Of Ken Dryden’S The Game.”, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


The Travels Of Our Bodies, Ourselves, Jane Pincus Mar 2005

The Travels Of Our Bodies, Ourselves, Jane Pincus

New England Journal of Public Policy

The women’s health book, Our Bodies, Ourselves: A Book by and for Women, was first printed in 1970 by the small, radical New England Free Press. Published by the group of women soon too become the Boston Women’s Health Book Collective, it was advertised solely by word of mouth. Successive newsprint editions reached a quarter of a million people in the United States through colleges and an extensive network of “underground” bookstores. The book placed female sexuality firmly within the framework of women’s health and combined vividly experienced medical encounters with available health and medical information. It ...


Update - March 2005, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Mar 2005

Update - March 2005, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- Review and Critique of Statements on Abuse and Family Violence
-- Seventh-day Adventist Statements on Women's Issues
-- Response to "A Statement on Women's Issues"
-- Seventh-day Adventist Statements on Abuse, A Statement on Abuse and Family Violence
-- Seventh-day Adventist Statements on Abuse, A Statement on Family Violence
-- Seventh-day Adventist Statements on Abuse, Statements on Child Sexual Abuse
-- Editorial


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 54, Number 2, March 2005 Mar 2005

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 54, Number 2, March 2005

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 54, Number 2, March 2005 Using Shaped Beam Surgery to Sculpt Therapy for Hard-to-Reach Brain Tumors; Page 8 Converting Adult Human Stem Cells to Longer-Lasting Dopamine Neurons; Page 9 New Evidence to Explain Statins’ Effects in Alzheimer’s Disease; Page 9 Liver Transplant: Less Rejection, Better Survival with New Drug Regimen; Page 10 Translational Research: Gene Therapy Rescues Failing Hearts in Lab Animals; Page 10 A Potential Trigger of Diabetic Kidney Disease; Page 11 Zinc May Help Prevent Esophageal, Oral Cancers; Page 11 Clinical Skills Center Named for Dr. and Mrs. Robert D. Rector ’48; Page ...


What Communities Should Do Pre-Event To Support Public Health Post-Event Assessments, Surveillance And Monitoring, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii Feb 2005

What Communities Should Do Pre-Event To Support Public Health Post-Event Assessments, Surveillance And Monitoring, Thomas Lyons Carr Iii

Thomas Lyons (Thom) Carr III Appl.Sc., CEM

[Abstract written March 2008, TLC] Under worst-case planning assumptions used by some major metropolitan areas, a Neighbor-to-Neighbor self-help program model is the primary link between citizens and the professional response personnel of the responsible government agencies.

In the Neighbor-to-Neighbor self-help program model or a Community Emergency Management Plan (CEMP) calls on the citizens in neighborhoods to identify and establish cluster emergency preparedness committees, Cluster Emergency Coordination Centers (CECC) and Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT). Missing from these plans or what is not articulated is how constant Public Health Post-Event Surveillance, Monitoring and Assessments will be done. Given the worst-case planning ...


"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore Feb 2005

"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Festschrift For Dr. John Mullooly, Eugene F. Diamond Feb 2005

Festschrift For Dr. John Mullooly, Eugene F. Diamond

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


[Book Review Of] The Virus And The Vaccine, By Debbie Bookchin And Jim Schumacher, Eugene F. Diamond Feb 2005

[Book Review Of] The Virus And The Vaccine, By Debbie Bookchin And Jim Schumacher, Eugene F. Diamond

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


[Book Review Of] George Pell, By Tess Livingstone, Catholic Medical Association Feb 2005

[Book Review Of] George Pell, By Tess Livingstone, Catholic Medical Association

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


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The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Academic Achievement In High Ability Students: Evidence From The Wollongong Youth Study., Wilma Vialle, Patrick C. L. Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi Jan 2005

The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Academic Achievement In High Ability Students: Evidence From The Wollongong Youth Study., Wilma Vialle, Patrick C. L. Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement is one that is regarded by many educators as a well-established fact. This belief has been often invoked in order to argue against the provision of ability grouping for gifted students. Refuting that commonly-held belief, this research examined the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in 65 high-ability secondary students, a sample drawn from a longitudinal study of over 900 students. The research demonstrated that there were no differences in measured selfesteem between the gifted and non-gifted students. More contentiously, though, the research found no correlation between self-esteem and academic achievement for the ...


Visual Perception Of Touchdown Point During Simulated Landing, Stephen A. Palmisano, Barbara Gillam Jan 2005

Visual Perception Of Touchdown Point During Simulated Landing, Stephen A. Palmisano, Barbara Gillam

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Experiments examined the accuracy of visual touchdown point perception during oblique descents (1.5o-15o) toward a ground plane consisting of (a) randomly positioned dots, (b) a runway outline, or (c) a grid. Participants judged whether the perceived touchdown point was above or below a probe that appeared at a random position following each display. Although judgments were unacceptably imprecise and biased for moving dot and runway displays, accurate and unbiased judgments were found for griddisplays. It is concluded that optic flow per se does not appear to be sufficient for a pilot to land an airplane and ...


Young People's Help-Seeking For Mental Health Problems., Debra Rickwood, Frank P. Deane, Coralie J. Wilson, Joseph V. Ciarrochi Jan 2005

Young People's Help-Seeking For Mental Health Problems., Debra Rickwood, Frank P. Deane, Coralie J. Wilson, Joseph V. Ciarrochi

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper summarises an ambitious research agenda aiming to uncover the factors that affect help-seeking among young people for mental health problems. The research set out to consider why young people, and particularly young males, do not seek help when they are in psychological distress or suicidal; how professional services be made more accessible and attractive to young people; the factors that inhibit and facilitate help-seeking; and how community gatekeepers can support young people to access services to help with personal and emotional problems. A range of studies was undertaken in New South Wales, Queensland and the ACT, using both ...


Dietary Fats And Membrane Function: Implications For Metabolism And Disease, Anthony J. Hulbert, Nigel Turner, Leonard H. Storlein, Paul Else Jan 2005

Dietary Fats And Membrane Function: Implications For Metabolism And Disease, Anthony J. Hulbert, Nigel Turner, Leonard H. Storlein, Paul Else

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Lipids play varied and critical roles in metabolism, with function dramatically modulated by the individual fatty acid moities in complex lipid entities. In particular, the fatty acid composition of membrane lipids greatly influences membrane function. Here we consider the role of dietary fatty acid profile on membrane composition and, in turn, its impact on prevalent disease clusters of the metabolic syndrome and mental illness. Applying the classical physiological conformer-regulator paradigm to quantify the influence of dietary fats on membrane lipid composition (i.e. where the membrane variable is plotted against the same variable in the environment - in this case dietary ...


A Contemporary Coaching Theory To Integrate Work And Life In Changing Times, Lindsay G. Oades, Peter Caputi, Paula Robinson, Barry Partridge Jan 2005

A Contemporary Coaching Theory To Integrate Work And Life In Changing Times, Lindsay G. Oades, Peter Caputi, Paula Robinson, Barry Partridge

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In this chapter we argue that common approaches underpinning coaching, including cognitive-behavioural frameworks and the concept of work–life balance, are not well suited to form the conceptual basis of practice to assist people in a dynamic contemporary society. These mechanistic approaches originate from the industrial revolution and are based on the root metaphor of person as machine. With the changing labour market, the impact of information and communication technologies and the fragmentation of traditional meaning systems into a more cosmopolitan society, there is a need for coaching approaches that emphasise change and adaptation. Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), an ...


Measuring Help Seeking Intentions: Properties Of The General Help Seeking Questionnaire, Coralie J. Wilson, Frank P. Deane, Joseph V. Ciarrochi, Debra Rickwood Jan 2005

Measuring Help Seeking Intentions: Properties Of The General Help Seeking Questionnaire, Coralie J. Wilson, Frank P. Deane, Joseph V. Ciarrochi, Debra Rickwood

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This articles describes the theoretical underpinnings, development and psychometric properties of the General Help-Seeking Questionnaire: a measure of help-seeking intentions that is being used as the central outcome variable in a number of national and international help-seeking studies.


Ux Ret And Cn Hyi: Hipparcos Photometry Analysis, Surinder S. Wadhwa, William J. Zealey Jan 2005

Ux Ret And Cn Hyi: Hipparcos Photometry Analysis, Surinder S. Wadhwa, William J. Zealey

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We present an analysis of the Hipparcos photometry of the contact binary systems UX Ret and CN Hyi. The Wilson-Devinney code is employed to model the V band light curve for several fixed values of the mass ratio. From the quality-of-fit of the different solutions a final solution is derived for each system. Absolute values of the system are derived using the parallax data from the Hipparcos catalog. Analysis of the V band photometry of two stars (EL Aqr and FN Cam) with spectroscopically known mass ratios is also provided as a validation for the methods adopted for this study.


Case Managers' Use Of Homework Assignments, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane Jan 2005

Case Managers' Use Of Homework Assignments, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Homework refers to between-session activities that are tied to therapeutic goals. Homework has been suggested as being an important clinical adjunct to case management practices, however to date research has not examined case managers’ use of homework. Aims: To identify the degree that case managers use homework within their clinical practice and explore the way it is administered with people diagnosed with a persistent and recurring psychiatric illness. Method: A survey was completed by 122 case managers comprising of nurses, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists and welfare/support workers. Results: Ninety-three percent of case managers implement homework, but only ...


Viewpoint Dependent Performance For Faces Rotated About Pitch And Yaw Axes, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano, Ryan T. Maloney Jan 2005

Viewpoint Dependent Performance For Faces Rotated About Pitch And Yaw Axes, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano, Ryan T. Maloney

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Improving Sun Protection Behaviour Through Evidence-Based Campaigns, Anita Tang, Lyn J. Phillipson, Sandra C. Jones, Keryn M. Johnson Jan 2005

Improving Sun Protection Behaviour Through Evidence-Based Campaigns, Anita Tang, Lyn J. Phillipson, Sandra C. Jones, Keryn M. Johnson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Overweight Consumers' Salient Beliefs On Omega-3-Enriched Functional Foods In Australia's Illawarra Region, C. Patch, Linda C. Tapsell, P. G. Williams Jan 2005

Overweight Consumers' Salient Beliefs On Omega-3-Enriched Functional Foods In Australia's Illawarra Region, C. Patch, Linda C. Tapsell, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To determine consumer salient beliefs toward functional foods enriched with omega-3 fatty acids. Design: Focus group interviews with adult consumers using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework. Setting: Community-based residents living in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Participants: Forty-two overweight participants (29 female; 13 male) aged 30-80y recruited by advertisement and attending one of six focus groups which were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis: Content analysis was carried out and sub-categories were developed to capture the emerging themes according to the TPB model. Results: Most participants were aware of a range of ...


Plant Sterol/Stanol Prescription Is An Effective Treatment Strategy For Managing Hypercholesterolemia In Outpatient Clinical Practice, C. Patch, Linda C. Tapsell, P. G. Williams Jan 2005

Plant Sterol/Stanol Prescription Is An Effective Treatment Strategy For Managing Hypercholesterolemia In Outpatient Clinical Practice, C. Patch, Linda C. Tapsell, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To determine the effectiveness of prescribing 2 g plant sterols/stanols per day as an addition to standard practice in a dietary outpatient clinic. Design A randomized parallel design of comparative 12-week interventions. Subjects/Setting Patients referred by a general practitioner to a dietary outpatient clinic for the management of hyperlipidemia were eligible. Twenty-five patients (15 women and 10 men) completed the study. Intervention Counselling regarding diet for hyperlipidemia was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines. The intervention group was instructed to incorporate ~25 g/day of margarine containing plant sterols/stanols, which delivered ~2 g ...


Low Plasma Vitamin E Levels In Major Depression: Diet Or Disease?, A. J. Owen, Marijka Batterham, Y. C. Probst, Brin F. Grenyer, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2005

Low Plasma Vitamin E Levels In Major Depression: Diet Or Disease?, A. J. Owen, Marijka Batterham, Y. C. Probst, Brin F. Grenyer, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

"Objective: Levels of vitamin E have been reported to be lower in patients suffering major depression, but whether this is due to inadequate dietary intake or the pathophysiology of depression is not known, and was the subject of the present study. Setting: Wollongong, Australia. Methods: Plasma vitamin E (a-tocopherol) was measured in 49 adults with major depression, age (mean7s.d.): 47712 y. In a subset (n¼19) usual dietary intake of vitamin E was determined by diet history. Results: Subjects had significantly lower plasma a-tocopherol (4.7170.13 mmol/mmol cholesterol) than has previously been reported for healthy Australians, and plasma ...