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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay Jan 1992

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the origins, scientific research, and impact of German agricultural experiment stations in the nineteenth century. At the time, German experiment stations held a commanding status in chemistry and life sciences research, German agricultural scientists established themselves an important scientific community, and German stations contributed to their nation's economic and industrial prominence;The dissertation emphasizes conflicts among the stations' three major constituencies. Profit-minded agriculturists were among the first to promote agricultural science. Generally speaking, they expected agricultural science to serve their immediate and practical interests, though they also employed a rhetoric of economic development and national ...


"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate Jan 1992

"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small group of farmers met in Des Moines, Iowa, in March of 1936 to form the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association. They were attempting to recover for the farmers the hog processing tax of the Agricultural Adjustment Act which had just been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The NFPTRA leaders claimed that the meat packers had passed the processing taxes on to the farmers through paying lower prices for their hogs. Milo Reno, a noted leader of the Iowa Farmers Union and president of the Farm Holiday movement, suggested the formation of the group and recruited some ...


All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle Jan 1992

All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the middle decades of the nineteenth century Americans engaged in a variety of reform activities, one of which was an effort to improve the American family and its domestic environment. Architectural plan books and housekeeping advice books encouraged readers to build houses in an "American" style, and to equip their homes in a manner that fostered efficiency, comfort, and beauty. Reformers argued that this effort would contribute to national progress by improving the character and well-being of the family. To that end, Americans of different income levels and backgrounds began experimenting with a variety of "conveniences," such as furnaces ...


Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken Jan 1992

Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-seven women have served in the Iowa General Assembly since the election of the first woman in 1928. Iowa's women legislators represent a broad range of political beliefs, wealth, education, and personal backgrounds. The diversity among them extends to their political styles and the issues they supported and opposed.;Before their candidacies these lawmakers generally lived traditional women's lives and participated in their communities' activities and organizations. They often became candidates to fill their parties' tickets but some ran because they believed that they had specific contributions to make to the formulation of state policy.;Through the issues ...


Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch Jan 1992

Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the years between the world wars Iowa's rural law enforcement officers shared the majority of their countrymen's belief that they faced the threat of an engulfing "crime wave" and recast themselves from sedate peace keepers into a kind of front line soldiers locked into a mortal "war against crime" to resist the wave. The wave was a myth. With the exception of the mass disregard of the nation's prohibition laws and the dramatic but very rare occurrence of bank holdups, crime, as jail records of the period show, was perpetrated by young, local men from the ...


Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter Jan 1992

Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.