Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan Jun 1992

Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan

GATT Research Papers

Article XVIII(B) of the GATT code allows developing countries to use tariffs to reduce imports when their balance-of-payments problems result in a low foreign currency reserve. While the intent of this GATT provision is sound, it has led to moral hazard problems. This chapter reviews the history and safeguards of Article XVIII(B0 and identifies some of its specific moral hazard problems. A model addressing these problems is then presented, and alternative policies are suggested to reform the Article.


Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt Mar 1992

Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt

Economics Publications

Women are underrepresented in elite positions in government, industry and academia relative to their representation in the labor force. This paper uses characteristic education, occupation and job experience credentials of current elites in American institutions to approximate the proportion of women in the pool of potential elites. Women's representation in elite positions is broadly consistent with their representation in these elite pools, and their status in elite pools will not increase substantially until early next century.