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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay Jan 1992

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the origins, scientific research, and impact of German agricultural experiment stations in the nineteenth century. At the time, German experiment stations held a commanding status in chemistry and life sciences research, German agricultural scientists established themselves an important scientific community, and German stations contributed to their nation's economic and industrial prominence;The dissertation emphasizes conflicts among the stations' three major constituencies. Profit-minded agriculturists were among the first to promote agricultural science. Generally speaking, they expected agricultural science to serve their immediate and practical interests, though they also employed a rhetoric of economic development and national ...


"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate Jan 1992

"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small group of farmers met in Des Moines, Iowa, in March of 1936 to form the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association. They were attempting to recover for the farmers the hog processing tax of the Agricultural Adjustment Act which had just been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The NFPTRA leaders claimed that the meat packers had passed the processing taxes on to the farmers through paying lower prices for their hogs. Milo Reno, a noted leader of the Iowa Farmers Union and president of the Farm Holiday movement, suggested the formation of the group and recruited some ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...


All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle Jan 1992

All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the middle decades of the nineteenth century Americans engaged in a variety of reform activities, one of which was an effort to improve the American family and its domestic environment. Architectural plan books and housekeeping advice books encouraged readers to build houses in an "American" style, and to equip their homes in a manner that fostered efficiency, comfort, and beauty. Reformers argued that this effort would contribute to national progress by improving the character and well-being of the family. To that end, Americans of different income levels and backgrounds began experimenting with a variety of "conveniences," such as furnaces ...


Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken Jan 1992

Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-seven women have served in the Iowa General Assembly since the election of the first woman in 1928. Iowa's women legislators represent a broad range of political beliefs, wealth, education, and personal backgrounds. The diversity among them extends to their political styles and the issues they supported and opposed.;Before their candidacies these lawmakers generally lived traditional women's lives and participated in their communities' activities and organizations. They often became candidates to fill their parties' tickets but some ran because they believed that they had specific contributions to make to the formulation of state policy.;Through the issues ...


The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne Jan 1992

The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1942-1945, Iowa State College, like several other universities and colleges, participated in a classified research and development project to build the first atomic bomb. Three federal agencies--the National Defense Research Council (NDRC), the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED)--funded this atomic weapon project at various times throughout the war. This dissertation is an examination of the administrative apparatus set up on Iowa State College's campus to manage that research and technology development. It also proposes that this same organizational structure was used as a model for administering research funding after ...


Fine Bird Books, Becky S. Jordan Jan 1992

Fine Bird Books, Becky S. Jordan

Special Collections Exhibit Catalogs

The Department of Special Collections is fortunate to have a number of 19th Century illustrated bird books. These books, filled with hand-colored plates, were produced at a time when there was tremendous interest in the descriptions of new species of birds. At the same time, a new printing technique, lithography, made illustration of new species a simpler process. This combination of art and science resulted in lovely volumes like those on display.


Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch Jan 1992

Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the years between the world wars Iowa's rural law enforcement officers shared the majority of their countrymen's belief that they faced the threat of an engulfing "crime wave" and recast themselves from sedate peace keepers into a kind of front line soldiers locked into a mortal "war against crime" to resist the wave. The wave was a myth. With the exception of the mass disregard of the nation's prohibition laws and the dramatic but very rare occurrence of bank holdups, crime, as jail records of the period show, was perpetrated by young, local men from the ...


Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin Jan 1992

Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter Jan 1992

Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.