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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt Mar 1992

Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt

Economics Publications

Women are underrepresented in elite positions in government, industry and academia relative to their representation in the labor force. This paper uses characteristic education, occupation and job experience credentials of current elites in American institutions to approximate the proportion of women in the pool of potential elites. Women's representation in elite positions is broadly consistent with their representation in these elite pools, and their status in elite pools will not increase substantially until early next century.


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...


Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken Jan 1992

Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-seven women have served in the Iowa General Assembly since the election of the first woman in 1928. Iowa's women legislators represent a broad range of political beliefs, wealth, education, and personal backgrounds. The diversity among them extends to their political styles and the issues they supported and opposed.;Before their candidacies these lawmakers generally lived traditional women's lives and participated in their communities' activities and organizations. They often became candidates to fill their parties' tickets but some ran because they believed that they had specific contributions to make to the formulation of state policy.;Through the issues ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans Jan 1992

Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the results of a three-day role model intervention. The intervention utilized female scientists and engineers to change the attitudes of ninth grade students toward science and math and toward the role of females in technical careers. A general introduction and literature review describe factors influencing the attitudes and behaviors of adolescent girls toward science and technology. Three papers report the results of the study;In the first paper, we explain the development and testing of an instrument designed to measure ninth grade students' attitudes toward science and math and the role of females in technical careers. The ...


An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the nonformal education needs of rural women in the sociocultural context of a village in India. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to examine: (1) the physical, social and cultural milieu that determine women's need for and participation in nonformal education; (2) the needs that can be addressed through nonformal education programs; and (3) the perceptions and attitudes of women toward nonformal education;It was assumed that the needs of women are determined by and grow out of the sociocultural context and therefore can be adequately understood only in terms ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...


Finch, Burney, Barbauld And The Brontes: Feminine Identity, Lori Ann Davis Jan 1992

Finch, Burney, Barbauld And The Brontes: Feminine Identity, Lori Ann Davis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Modern readers of literature have occasionally noticed similarities in the themes and imagery of British women writers. These similarities have been argued as springing from either a shared cultural heritage or a gender-specific biological experience. Proponents of the 'nurture' camp suggest that common life experiences within western culture, including a shared literary history, political invisibility, and domestic responsibilities which set definite limits on intellectual pursuits worked to create in these women a shared consciousness, intimately connected to their personal identities, which encodes a distinctly feminine imprint on much of their work. Proponents of the 'nature' camp, on the other hand ...


The Woman Question In Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre: The Interaction Of Romanticism And Mid-Nineteenth-Century Victorian England, Hsiu-Sui Chang Jan 1992

The Woman Question In Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre: The Interaction Of Romanticism And Mid-Nineteenth-Century Victorian England, Hsiu-Sui Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Near the end of the twentieth century, various and even contradictory literary criticisms are available. Which one is best for interpretation? Specifically, which one is best for interpreting Jane Eyre? The answers vary. Terry Eagleton, for example, declares that "there are indeed Marxist and feminist theories of literature which ... are more valuable" since his hypothesis ts that "literature . . . is vitally engaged with the living situations of men and women: it is concrete rather than abstract". What he means is that literature occurs in a social context.


A Taxonomy Of The Female Private Detective In Contemporary Literature, Michele Marie Regenold Jan 1992

A Taxonomy Of The Female Private Detective In Contemporary Literature, Michele Marie Regenold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The name Sherlock Holmes is nearly synonymous with the word detective for many people due to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's vastly popular ratiocinative detective stories. However, Edgar Allan Poe is considered the author of the first ratiocinative or classical detective story in the 1840s. Poe introduced and Doyle masterfully articulated the classical detective formula while writers such as Agatha Christie and Dorothy Sayers continued the classical tradition well into the twentieth century (Cawelti 80).


Competitiveness And Performance In The Workforce: Hierarchical Factor Analysis Of Managerial Competitiveness, Achievement Motivation, And The Big Five Personality Dimensions , Deborah Lee Johnson Jan 1992

Competitiveness And Performance In The Workforce: Hierarchical Factor Analysis Of Managerial Competitiveness, Achievement Motivation, And The Big Five Personality Dimensions , Deborah Lee Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questionnaire data from 200 managers were analyzed. Hierarchical factor analysis found two general factors of competitiveness that were labeled Competitiveness and Self-Description of Competitiveness. Additionally, four specific factors were found: Affective Reaction to Competitiveness, Win, Beating Others in the Workplace, and Recognition of Performance. Analogous to prior findings with General Intelligence, this study suggests that the measurement of competitiveness will best be achieved through the measurement of many factors rather than items from only the general factors;The hierarchical factor analysis methodology used in this study was superior to the second-order analysis procedures typically performed in the literature because it ...