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1992

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 82

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan Jun 1992

Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan

GATT Research Papers

Article XVIII(B) of the GATT code allows developing countries to use tariffs to reduce imports when their balance-of-payments problems result in a low foreign currency reserve. While the intent of this GATT provision is sound, it has led to moral hazard problems. This chapter reviews the history and safeguards of Article XVIII(B0 and identifies some of its specific moral hazard problems. A model addressing these problems is then presented, and alternative policies are suggested to reform the Article.


The Development Of A Prehistoric Coarse Ware Pottery Typology For Survey At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donal C. Haggis Apr 1992

The Development Of A Prehistoric Coarse Ware Pottery Typology For Survey At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donal C. Haggis

Margaret S. Mook

Archaeological survey and excavation in the KavousiThriphti area of East Crete has provided the evidence for establishing a coarse ware fabric typology for this region. Coarse wares constitute 70-90% of the typical Aegean pottery assemblage and a chronological typology for this pottery is useful for dating surface remains, as well as deposits from excavated contexts. Diachronic changes in coarse ware fabric types have now been documented from the Early Minoan through Late Geometric/Archaic periods at Kavousi.


Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt Mar 1992

Women In Elite Pools And Elite Positions, Patricia A. Ward, Peter F. Orazem, Steffen W. Schmidt

Economics Publications

Women are underrepresented in elite positions in government, industry and academia relative to their representation in the labor force. This paper uses characteristic education, occupation and job experience credentials of current elites in American institutions to approximate the proportion of women in the pool of potential elites. Women's representation in elite positions is broadly consistent with their representation in these elite pools, and their status in elite pools will not increase substantially until early next century.


A Gentle Doctor's Prayer, Jeff Palmer Jan 1992

A Gentle Doctor's Prayer, Jeff Palmer

Iowa State University Veterinarian

A prayer for veterinary students.


Instructor As Collaborator: A Case Study, Iris Ann Coffin Jan 1992

Instructor As Collaborator: A Case Study, Iris Ann Coffin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Two Navigational Aids For Hypertext, Mark Alan Satterfield Jan 1992

A Comparison Of Two Navigational Aids For Hypertext, Mark Alan Satterfield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Productivity Analysis And Functional Specification Of Pakistani Textile Industry , Jani Alam Abbasi Jan 1992

Productivity Analysis And Functional Specification Of Pakistani Textile Industry , Jani Alam Abbasi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study deals with the general functional characterization of the Pakistani Textile Industry. Previous studies assumed constant elasticity of substitution functional form, the best-fitted model for general manufacturing industries of Pakistan. There is only one study in which the textile industry is treated separately, but the functional form used is the same, and investigations are done at the provincial level with data pooling for other provinces;The important point in this study is that functional form is not restricted and allowed to be estimated freely by the collected data. We assume that the productivity growth of Pakistani Textiles can be ...


Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch Jan 1992

Resisting The Wave: Rural Iowa's War Against Crime, 1920-1941 , Douglas Michael Wertsch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the years between the world wars Iowa's rural law enforcement officers shared the majority of their countrymen's belief that they faced the threat of an engulfing "crime wave" and recast themselves from sedate peace keepers into a kind of front line soldiers locked into a mortal "war against crime" to resist the wave. The wave was a myth. With the exception of the mass disregard of the nation's prohibition laws and the dramatic but very rare occurrence of bank holdups, crime, as jail records of the period show, was perpetrated by young, local men from the ...


Finch, Burney, Barbauld And The Brontes: Feminine Identity, Lori Ann Davis Jan 1992

Finch, Burney, Barbauld And The Brontes: Feminine Identity, Lori Ann Davis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Modern readers of literature have occasionally noticed similarities in the themes and imagery of British women writers. These similarities have been argued as springing from either a shared cultural heritage or a gender-specific biological experience. Proponents of the 'nurture' camp suggest that common life experiences within western culture, including a shared literary history, political invisibility, and domestic responsibilities which set definite limits on intellectual pursuits worked to create in these women a shared consciousness, intimately connected to their personal identities, which encodes a distinctly feminine imprint on much of their work. Proponents of the 'nature' camp, on the other hand ...


Making Composition History: Fred Newton Scott, Gary D. Mckinney Jan 1992

Making Composition History: Fred Newton Scott, Gary D. Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1977, Donald Stewart conducted a survey of literature history and rhetoric and composition history knowledge at an NCTE convention in New York City. Since the respondents were reputable instructors who spent almost half their time teaching composition, Stewart was surprised at the results. On the section that tested knowledge of literature history, the high score was 92.5; the low score was 27.5; the average score, 67; mean score, 72.5. Stewart adds, "14 people scored in the 80's, four in the 90's". This essay is about Fred Newton Scott, and I begin by wondering how ...


Collaborative Holistic Evaluation: Theoretical Underpinnings And Classroom Use, Grant Moser Jan 1992

Collaborative Holistic Evaluation: Theoretical Underpinnings And Classroom Use, Grant Moser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Ever since the first composition student set stylus to clay tablet, we who teach composition have been blessed with the authority and cursed with the responsibility of evaluating student writing. Blessed because that grant of authority is an acknowledgment from our colleagues, our profession, our institutions, and our students that we can be trusted to fairly and accurately judge the quality of other people's writing. Cursed because that burden of responsibility demands an intensity of effort and an investment of time that are frequently intimidating and always exhausting.


A Taxonomy Of The Female Private Detective In Contemporary Literature, Michele Marie Regenold Jan 1992

A Taxonomy Of The Female Private Detective In Contemporary Literature, Michele Marie Regenold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The name Sherlock Holmes is nearly synonymous with the word detective for many people due to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's vastly popular ratiocinative detective stories. However, Edgar Allan Poe is considered the author of the first ratiocinative or classical detective story in the 1840s. Poe introduced and Doyle masterfully articulated the classical detective formula while writers such as Agatha Christie and Dorothy Sayers continued the classical tradition well into the twentieth century (Cawelti 80).


Is Style Teachable?: A Reconsideration Of The Stylistic Value Of Prose Memorization, Terry Ann Rasmussen Jan 1992

Is Style Teachable?: A Reconsideration Of The Stylistic Value Of Prose Memorization, Terry Ann Rasmussen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to argue for a reconsideration of the potential value of imitation, particularly prose-memorization, as a pedagogical approach towards style.


Competitiveness And Performance In The Workforce: Hierarchical Factor Analysis Of Managerial Competitiveness, Achievement Motivation, And The Big Five Personality Dimensions , Deborah Lee Johnson Jan 1992

Competitiveness And Performance In The Workforce: Hierarchical Factor Analysis Of Managerial Competitiveness, Achievement Motivation, And The Big Five Personality Dimensions , Deborah Lee Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questionnaire data from 200 managers were analyzed. Hierarchical factor analysis found two general factors of competitiveness that were labeled Competitiveness and Self-Description of Competitiveness. Additionally, four specific factors were found: Affective Reaction to Competitiveness, Win, Beating Others in the Workplace, and Recognition of Performance. Analogous to prior findings with General Intelligence, this study suggests that the measurement of competitiveness will best be achieved through the measurement of many factors rather than items from only the general factors;The hierarchical factor analysis methodology used in this study was superior to the second-order analysis procedures typically performed in the literature because it ...


An Examination Of Linguistic Politeness Strategies In Computer-Mediated Communication, Rockie Lyons Beaman Jan 1992

An Examination Of Linguistic Politeness Strategies In Computer-Mediated Communication, Rockie Lyons Beaman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin Jan 1992

Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Music As A Mood Modulator, Patricia Edwards Bleyle Jan 1992

Music As A Mood Modulator, Patricia Edwards Bleyle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter Jan 1992

Portrait Of A Community : Belle Plaine, Iowa, 1895-1925, Stephanie Ann Carpenter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of Korean College Students Towards Fast Food, Family Style, And Fine Dining Restaurants, Sung-Hee Byun Jan 1992

Attitudes Of Korean College Students Towards Fast Food, Family Style, And Fine Dining Restaurants, Sung-Hee Byun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Color And Design On Audience Attitude, Behavior, And Perception Of Media, Carol M. Ouverson Jan 1992

The Effects Of Color And Design On Audience Attitude, Behavior, And Perception Of Media, Carol M. Ouverson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Choreographing A Vision: Virginia Woolf's "To The Lighthouse" And Michel Fokine's "Les Sylphides": Patterns In Literature And Ballet, Sandra L. Kruchten Mullen Jan 1992

Choreographing A Vision: Virginia Woolf's "To The Lighthouse" And Michel Fokine's "Les Sylphides": Patterns In Literature And Ballet, Sandra L. Kruchten Mullen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay Jan 1992

Science, Practice And Politics: German Agricultural Experiment Stations In The Nineteenth Century , Mark Russell Finlay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the origins, scientific research, and impact of German agricultural experiment stations in the nineteenth century. At the time, German experiment stations held a commanding status in chemistry and life sciences research, German agricultural scientists established themselves an important scientific community, and German stations contributed to their nation's economic and industrial prominence;The dissertation emphasizes conflicts among the stations' three major constituencies. Profit-minded agriculturists were among the first to promote agricultural science. Generally speaking, they expected agricultural science to serve their immediate and practical interests, though they also employed a rhetoric of economic development and national ...


"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate Jan 1992

"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small group of farmers met in Des Moines, Iowa, in March of 1936 to form the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association. They were attempting to recover for the farmers the hog processing tax of the Agricultural Adjustment Act which had just been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The NFPTRA leaders claimed that the meat packers had passed the processing taxes on to the farmers through paying lower prices for their hogs. Milo Reno, a noted leader of the Iowa Farmers Union and president of the Farm Holiday movement, suggested the formation of the group and recruited some ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...


All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle Jan 1992

All The Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870 , Maureen Ogle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the middle decades of the nineteenth century Americans engaged in a variety of reform activities, one of which was an effort to improve the American family and its domestic environment. Architectural plan books and housekeeping advice books encouraged readers to build houses in an "American" style, and to equip their homes in a manner that fostered efficiency, comfort, and beauty. Reformers argued that this effort would contribute to national progress by improving the character and well-being of the family. To that end, Americans of different income levels and backgrounds began experimenting with a variety of "conveniences," such as furnaces ...


Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken Jan 1992

Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-seven women have served in the Iowa General Assembly since the election of the first woman in 1928. Iowa's women legislators represent a broad range of political beliefs, wealth, education, and personal backgrounds. The diversity among them extends to their political styles and the issues they supported and opposed.;Before their candidacies these lawmakers generally lived traditional women's lives and participated in their communities' activities and organizations. They often became candidates to fill their parties' tickets but some ran because they believed that they had specific contributions to make to the formulation of state policy.;Through the issues ...


The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne Jan 1992

The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1942-1945, Iowa State College, like several other universities and colleges, participated in a classified research and development project to build the first atomic bomb. Three federal agencies--the National Defense Research Council (NDRC), the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED)--funded this atomic weapon project at various times throughout the war. This dissertation is an examination of the administrative apparatus set up on Iowa State College's campus to manage that research and technology development. It also proposes that this same organizational structure was used as a model for administering research funding after ...


Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker Jan 1992

Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the retention and graduation rates for 125 black students who had enrolled as freshmen at Iowa State University in 1984. The study examined student history data from the university's data base and information on the college experience at Iowa State, based on telephone interviews with 95 former students. The study identified factors associated with black students who graduated and those who withdrew from Iowa State University;Information obtained from the Iowa State University data base determined that black students who graduated had higher ACT scores, high school rank, and grade point ...


Linguistic And Interactional Adjustments In Ns-Nns Communication In The Tutoring Setting , Xueru Cheng Jan 1992

Linguistic And Interactional Adjustments In Ns-Nns Communication In The Tutoring Setting , Xueru Cheng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.