Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Agricultural history and rural studies

Life Sciences

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Settling The Sunset Land: California And Its Family Farmers, 1850s-1890s , Alexandra Kindell Jan 2006

Settling The Sunset Land: California And Its Family Farmers, 1850s-1890s , Alexandra Kindell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In "Settling the Sunset Land: California and its Family Farmers, 1850s-1890s," I relate the lived experiences of late-nineteenth-century rural California farmers to larger themes and patterns in North American history. The current literature on California's early development has excluded the majority of farmers in the state, concentrating instead on a few "great" men who developed the state's agribusiness interests. My dissertation shifts the focus to the manner in which settlers lived and worked in the first fifty years of statehood. Because so little has been written about rural California, I use a wide range of sources to document ...


Harvest Of Hazards The Farm Safety Movement, 1940-1975 , Derek S. Oden Jan 2006

Harvest Of Hazards The Farm Safety Movement, 1940-1975 , Derek S. Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Between 1940 and 1975, farmers chose to adopt new machines, different farming methods and ever-widening array of chemicals all of which presented unfamiliar hazards. Farm Families had always been exposed risks from hand-tools, domestic animals and inclement weather, however, potential health risks multiplied in the mid twentieth century. Farmers could be injured in a myriad of ways in their attempt to grow crops, raise livestock or even in bringing their commodities to market. An individual's clothing or limbs could become entangled in a machine's unguarded moving parts, a tractor driver might be crushed during an accidental overturn and ...


Industrializing The Corn Belt: Iowa Farmers, Technology And The Midwestern Landscape, 1945-1972 , Joseph Leslie Anderson Jan 2005

Industrializing The Corn Belt: Iowa Farmers, Technology And The Midwestern Landscape, 1945-1972 , Joseph Leslie Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1945 to 1972 Iowa farmers remade their landscape in the image of an industrial model characterized by large-scale production, the substitution of capital for labor, strict cost accounting, specialization, and efficiency. Farm families were leaders in adopting new technology to solve their problems in the post World War II period, a contrast to the pre-war years when experts such as college educated professionals, journalists, and industry leaders advocated the application of industrial ideals to agriculture. Many farmers industrialized production because of a persistent postwar farm labor shortage and a cost-price squeeze in which the prices farmers paid for products ...


The Conservation Landscape: Trees And Nature On The Great Plains , Joel Jason Orth Jan 2004

The Conservation Landscape: Trees And Nature On The Great Plains , Joel Jason Orth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the past two centuries Americans have transformed the Great Plains. Farmers, politicians, scientists, and the state constructed and reconstructed the Plains to support their visions of a sustainable society. They transformed the region into a social and ecological space inextricably linked to the beliefs, agendas, and polices that have reshaped it. The new landscape blurred the social and the natural making these categories impossible to separate. The greatest task soil conservation on the Great Plains faces today is recognizing the hybrid space for what it is: a socially-constructed landscape, a conservation landscape.;This thesis traces the development of a ...


Make A Living: Agriculture, Industry And Commerce In Eastern Hebei, 1870-1937 , Fuming Wang Jan 1998

Make A Living: Agriculture, Industry And Commerce In Eastern Hebei, 1870-1937 , Fuming Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The existing scholarship on Chinese agricultural history and peasant economy always portrayed Chinese peasants as cultivators and equated agricultural commercialization as cash crop growing. Based on the field surveys made by the Chinese and Japanese investigators in the 1930s, this dissertation tries to correct the over-simplification of the Chinese peasant economy and describe how the peasants in Eastern Hebei made a living by a combination of agriculture, industry and commerce. By examining the ecosystem and calculating the grain production and consumption, it is found that the returns from farming were not even enough for the peasants own consumption. Eastern Hebei ...


Unattainable Edens: James J Hill, The Great Northern Railway And Changing Notions Of Agricultural Expertise , Claire Margaret Strom Jan 1998

Unattainable Edens: James J Hill, The Great Northern Railway And Changing Notions Of Agricultural Expertise , Claire Margaret Strom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the life of President James J. Hill, the Great Northern Railway launched projects along its line to increase agricultural production and farmer education. Through these development schemes the railroad interacted with university personnel, state and federal governments, booster groups, and farm organizations. The railroad's corporate needs, such as increased agricultural haulage, effected this interaction;The railroad was involved in agricultural development between 1880 and 1920. This included operation of the largest private demonstration farm system in the country, several large-scale western drainage and irrigation schemes, extensive political lobbying on both the state and federal levels, and generous philanthropic ...


The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian Jan 1998

The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa's citizens during World War II became soldiers in their loyalty, energy, and commitment as they fought on one or more of the home fronts. These four home fronts (historic terms) were the farm, production, community, and kitchen fronts. The farm front as part of the Food for Freedom campaign produced corn, soybeans, eggs, pork, beef, milk, and hemp for the Armed Services and the Allies. Iowa's farmers faced labor and machinery shortages yet produced record amounts of crops and animals. This prosperity, however, cost Iowa some of its valuable topsoil and initiated a turn toward a factory ...


"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman Jan 1995

"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is an intellectual history that traces the influence of ecological thought on the theory, practice, and policy of agriculture in the United States since the 1930s. Ecology served as both a scientific and ethical guide for two broad social movements analyzed in this dissertation. The "permanent agriculture" movement of the 1930s through the 1950s emerged from concerns over the destruction of the soil, and the desire to harmonize human technological endeavors with the interconnected biological and social universes in which humans functioned. Champions of permanent agriculture effectively promoted an ideology devoted to long-term land use planning, comprehensive soil conservation ...


"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate Jan 1992

"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small group of farmers met in Des Moines, Iowa, in March of 1936 to form the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association. They were attempting to recover for the farmers the hog processing tax of the Agricultural Adjustment Act which had just been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The NFPTRA leaders claimed that the meat packers had passed the processing taxes on to the farmers through paying lower prices for their hogs. Milo Reno, a noted leader of the Iowa Farmers Union and president of the Farm Holiday movement, suggested the formation of the group and recruited some ...