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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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From Working-Class Origins To Academia: Community College Women Who Have Crossed The Great Class Divide, Lyn A. Brodersen Jan 2008

From Working-Class Origins To Academia: Community College Women Who Have Crossed The Great Class Divide, Lyn A. Brodersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is a paucity of research about the experiences of women from working-class families who become faculty or administrators in higher education institutions. Most research and literature about the experiences of female faculty and administrators focus on those women who work in four-year college and university settings. This phenomenology focused on the experiences of nine working-class women who are faculty and administrators at a large, Midwestern, multi-campus community college. The participants shared their perceptions and experiences as children and adolescents in a working-class family, as students, as wives and mothers, and as community college professionals, and how these shaped their ...


Syncretism: A Study Of Toshodai-Ji Wayo Architectural And Cultural Elements, Carole N. Edginton Jan 2008

Syncretism: A Study Of Toshodai-Ji Wayo Architectural And Cultural Elements, Carole N. Edginton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When cultures come in contact with another an exchange of social constructs occurs. Very often this results in a syncretism or a blending of ideas which results in the development of new innovative ideas and materials. Wayo cultural traditions of Nara Japan are an example of this type of occurrence. With the transmission of Buddhism from China to Japan in 509 C.E. via Korea cultural, religious, political, as well as architectural advances in technologies occurred. Toshodai-ji successfully demonstrates the Buddhist ideology and methods of T'ang architectural design that was transferred to Japan from China. Wayo features are found ...


The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...


Not Unacquainted With Pain, Amanda Anne Schumacher Jan 2008

Not Unacquainted With Pain, Amanda Anne Schumacher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My thesis is a collection of short stories entitled, "Not unacquainted with pain." These stories all depict narrators in the midst of great loss as they try to cope, comprehend, and carry on. These narrators seek to deal with their feelings of grief, guilt, and longing as they look for definition in the world around them. They seek to articulate their feelings in a variety of different ways, through connection with family, to disassociation with family, to seeking epiphany in a work of art. The narrators themselves range dramatically in age and experience, from a seven year-old girl, to a ...


A Sentimental Tale: Death And Madness In The Bondwoman's Narrative, Natalie L. Meyer Jan 2008

A Sentimental Tale: Death And Madness In The Bondwoman's Narrative, Natalie L. Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

At an auction in 2001, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Director of African American Studies at Harvard discovered an unpublished manuscript, The Bondwoman's Narrative by Hannah Crafts, which immediately became a hotbed for critical commentary because of the controversy surrounding the identity of its author and its genre. Gates hypothesized that Crafts was an African-American fugitive slave and that The Bondwoman's Narrative falls into one (or more) of the following categories: sentimental, slave narrative, or gothic. Though Crafts borrows from the gothic and slave narrative traditions, what has been overlooked in the scholarly conversation is the critical commentary she ...


Care Ethics And Cloning: A Speculative Literary Critique Of Human Biotechnology, Laurel A. Tweed Jan 2008

Care Ethics And Cloning: A Speculative Literary Critique Of Human Biotechnology, Laurel A. Tweed

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Debates about human cloning are typically argued within a framework of individual rights and justice that promote a particular view of human independence. As a result, the cloning debate is impoverished because it fails to adequately consider human interdependence. Rather than considering whether we have a right to clone, feminist care ethics offers the question, is it caring to clone? To explore questions of social and political care ethics within the cloning debate, this thesis examines two contemporary speculative novels, Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake (2003) and Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go (2005), which represent uses of ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp Jan 2008

A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This manuscript examines the intellectual, cultural, and practical approaches to science and engineering education as a part of the land-grant college movement in the Midwest between the 1850s and early 1900s. These land-grant institutions began and grew within unique frontier societies that both cherished self-reliance and diligently worked to make themselves part of the larger national experience. College administrators and professors encountered rapidly changing public expectations, regional needs, and employment requirements. They recognized a dire need for technically skilled men and women who could quickly adapt to changes in equipment and processes, and implement advances in scientific knowledge in American ...


The West Dallas Gang: A Screenplay, Melissa Hemann Jan 2008

The West Dallas Gang: A Screenplay, Melissa Hemann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the war on crime of the 1930s, Texas officers had done their fair share when they brought down the infamous Bonnie and Clyde. Yet, two months after the ambush, members of the gang were once again on the loose after a daring prison escape. The West Dallas Gang follows Dallas Deputy, Ted Hinton, who is determined to arrest these last members, and to right the wrongs he feels are attached to the ambush of Bonnie and Clyde. At the same time, Hinton crosses several lines in his investigating process that could ultimately jeopardize his career and his marriage. It ...


Design Patterns In Level Design: Common Practices In Simulated Environment Construction, Denise Bacher Jan 2008

Design Patterns In Level Design: Common Practices In Simulated Environment Construction, Denise Bacher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creation of video game levels is an inexact and often intuitive process. Currently, much of level design focuses on the "how" as opposed to the "why." That is to say, level designers know how to build a level, but do not know why they built it the way they did. Before more immersive player experiences can occur, an understanding of what levels are, what common functionality exists between them, and a means of consistently reproducing player behaviors is necessary.;The author advances the premise that by examining the use of design patterns in architecture, computer science, and interaction design ...


The Effect Of Prisonization On Female Criminality, Anna Elizabeth Kosloski Jan 2008

The Effect Of Prisonization On Female Criminality, Anna Elizabeth Kosloski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Prisonization theory asserts that inmates who internalize the attitudes and behaviors of a criminal lifestyle are most likely to continue their criminal careers and thus less likely to desist from crime. Unfortunately, virtually all prior studies of prisonization have used male samples and ignored female inmates. Using official data from 174 female inmates in Arizona, the current study examined predictors of 10 forms of institutional misconduct. Net the effects of demographic, social history, criminal career, and other risk factors, women who had served prior prison terms were significantly likely to commit all forms of misconduct. The effect of prior prison ...


Alchemy In The Atomic Age, Andrew Judge Jan 2008

Alchemy In The Atomic Age, Andrew Judge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A collection of poems exploring the nature of scientific inquiry and its relationship to religion and the "supernatural."


Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung Jan 2008

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vicuna fiber has a high value in the textile and fashion industry and is seen on the runways of the most selective and luxurious clothing designers in Europe. However, the vicuna fiber process and commodity chain are little known. This thesis presents the commodity chain of vicuna fiber and the positive and negative impacts that vicuna fiber commercialization generates in Peruvian peasant communities. The research, based on in-depth interviews and document analysis, studies the development of this buyer-driven chain, the social actors' roles, and the policies and legislation implemented to preserve vicuna species. In response to consumption demands, the marketing ...


Attention And Level Of Processing: Movie Viewing Styles And The Priming Of Aggressive Cognitions, Julia A. Maier Jan 2008

Attention And Level Of Processing: Movie Viewing Styles And The Priming Of Aggressive Cognitions, Julia A. Maier

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated if attention to and processing of a movie could serve as input variables in the General Aggression Model. Specially, the type of scenes viewers attended to and their level of processing were examined. Participants completed personality measures and were instructed to either pay attention or just relax during a movie. They then completed a lexical decision task and reported the scene they found to be most striking. Results showed that aggressive cognitions did vary based on scene reported; participants who selected an aggressive scene were more primed for movie-related, non-aggressive concepts than aggression-related concepts. Exploratory analysis suggested ...


"I Hope To Share My Struggles, My Successes, And Everything In Between": A Rhetorical Study Of Health Blogs, Marcy Deborah Leasum Jan 2008

"I Hope To Share My Struggles, My Successes, And Everything In Between": A Rhetorical Study Of Health Blogs, Marcy Deborah Leasum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many patients who are experiencing a serious illness need a way to express their emotions and continue their everyday lives. For some patients, one outlet is through a health blog. Health blogs allow these individuals to share their emotions about their illness through narrative and with a wide audience over the Internet.;The visual and textual elements of health blogs work together to create an identity that is unique to each blogger. As these visual and textual elements combine, one can see the narratives emerge. Through these narratives, the bloggers persuade both themselves and others that they can to some ...


Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins Jan 2008

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the Family and Community Health Study, the present study analyzed the social relationships, attitudes, and behaviors of 766 Black and Biracial adolescents residing in Georgia and Iowa to note any significant differences as a function of racial identification. One factor involving social relationships showed a significant difference between the Black and Biracial girls: Biracial girls reported less ability to make and keep friends. Results indicate that attitudes regarding Black Pride and the perceptions of others who may engage in specific behaviors associated with masculine stereotypes were not statistically different between Black and Biracial adolescents. The behaviors included ...


Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta Jan 2008

Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The inclusion of humor in public discourse has become more prevalent in recent years. While some teachers have worked to include humor in their classrooms, they often fall short of realizing the full potential of humor as a tool for reflection. This thesis examines the mechanisms of humor, beginning with ancient Greek and Roman philosophy and rhetorical considerations of humor through enlightenment and modern-era theories of humor. Ultimately, the text identifies how philosophical hermeneutics, as considered by Hans-Georg Gadamer, can illuminate the reflective qualities of humor. The thesis then imagines a unit in a foundation-level composition course which utilizes humor ...


Therapeutic Journeys: Subversion Of Archetypal Convention In Women's Travel Narrative, Dawn Eyestone Jan 2008

Therapeutic Journeys: Subversion Of Archetypal Convention In Women's Travel Narrative, Dawn Eyestone

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The travel writing canon has been historically restricted to authors of a certain race, class, and gender even though the literature itself is not so narrow. Critics of the genre have noted the discrepancy between the literature and the canon without fully addressing how or why that gap has emerged. This thesis examines that gap more closely and argues that the limitations in the canon are due to the very nature of how critics have defined "the traveler": the adventuring Odysseus. This archetype, which hides behide eupehmisms of aesthetic standards, actually silences any authors not reproducing a white, Western, masculine ...


Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar Jan 2008

Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Being a student of color at a predominantly White institution can be extremely challenging, yet rewarding. For the select students in this mixed methods study, overcoming academic and social hurdles was paramount to their success in science, technology and engineering based disciplines at this large research intensive Midwestern institution. Some of the themes that arose from their academic and social challenges were: feelings of isolation and alienation, demystification of stereotypes, minimal relationships with faculty and staff, inadequate academic advising, and a lack of academic and social preparation and skills. Students of color in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner Jan 2008

Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although much research has been conducted on cosmetic surgery and some research has been conducted on cosmetic use in general, little to no research has explored nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body, particularly as a symbolic form of consumption in shaping notions of the self. Thus, the purpose of the present qualitative study was to gain understanding of the consumption of nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body from multiple theoretical perspectives. Of particular interest was how this consumption serves as a symbolic means for shaping the self, specifically in the context of self-presentation and impression management (Goffman, 1959).;For this ...


The Influence Of Chinese Cultural Values On Consumer Perceptions And Behavioral Intention Towards An Apparel Mass Customization Website, Kun Song Jan 2008

The Influence Of Chinese Cultural Values On Consumer Perceptions And Behavioral Intention Towards An Apparel Mass Customization Website, Kun Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Mass customization may deliver superior value to consumers compared to mass production because it provides personalized products with prices close to mass produced products. This assertion was made under the conditions and assumptions in Western societies where individual needs, rights, and interests are greatly valued. It is not known whether mass customization will deliver similar value to consumers in other societies, where different value systems exist. The purpose of the present study was to examine Chinese consumers' responses toward mass customization and the influence of Chinese cultural values on these responses.;This study focused on web-based apparel mass customization and ...


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz Jan 2008

Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

National data suggest that Latina immigrant women fare better educationally than their nonimmigrant counterparts in bachelor degree attainment, but does not account for how immigration status impacts college persistence. Using a borderlands theoretical framework, this study examines factors associated with college persistence among a sample of undocumented Mexican immigrant women from a small rural community in the Rocky Mountain region. Chicana feminist epistemological techniques are used to analyze data collected from in-depth interviews from participants and community informants. In addition, a trenzas de identidades multiples (braids of multiple identities) perspective was used helped conceptualize and categorize persistence factors surrounding and ...


Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King Jan 2008

Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I explored how female college students who identify as multiracial/biracial-bisexual/pansexual made meaning of their racial and sexual identities, how they described their identity development process, and the ways in which college contributed to their identity formation. Utilizing a proposed model of biracial-bisexual identity development and the ecology of student development model as foundations for this study, I sought to better understand the experiences both before and during college, and the impacts of those two environments on the processes of racial and sexual identity formation for the female college students in this study. Findings, based on ...


Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp Jan 2008

Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using a qualitative, phenomenological methodology this dissertation study describes and examines the meaning of participation in professional development for community college support staff and the perceived meaning, benefits, and challenges to both the individual participant and the institution. The research site is an urban Midwestern U.S. community college that offers a comprehensive staff development program. The study includes the perspectives of both support staff participants in professional development and administrative staff who work closely with the program. A total of 15, all female, participants---11 support staff and four administrative staff---took part in the study.;This study was of interest ...


Gay Men's Experiences Of Alaskan Society In Their Coupled Relationships, Markie Louise Christianson Blumer Jan 2008

Gay Men's Experiences Of Alaskan Society In Their Coupled Relationships, Markie Louise Christianson Blumer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although it is true that male-male couples are more similar to rather than different from female-male couples, there are unique challenges and positive aspects for gay partnerships related to their existence in what continues to be a society of non-support. Little research exists on supportive and non-supportive experiences of gay males in society, particularly how these experiences affect their relationships, and information with regard to this topic is virtually non-existent in the remote state of Alaska. Therefore, this qualitative study, informed by constructionist frameworks, gave voice to eleven gay males currently involved in partnerships with a focus on exploring their ...


"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen Jan 2008

"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this participatory action research (PAR) project was to investigate and deconstruct white racial privilege as one step toward developing an anti-racist professional identity for white students in a student affairs graduate preparation program at a predominantly white university.;This qualitative study used the approach of PAR, influenced by a critical, emancipatory perspective. Five participants came together for a 30-hour group process that was both dialogical and experiential. Each group member was interviewed before and after the group process, and the transcripts of the interviews and group process formed the core of the data that was generated. Participants ...


The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth Jan 2008

The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study addresses the design studio learning experiences of fifth-year architectural students, from their first year to their fourth year. It discusses the descriptions that architecture students give to the learning experiences, describes the perceptions that design students have of their learning experiences, and illuminates the outcomes of these learning experiences. The findings show that the students described their learning experiences as interrelational, perceived the experiences as transitional, and felt that their learning experiences aided in the production of outcomes. The findings were viewed within social constructivist and constructionist viewpoints and were contingent on Chickering and Reisser's model ...


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...