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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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Identity, Mission, And Markets: A Multiple-Case Study On Select Catholic High Schools In The United States, Danielle N. Trollinger Jan 2019

Identity, Mission, And Markets: A Multiple-Case Study On Select Catholic High Schools In The United States, Danielle N. Trollinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since 1965, over 7,000 Catholic schools have closed in the United States. This phenomenon is referred to by both Catholic and secular news agencies as, “The Catholic School Crisis.” The crisis is in part due to the marketization of education in the United States which has created a competitive economic market between all types of schools. In a market-driven culture, schools compete for students and funds the same way businesses compete for customers and dollars. This multiple-case study investigated how leaders within select Catholic high schools understand and communicate their institutional identity within a market context and how that ...


Exploration Of The Perpetuating Fast Fashion Consumption Cycle: Young Women's Experiences In Pursuit Of An Ideal Self-Image, Leslie H. Simpson Jan 2019

Exploration Of The Perpetuating Fast Fashion Consumption Cycle: Young Women's Experiences In Pursuit Of An Ideal Self-Image, Leslie H. Simpson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of the lived experiences of young women in emerging adulthood who consumed a large quantity of fast fashion apparel (in excess of 150 pieces annually). Using a phenomenological methodology, this study explored (a) the shopping experiences of the young women, (b) the meaning the young women attached to their clothing purchases, and (c) why the young women were buying large quantities of fast fashion.

Fourteen women between the ages of 19 and 25 from the mid-Atlantic region of the United States participated in the study. The research design ...


Taking The Lab On The Road And Bringing The Road To The Lab: On Using Mixed-Methods And Virtual Reality To Study A Location-Based Task, Kofi Whitney Jan 2019

Taking The Lab On The Road And Bringing The Road To The Lab: On Using Mixed-Methods And Virtual Reality To Study A Location-Based Task, Kofi Whitney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In earlier work, a lab and field study were employed to evaluate participants who used a digital map to complete a surveying task. The lab incorporated photos to simulate various scenarios within the task environment. It had a high degree of experimental control, strengths in quantitative data collection, and it could be easily replicated. Whereas the field study took place in the task’s natural setting (a neighborhood); it afforded participants to navigate the environment on foot, which allowed for more ecologically valid task outcomes and rich qualitative data collection. The strengths of the lab method were desired, but the ...


Virtue & Strife: Encouraging Positive Trends In Self-Concept And Societal Empathy Through Competitive Multiplayer Game Design, Casey Roy Bridgham Jan 2019

Virtue & Strife: Encouraging Positive Trends In Self-Concept And Societal Empathy Through Competitive Multiplayer Game Design, Casey Roy Bridgham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

“Know thyself.”

– Socrates

Discovering who you are as an individual within the vast multitude of people in the world is a task that takes a lifetime. What we think and what we do as cognitive, creative and social human beings is what makes us different and unique, but fully understanding what that encompasses is a difficult and sometimes fruitless pursuit of self-reflection. For centuries, philosophers, psychologists and many of history’s great thinkers alike have tackled the concept of “self” and contemplated the value of morality versus our inner demons. The goal of my thesis is to explore the relationship ...


Computable Structure Theory On Banach Spaces, Tyler Anthony Brown Jan 2019

Computable Structure Theory On Banach Spaces, Tyler Anthony Brown

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation we investigate computability notions on several different Banach spaces, namely the separable $L^p$-spaces and $C[0,1]$.

It was demonstrated by McNicholl \cite{TM} that the halting problem is a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of computable isometric isomorphisms between any two computable representations of the purely atomic $L^p$-spaces (e.g. $\ell^p$) where the underlying measure space is generated by finitely many atoms. In the case where the underlying measure space is generated by finitely many atoms (such as in $\ell^p_n$), McNicholl also proved that it is always possible ...


Trees In/As Trauma, Emily Mae Grzywacz Jan 2019

Trees In/As Trauma, Emily Mae Grzywacz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although it is often overlooked, the tree is an essential element in works of literature from the Old English era to the present day. With an ecocritical rooting, I argue that when a tree experiences trauma in a text—through felling, lightning strike, or incorporation in human violence—its physical appearance maintains that trauma while simultaneously serving as symbol and reminder. Drawing on the idea of pain developed by Elaine Scarry, this thesis argues that trees are subjected to, and become physical representations of, trauma—that is, of physical or psychological injury, whether individual, collective, or environmental. In three works ...


Gender Differences And Similarities Among Octogenarians And Centenarians: A Study Of Personality, Social Supports, And Disablement, Mary Ellen Joynt Jan 2019

Gender Differences And Similarities Among Octogenarians And Centenarians: A Study Of Personality, Social Supports, And Disablement, Mary Ellen Joynt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Surviving into late life has been shown to be a highly gendered process because there are substantially more centenarian women than men. Women may live longer than men, however, they do so at higher rates of disability. The disablement process model (DPM, Verbrugge & Jette, 1994) was used as a theoretical model to evaluate two hundred and eight oldest old adults from the current Georgia Centenarian Study (2001 – 2009). The DPM is a theoretical model that tests the progression of disablement through a pathway from pathology to impairment to functional limitations to disability. In this study, the original model illustrates pathology ...


Innovating The Apparel Industry In The United States: Designers And Small Brands Purchasing Sustainable Textiles, Jennifer Siobhan Ingram Jan 2019

Innovating The Apparel Industry In The United States: Designers And Small Brands Purchasing Sustainable Textiles, Jennifer Siobhan Ingram

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the purchasing practices of designers and small apparel brands in the United States regarding sustainable textiles. In this study, sustainable textiles was defined as textiles composed of fibers that reduce negative environmental and social impact. Small apparel brands was defined as businesses of five or fewer full-time employees that produce small or large batch units or apparel to sell to stores or on a website to consumers. Due to the magnitude of environmental and social problems attributed to the apparel industry, both academic and industry literature have stressed the need to integrate ...


Domesticity + Queer Semiotics In The Aesthetic Movement, Collin Douglas Powell Jan 2019

Domesticity + Queer Semiotics In The Aesthetic Movement, Collin Douglas Powell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the economic, social, and semiotic landscape surrounding the Aesthetic Movement in Britain that aided in the birth of what may be one of the first expressions of a recognizable queer sub-culture: namely a culture of queer domesticity in the nascent modern movement. This research argue that this queer expression was hidden in plain sight, deftly embedded into the complex construction of the late nineteenth-century interior, in a meta-language of objects and materiality that was symbolic and readable. Erwin Panofsky’s studies of iconography and iconology, as well as Pierre Bourdieu’s theories of taste and social class-stratification ...


Borderline: A Response To Immigration Issues In The United States During The Trump Administration (2016-2018), Yasmin Rodriguez Jan 2019

Borderline: A Response To Immigration Issues In The United States During The Trump Administration (2016-2018), Yasmin Rodriguez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Borderline was created to speak for unlawful immigrants, first-generation Americans, and Dreamers in the United States. It was created to inform people of immigrant-related issues, deportation, and injustices occurring during Donald Trump’s presidency. Nine posters were created to make up the body of work, each reflecting on a different immigration issue; Anchor-Baby, [Import \ Export \ Deport], Dreamer, You Will Pay for It, Trump’s America No. 1, Trump’s America No. 2, Caution, This is America: “The American Dream,” and Paid for By You & Me. The body of work was shown at The College of Design’s Gallery 181 at Iowa State University. Borderline also reached users through its website (officialborderline.org) and social media; Facebook, and Instagram.


The Identity And Role Of The Mother In Late Nineteenth Century Fiction By Women, Meredith Anne Smith-Lane Jan 2019

The Identity And Role Of The Mother In Late Nineteenth Century Fiction By Women, Meredith Anne Smith-Lane

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This analysis explores the shifting identity and role of the mother in fiction by American women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. First-wave feminism created tension between the new ways in which women saw themselves and their opportunities beyond home and marriage, and the traditions of a social arrangement which was slow to catch up with these changes. To explore the scope of this tension, I focus my analysis on a variety of female-authored texts: “The Giant Wisteria” and “The Yellow Wall-Paper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The House of Mirth by Edith Wharton, the play The Verge by ...


A Comparison Of Prescriptive Usage Problems In Formal And Informal Written English, Tyler Jordan Smith Jan 2019

A Comparison Of Prescriptive Usage Problems In Formal And Informal Written English, Tyler Jordan Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the inception of modern linguistic study in the early twentieth century, prescriptivism has largely been ignored as an area worthy of serious linguistic investigation. However, recent theoretical and empirical work has sought to better understand the relationship between prescriptivism and language variation and change. In this dissertation, I carry out a three-part study in which I compare the way that the features for eight well-known prescriptive usage rules can be observed in formal and informal writing. In Part I of the study, I identify the eight usage problems to include in the study and the 11 usage guides from ...


De Visualium Rhetoricorum Natura: Design, Art, Culture, Text, George Standifer Jan 2019

De Visualium Rhetoricorum Natura: Design, Art, Culture, Text, George Standifer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the rise of multimedia, communication took a decidedly visual turn. And while many disciplines such as design, media studies, marketing, and art history have sought to analyze and explain visuals through various academic lenses, an emphasis on the culturally situated nature of visual language, on how visuals behave within visual discourse communities, has just begun to emerge. This field of study, visual rhetoric, collates traditional rhetoric’s abundance of persuasive resources with the systematic analysis of visual elements in order to understand how visuals persuade their audiences. But even with visual rhetoric’s growth in the past few decades ...


"Rosie The Homemaker": How National And Local Publications Influenced Women In Central Iowa On The Home Front During World Wars I And Ii, Alyssa Kay Yanni Jan 2019

"Rosie The Homemaker": How National And Local Publications Influenced Women In Central Iowa On The Home Front During World Wars I And Ii, Alyssa Kay Yanni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

World Wars I and II had an enormous effect on the United States home front. Women found their responsibilities increasing and for some of them, this was their first time entering the workplace as they learned to balance work and their domestic responsibilities. Above all else, their domestic responsibilities remained of the utmost priority as they worked diligently to provide square, wholesome meals for their children.

As the effects of the war pressed down upon the United States, food restrictions were put in place. During World War I, rationing was not mandatory, but instead, the United States Food Administration promoted ...


Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman Jan 2019

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Kente weavers in Kpetoe are in a precarious position, operating as small business owners and artisans residing on the periphery of Ghana, both geographically and in craft production. The weavers have struggled to find economic stability as rural artisans in a globalized economy. Initiatives brought about by local and international organizations have been largely focused on increasing tourism as a form of economic development in the community. In this thesis, I focus on the planning and implementation of the ecotourism center built in Kpetoe in 2010 through a partnership between the Nature Conservation Research Center (NCRC), a Ghanaian NGO led ...


The Effects Of Artwork In A Boutique Hotel, Weicheng Chen Jan 2019

The Effects Of Artwork In A Boutique Hotel, Weicheng Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Art may play a significant role in boutique hotel design projects. The goal of this thesis is to analyze the role and effects that art could have in boutique hotel design process. This paper also explores several published articles that relate to this topic. According to these articles, the artistic features used as decorative elements in boutique hotels may affect customers’ behavior and psychology especially for some hotels with specific themes.


Engineering Digital Technologies: A Model For Integrating Digital Textile Printing In Costume Design And Production Education, Brianna Plummer Jan 2019

Engineering Digital Technologies: A Model For Integrating Digital Textile Printing In Costume Design And Production Education, Brianna Plummer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The evolutionary use of digital technologies in fashion, textile, and costume design has led to significant changes in the appearances, processes, and pedagogies of the three related, yet distinct, disciplines. As multiple technologies permeate the fashion and textile industries and find their place in the costume industry, the need to educate students in the current and future methods and techniques will always be a necessity (Britt & Shaw, 2015). This study outlines the advantages of using digital textile printing (DTP) in costume/theatrical fashion design practice and promotes the integration of digital textile design (DTD) and DTP methods in costume design and production education.

The study was conducted in three phases; in Phase I the use of DTP for costumes and theatrical fashion was investigated, in Phase II costume educators were interviewed to understand the perception and use of DTP in costume programs in post-secondary ...


Time, Action, Wear, Memory, Andrew John Zandt Jan 2019

Time, Action, Wear, Memory, Andrew John Zandt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Artists are hackers. The essence of hacking is to deviate from an established way of thinking or doing something. To be an artist requires one to embrace breaking the rules, starting with quick and inelegant solutions to solve complex problems, and making rough and heavy cuts into ineffective ideas.

This thesis adapts four definitions of hacking to position it as a valid and productive method for making artwork. It serves as documentation of the author’s path in understanding his working process as an artist. Along the way, he examines the work of historic and contemporary artists who have engaged ...


Some Other God, Amalie Mireille Kwassman Jan 2019

Some Other God, Amalie Mireille Kwassman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Some other god is a poetry collection that deals with the effects of mental illness, abuse, death, grief, financial struggles and tragedy on a Jewish community in Brooklyn, New York. The collection also discusses sexuality and coming of age in a religious community.


The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp Jan 2019

The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis upset the traditional alliances of the Middle East. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt severed ties with Qatar, accusing Qatar of sponsoring terrorist organizations and compromising the Gulf Cooperation Council by strengthening relations with Iran. This article highlights the role of the Muslim Brotherhood within both Saudi Arabia and Qatar to demonstrate why the Islamist organization was an important piece in the initiation of the ongoing diplomatic crisis. Using two historical case studies, this paper reveals two divergent views of the MB in Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The Saudi royal family views ...


The Veil, Judy Jane Long Jan 2019

The Veil, Judy Jane Long

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Veil signifies the proverbial wool over the eyes of the public with regard to mortality. We will all die, everyone, we know, and love will die too. We don’t know when, or how, and there is nothing we can do to change the inevitable. Accepting our mortality—and that of those around us—is key to opening a dialogue about grief and loss and a “broken” world in which such issues are ignored. This thesis focuses on bereavement, unmasking the stigma against catharsis, and the overemphasis of positivity.

Grief is defined as “deep sorrow, especially that caused by ...


Discouraging The Use Of Single-Use Plastics Through Graphic Design Strategies, Monica Ann Pearson Jan 2019

Discouraging The Use Of Single-Use Plastics Through Graphic Design Strategies, Monica Ann Pearson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Single-use plastics, or disposable plastics, have become entrenched in the daily lives of college students across the country. Whether it is a plastic bag from grocery shopping, a stirrer from a morning coffee, a clamshell container for that convenient on-the-go lunch, or even a simple straw — these easily overlooked and thrown away items begin to add up. Despite advertisements for more sustainable products like metal straws, re-usable shopping bags, and ceramic coffee containers, the convenient plastic options are still being used. Despite news articles regularly showing the damage caused by plastic pollution (images of floating garbage or injured sea turtles ...


Toy (With) Animals, Anna Noel Segner Jan 2019

Toy (With) Animals, Anna Noel Segner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My body of work, Toy (with) Animals, examines the co-option of animals in toys through painting, assemblage, and installation. The exhibition considers the word “toy” in all its parts of speech. As a noun, “toy” means plaything, generally directed at children but largely made and purchased by adults. With playthings, children are encouraged to enact fictitious narratives that rely on speciesism and anthropomorphized clichés, further divorcing animals from their natural anatomies and realities. As an adjective, “toy” suggests diminutive size, and a concomitant diminution of importance. In miniaturizing a species, a reduction of features occurs. To “toy” with something means ...


The Saudi Arabian Bride Shopping Experience, Wijdan Tawfiq Jan 2019

The Saudi Arabian Bride Shopping Experience, Wijdan Tawfiq

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In Saudi Arabia, a wedding is a significant occasion requiring extensive preparation. However, researchers have not yet explored how bride-to-be consumption patterns might be shaped in a tradition-oriented culture like Saudi Arabia. Prior literature illustrates that planning a wedding in Western societies is a personal, deeply emotional experience in which tradition and cultural values are strongly emphasized (Carter & Duncan, 2017; Nelson & Deshpande, 2004; McEnally, 2002; Thomas & Peters, 2011). The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of Saudi brides-to-be as they prepared for the wedding process – including the multiple social events planned around their weddings as well as their new lives after ...


Effects Of Social Media, Electronic Word-Of-Mouth, And Price On U.S. Female Consumers’ Attitude Toward Purchase And Purchase Intention Of Ethical Apparel, Melissa Abner Jan 2019

Effects Of Social Media, Electronic Word-Of-Mouth, And Price On U.S. Female Consumers’ Attitude Toward Purchase And Purchase Intention Of Ethical Apparel, Melissa Abner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of: (a) social media, (b) electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM), and (c) price on attitude towards purchase and purchase intention of ethical apparel products using the theory of reasoned action (TRA) (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980). Additionally, the study investigated the importance of different ethical characteristics to U.S. female consumers in different generation groups. Using a 2 (media: video and blog) x 3 (eWOM: positive, neutral, and negative) x 2 (price: high and low) experimental design, information was disseminated to participants about a t-shirt with nine ethical characteristics: organic cotton, recycled polyester, reduced ...


A Feminist Political Ecology Of Food Justice In Iowa, Carrie Michelle Chennault Jan 2019

A Feminist Political Ecology Of Food Justice In Iowa, Carrie Michelle Chennault

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, I study strategies for local and alternative food initiatives to advance more just and equitable approaches to food insecurity. My research focuses on one emerging type of local food initiative designed to address food insecurity, community donation gardening. I engaged in a three-year feminist and ethnographic study of a community-run and USDA- and Cooperative Extension-sponsored donation gardening and food rescue program, Growing Together Iowa. In Growing Together, community gardeners grow or glean food to distribute directly to community members experiencing food insecurity or alternatively to donate to partnering emergency food organizations, such as area food pantries. I ...


Design Problem Exploration, Samantha Creeger Jan 2019

Design Problem Exploration, Samantha Creeger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The problem generation space is a critical stage in the design process that reflects the outcome of a solution. However, limited research has been conducted on problem space within design education to aid in the creative process. Within the problem generation space, there are multiple alternative views to reframe a problem statement which ultimately impact the solution. More novel problem statements have reflected an increase in unique concepts. By providing a toolset for students to diversify their problems, new perspectives of the problem are taken into the idea generation space. Research has identified heuristics that frame a problem, which have ...


Body Doubles: Confinement And Dissociation In The Nineteenth Century Novel, Spencer Dodd Jan 2019

Body Doubles: Confinement And Dissociation In The Nineteenth Century Novel, Spencer Dodd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The issue of the prison, as well as compartment and confinement more broadly, has long constituted a chief concern of nineteenth century authors and their critics. In the decades since the pioneering work of Michel Foucault, particular interest has been paid to the myriad ways institutions of confinement reproduce and impose their conditions within the minds and lives of the subject. Through analysis of three representative nineteenth century historical novels, two by Nathaniel Hawthorne and one by Charles Dickens this thesis further explores the dynamics of the cause and effect between the prison and alienation as inscribed upon the past ...


Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska Jan 2019

Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to examine the usefulness of mobile-assisted ASR dictation systems (Gboard, Siri or voice dictation on smartphones) for vowel pronunciation practice by looking at three aspects of its usefulness: pronunciation improvement by using ASR, accuracy of recognition, and the learners’ attitudes towards using this system. A list of 30 words containing minimal pairs of the contrasts /i/, /ɪ/; /æ/, /ɛ/; /u/, /ʊ/; /ɑ/, /ʌ/ and some distractors was given to 21 Macedonian EFL learners, divided into two groups, an experimental (n=11) and a control group (n=10). A mixed methods approach was used in ...


Examining The Impact Of Technology-Mediated Oral Communicative Tasks On Students’ Willingness To Communicate And Communicative Performance, Nadia Veronica Jaramillo Cherrez Jan 2019

Examining The Impact Of Technology-Mediated Oral Communicative Tasks On Students’ Willingness To Communicate And Communicative Performance, Nadia Veronica Jaramillo Cherrez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the impact of technology-mediated pedagogical tasks on students’ willingness to communicate and communicative performance in the intermediate level of Spanish at Iowa State University. Drawing from the framework on technology-mediated tasks by Gonzalez-Lloret & Ortega, 2014, and the World-Readiness Standards for communicative performance of the American Council on the Teaching for Foreign Languages, the technology-mediated pedagogical tasks were designed and implemented over the course a semester on the video platform Flipgrid. A quasi-experimental mixed-methods research with two groups of participants: (1) technology-mediated tasks (FG), and comparison group (CG) was conducted. Quantitative data sources included a pre-post survey on ...