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Cultural Techniques Of Mirroring From Lecanomancy To Lacan, George C. Vollrath Oct 2018

Cultural Techniques Of Mirroring From Lecanomancy To Lacan, George C. Vollrath

communication +1

Drawing on archaeological and historical evidence about the materials, production techniques, and ritualized use of mirrors in ancient and modern contexts, this paper demonstrates that potentials for self-recognition are subject to the material attributes of mirrors themselves. I argue that any theory of the self in communication theory must foreground mediated techniques of self-recognition if it wishes to understand the concepts of identity and identification in their cultural and historical specificity. I address mirrors from ancient Egypt, Mesoamerica, and Greece, biblical stories, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and modern psychological theory. In all cases, I find that a clear link ...


Turning Inside Out: Reading And Writing Godly Identity In Seventeenth-Century Narratives Of Spiritual Experience, Meghan Conine Swavely Jul 2018

Turning Inside Out: Reading And Writing Godly Identity In Seventeenth-Century Narratives Of Spiritual Experience, Meghan Conine Swavely

Doctoral Dissertations

Writing about personal experience was a central component of early modern Protestant devotional practice. It was also, this dissertation argues, a creative and social practice through which the godly imagined and crafted their own spiritual identities and constructed interpretive communities into which these identities might be accepted and valued. Exploring the ways in which seventeenth-century Protestants examined interior experience and transformed interiority into a legible expression of the spiritual self, this project proposes that believers used spiritual autobiography to substantiate the intangible and invisible signs of God’s grace, employing narrative and imaginative structures to render idiosyncratic personal experiences familiar ...


Asian American Heritage Seeking: Personal Narrative Performances Of Ancestral Return, Porntip Israsena Twishime Jul 2018

Asian American Heritage Seeking: Personal Narrative Performances Of Ancestral Return, Porntip Israsena Twishime

Masters Theses

Asian American belongings, migration patterns, and transnational identities are largely constructed in the United States as static, unidirectional, and invisible. Asian Americans complicate these constructions through the practice of ancestral return. In this thesis, “ancestral return” is constituted through one’s participation in a university study abroad program to a specific place to where one traces her heritage. I use “return” not necessarily to account for a form of reverse migration; rather “return” here names the multiple, sometimes contradictory kinds of return, including “return” to a place that one has not yet been. This project examines how Asian American identities ...


Translating Arab Cuisine Into English: 101 Recipes, Paiman Salih Mar 2018

Translating Arab Cuisine Into English: 101 Recipes, Paiman Salih

Masters Theses

This thesis provides a practical translation of 101 Arabic recipes selected from three cookbooks by the distinguished Egyptian chef and author Osama El-Sayed, plus a long introduction discussing the history of Arab cuisine including cultural and linguistic factors and the translation strategies employed. The cookbooks are entitled Bil Hanna Wa Shiffa, (With Joy and Good Health) 2001; Maa Osama… Atyab, ‘With Osama, Food is more Delicious’[1], 2007; and Al-Halawiyat Al-Sharqiy, (Sweets of Arabia) 2010. I argue that food plays a defining role in shaping a culture and its identity. In general, Arabic recipes have been translated and many gaps ...


Latina Identities, Critical Literacies, And Academic Achievement In Community College, Morgan Lynn Jul 2017

Latina Identities, Critical Literacies, And Academic Achievement In Community College, Morgan Lynn

Doctoral Dissertations

This qualitative case study research looks at the intersections of identity, literacy, and achievement for Latina community college students in the East Bay Area of California. The women that I center in this dissertation show how Latinas are multiply positioned within their communities, families, and schools, and how they negotiate damaging and reductive language and literacy ideologies in order to achieve their academic dreams. Following critical sociocultural theories on literacy, Critical Race Theory, and Latina Feminism, I emphasize a strengths-based, affirmation approach that positions the women as theorizers of their own lived experiences and highlights their resiliency.

The data in ...


From Hellenism To Hitlerism: The Use Of Sport As An Ethnic And Cultural Identifier, Ethan Schwartz Apr 2017

From Hellenism To Hitlerism: The Use Of Sport As An Ethnic And Cultural Identifier, Ethan Schwartz

University of Massachusetts Undergraduate History Journal

From antiquity onwards, sports and competitive athletic events have been used as an area to implement othering strategies. Othering is the attempt to differentiate a societal group by some determining factor. Evidence of athletics being used as an othering medium, is prevalent throughout ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and early 20th century Britain.


Japanese Pronoun Adventure: A Japanese Language Learner's Exploration Of His Japanese Gender Pronoun, Takumi Nakano Nov 2016

Japanese Pronoun Adventure: A Japanese Language Learner's Exploration Of His Japanese Gender Pronoun, Takumi Nakano

Masters Theses

In Japanese, there are various kinds of first-person pronouns, and some of them express the referent’s gender identity. Gender-neutral pronouns are made in English- speaking world day by day, but there is not any common first-person pronoun which indicates the gender identity that positions the referent’s gender somewhere between masculine and feminine. The present paper conducted a life story research on the “Japanese life” of an advanced learner of Japanese at a university in the United States who has been exploring his gender identity by coining and using a new Japanese first- person pronoun 㛪 ore, which indicates ...


Beauty Through Control: Forming Pro-Anorexic Identities In Digital Spaces, Kay A.S. Mccurley Nov 2014

Beauty Through Control: Forming Pro-Anorexic Identities In Digital Spaces, Kay A.S. Mccurley

Masters Theses

Pro-anorexia is a complex, multi-layered phenomenon that exists only online. The women who participate in these websites are learning to negotiate how to manage an identity that is normalized within the group but stigmatized within larger society. Using an open-ended survey, distributed online directly to pro-ana website users, I aim to illustrate pro-anorexic experience. After a brief demographic sketch of typical pro-anorexic spaces, I examine pro-anorexia in depth by asking three primary research questions: 1) how do pro-anorexics craft their online identities within the community; 2) how do individuals interact with one another in a highly contested and heavily policed ...


O Turista Aprendiz E O Outro: A(S) Identidade(S) Brasileira(S) Em Trânsito, Kamila Krakowska Aug 2014

O Turista Aprendiz E O Outro: A(S) Identidade(S) Brasileira(S) Em Trânsito, Kamila Krakowska

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


New In Plateau State: Lights, Camera, Action!, Anabela Dinis Oliveira White Aug 2014

New In Plateau State: Lights, Camera, Action!, Anabela Dinis Oliveira White

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Identity And Memory In Lusophone Cinema, Paula Jordão Aug 2014

Identity And Memory In Lusophone Cinema, Paula Jordão

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Deslocamentos: O Entre-Lugar Do Indígena Na Literatura Brasileira Do Século Xx, Rubelise Da Cunha Aug 2014

Deslocamentos: O Entre-Lugar Do Indígena Na Literatura Brasileira Do Século Xx, Rubelise Da Cunha

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Viva O Povo Brasileiro: História E Imaginário, Eneida Leal Cunha Aug 2014

Viva O Povo Brasileiro: História E Imaginário, Eneida Leal Cunha

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Fado Historiograhy: Old Myths And New Frontiers, Kimberley Dacosta Holton Aug 2014

Fado Historiograhy: Old Myths And New Frontiers, Kimberley Dacosta Holton

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


A Utopia Brasileira, Bernard Émery Aug 2014

A Utopia Brasileira, Bernard Émery

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Relato De Um Certo Oriente E A Morte Da Mãe, Cíntia Schwantes Aug 2014

Relato De Um Certo Oriente E A Morte Da Mãe, Cíntia Schwantes

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Sweating Femininity: Women Athletes, Masculine Culture, And American Inequality From 1930 To The Present, Michella Mary Marino May 2013

Sweating Femininity: Women Athletes, Masculine Culture, And American Inequality From 1930 To The Present, Michella Mary Marino

Open Access Dissertations

Despite a long history of participation in sports, women have yet to gain equal access to this male-dominated realm. The national sports culture continues to regard them as marginal, if not invisible. For more than a century, women athletes have struggled against a subordinate status based on rigid definitions of female sexuality, an emphasis on white middle-class standards of beauty, and restrictive cultural expectations of motherhood. This dissertation, however, reveals a vital story of feminist women who have consistently stretched the boundaries of gender and have actively carved out their own identities as women, athletes, and mothers while playing an ...


Racialized Spaces In Teacher Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Place-Based Identities In Roche Bois, Mauritius, Elsa Marie Wiehe Feb 2013

Racialized Spaces In Teacher Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Place-Based Identities In Roche Bois, Mauritius, Elsa Marie Wiehe

Open Access Dissertations

This eleven-month ethnographic study puts critical discourse analysis in dialogue with postmodern conceptualizations of space and place to explore how eight educators talk about space and in the process, produce racialized spaces in Roche Bois, Mauritius. The macro-historical context of racialization of this urban marginalized community informs the discursive analysis of educators' talk at school. Drawing on theories of race that call for the non-deterministic exploration of race relations as they occur in different contexts and times (Hall, 2000; Pandian & Kosek, 2003; Essed & Goldberg, 2000), I explore the spatial racialization of children in Roche Bois as a process specific to this township and its history. Engaging with Lefebvre's three-dimensional theorization of space (Lefebre, 1991) as well as the Discourse Historical Approach developed by Wodak and colleagues (Wodak & Reisgl, 1999), I draw on the micro-macro concept of identity construction "strategy" to study 1) how meanings of race play out as an amalgam of various thematic dimensions of schooling, culture, bodies, and work that are spatialized; 2) how meanings of place perpetuate or transform long-standing historical constructions of Creole identity in Roche Bois. The findings ...


A 'Living Art': Working-Class, Transcultural, And Feminist Aesthetics In The United States, Mexico, And Algeria, 1930s, Tabitha Adams Morgan May 2012

A 'Living Art': Working-Class, Transcultural, And Feminist Aesthetics In The United States, Mexico, And Algeria, 1930s, Tabitha Adams Morgan

Open Access Dissertations

The cultural productions of Katherine Anne Porter, Anita Brenner, Tina Modotti, Maria Izquierdo, and Juanita Guccione represent a distinctive interweaving of gender and class consciousness, national identification and political resistance, as represented in their artistic work. These five women became transnational carriers of a radical realist and modernist thought, culture, and ideology that became transported through their art when their gendered and classed bodies were left otherwise silenced and boundaried. These women, their cultural productions, and the ways in which their art generates a counter discourse to the dominant and institutionalized conceptions of transculturalism, aesthetics, and re-production, are vital to ...


"Madame Ma Chère Fille": The Performance Of Motherhood In The Correspondence Of Madame De Sévigné, Marie-Thérèse Of Austria, And Joséphine Bonaparte To Their Daughters, Meagen E. Moreland Jan 2012

"Madame Ma Chère Fille": The Performance Of Motherhood In The Correspondence Of Madame De Sévigné, Marie-Thérèse Of Austria, And Joséphine Bonaparte To Their Daughters, Meagen E. Moreland

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This paper conducts a critical comparison of the correspondence of Madame de Sévigné, Empress Marie-Thérèse of Austria and Joséphine Bonaparte. These women instruct their daughters through a writerly exchange that implements a remarkably similar use of language that indicates a “performance” of her maternal role, meant to implement a personal or political agenda that requires the daughter’s acknowledgement and reciprocation. This project explores theories of speech acts and subjectivity to conduct a literary analysis of the construction of the maternal figure in a historical context, its representation in the letters of each woman with their daughters, the motivations for ...


Identity And The Limits Of Possibility, Sam Cowling Sep 2011

Identity And The Limits Of Possibility, Sam Cowling

Open Access Dissertations

Possibilities divide into two kinds. Non-qualitative possibilities are distinguished by their connection to specific individuals. For example, the possibility that Napoleon is a novelist is non-qualitative, since it is a possibility for a specific individual, Napoleon. In contrast, the possibility that someone---anyone at all---is a novelist is a qualitative possibility, since it does not depend upon any specific individual. Haecceitism is a thesis about the relation between qualitative and non-qualitative possibilities. In one guise, it holds that some maximal possibilities---total ways the world could be---differ non-qualitatively without differing qualitatively. It would, for example, be only a haecceitistic difference that distinguishes ...


'Oh! La Que Su Rostro Tapa/No Debe Valer Gran Cosa': Identidad Y Critica Social En La Cultura Transatlantica Hispanica (1520 - 1860) / 'Oh! The One Who Covers Her Face / Surely Is Not Worth Much': Identity And Social Criticism In Transatlantic Hispanic Culture (1520-1860), Isabelle Therriault May 2010

'Oh! La Que Su Rostro Tapa/No Debe Valer Gran Cosa': Identidad Y Critica Social En La Cultura Transatlantica Hispanica (1520 - 1860) / 'Oh! The One Who Covers Her Face / Surely Is Not Worth Much': Identity And Social Criticism In Transatlantic Hispanic Culture (1520-1860), Isabelle Therriault

Open Access Dissertations

In 1639, a law prohibiting women any head covering; veil, mantilla, manto for example, is promulgated for the fifth time in the Iberian Peninsula under the penalty of losing the garment, and subsequently incurring more severe punishments. Regardless of these edicts this social practice continued. My dissertation investigates the cultural representation of these covered women (tapadas) in Spain and the New World in a vast array of early modern literary, historical and legal documents (plays, prose, and regal laws, etc.). Overall, critics associate the use of the veil in the Spanish territories with religious tendencies and overlook the social component ...


It's My Passion, That's My Mission To Decide, I'M Going Worldwide: The Cosmopolitanism Of Global Fans Of Japanese Popular Culture, Jinni Pradhan Jan 2010

It's My Passion, That's My Mission To Decide, I'M Going Worldwide: The Cosmopolitanism Of Global Fans Of Japanese Popular Culture, Jinni Pradhan

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This study examines the academic concept of pop cosmopolitanism—an interest in global popular culture that leads to start of a global perspective and provides an escape route out of the parochialism of local community/culture—as posited by Henry Jenkins in its lived, experienced context. The online English-speaking overseas fandom of the Japanese male pop idol talent agency, Johnny & Associates, framed as a community of pop cosmopolitans, serves a case study to evaluate this concept. These global fans demonstrate through their engagement with and investment in a form of Japanese popular culture that they are able to obtain a ...


Un Pie Aquí Y Otro Allá: Translation, Globalization, And Hybridization In The New World (B)Order, Jorge Jimenez-Bellver Jan 2010

Un Pie Aquí Y Otro Allá: Translation, Globalization, And Hybridization In The New World (B)Order, Jorge Jimenez-Bellver

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis explores the role of translation in the production and manipulation of identities in the contemporary Americas as exemplified in the work of Guillermo Gómez-Peña. Underscoring the instrumentality of borders vis-à-vis dominant constructions of identity and in connection with questions of language, race, and citizenship, I argue that translation not only functions as an agent of hegemonic superiority and oppression, but also as a locus of plurivocity and hybridization. Drawing from the concepts “continuous variation” (Deleuze and Guattari [1987] 2004), “coloniality of power” (Mignolo 2000), and “hybridization” (García-Canclini 1995), I discuss the connection of translation with three main topics ...