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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The History Of Massachusetts Transfer And Articulation Policies In Contexts Of Evolving Higher Education System Structure, Coordination, And Policy Actors, Daniel De La Torre, Jr. Jul 2018

The History Of Massachusetts Transfer And Articulation Policies In Contexts Of Evolving Higher Education System Structure, Coordination, And Policy Actors, Daniel De La Torre, Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

Community colleges carry out dual missions providing occupational and collegiate preparation in local communities across the United States. These institutions prepare students for advanced study via transfer policies that lead to enrollment in baccalaureate institutions. State higher education systems use transfer and articulation policies to strengthen academic pathways between two-year and four-year institutions. These policies rely on established governance to facilitate student transfer between sectors. The transfer and articulation literature stresses the importance of statewide policy guidelines, yet little has been written about the process of transfer policy development involving state higher education governance and policy groups and actors.

The ...


Memory And History In South Eleuthera: A Report To The People Of South Eleuthera, Elena Sesma Jan 2018

Memory And History In South Eleuthera: A Report To The People Of South Eleuthera, Elena Sesma

Archaeological Project Reports

Over the past 5 years, archaeologists from the University of Massachusetts Amherst have made several short-term trips to South Eleuthera to research the history of this portion of the island. Our main interests have been in understanding how the landscape has changed over the past 150 years, and especially in the past few decades as tourism has fallen off in the south. Through a combination of ethnographic research and pedestrian survey of the South Eleuthera landscape, we have gained a clearer understanding of the history of this region, and of contemporary life today. This report offers a summary of findings ...


Snug Harbor, Sean Jeffrey Bates Jan 2018

Snug Harbor, Sean Jeffrey Bates

MFA Program for Poets & Writers Masters Theses Collection

Snug Harbor is a collection of poetry dealing with a collective working history and the personal working history of growing up in various restaurants around Upstate New York.


Imaging Her Selves: Black Women Artists, Resistance, Image And Representation, 1938-1956, Heather Zahra Caldwell Aug 2015

Imaging Her Selves: Black Women Artists, Resistance, Image And Representation, 1938-1956, Heather Zahra Caldwell

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation focuses specifically on dancer Katherine Dunham (1909-2006), pianist Hazel Scott (1920-1981), cartoonist Jackie Ormes (1911-1985), singer Lena Horne (1917-2010), and graphic artist, painter, and sculptor Elizabeth Catlett (1915-2012). It explores the artistic, performative, and political resistance deployed by these five African-American women activists, artists, and performers in the period between 1937 and 1957. The principal form of resistance employed by these women was cultural resistance. Using a mixture of archival research, first person interview, biography, as well as other primary and secondary sources, I explore how these women constructed personas, representations, and media images of African-American women to ...


The Practice And Evolution Of Video Game Translation: Expanding The Definition Of Translation, Elizabeth Bushouse Jul 2015

The Practice And Evolution Of Video Game Translation: Expanding The Definition Of Translation, Elizabeth Bushouse

Masters Theses

This paper looks at the practice and history of video game translation, with the goal of expanding the definition of translation. Video game translation is a complex process that incorporates a number of aspects from other types of translation, such as literary, audiovisual, and software translation, to form a dynamic whole. As a new medium, video games also present their own challenges to translation in the form of interactivity, technology, non-textual and extra-textual elements, audience involvement, and new business practices. Even though video games are a relatively new medium, the practice of translating them has undergone drastic transformations over the ...


African American Environmental Ethics: Black Intellectual Perspectives 1850-1965, Vanessa Fabien Nov 2014

African American Environmental Ethics: Black Intellectual Perspectives 1850-1965, Vanessa Fabien

Doctoral Dissertations

The historical scholarship in environmental history centers around the narratives of elite white men. Therefore, scholars such as William Cronon, Dorceta Taylor, Noël Sturgeon, and Carolyn Merchant are calling for research that uncovers the political and moral stances of people of color on nature, land ownership, and environmental pollution. This dissertation addresses this call by engaging William H. Sewell Jr.’s cross-disciplinary approach between history and the social sciences to introduce a nuanced historical analysis that interrogates the channels via which African Americans’ environmental ethic sculpted the development of North American environmental history and activism. This dissertation contends that African ...


Introduction, Christina Vagt, Florian Sprenger Sep 2014

Introduction, Christina Vagt, Florian Sprenger

communication +1

No abstract provided.


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent Aug 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Nationally Correct: The Invention Of Portuguese Cinema, Tiago Baptista Aug 2014

Nationally Correct: The Invention Of Portuguese Cinema, Tiago Baptista

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Identity And Memory In Lusophone Cinema, Paula Jordão Aug 2014

Identity And Memory In Lusophone Cinema, Paula Jordão

Portuguese Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Jeanne D'Arc: Maid Of Oleans, A Prose/Poem 6/4/2014, Charles Kay Smith Jun 2014

Jeanne D'Arc: Maid Of Oleans, A Prose/Poem 6/4/2014, Charles Kay Smith

Charles Kay Smith

A poem introducing a theory of how Joan, an illiterate teenager, inspired a demoralized French army to defeat the English.


From Main To High: Consumers, Class, And The Spatial Reorientation Of An Industrial City, Jonathan Haeber Jan 2013

From Main To High: Consumers, Class, And The Spatial Reorientation Of An Industrial City, Jonathan Haeber

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Consumer culture’s spatial dynamics have rarely been examined. This study will use a methodology of “triangulation” – a term borrowed from Geographer Richard J. Dennis – to explore the characteristics of consumer culture among the working classes in a single industrial, planned city (Holyoke, Massachusetts). Each facet of the tripartite method – literary, cliometric, and geographical sources – will be used to conclude that consumer capitalism fundamentally changed the spatial character of Holyoke’s working class communities. A time period roughly from 1880 to 1940 has been selected because novels about Holyoke in this period help augment an understanding of the city’s ...


The Guerilla Tongue": The Politics Of Resistance In Puerto Rican Poetry, Natasha Azank Feb 2012

The Guerilla Tongue": The Politics Of Resistance In Puerto Rican Poetry, Natasha Azank

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation examines how the work of four Puerto Rican poets – Julia de

Burgos, Clemente Soto Vélez, Martín Espada, and Naomi Ayala – demonstrates a poetics of resistance. While resistance takes a variety of forms in their poetic discourse, this project asserts that these poets have and continue to play an integral role in the cultural decolonization of Puerto Rico, which has been generally unacknowledged in both the critical scholarship on their work and the narrative of Puerto Rico’s anti-colonial struggle. Chapter One discuses the theoretical concepts used in defining a poetics of resistance, including Barbara Harlow’s definition of ...


Drops Of Blood On Fallen Snow: The Evolution Of Blood-Revenge Practices In Japan, Jasmin M. Curtis Jan 2012

Drops Of Blood On Fallen Snow: The Evolution Of Blood-Revenge Practices In Japan, Jasmin M. Curtis

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Blood revenge – or katakiuchi – represents one of many defining principles that characterize the Japanese samurai warrior; this one act of honorable violence served as an arena in which warriors could demonstrate those values which have come to embody the word samurai : loyalty, honor, and personal sacrifice. Blood revenge had a long and illustrious history in Japan – first, as the prerogative of the gods in the Kojiki, then as a theoretical debate amongst imperial royalty in the Nihongi, and at last entering into the realm of practice amongst members of the warrior class during Japan’s medieval period. Originally, blood revenge ...


Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla Jan 2011

Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla

Jacqueline L. Urla

Program for the Interdisciplinary Symposium, War, Dictatorship and Memory in Spain. Organizers: Justin Crumbaugh, Sara Brenneis and Jacqueline Urla. Oct. 13015, 2011.


Review Of Innovation In History: The New Woman Resources Book, Madeleine K. Charney Jan 2010

Review Of Innovation In History: The New Woman Resources Book, Madeleine K. Charney

Madeleine K. Charney

No abstract provided.


A Record Of The Defense Of Xiangyang's City Wall, 1206-1207, Julie J. Avery Jan 2009

A Record Of The Defense Of Xiangyang's City Wall, 1206-1207, Julie J. Avery

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis presents an original annotated translation of Xiangyang shou cheng lu 襄陽守城錄 [A Record of the Defense of Xiangyang’s City Wall] written by Zhao Wannian (ca. 1169-1210) in 1207. In this record, Zhao, a low ranking official in the Song army, describes the events of a two and half month siege imposed upon the city of Xiangyang by invading Jin troops. Currently the only other full translation of this text that is available is in German by Herbert Franke and can be found in Studien und Texte zur Kriegsgeschichte der südlichen Sungzeit that was published in 1987. In ...


Assessment Practice And Perception Of Social Science Instructors In Afghanistan, Delawar Darmal Jan 2009

Assessment Practice And Perception Of Social Science Instructors In Afghanistan, Delawar Darmal

Master's Capstone Projects

This thesis has been prepared with three objectives in mind. First, investigating and identifying the problems and challenge of assessment is essential to the quality of education as well as to the reform of education in Afghanistan. Any reforms and the improvement of education are greatly based on the findings of research. Therefore, this project is targeting to facilitate this process.

Second, this research project is aiming to explain the assessment that is practiced in Higher Education of Afghanistan. This is essential to two critical issues. It is useful not just to Afghan instructors to know about the assessment practices ...


Grounded History: A Keynote Address To The 14th Annual Massachusetts Statewide Undergraduate Research Conference, Amilcar Shabazz May 2008

Grounded History: A Keynote Address To The 14th Annual Massachusetts Statewide Undergraduate Research Conference, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Reconstructing Molly Welsh: Race, Memory And The Story Of Benjamin Banneker's Grandmother, Sandra W. Perot Jan 2008

Reconstructing Molly Welsh: Race, Memory And The Story Of Benjamin Banneker's Grandmother, Sandra W. Perot

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Molly Welsh, oral tradition captured in the nineteenth century tells us, was a white Englishwoman who worked as an indentured servant. The same tradition has it that she owned slaves, although she is said to have married (or formed a union with) one of them. I aim not only to recover the life of Molly Welsh Banneker, but also to consider its various tellings—probing in particular at Molly’s shifting racial status. By examining a multiplicity of social and cultural aspects of life for seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Maryland women, I test whether these various narratives are even possible ...


The Needles Eye: Women And Work In The Age Of Revolution, Marla R. Miller Jan 2006

The Needles Eye: Women And Work In The Age Of Revolution, Marla R. Miller

University of Massachusetts Press Books

Among the enduring stereotypes of early American history has been the colonial Goodwife, perpetually spinning, sewing, darning, and quilting, answering all of her family’s textile needs. But the Goodwife of popular historical imagination obscures as much as she reveals; the icon appears to explain early American women’s labor history while at the same time allowing it to go unexplained. Tensions of class and gender recede, and the largest artisanal trade open to early American women is obscured in the guise of domesticity.

In this book, Marla R. Miller illuminates the significance of women’s work in the clothing ...


When The Girls Came Out To Play: The Birth Of American Sportswear, Patricia Campbell Warner Jan 2006

When The Girls Came Out To Play: The Birth Of American Sportswear, Patricia Campbell Warner

University of Massachusetts Press Books

A study of the evolution of American women’s clothing, When the Girls Came Out to Play traces the history of modern sportswear as a universal style that broke down traditional gender roles. Patricia Warner shows how this profound cultural shift, which did not reach fruition until World War II, originated during the previous century with the gradual expansion of socially acceptable physical activity for women. Behind this development was a growing interest in sports and exercise that was further nurtured by the establishment of schools of higher education for women.The participation of women in athletic pursuits previously reserved ...


Inside Greenwich Village: A New York City Neighborhood, 1898-1918, Gerald W. Mcfarland Jan 2001

Inside Greenwich Village: A New York City Neighborhood, 1898-1918, Gerald W. Mcfarland

University of Massachusetts Press Books

In the popular imagination, New York City’s Greenwich Village has long been known as a center of bohemianism, home to avant-garde artists, political radicals, and other nonconformists who challenged the reigning orthodoxies of their time. Yet a century ago the Village was a much different kind of place: a mixed-class, multiethnic neighborhood teeming with the energy and social tensions of a rapidly changing America. Gerald W.In the popular imagination, New York City’s Greenwich Village has long been known as a center of bohemianism, home to avant-garde artists, political radicals, and other nonconformists who challenged the reigning orthodoxies ...


One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz Jan 1998

One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz

Amilcar Shabazz

The dynamics of how the dual system of higher education in Jim Crow America emerged and operated is explored in this article in the context of the largest city in the 20th century U.S. South: Houston, Texas. The history herein moves from a pragmatic response to a deep need for postsecondary educational opportunity in the 1920s to a major expansion in the 1940s in the face of the lawsuit of Heman Sweatt to the 1960s after state-mandated segregation is officially ended.


One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz Jan 1998

One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

The dynamics of how the dual system of higher education in Jim Crow America emerged and operated is explored in this article in the context of the largest city in the 20th century U.S. South: Houston, Texas. The history herein moves from a pragmatic response to a deep need for postsecondary educational opportunity in the 1920s to a major expansion in the 1940s in the face of the lawsuit of Heman Sweatt to the 1960s after state-mandated segregation is officially ended.


Review Of Soulfires: Young Black Men On Love And Violence, Amilcar Shabazz Jul 1997

Review Of Soulfires: Young Black Men On Love And Violence, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

A review of a literary and cultural anthology on African American males on love and violence.


The Forty Acres Documents: An Introduction, Amilcar Shabazz Jan 1994

The Forty Acres Documents: An Introduction, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

The Forty Acres Documents: What Did the United States Really Promise the People Freed from Slavery? Wrote introduction and co-edited with Imari and Johnita Scott Obadele. * A revised and expanded edition is in the works *


Dope Is Death, Amilcar Shabazz Oct 1987

Dope Is Death, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

"Dope is Death" started as a study document for revolutionary nationalist cadres in the 1980s at the height of the Crack Wars and Reaganomics. It was later published in the September/October 1987 issue of "By Any Means Necessary!" newspaper published by the New Afrikan People's Organization. The version seen here is the 1988 pamphlet edition.


Statement By New Afrikan Prisoner Of War Kuwasi Balagoon, Amilcar Shabazz Aug 1983

Statement By New Afrikan Prisoner Of War Kuwasi Balagoon, Amilcar Shabazz

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

As a member of Kuwasi Balagoon's political defense collective, called the National Committee to Defend New Afrikan Freedom Fighters, I transcribed this statement that he attempted to present in court at his trial in Goshen, NY, that opened July 11, 1983. Orange County Judge David Ritter denied him from giving the full statement that is presented here from the pamphlet that was published for Black August 1983, with the brief introduction that I wrote.