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University of Massachusetts Amherst

2003

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Phoneme, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

Phoneme, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


What Does Comparative Markedness Explain, What Should It Explain, And How?, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

What Does Comparative Markedness Explain, What Should It Explain, And How?, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

These seven commentaries treat a wide range of topics in interesting and insightful ways. It is not possible to write a coherent response that addresses all of the criticisms and suggestions, large and small, that the authors have brought up. Several main themes emerge, however, that transcend the individual commentaries, and these themes supply the structure for this reply. They include alternatives to comparative markedness, possible counterexamples, comparative markedness on other dimensions of correspondence, and questions about the authenticity of opaque phonological processes. These themes will each be addressed in turn.


Ot Constraints Are Categorical, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

Ot Constraints Are Categorical, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In Optimality Theory, constraints come in two types, which are distinguished by their mode of evaluation. Categorical constraints are either satisfied or not; a categorical constraint assigns no more than one violation-mark, unless there are several violating structures in the form under evaluation. Gradient constraints evaluate extent of deviation; they can assign multiple marks even when there is just a single instance of the non-conforming structure. This article proposes a restrictive definition of what an OT constraint is, from which it follows that all constraints must be categorical. The various gradient constraints that have been proposed are examined, and it ...


Optimality Theory: An Overview, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

Optimality Theory: An Overview, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Phonology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

Phonology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Sympathy, Cumulativity, And The Duke-Of-York Gambit, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2003

Sympathy, Cumulativity, And The Duke-Of-York Gambit, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The Duke-of-York gambit (Pullum 1976) involves derivations of the form A->B->A, where underlying /A/ passes through an intermediate stage B before returning to A at the surface. Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993) has significant implications for the Duke of York gambit. Furthermore, attested and unattested Duke-of-York cases have implications for the analysis of opacity in Optimality Theory using sympathy (McCarthy 1998, to appear). A key idea pursued in this paper is that derivations must be cumulative, and a measure of cumulativity is incorporated into sympathy theory.


Metrical Phonology, John J. Mccarthy, Bruce Hayes Jan 2003

Metrical Phonology, John J. Mccarthy, Bruce Hayes

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Phonological Processes: Assimilation, John J. Mccarthy, Norval Smith Jan 2003

Phonological Processes: Assimilation, John J. Mccarthy, Norval Smith

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.