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University of Massachusetts Amherst

2019

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Autoritat: An Early Glimpse Of The De Dictis Et Factis Regis Alphonsi Aragonum?, Barry Taylor Dec 2019

Autoritat: An Early Glimpse Of The De Dictis Et Factis Regis Alphonsi Aragonum?, Barry Taylor

Translat Library

The account of the funeral sermon of Alfonso the Magnanimous delivered in Valencia cathedral on 28 July 1458 in the Dietari del capellà d’Alfons el Magnànim refers to the king’s actes and auctoritats and therefore may offer a glimpse of his status as a rex facetus very soon after the composition of Beccadelli’s De dictis et factis regis Alphonsi Aragonum in 1455.


Exploring Dracula Criticism, Amy Barlow Dec 2019

Exploring Dracula Criticism, Amy Barlow

New England Library Instruction Group

First year students in Professor Maureen Reddy's Honors course, Dracula: The Monster (Always!) Returns, were expected to gain an understanding of the critical conversation that surrounds Bram Stoker’s Dracula. As the librarian for English, I met with Professor Reddy’s class to teach students how to search for literary criticism. This semester I developed a lesson that integrated active learning and the concept of “Searching as Strategic Exploration” from the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy. I was interested specifically in helping students to “recognize the value of browsing and other serendipitous methods of information gathering.” The lesson anticipated ...


Narratives Of Queerness: Queer Worldmaking (In) The Classroom With Undergraduate Students, Rachel Briggs Oct 2019

Narratives Of Queerness: Queer Worldmaking (In) The Classroom With Undergraduate Students, Rachel Briggs

Doctoral Dissertations

This research brings together education research, queer theory, and performance theory to consider the worldmaking potential of the queer classroom. Using students’ stories about queerness in the classroom and my own stories about the classroom, I ask what we can learn from students’ voices about how queerness is/can be performed in the classroom and through relations. This study uses critical ethnography, personal narrative, and performative writing to examine the production of subject positions in the classroom, to connect this to a queer theoretical framework, and to explore the worldmaking potential of the classroom. I interviewed seven undergraduate students at ...


Reconsidering Diasporic Literature: "Homeland" And "Otherness" In The Lost Daughter Of Happiness, Qijun Zhou Oct 2019

Reconsidering Diasporic Literature: "Homeland" And "Otherness" In The Lost Daughter Of Happiness, Qijun Zhou

Masters Theses

This thesis examines the transformation of “homeland” and “otherness” as well as the relationship between each other in The Lost Daughter of Happiness (扶桑 Fusang). I begin by exploring how the migration of Chinese to the United States is depicted as an endless trajectory in the story through a historical engagement and a dialogue between two generations. From there, I plan to point out that the story complicates the meaning of diaspora as it can not only represent a spatial dislocation, but also a temporal dislocation. Thus, I argue that it destabilizes the conventional ideology which refers “homeland” to a ...


'Choose A Language Like A Wedding Ring': Polysystems, Norms And Pseudotranslation In Lea Goldberg’S Poetry & Prose, Benjamin Rangell Oct 2019

'Choose A Language Like A Wedding Ring': Polysystems, Norms And Pseudotranslation In Lea Goldberg’S Poetry & Prose, Benjamin Rangell

Masters Theses

Lea Goldberg [1911-1970] is one of modern Hebrew literature’s most significant poet/translators. This thesis approaches her early poetry and prose from the perspective of three theories of translation. ‘Polysystems’, ‘norms’, and ‘pseudotranslation’ grew from the scholarly and translation-lineage in Hebrew literary studies that Goldberg herself contributed to. Utilizing these three methods of reading, this thesis argues that translation’s thematization in Goldberg’s creative work is evidence for the poet’s ideal for a cosmopolitan, multilingual, national literature in the new Jewish State. This receptive stance to previous and concurrent literary traditions was met with much skepticism and ...


Translation Issues In Modern Chinese Literature: Viewpoint, Fate And Metaphor In Xia Shang's "The Finger-Guessing Game", Jonathan Heinrichs Oct 2019

Translation Issues In Modern Chinese Literature: Viewpoint, Fate And Metaphor In Xia Shang's "The Finger-Guessing Game", Jonathan Heinrichs

Masters Theses

The Finger-Guessing Game is a novel with many layers of themes, characterization, and metaphor, and conveying all of these varied aspects requires a detailed, careful approach to translation. With this thesis I aim to show that strictly adhering to a singular translation method, such as “word-for-word” or “sense-for-sense,” will produce unsatisfactory results at certain points within the novel. This is accomplished by an overview of several different unique aspects of the writing style of this novel, viewpoint, the theme of fate, and the use of idioms and metaphors. Following this will be an analysis of these aspects’ functions within the ...


Meatspace, Nicholas M. Criscuolo Oct 2019

Meatspace, Nicholas M. Criscuolo

Masters Theses

“MeatSpace” is a group of related bodies of work including podcasts, prints and videos produced by working with simulation technologies such as “weak A.I.”, virtual reality, and 3d scans. Collectively the works explore how people relate to these technologies and how they relate to us. They share thematic or process-oriented sensibilities involving a series of rule-based steps that alternate between the procedural and the intentional. “Uncanny” is defined as strangely familiar. Something which falls in the Uncanny Valley feels wrong, but the reasons may be difficult to articulate. “MeatSpace” is an ongoing experiment to see where our own digital ...


Peripheral Rural Landscapes And Architectural Heritage Around Kayseri As A Sustainable Preservation Problem, Bahar Elagoz Timur, Nilufer Baturayoglu Yoney Oct 2019

Peripheral Rural Landscapes And Architectural Heritage Around Kayseri As A Sustainable Preservation Problem, Bahar Elagoz Timur, Nilufer Baturayoglu Yoney

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The rural areas on the perimeter of Kayseri present a rich heritage and culture environment threatened by recent urban development. This paper focuses on the valley settlements on the northeast of the city in Gesi and Koramaz valleys, some of which date from as early as the Medieval period and whose population was multi-ethnic and multi-religious until the middle of the 20th century. Following the emigration of the Armenian and Greek population, the activities which have created and sustained these settlements for many centuries are disappearing as well as the architectural heritage as the villages are partially and seasonally occupied ...


Kc 1.2: Rights-Based Approaches In Rural Heritage - Principles And Practice, Bente Mathisen, Ave Paulus, Grainne Shaffrey, Gurmeet Sangha Rai, Riin Alatalu Oct 2019

Kc 1.2: Rights-Based Approaches In Rural Heritage - Principles And Practice, Bente Mathisen, Ave Paulus, Grainne Shaffrey, Gurmeet Sangha Rai, Riin Alatalu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The „Our Common Dignity Initiative “ working group (OCD- RBA WG) started as an ICOMOS initiative in 2007 and expanded in 2011 as cooperation for the Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Convention (ICCROM, ICOMOS, IUCN) under the coordination by ICOMOS Norway. It deals with the Rights-Based Approaches (RBA) in World Heritage management. ICOMOS has taken important initiatives over the last decade to respect, protect and fulfil the rights to culture for individuals and communities by including RBA in its work, through its Ethical Principles and the Our Common Dignity Initiative. In celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration ...


Panel 9. Paper 9.2: Maintenance Of Water Systems Of Cultural Heritage--Case Studies Along Silk Roads, Jian Feng, Xueqing Yang, Yisi Liu Oct 2019

Panel 9. Paper 9.2: Maintenance Of Water Systems Of Cultural Heritage--Case Studies Along Silk Roads, Jian Feng, Xueqing Yang, Yisi Liu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Water has become a vital element in studying heritages, since researchers has realized that heritages are not only about sites per se, but also include multiple elements that reflect human social and cultural development along historical evolution, and water is one of the most important sector to study. To study further maintenance of water systems of cultural heritages, it is necessary to understand the authenticity of water which is decided by interactions between human and water into consideration, and notice different interactions would result in different discussion on further water management and preservation, for water systems have been changed and ...


Panel 7. Paper 7.1: Rural Heritage On The World Heritage List: The Case Of Villages With Fortified Churches From Romania, Sergiu Musteata Oct 2019

Panel 7. Paper 7.1: Rural Heritage On The World Heritage List: The Case Of Villages With Fortified Churches From Romania, Sergiu Musteata

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural heritage represents the foundation of our past, which includes material and immaterial heritage. By studying rural heritage, we could better understand the past and integrate it into sustainable development of modern communities.

My presentation will be focussed on the example of villages with fortified churches from Transylvania, which are the most representative rural heritage of Romania, and includes series of villages, but just seven of them were inscribed in the World Heritage List – Prejmier-Tartlau, Biertan, Valea Viilor, Calnic, Saschiz-Keisd, Darju, and Viscri. I will discuss the role and impact of public participation in various preservation and development projects. Other ...


Panel 6. Paper 6.3: Processus De Valorisation Du Ksar De Temacine, Quels Dispositifs Et Stratégie De Communication? The Process Of Valorizing Temacine Ksar - Plans And Communication Strategies, Aissa Merah, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Moulay Hicham Guenoun, Mouna El Gaied, Nozha Smati Oct 2019

Panel 6. Paper 6.3: Processus De Valorisation Du Ksar De Temacine, Quels Dispositifs Et Stratégie De Communication? The Process Of Valorizing Temacine Ksar - Plans And Communication Strategies, Aissa Merah, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Moulay Hicham Guenoun, Mouna El Gaied, Nozha Smati

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

À l’heure où le tourisme et la culture sont fortement affectés par la croissance d’informations en ligne, la valorisation de sites architecturaux – de surcroît classés secteurs sauvegardés – se pose plus que jamais. Comment valoriser un patrimoine architectural en tant que « produit touristique » tout en respectant sa préservation et son authenticité? Au prisme de la communication publique et territoriale, nous nous concentrerons sur la valorisation du site du ksar de Temacine, situé au bord de l’Oued Righ dans le bas Sahara algérien. Dans un premier temps, il s’agira d’analyser les différents supports et les différentes actions ...


Panel 6 Paper 6.1: Ksar Ait Ben Haddou : Quelle Démarche Pour Le Développement Social Durable D'Un Site Patrimoine Mondial ?, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Hicham Guenoun, Mouna El Gaied, Nozha Smati, Aissa Merah Oct 2019

Panel 6 Paper 6.1: Ksar Ait Ben Haddou : Quelle Démarche Pour Le Développement Social Durable D'Un Site Patrimoine Mondial ?, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Hicham Guenoun, Mouna El Gaied, Nozha Smati, Aissa Merah

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Ksar Ait Ben Haddou classé patrimoine mondial par l'UNESCO depuis 1987 est aujourd'hui à l'origine d'une nouvelle dynamique sociale grâce à l'implication d'un ensemble d'acteurs dans un processus de valorisation du patrimoine culturel de ce site emblématique encapsulant valeur universelle et identité locale. Il s'agit notamment de l'Association Ait Aissa pour le Développement et la Culture et l'Association We Speak Citizen qui mobilise une démarche terrain experte auprès de la population locale et de ses représentants. Sur un autre plan, cette dynamique est menée en relation avec le comité de ...


Panel 5 Paper 5.1 Egyptian Rural Practices: Living Heritage And Musealization, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A. Oct 2019

Panel 5 Paper 5.1 Egyptian Rural Practices: Living Heritage And Musealization, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A.

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural heritage is a complicated cultural knowledge. Considering the visitors who come, to the living heritage sites, spending their spare time and at the same time, to get a piece of new knowledge in a nostalgic context, the heritage exhibition is the ideal EDUTAINMENTAL deliverable that could transmit the rural heritage knowledge using the interactive thinking methodology. The former approach creates a kind of curiosity for the visitors guaranteeing the life-long learning process. Therefore, reviewing the cultural significance of intangible cultural heritage, especially the manifestations of the rural socio-cultural heritage practices, the research paper aims at presenting a new aspect ...


Panel 5 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage, Junjie Su, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A., Xuanlin Liu Oct 2019

Panel 5 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage, Junjie Su, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A., Xuanlin Liu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural areas is the place where rural intangible heritage is found rich and diverse, whereas vulnerable to fast social, cultural, political and economic transformations, in particular in developing and underdeveloped areas. Although the concept of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) has been established in UNESCO and accepted by many ICH Convention signatories, it has not been consistently adopted and implemented from international level to local level without divergencies. An analysis of rural ICH is to analyse how rural traditional culture, memories and past are used by different stakeholders for current society. (Re)defining rural ICH is a way to both rethink ...


Panel 4 Paper 4.3: Rural Landscape Case Study From Icomos/Iucn Connecting Practice Project: Learning About Resilience And Sustainability From Practical Experience, Kristal Buckley, Gwenaelle Bourdin, Leanna Wigboldus Oct 2019

Panel 4 Paper 4.3: Rural Landscape Case Study From Icomos/Iucn Connecting Practice Project: Learning About Resilience And Sustainability From Practical Experience, Kristal Buckley, Gwenaelle Bourdin, Leanna Wigboldus

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural landscapes with interconnected CultureNature heritage value have much to contribute to the resiliency and sustainability of food production, use of renewable natural resources and overall well-being of communities. Rural landscapes are addressed in UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in SDG 11 as a type of ‘human settlement’ and Target 11.4 calls for 'strengthening efforts ‘to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.’ Even so, to date, the contributions of rural landscapes have had limited recognition within the global framework for the UN SDGs and some reference in the UN-Habitat New Urban Agenda.

This paper will ...


Ms Varia 131 Of The Biblioteca Reale Di Torino And Decembrio's Translation Of Curtius Rufus, Paolo Ponzù Donato Oct 2019

Ms Varia 131 Of The Biblioteca Reale Di Torino And Decembrio's Translation Of Curtius Rufus, Paolo Ponzù Donato

Translat Library

This article offers a new insight on the manuscript Varia 131 of the Biblioteca Reale di Torino, the earliest known copy of Pier Candido Decembrio’s vernacular translation of Curtius Rufus’s Historia Alexandri Magni, which was transcribed in 1438 by the Milanese scribe Thomas Guarimbertus and was corrected by Decembrio himself. This manuscript is notable not only for its sumptuous illumination by the Master of the Vitae imperatorum (probably the finest illuminator in early fifteenth-century Lombardy) or its dedicatee (the Spanish knight Iñigo d’Avalos), but also for being one of the first examples of the use of the ...


Marginalia In A Rare Edition Of Virgil, Alejandro Coroleu Sep 2019

Marginalia In A Rare Edition Of Virgil, Alejandro Coroleu

Translat Library

This essay examines the Latin and Catalan marginalia found in a copy of an edition of Virgil’s works published in Barcelona in 1525 (Barcelona, Biblioteca de Catalunya, 1-II-28). The paratextual material examined here is indicative of the different knowledge and Latin proficiency of the two readers who penned annotations in this copy of Virgil’s poems.


Angelo Monforte’S Letter To Peter Of Aragon And The Early Dissemination Of Decembrio’S Translation Of Curtius Rufus, Montserrat Ferrer Sep 2019

Angelo Monforte’S Letter To Peter Of Aragon And The Early Dissemination Of Decembrio’S Translation Of Curtius Rufus, Montserrat Ferrer

Translat Library

This note establishes that in 1438 Angelo Monforte, count of Campobasso, sent to Prince Peter of Aragon a copy of Pier Candido Decembrio’s Italian version of Curtius Rufus, thus documenting the transmission of Decembrio’s work from Milan to Naples. This copy could have been the source of Alfonso de Liñán’s translation into Spanish of Decembrio’s text.


Pere Riu’S Preface To His Commentary On The Miserere, Montserrat Domingo, Lluís Cabré Sep 2019

Pere Riu’S Preface To His Commentary On The Miserere, Montserrat Domingo, Lluís Cabré

Translat Library

This article studies, and offers and edition of, a hitherto unknown preface to friar Pere Riu’s short commentary on Psalm 50 (Barcelona, Biblioteca de Catalunya, MS 1031, fol. 9r-10r). Addressed to a certain “lord the Duke,” in all likelihood Crown Prince John of Aragon, and possibly dating to the 1370s, the theological contents of this prefatory text may shed new light on the education of John of Aragon.


Existence Stories, Althea Keaton Aug 2019

Existence Stories, Althea Keaton

Masters Theses

Existence Stories is an interactive activist art project that gathers personal narratives from people about the ways in which their lives have been impacted by the current political climate in the United States, particularly surrounding the 2016 Presidential election and its aftermath. The project harnesses first-person narrative and audience participation as tools for humanizing the “Other” and building connections between people through the act of sharing stories. As the project has progressed over time, it has evolved in multiple directions and come to incorporate a variety of media, primarily comics, animation, printmaking, and zines. The roles that reproduction, distribution, and ...


I Speak As One In Doubt, Margaret Hazel Wilson Aug 2019

I Speak As One In Doubt, Margaret Hazel Wilson

Masters Theses

A written thesis to accompany the M.F.A. Exhibition I Speak as One in Doubt. Blending epistolary format and visionary narrative, the artist addresses her complex relationship to her Catholic upbringing.


Fielding, Emily Tareila Aug 2019

Fielding, Emily Tareila

Masters Theses

Fielding is an ongoing exploration of place-making, spaces of learning and relationship building in formal and informal learning environments. The project is comprised of a series of events and workshops that are embodied, multimodal, olfactory and engagement-focused and a mobile cart that helps to facilitate these happenings both in and out of the formal gallery space. I regard my art practice as pedagogical, a blurring of art and life into intentional ways of being in the world; an experience of sharing practices with others and a form of what is regarded in institutionalized art as social practice. I find art ...


Black Men Who Betray Their Race: 20th Century Literary Representations Of The Black Male Race Traitor, Gregory Coleman Jul 2019

Black Men Who Betray Their Race: 20th Century Literary Representations Of The Black Male Race Traitor, Gregory Coleman

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation, Black Men Who Betray Their Race, gathers a literary archive in order to identify and introduce the “race traitor” as a heretofore unrecognized yet important trope within 20th century African-American Literature. In addition to coping with the burden of racism, African Americans have had to put considerable energy toward negotiating the possibility of being perceived as race traitors by others within the African American community. This study tracks the possibilities and perils of black group identity in literary representations of black men, neither privileging opposition to the white world, nor celebrating black unity beyond it. Focusing on ...


The Political Work Of Memory In Collaborative Caribbean Archaeology, Elena Sesma Jul 2019

The Political Work Of Memory In Collaborative Caribbean Archaeology, Elena Sesma

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation is the product of a community-based research project that sought to understand how descendants of the 19th century Millars Plantation on the southern end of Eleuthera, Bahamas continue to use and reinterpret the landscape that they have called home for over a century and a half. In 1871, the last owner of the Millars Plantation left the estate in her will to the descendants of her former slaves and servants. That descendant community still upholds their right to this land today, although in recent years, a Bahamian developer has attempted to gain title to the acreage through the ...


Pakistani Pro-Democracy Movement: From The 1960s To The 2000s, Sofia Checa Jul 2019

Pakistani Pro-Democracy Movement: From The 1960s To The 2000s, Sofia Checa

Doctoral Dissertations

in Pakistan from the 1960s to the 2000s, with a focus on the latter. The dissertation is composed of three different papers. The first paper is an analysis of the changing civil society in Pakistan. I argue that in order to understand why the two movements were so different, we need to look at not just a snap shot of the civil society, but its evolution over the years. Rather than thinking of civil society as a static collection of different groups and organizations, this research analyzes it as a combination of groups (or structures) as well as processes that ...


Hashtag Holocaust: Negotiating Memory In The Age Of Social Media, Erica Fagen Jul 2019

Hashtag Holocaust: Negotiating Memory In The Age Of Social Media, Erica Fagen

Doctoral Dissertations

This study examines the representation of Holocaust memory through photographs on the social media platforms of Flickr and Instagram. It looks at how visitors – armed with digital cameras and smartphones – depicted their experiences at the former concentration camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Dachau, Sachsenhausen, and Neuengamme. The study’s arguments are twofold: firstly, social media posts about visits to former concentration camps are a form of Holocaust memory, and secondly, social media allows people from all backgrounds the opportunity to share their memories online. Holocaust memory on social media introduces a new, digital kind of memory called “filtered memory.”

This study demonstrates ...


“Greetings, I Am An Immortal God!”: Reading, Imagination, And Personal Divinity In Late Antiquity, 2nd – 5th Centuries Ce, Mark Roblee Jul 2019

“Greetings, I Am An Immortal God!”: Reading, Imagination, And Personal Divinity In Late Antiquity, 2nd – 5th Centuries Ce, Mark Roblee

Doctoral Dissertations

In City of God, Augustine entertains “personal divinity”—the idea that a person could become an immortal god. Recent scholarship has focused on the social function of such beliefs. The divine status of public figures such as emperors and martyrs has become a trope widely understood in its social and institutional dimensions. I add to this sociological understanding by inquiring into individual experience. How did a late antique person become divine? How did she understand divinity and the limits of the self? In City of God, Augustine assembles an archive that includes references to works by Platonists Apuleius, Plotinus, Porphyry ...


Self-Knowledge, Choice Blindness, And Confabulation, Hayley F. Webster Jul 2019

Self-Knowledge, Choice Blindness, And Confabulation, Hayley F. Webster

Doctoral Dissertations

There are two kinds of epistemic theories about self-knowledge: the traditional account, and the inferentialist account. According to the traditional view of self-knowledge, we have privileged access to our propositional attitudes. “Privileged access” means that one can gain knowledge of one’s own propositional attitudes directly via an exclusive, first-personal method called introspection. On the other hand, the inferentialist view of self-knowledge postulates that we don’t have privileged access to our propositional attitudes and must infer or self-attribute them instead. In this thesis I argue that the traditional view of self-knowledge, which postulates that we have privileged access to ...


Interpreting Access: A History Of Accessibility And Disability Representations In The National Park Service, Perri Meldon Jul 2019

Interpreting Access: A History Of Accessibility And Disability Representations In The National Park Service, Perri Meldon

Masters Theses

This thesis illustrates the accomplishments and challenges of enhancing accessibility across the national parks, at the same time that great need to diversify the parks and their interpretation of American disability history remains. Chapters describe the administrative history of the NPS Accessibility Program (1979-present), exploring the decisions from both within and outside the federal agency, to break physical and programmatic barriers to make parks more inclusive for people with sensory, physical, and cognitive disabilities; and provide a case study of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site (HOFR) in New York. The case study describes the creation of ...