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University of Massachusetts Amherst

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 60

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Prelude To A Master Plan: Ware, Massachusetts, Belen Alfaro, Bruno Carneiro, Margaret Engesser, Kathryn E. Fox, Evadne R. Friedman, Timothy Inacio, Anita Lockesmith, Christina Mills, Stephanie Molden, Meagen Mulherin, Russell Pandres, Vinicius Pereira, Brian Reid, Pedro Soto, Jennifer Stromsten Oct 2012

Prelude To A Master Plan: Ware, Massachusetts, Belen Alfaro, Bruno Carneiro, Margaret Engesser, Kathryn E. Fox, Evadne R. Friedman, Timothy Inacio, Anita Lockesmith, Christina Mills, Stephanie Molden, Meagen Mulherin, Russell Pandres, Vinicius Pereira, Brian Reid, Pedro Soto, Jennifer Stromsten

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Prelude to a Master Plan offers ideas, recommendations, and a toolkit to help the town chart its own path towards that future. While the teams and individual students worked to ‘drill down’ into specific topic areas, the Studio defined three basic areas in order to think about how the various assets, challenges and ideas undermine or reinforce one another. The report is loosely organized in those terms: addressing the outlying rural areas and issues specific to these places, considering one of the key growth areas that has extended from town and the conflicts that arise from the many uses occurring ...


Towards A Posthumanist Reenchantment: Poetry, Science And New Technologies, Marta Del Pozo Ortea Sep 2012

Towards A Posthumanist Reenchantment: Poetry, Science And New Technologies, Marta Del Pozo Ortea

Open Access Dissertations

This interdisciplinary study analyzes the work of two contemporary writers in Peninsular Spanish literature, Agustín Fernández Mallo and Javier Moreno, using the the posthumanist stance that considers the epistemological and ontological continuum and inseparability of contemporary cultural practices. This thesis delves into the interrelationship of their respective work with three main aspects of the 21st century reality: the omnipresent world of images in our culture, the scientific paradigm and the use of new technologies. The study of their work has led me to propose the birth of a new literature that 1. articulates the “pictorial turn” by recognizing how the ...


Technologies Of Racial Formation: Asian-American Online Identities, Linh Dich Sep 2012

Technologies Of Racial Formation: Asian-American Online Identities, Linh Dich

Open Access Dissertations

My dissertation is an ethnographic study of Asian-American users on the social network site, Xanga. Based on my analysis of online texts, responses to texts, and participants' discussions of their writing motivations, my research strongly suggests that examining digital writing through participants' complex and overlapping constructions of their community and public(s) can help the field reconsider digital writing as a site of Asian-American rhetoric and as a process of constructing and transforming racial identities and relations. In particular, I examine how community and public, as interconnected and shifting writing imaginaries on Xanga, afford Asian-American users on this site the ...


Verbalizing In The Second Language Classroom: The Development Of The Grammatical Concept Of Aspect, Prospero N. Garcia Sep 2012

Verbalizing In The Second Language Classroom: The Development Of The Grammatical Concept Of Aspect, Prospero N. Garcia

Open Access Dissertations

Framed within a Sociocultural Theory of Mind (SCT) in the field of Second Language Acquisition (Lantolf & Thorne, 2006), this dissertation explores the role of verbalizing in the internalization of grammatical categories through the use of Concept-based Instruction (henceforth CBI) in the second language (L2) classroom.

Using Vygotsky's (1986) distinction between scientific and spontaneous or everyday concepts applied to L2 development (Negueruela, 2008), this study focuses on the teaching and potential development of the grammatical concept of aspect in the Spanish L2 classroom, and the role of verbalizing in its internalization. It is proposed that verbalizing mediates between the learners ...


No Círculo Do Uroboro: Articulações Identitárias Na Narrativa De Milton Hatoum, Cecilia Paiva Rodrigues Sep 2012

No Círculo Do Uroboro: Articulações Identitárias Na Narrativa De Milton Hatoum, Cecilia Paiva Rodrigues

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation examines the four novels published to date by Milton Hatoum, a contemporary Lebanese-Brazilian author from the Amazon region. There are a great number of critical readings of his work that foreground the postmodern dissolution and fragmentation of the self, of human relationships, and also of national identity. In contrast to such approaches, I propose what I call a reading of hope. I argue that Hatoum is at the forefront of a shift in sensibility in Brazilian literature, one that simultaneously demonstrates certain aspects of postmodernism, but also breaks with other elements of it. In order to illustrate this ...


Presence In A Pocket. Phantasms Of Immediacy In Japanese Mobile Telepresence Robotics, Timo Kaerlein Aug 2012

Presence In A Pocket. Phantasms Of Immediacy In Japanese Mobile Telepresence Robotics, Timo Kaerlein

communication +1

The paper addresses prospects of Japanese mobile telepresence robotics where small anthropomorphic devices are designed to act as intermediaries between remote interlocutors. First, an emic perspective of involved scientists and engineers is presented, focusing on example technologies being developed at the Hiroshi Ishiguro Lab in Kyoto (Japan), particularly a „cellphone-type tele-operated android [...] transmitting human presence“ called Elfoid. It represents an attempt to get “behind the veil of the machine” (Sekiguchi/Inami/Tachi 2001, about their RobotPHONE prototype which uses a similar concept) in that it is supposed to act as a solid substitute for a dialog partner through evoking a ...


Communication, Technology, Temporality, Mark A. Martinez Aug 2012

Communication, Technology, Temporality, Mark A. Martinez

communication +1

This paper proposes a media studies that foregrounds technological objects as communicative and historical agents. Specifically, I take the digital computer as a powerful catalyst of crises in communication theories and certain key features of modernity. Finally, the computer is the motor of “New Media” which is at once a set of technologies, a historical epoch, and a field of knowledge. As such the computer shapes “the new” and “the future” as History pushes its origins further in the past and its convergent quality pushes its future as a predominate medium. As treatment of information and interface suggest, communication theories ...


From Punched Cards To "Big Data": A Social History Of Database Populism, Kevin Driscoll Aug 2012

From Punched Cards To "Big Data": A Social History Of Database Populism, Kevin Driscoll

communication +1

Since the diffusion of the punched card tabulator following the 1890 U.S. Census, mass-scale information processing has been alternately a site of opportunity, ambivalence and fear in the American imagination. While large bureaucracies have tended to deploy database technology toward purposes of surveillance and control, the rise of personal computing made databases accessible to individuals and small businesses for the first time. Today, the massive collection of trace communication data by public and private institutions has renewed popular anxiety about the role of the database in society. This essay traces the social history of database technology across three periods ...


Discursive Games And Gamic Discourses, Gerald Voorhees Aug 2012

Discursive Games And Gamic Discourses, Gerald Voorhees

communication +1

Digital games are an increasingly prominent media form but are consistently ignored in critical communication scholarship. Several voices in the field of game studies have advocated the application of communication and rhetorical theory to the study of games, but this effort to cross-pollinate game studies and communication studies has not been reciprocated. This article addresses this lacunae, making the case for critical studies of communication to take up the study of digital games. I argue that digital games are both ready objects of inquiry well-suited for rhetorical methods and generative sites with the potential to stimulate thinking about communication processes ...


The Future Of Reading/Thinking: Epistemological Construction In The Age Of The Kindle, Benjamin J. Cline Aug 2012

The Future Of Reading/Thinking: Epistemological Construction In The Age Of The Kindle, Benjamin J. Cline

communication +1

Whether as an application on our tablets (such as an I-pad or an Android device) or as a single application piece of hardware such as a (Nook or Kindle), the handheld digital reading device is quickly becoming a fixture in contemporary life. It is not only changing the way in which books are bought and sold, but it is changing the nature of what it is to read and how our knowledge is constructed. Drawing on Walter Ong’s theories of secondary orality (2002) and McLuhan’s concepts of technologies as extensions of particular faculties with trade-offs in other areas ...


Communication And Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities And Challenges For The 21st Century, David J. Gunkel Aug 2012

Communication And Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities And Challenges For The 21st Century, David J. Gunkel

communication +1

This essay advocates for a significant reorientation and reconceptualization of communication studies in order to accommodate the opportunities and challenges introduced by increasingly intelligent machines, autonomous decision making systems, and smart devices. Historically the discipline of communication has accommodated new technology by transforming these innovations into a medium of human interaction and message exchange. With the computer, this transaction is particularly evident with the development of computer-mediated communication (CMC) in the later half of the 20th century. In CMC, the computer is understood and investigated as a more-or-less neutral channel of message transfer and instrument of human interaction. This ...


True And Useful: On The Structure Of A Two-Level Normative Theory, Fred Feldman Jun 2012

True And Useful: On The Structure Of A Two-Level Normative Theory, Fred Feldman

Fred Feldman

Act-utilitarianism and other theories in normative ethics confront the implementability problem: normal human agents, with normal human epistemic abilities, lack the information needed to use those theories directly for the selection of actions. Two Level Theories have been offered in reply. The theoretical level component states alleged necessary and sufficient conditions formoral rightness. That component is supposed to be true, but is not intended for practical use. It gives an account of objective obligation. The practical level component is offered as an implementable system for the choice of actions by agents lacking some relevant information. It gives an account of ...


A 'Living Art': Working-Class, Transcultural, And Feminist Aesthetics In The United States, Mexico, And Algeria, 1930s, Tabitha Adams Morgan May 2012

A 'Living Art': Working-Class, Transcultural, And Feminist Aesthetics In The United States, Mexico, And Algeria, 1930s, Tabitha Adams Morgan

Open Access Dissertations

The cultural productions of Katherine Anne Porter, Anita Brenner, Tina Modotti, Maria Izquierdo, and Juanita Guccione represent a distinctive interweaving of gender and class consciousness, national identification and political resistance, as represented in their artistic work. These five women became transnational carriers of a radical realist and modernist thought, culture, and ideology that became transported through their art when their gendered and classed bodies were left otherwise silenced and boundaried. These women, their cultural productions, and the ways in which their art generates a counter discourse to the dominant and institutionalized conceptions of transculturalism, aesthetics, and re-production, are vital to ...


How Should I Act?: Shakespeare And The Theatrical Code Of Conduct, Ann E. Garner May 2012

How Should I Act?: Shakespeare And The Theatrical Code Of Conduct, Ann E. Garner

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation examines the intersection of English Renaissance drama and conduct literature. Current scholarship on this intersection usually interprets plays as illustrations of cultural behavioral norms who find their model and justification in courtly norms. In this dissertation, I argue that plays present behavioral norms that emerge from this nascent profession and that were thus influenced by this profession and the concerns of the people who worked in it, rather than by the court. To do so, I examine three behavioral norms that were important to courtiers, specifically Disguise, Moderation and Wit through the work of the English Renaissance theater ...


Self-Knowledge In A Natural World, Jeremy Cushing Feb 2012

Self-Knowledge In A Natural World, Jeremy Cushing

Open Access Dissertations

In this dissertation, I reconcile our knowledge of our own minds with philosophical naturalism. Philosophers traditionally hold that our knowledge of our own minds is especially direct and authoritative in comparison with other domains of knowledge. I introduce the subject in the first chapter. In the second and third chapters, I address the idea that we know our own minds directly. If self-knowledge is direct, it must not be grounded on anything more epistemically basic. This creates a puzzle for all epistemologists. For the naturalist, the puzzle is especially tricky. To say that self-knowledge has no epistemic ground threatens the ...


Woodrow Wilson's Conversion Experience: The President And The Federal Woman Suffrage Amendment, Beth Behn Feb 2012

Woodrow Wilson's Conversion Experience: The President And The Federal Woman Suffrage Amendment, Beth Behn

Open Access Dissertations

Over the course of his first six years in office, President Woodrow Wilson evolved from an opponent of woman suffrage to an advocate for a federal woman suffrage amendment. This study explores what transpired to bring about such a dramatic change in Wilson's position. It seeks to understand the array of forces that pressured Wilson and the extent to which he was, in turn, able to influence Congress and voters.


The Guerilla Tongue": The Politics Of Resistance In Puerto Rican Poetry, Natasha Azank Feb 2012

The Guerilla Tongue": The Politics Of Resistance In Puerto Rican Poetry, Natasha Azank

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation examines how the work of four Puerto Rican poets – Julia de

Burgos, Clemente Soto Vélez, Martín Espada, and Naomi Ayala – demonstrates a poetics of resistance. While resistance takes a variety of forms in their poetic discourse, this project asserts that these poets have and continue to play an integral role in the cultural decolonization of Puerto Rico, which has been generally unacknowledged in both the critical scholarship on their work and the narrative of Puerto Rico’s anti-colonial struggle. Chapter One discuses the theoretical concepts used in defining a poetics of resistance, including Barbara Harlow’s definition of ...


Counterpossibles, Barak Krakauer Feb 2012

Counterpossibles, Barak Krakauer

Open Access Dissertations

Counterpossibles are counterfactuals with necessarily false antecedents. The problem of counterpossibles is easiest to state within the "nearest possible world" framework for counterfactuals: on this approach, a counterfactual is true (roughly) when the consequent is true in the "nearest" possible world where the antecedent is true. Since counterpossibles have necessarily false antecedents, there is no possible world where the antecedent is true. On the approach favored by Lewis, Stalnaker, Williamson, and others, counterpossibles are all trivially true. I introduce several arguments against the trivial approach. First, it is counter-intuitive to think that all counterpossibles are true. Second, if all counterpossibles ...


Notes On The Concept Of Integration, Ernest Allen Jan 2012

Notes On The Concept Of Integration, Ernest Allen

Ernest Allen

Integration was one of those enigmatic notions that crept into the vocabulary of the African American liberation struggle of the twentieth century, which then seemingly turned into a palimpsest, blotting out any trace of its historical origins. A term that "everyone" apparently understood but which most failed to interrogate, integration was commonly perceived as the "inverse" of segregation--which was only true insofar one was willing to reduce each term to a spatial metaphor, with segregation indicating societal "exclusion" and integration signifying "inclusion." This makeshift conceptual simplification was frequently patched over by the drafting of desegregation as an intermediate term standing ...


Discourses Of Development: Narratives Of Cultural Heritage As An Economic Resource, Neil Silberman Jan 2012

Discourses Of Development: Narratives Of Cultural Heritage As An Economic Resource, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Contemplative Education: How Contemplative Practices Can Support And Improve Education, Judith Johannes Jan 2012

Contemplative Education: How Contemplative Practices Can Support And Improve Education, Judith Johannes

Master's Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore how contemplative education can have a viable role in education. In the first part of this thesis I will share my own personal experience with contemplative practices and how they led to my personal growth and transformation.

The second part will give some brief insights about the benefits the ancient wisdom traditions Hinduism and Buddhism attributed to contemplative practices. They claim that those practices help to reach a state of expanded awareness and stillness of the mind. Contemplative practices such as mindfulness, which is a Buddhist meditation technique, were used to better ...


Organized Chaos, Katie Wynkoop Jan 2012

Organized Chaos, Katie Wynkoop

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


The Times, Jiye Shi Jan 2012

The Times, Jiye Shi

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


Kurzgeschichte, Kelly Jo Fuller Jan 2012

Kurzgeschichte, Kelly Jo Fuller

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


Self Portrait Through Objects, Katie Wynkoop Jan 2012

Self Portrait Through Objects, Katie Wynkoop

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


Cyrus & Leily, Mehrashk Meidani Jan 2012

Cyrus & Leily, Mehrashk Meidani

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


The Lab Of Love, Marta Del Pozo Jan 2012

The Lab Of Love, Marta Del Pozo

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


In A Station In The Metro, -- Bendiksen Jan 2012

In A Station In The Metro, -- Bendiksen

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


Abuela / Grandmother, Deliabridget Martinez Jan 2012

Abuela / Grandmother, Deliabridget Martinez

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.


To Die For, Katie Wynkoop Jan 2012

To Die For, Katie Wynkoop

mOthertongue

No abstract provided.