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University of Massachusetts Amherst

2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 69

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

On The Objectivity Of Welfare, Alexander F. Sarch Sep 2009

On The Objectivity Of Welfare, Alexander F. Sarch

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation is structured in such a way as to gradually home in on the true theory of welfare. I start with the whole field of possible theories of welfare and then proceed by narrowing down the options in a series of steps. The first step, undertaken in chapter 2, is to argue that the true theory of welfare must be what I call a partly response independent theory. First I reject the entirely response independent theories because there are widely-shared intuitions suggesting that some psychological responses are indeed relevant to welfare. Then I reject the entirely response dependent theories ...


Phenomenal Acquaintance, Kelly Trogdon Sep 2009

Phenomenal Acquaintance, Kelly Trogdon

Open Access Dissertations

Chapter 1 of Phenomenal Acquaintance is devoted to taking care of some preliminary issues. I begin by distinguishing those states of awareness in virtue of which we’re acquainted with the phenomenal characters of our experiences from those states of awareness some claim are at the very nature of experience. Then I reconcile the idea that experience is transparent with the claim that we can be acquainted with phenomenal character. In Chapter 2 I set up a dilemma that is the primary focus of the dissertation. In the first part of this chapter I argue that phenomenal acquaintance has three ...


Cold Spring, Hot Foundry: An Archaeological Exploration Of The West Point Foundry’S Paternal Influence Upon The Village Of Cold Spring And Its Residents, Elizabeth M. Norris Sep 2009

Cold Spring, Hot Foundry: An Archaeological Exploration Of The West Point Foundry’S Paternal Influence Upon The Village Of Cold Spring And Its Residents, Elizabeth M. Norris

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation explores the nineteenth century paternal relationship between industrialists and their predominantly skilled workers in a small northern community. As an archaeological analysis, artifacts such as houses and ceramics demonstrate the economic and consumption patterns observable throughout the United States during its industrialization. Discussion centers around the West Point Foundry, which operated in the Village of Cold Spring from 1818 to 1911 and originally owned half of the village’s property and employed half of its workers. Privately owned, it manufactured a variety of iron products including heavy ordnance for both the country’s Navy and Army. Methodological analysis ...


“Obscene Fantasies”: Elfriede Jelinek’S Generic Perversions, Brenda L. Bethman Sep 2009

“Obscene Fantasies”: Elfriede Jelinek’S Generic Perversions, Brenda L. Bethman

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation examines Elfriede Jelinek’s investigation of Austria’s and Western Europe’s “obscene fantasies” through her “perversion” of generic forms in three of her best-known texts (Die Liebhaberinnen, Lust, and Die Klavierspielerin). It also investigates how these texts, at first glance less overtly political than Jelinek’s later work, can be seen as laying the groundwork for her later, more political, analysis of Austrian fascism and racism. The dissertation is composed of three chapters; each investigates a central psychoanalytic concept (alienation, jouissance, perversion and sublimation) and reads a Jelinek text in relation to the genre that it is ...


Composition As Identity: A Study In Ontology And Philosophical Logic, Einar Bohn Sep 2009

Composition As Identity: A Study In Ontology And Philosophical Logic, Einar Bohn

Open Access Dissertations

In this work I first develop, motivate, and defend the view that mereological composition, the relation between an object and all its parts collectively, is a relation of identity. I argue that this view implies and hence can explain the logical necessity of classical mereology, the formal study of the part-whole relation. I then critically discuss four contemporary views of the same kind. Finally, I employ my thesis in a recent discussion of whether the world is fundamentally one in number.


Writing Across The Curriculum Program Development As Ideological And Rhetorical Practice, Carolyn J. Fulford Sep 2009

Writing Across The Curriculum Program Development As Ideological And Rhetorical Practice, Carolyn J. Fulford

Open Access Dissertations

Few research studies have focused on WAC program development. Those that exist do not examine the ideological grounds for programmatic changes. This dissertation explores the dynamics of such changes through a four-year ethnographic study of WAC program development at a small, public, liberal arts college. The study employed extensive participant observation, interviewing, and document collection to trace how curricular and cultural changes around writing take shape and what ideologies and rhetorical practices come into play during that complex change process. The site for the study is of special interest because WAC there was in transition from an informal coalition focused ...


Process Not Product: The Icomos Ename Charter (2008) And The Practice Of Heritage Stewardship, Neil A. Silberman Jul 2009

Process Not Product: The Icomos Ename Charter (2008) And The Practice Of Heritage Stewardship, Neil A. Silberman

Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni

No abstract provided.


Liberation At The End Of A Pen: Writing Pan-African Politics Of Cultural Struggle, Anthony James Ratcliff May 2009

Liberation At The End Of A Pen: Writing Pan-African Politics Of Cultural Struggle, Anthony James Ratcliff

Open Access Dissertations

As a political, social, and cultural ideology, Pan-Africanism has been a complex movement attempting to ameliorate the dehumanizing effects of "the global Eurocentric colonial/modern capitalist model of power," which Anibal Quijano (2000) refers to as "the coloniality of power." The destructive forces of the coloniality of power--beginning with the transatlantic slave trade--that led to the dispersal and displacement of millions of Africans subsequently facilitated the creation of Pan-African political and cultural consciousness. Thus, this dissertation examines diverse articulations of Pan-African politics of cultural struggle as a response to racist and sexist oppression and economic exploitation of Afro-descendants. I am ...


The Artistry And Activism Of Shirley Graham Du Bois: A Twentieth Century African American Torchbearer, Alesia Elaine Mcfadden May 2009

The Artistry And Activism Of Shirley Graham Du Bois: A Twentieth Century African American Torchbearer, Alesia Elaine Mcfadden

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation traces the early origins of Shirley Graham Du Bois, a well known Negro achiever in the 1930s and 1940s, from the decades preceding her birth in 1896 up through the mid-twentieth century when she has reached mid life and achieved a number of successes. It attempts to reclaim from obscurity the significant cultural production that Shirley Graham contributed to American society. Her artistry and activism were manifested in many ways. As a very young woman she conducted, throughout the northern and eastern parts of the U. S., musical concerts extolling the beauty and significance of spirituals. While attending ...


On The Measurability Of Pleasure And Pain, Justin Allen Klocksiem May 2009

On The Measurability Of Pleasure And Pain, Justin Allen Klocksiem

Open Access Dissertations

The topic of my dissertation is the hedonic calculus. The hedonic calculus presupposes that pleasure and pain come in amounts amenable to addition, subtraction, and aggregation operations. These operations are ones that utilitarianism and related normative ethical theories treat as central to moral phenomena. The first chapter is an introduction to the problem--in it, I explain what the hedonic calculus is, why it is important, and why it has recently come under disfavor. The second chapter explores the nature of hedonic phenomena, arguing that pleasure and pain are propositional attitudes; they are not feelings or feeling-tones, nor are they fundamentally ...


Before The Second Wave: College Women, Cultural Literacy, Sexuality And Identity, 1940--1965, Babette Faehmel May 2009

Before The Second Wave: College Women, Cultural Literacy, Sexuality And Identity, 1940--1965, Babette Faehmel

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation follows career-oriented college women over the course of their education in liberal arts programs and seeks to explain why so many of them, in departure from original plans of combining work and marriage, married and became full-time mothers. Using diaries, personal correspondences, and student publications, in conjunction with works from the social sciences, philosophy, and literature, I argue that these women's experiences need to be understood in the context of cultural conflicts over the definition of class, status, and national identity. Mid twentieth-century college women, I propose, began their education at a moment when the convergence of ...


Becoming Free In The Cotton South – By Susan Eva O'Donovan, Manisha Sinha Apr 2009

Becoming Free In The Cotton South – By Susan Eva O'Donovan, Manisha Sinha

Afro-American Studies Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Synthetic Ethical Naturalism, Michael Rubin Feb 2009

Synthetic Ethical Naturalism, Michael Rubin

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation is a critique of synthetic ethical naturalism (SEN). SEN is a view in metaethics that comprises three key theses: first, there are moral properties and facts that are independent of the beliefs and attitudes of moral appraisers (moral realism); second, moral properties and facts are identical to (or constituted only by) natural properties and facts (ethical naturalism); and third, sentences used to assert identity or constitution relations between moral and natural properties are expressions of synthetic, a posteriori necessities. The last of these theses, which distinguishes SEN from other forms of ethical naturalism, is supported by a fourth ...


Post-Marxism After Althusser: A Critique Of The Alternatives, Ceren Ozselcuk Feb 2009

Post-Marxism After Althusser: A Critique Of The Alternatives, Ceren Ozselcuk

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

This dissertation provides a particular Marxian class analytical political economy critique of post-Marxism. The dissertation demonstrates the ways in which different positions within post-Marxism continue to essentialize the conceptualizations of class and capitalist economy. What distinguishes this dissertation from other dominant critiques of post-Marxism is the anti-essentialist epistemological and ontological position it adopts. By adopting an anti-essentialist epistemological position the dissertation is able to demonstrate the discontinuities and continuities between post-Marxism and the Marxian tradition. The dissertation does this by reading the heterogeneous and disparate post-Marxian approaches as so many different ways to "resolve" the central tension of the Althusserian ...


Word, Phrase, And Clitic Prosody In Bosnian, Serbian, And Croatian, Adam Werle Feb 2009

Word, Phrase, And Clitic Prosody In Bosnian, Serbian, And Croatian, Adam Werle

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

I investigate the phonology of prosodic clitics--independent syntactic words not parsed as independent prosodic words--in Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian. I ask, first, how clitics are organized into prosodic structures, and second, how this is determined by the grammar. Following Zec (1997, 2005), I look at several clitic categories, including negation, prepositions, complementizers, conjunctions, and second-position clitics.

Based on a reanalysis of word accent (Browne and McCawley 1965, Inkelas and Zec 1988, Zec 1999), I argue that in some cases where a preposition, complementizer, or conjunction fails to realize accent determined by a following word, it is not a proclitic-- that ...


It’S ‘A Good Thing’: The Commodification Of Femininity, Affluence, And Whiteness In The Martha Stewart Phenomenon, Melissa A Click Feb 2009

It’S ‘A Good Thing’: The Commodification Of Femininity, Affluence, And Whiteness In The Martha Stewart Phenomenon, Melissa A Click

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

This study examines the ideologies of gender, race, and class present in Martha Stewart's unprecedented popularity, beginning with the publication of Stewart's first magazine in 1990 and ending in September 2004, after Stewart's conviction for her involvement in the ImClone scandal. My approach is built on the intersection of American mass communication research, British cultural studies, and feminist theory, and utilizes Hall's Encoding/Decoding model to examine how social, cultural and political discourses circulate in and through a mediated text and how those meanings are interpreted by those who receive them. Drawing from textual and ideological ...


Digital Storytelling At An Educational Nonprofit: A Case Study And Genre-Informed Implementation Analysis, Lisa Dush Feb 2009

Digital Storytelling At An Educational Nonprofit: A Case Study And Genre-Informed Implementation Analysis, Lisa Dush

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

Digital stories--two- to five-minute videos consisting of a first-person voiceover set to a slideshow of personal photographs--combine personal reflection with digital technologies. The stories and the process of making them appeal to many organizations, particularly those with a mission of outreach or education. However, despite the inexpensive and fairly easy-to-use digital technologies involved, organizations have typically had difficulty implementing the practice.

This dissertation presents a case study of one organization that hoped to implement digital storytelling, detailing the 15 months after its Writing Director completed a digital storytelling train-the-trainer workshop. The case study organization, Tech Year, is a one-year intensive ...


American Jacobins: Revolutionary Radicalism In The Civil War Era, Jordan Lewis Reed Feb 2009

American Jacobins: Revolutionary Radicalism In The Civil War Era, Jordan Lewis Reed

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

This dissertation is an attempt to portray the revolutionary character of the American Civil War through a comparative methodology utilizing the French Revolution as both point of influence and as a parallel example. Within this novel context, subtle trends in the ideological development of the Republican Party's Radical wing undertake new meaning and an alternative revolutionary heritage takes shape around an idealization of the universalism of the French and Haitian Revolutions of the 1790s. The work argues that through a diffusion of ideas and knowledge of events from the streets of Paris into the fields of Haiti and onto ...


Parents, Patriarchy, And Decision-Making Power: A Study Of Gender Relations As Reflected By Co-Residence Patterns Of Older Parents In The Immigrant Household, Lang Lin Feb 2009

Parents, Patriarchy, And Decision-Making Power: A Study Of Gender Relations As Reflected By Co-Residence Patterns Of Older Parents In The Immigrant Household, Lang Lin

Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014

This dissertation focuses on the living arrangements of multi-generational households among ten biggest immigrant groups in the United States. Specifically, it examines whether the husband's or the wife's older parents were more likely to be present. Co-residence patterns were taken as a proxy that reflected relative decision-making power in the family. A number of factors hypothesized to be associated with the outcome were examined to explore the effect of immigration on gender role ideology and gender relations in the post-1965 immigrant family. More than 102,000 multi-generational households from the 2000 U.S. Census were included in the ...


Becoming Free In The Cotton South – By Susan Eva O'Donovan, Manisha Sinha Jan 2009

Becoming Free In The Cotton South – By Susan Eva O'Donovan, Manisha Sinha

Manisha Sinha

No abstract provided.


Meine Jugend In Traiskirchen, Otto Vogl Jan 2009

Meine Jugend In Traiskirchen, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


"Silly Creations Of An Imagination That Is Not Conscious Of Its Freaks": Multiple Selves, Wordless Communication, And The Psychology Of Mark Twain's No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger, Randall Knoper Jan 2009

"Silly Creations Of An Imagination That Is Not Conscious Of Its Freaks": Multiple Selves, Wordless Communication, And The Psychology Of Mark Twain's No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger, Randall Knoper

Randall Knoper

No abstract provided.


Grammar In The Classroom: The Case Of Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2009

Grammar In The Classroom: The Case Of Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Percursos Migratórios Afetivos: Ser-Se Açoriano Na América E Como, Francisco Fagundes Jan 2009

Percursos Migratórios Afetivos: Ser-Se Açoriano Na América E Como, Francisco Fagundes

Francisco Cota Fagundes

No abstract provided.


Introduction: The Private Life Of Public Conveniences, Olga Gershenson Jan 2009

Introduction: The Private Life Of Public Conveniences, Olga Gershenson

Olga Gershenson

No abstract provided.


Meine Jugend In Traiskirchen, Otto Vogl Jan 2009

Meine Jugend In Traiskirchen, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Sosa In Perspective, Hilary Kornblith Jan 2009

Sosa In Perspective, Hilary Kornblith

Hilary Kornblith

Ernest Sosa draws a distinction between animal knowledge and reflective knowledge, and this distinction forms the centerpiece of his new book, A Virtue Epistemology. This paper argues that the distinction cannot do the work which Sosa assigns to it.


Appendix To A Unilateral Grading Contract To Improve Learning And Teaching [Written With Jane Danielewicz], Peter Elbow Jan 2009

Appendix To A Unilateral Grading Contract To Improve Learning And Teaching [Written With Jane Danielewicz], Peter Elbow

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

This is an appendix that is meant to accompany the essay published in *College Composition and Communication* Vol 61, No 2, December 2009.


The Believing Game Or Methodological Believing, Peter Elbow Jan 2009

The Believing Game Or Methodological Believing, Peter Elbow

English Department Faculty Publication Series

The kind of thinking most widely honored is often called "critical thinking." I call it "the doubting game" because the premise is that we should test ideas by subjecting them to the discipline of doubt. It's a valuable and necessary methodology for good thinking because it trains us to find hidden flaws in ideas that sound attractive or that are widely assumed to be true.

In this essay I suggest a different kind of thinking that is equally important but little honored or even noticed. I call it the believing game because the premise is that we should test ...


Harmony In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2009

Harmony In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

What OT constraint favors autosegmental spreading? Existing proposals for the pro-spreading markedness constraint make implausible typological predictions. This paper presents a new proposal that depends on Harmonic Serialism to avoid those unwanted predictions.