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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Limits Of Victorian Federalism: E.A. Freeman's History Of Federal Government, Timothy Lang Jan 2018

The Limits Of Victorian Federalism: E.A. Freeman's History Of Federal Government, Timothy Lang

History Open Access Publications

In 1863, Edward Augustus Freeman published the first volume of his History of Federal Government, a study of ancient Greek federalism under the Achaean League. Though unknown today, Freeman was the most enthusiastic advocate of the federal idea that Victorian England produced. He is best considered a liberal nationalist who was drawn to federalism because it addressed the problems posed by continental nationalism. He endorsed nationalist movements in Italy, Germany and the Balkans, and opposed the Austrian and Ottoman empires on the grounds that they violated the principles of nationality and popular sovereignty. To help build these nation-sates, Freeman pointed ...


Rousseau And The Paradox Of The Nation-State, Timothy Lang Jan 2018

Rousseau And The Paradox Of The Nation-State, Timothy Lang

History Open Access Publications

The nation-state, as it emerged in Europe during the nineteenth century, was perhaps the most paradoxical political institution of its age. Liberals endorsed nation-states, believing they would lead to peace, prosperity, and good government. But all too often they did the opposite. Reading Rousseau’s Social Contract against the eighteenth-century state system reveals one way in which political thinking at the end of the Enlightenment anticipated this paradox. Neither nationalism nor the nation-state were fully developed concepts at the time, though the glimpses of them that appeared in Rousseau’s works suggest just how problematic the emerging nation-state might be ...


Tokyo University And The War, Tachibana Takashi, Richard H. Minear Jan 2017

Tokyo University And The War, Tachibana Takashi, Richard H. Minear

History Open Access Publications

Tachibana Takashi analyzes the impact of World War II on Tokyo University and Tokyo University's impact on the war: attacks from outside, faculty politics and purges, institutional expansion, the sacrifice of liberal arts students to the war machine, and heroic dissenting professors who tried in vain to bring the war to an early end.

Translated and edited by Richard H. Minear


The Evidence For Traffic (Data Tables), Eric E. Poehler Jan 2017

The Evidence For Traffic (Data Tables), Eric E. Poehler

Data and Datasets

The file, "Evidence_for_Traffic_at_Pompeii", is a spreadsheet containing the description of 1024 curbstones, guard stones, and stepping-stones, upon which the evidence for ancient traffic at Pompeii were inscribed. These data underlie and support the tables, figures, and arguments of Poehler, Eric. E. 2017 The Traffic System of Pompeii. (New York: Oxford University Press) and should be used in consultation with that work. Using tabs in the spreadsheet, these data are combined as a single table (Traffic_Evidence_All) and also divided into each object type. Field names are intended to be both human readable and in formats ready for use in other software ...


The Needles Eye: Women And Work In The Age Of Revolution, Marla R. Miller Jan 2006

The Needles Eye: Women And Work In The Age Of Revolution, Marla R. Miller

University of Massachusetts Press Books

Among the enduring stereotypes of early American history has been the colonial Goodwife, perpetually spinning, sewing, darning, and quilting, answering all of her family’s textile needs. But the Goodwife of popular historical imagination obscures as much as she reveals; the icon appears to explain early American women’s labor history while at the same time allowing it to go unexplained. Tensions of class and gender recede, and the largest artisanal trade open to early American women is obscured in the guise of domesticity.

In this book, Marla R. Miller illuminates the significance of women’s work in the clothing ...


When The Girls Came Out To Play: The Birth Of American Sportswear, Patricia Campbell Warner Jan 2006

When The Girls Came Out To Play: The Birth Of American Sportswear, Patricia Campbell Warner

University of Massachusetts Press Books

A study of the evolution of American women’s clothing, When the Girls Came Out to Play traces the history of modern sportswear as a universal style that broke down traditional gender roles. Patricia Warner shows how this profound cultural shift, which did not reach fruition until World War II, originated during the previous century with the gradual expansion of socially acceptable physical activity for women. Behind this development was a growing interest in sports and exercise that was further nurtured by the establishment of schools of higher education for women.The participation of women in athletic pursuits previously reserved ...


Cemetery Of The Murdered Daughters: Feminism, History, And Ingeborg Bachmann, Sara Lennox Jan 2006

Cemetery Of The Murdered Daughters: Feminism, History, And Ingeborg Bachmann, Sara Lennox

University of Massachusetts Press Books

Although Austrian writer Ingeborg Bachmann (1926–1973) is widely regarded as one of the most important twentieth-century authors writing in German, her novels and stories have sometimes been viewed narrowly as portraits of women as victims. In this innovative study, Sara Lennox provides a much broader perspective on Bachmann’s work, at the same time undertaking an experiment in feminist methodology.Lennox examines Bachmann’s poetry and prose in historical context, arguing that the varied feminist interpretations of her writings are the result of shifts in theoretical emphases over a period of more than three decades. Lennox then places her ...


From Betty Crocker To Feminist Food Studies: Critical Perspectives On Women And Food, Arlene Voski Avakian, Barbara Haber Jan 2005

From Betty Crocker To Feminist Food Studies: Critical Perspectives On Women And Food, Arlene Voski Avakian, Barbara Haber

University of Massachusetts Press Books

In recent years, scholars from a variety of disciplines have turned their attention to food to gain a better understanding of history, culture, economics, and society. The emerging field of food studies has yielded a great deal of useful research and a host of publications. Missing, however, has been a focused effort to use gender as an analytic tool. This stimulating collection of original essays addresses that oversight, investigating the important connections between food studies and women’s studies.

Applying the insights of feminist scholarship to the study of food, the thirteen essays in this volume are arranged under four ...


Inside Greenwich Village: A New York City Neighborhood, 1898-1918, Gerald W. Mcfarland Jan 2001

Inside Greenwich Village: A New York City Neighborhood, 1898-1918, Gerald W. Mcfarland

University of Massachusetts Press Books

In the popular imagination, New York City’s Greenwich Village has long been known as a center of bohemianism, home to avant-garde artists, political radicals, and other nonconformists who challenged the reigning orthodoxies of their time. Yet a century ago the Village was a much different kind of place: a mixed-class, multiethnic neighborhood teeming with the energy and social tensions of a rapidly changing America. Gerald W.In the popular imagination, New York City’s Greenwich Village has long been known as a center of bohemianism, home to avant-garde artists, political radicals, and other nonconformists who challenged the reigning orthodoxies ...