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Prison Of The Setting Sun: A Translation Of Ono Fuyumi's Rakushō No Goku, Caitlin F. Orwoll Jan 2014

Prison Of The Setting Sun: A Translation Of Ono Fuyumi's Rakushō No Goku, Caitlin F. Orwoll

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

In this thesis, I have presented my translation of the novella Rakushō no goku (落照の獄) by Ono Fuyumi, preceded by a critical introduction. In this introduction, I have provided brief biographical information about the author, context for the story and its place in the Twelve Kingdoms series of novels, an analysis of the story's use of the death penalty as allegory, and an explanation for some of my choices in the translation.

In my introduction, my main purpose was to present the author, who has written multiple best-selling, award-winning novels that have received both popular and critical acclaim, yet ...


Walks To Nowhere, Lauren Pleveich Jan 2013

Walks To Nowhere, Lauren Pleveich

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This essay is an academic justification for a means of producing images explained mainly through ideas of experiential memory.


Corporeal Thresholds, Caroline Valites Jan 2013

Corporeal Thresholds, Caroline Valites

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This text is a written articulation of my MFA thesis show entitled Corporeal Thresholds. It aims to share the poignant moments that inspired the work and contextualizes my practice within the framework of metaphysics and the phenomenology of perception. Specific topics include the body and the visceral, doubt and certainty, love and loss, and the defining spaces that influence our lives.


Flowers, Trees, And Writing Brushes: Extraordinary Lovers In The Otogi-Zoshi Kazashi No Himegimi And Sakuraume No Soshi, Haley R. Blum Jan 2013

Flowers, Trees, And Writing Brushes: Extraordinary Lovers In The Otogi-Zoshi Kazashi No Himegimi And Sakuraume No Soshi, Haley R. Blum

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis presents translations of Kazashi no himegimi and Sakuraume no sōshi, two tales belonging to the genre of medieval Japanese narrative known as otogi-zōshi, and of the subcategory known as iruimono (tales of non-humans). Chapter 1 provides context, beginning with a brief history of otogi-zōshi and a description of residual challenges in its research, including the parameters of the genre and problems with its nomenclature. This is followed by a discussion of the typical physical formats of these tales, Nara ehon and emaki, and a brief history of iruimono and plant symbolism in otogi-zōshi completes the chapter. Literary analysis ...


Memory And Production Of Standard Frequencies In College-Level Musicians, Sarah E. Weber Jan 2013

Memory And Production Of Standard Frequencies In College-Level Musicians, Sarah E. Weber

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis examines the nature of long-term absolute pitch memory—an ability traditionally assumed to belong only to absolute pitch (AP) possessors—by testing for evidence of this memory for “standard” frequencies in musicians without AP. Standard frequencies, those based on the equally tempered system with A = 440 Hz, are common in the sonic environment of the Western college musical education, and thus could have the opportunity to penetrate listeners’ long-term memories. Through four experimental tasks, this thesis examines musicians’ ability to recognize and produce frequencies from the set of equally tempered frequencies based on A = 440 Hz, without regard ...


Nationalism And The Public Sphere: Tracing The Development Of Nineteenth-Century Latin American Identities, Lisa Ponce Jan 2013

Nationalism And The Public Sphere: Tracing The Development Of Nineteenth-Century Latin American Identities, Lisa Ponce

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Through the combined usage of primary source documents and secondary source research, this thesis seeks to discern how the individual national identities of Argentina and Mexico came to fruition. This thesis will demonstrate that the early national period of each region was directly influenced by the colonial context out of which Argentina and Mexico arose. Additionally, this thesis is focused on the ways that a national identity is developed within the public sphere, and how the public sphere might be defined beyond printed newspaper accounts.


Canvas And Catalyst: Reinventing Urban Space, Ricardo A. Borges Jan 2013

Canvas And Catalyst: Reinventing Urban Space, Ricardo A. Borges

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

As an intervention strategy set amid a stark and neglected, yet highly energized urban setting of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this project seeks to relieve a stagnating urban condition through the introduction of contemporary and dynamic forms of expression. Skateboarding and street art can be seen as interpretative modes of action that reinvent objects, spaces, and conditions within the urban landscape, lending creative and engaging gestures to the everyday. As (sub) cultural expressions in their own right, these practices transcend their mere formal representations, and present unique identities, spaces, and modes of engagement within a society, initiating a creative mindset and DIY ...


Firing The Canon, John M. Byrd Jan 2013

Firing The Canon, John M. Byrd

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Firing the Canon is written in conjunction with is namesake exhibition, prepared as a culmination of work leading to the master of fine arts degree. In an attempt to help viewers better understand my body of work, I discuss herein: events contributing to my personal narrative, major themes and their origins and pertinent sources of artistic and non-artistic inspiration.


The Regional Influences On Religious Thought And Practice: A Case Study In Mormonism’S Dietary Reforms, Samuel Alonzo Dodge Jan 2013

The Regional Influences On Religious Thought And Practice: A Case Study In Mormonism’S Dietary Reforms, Samuel Alonzo Dodge

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

While commenting upon the challenges of studying the history of religious figures and movements, Richard Bushman once said, “Everything we know in this life is seen through someone’s eyes. All a historian has to work with is the way this person saw it...The purpose of history is not to find out what really happened but to collect the ways human observers have described what they think happened. We [as historians] look at the world through other’s eyes.”[1]

This thesis seeks not to argue the veracity of any particular religious doctrine, but rather strives to understand the ...


Negotiating Postwar Landscape Architecture: The Practice Of Sidney Nichols Shurcliff, Jeffrey Scott Fulford M.D., M.P.H., M.L.A. Jan 2013

Negotiating Postwar Landscape Architecture: The Practice Of Sidney Nichols Shurcliff, Jeffrey Scott Fulford M.D., M.P.H., M.L.A.

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

While documentation of the work of a select group of modernist landscape architects of the mid-twentieth century is available, little is known about the professional contributions of transitional landscape architects active in the period following World War II. Using selected projects framed by existing literature covering contemporary social, economic, political, and artistic influences, this study examines the career of one such transitional figure, Sidney Nichols Shurcliff (1906-1981). Project descriptions and analysis measure the scope of Shurcliff's work and the degree to which he contributed to the discipline and its transition to modernism, thereby augmenting the history of landscape architecture ...


José Martí Pedagogo: Educación Y Modernidad, William P. Kearney Jan 2013

José Martí Pedagogo: Educación Y Modernidad, William P. Kearney

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

El objeto de estudio de este trabajo de investigación es la visión de la educación del autor cubano José Martí presente en los escritos de los últimos años de su vida, efectivamente de 1882 a su muerte en 1895. El punto de partida del estudio es la afirmación del crítico uruguayo Ángel Rama (1926-1983) de que la preocupación principal de Martí durante esa época era la incorporación de la modernidad en América Latina. La hipótesis que se intenta probar en este trabajo es que esa mirada hacia la modernidad asume inflexiones particulares aplicadas a la visión educativa del autor. Para ...


The Third Reich In East German Film: Defa, Memory, And The Foundational Narrative Of The German Democratic Republic, Jaimie Kicklighter Jan 2013

The Third Reich In East German Film: Defa, Memory, And The Foundational Narrative Of The German Democratic Republic, Jaimie Kicklighter

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This study will explore how East German films released from the 1940s to the 1980s played a central role in both reinforcing and chipping away at the national foundational narrative of the German Democratic Republic. This narrative looked back at the memory of the Third Reich and classified communists as heroes, Nazis as villains, and the majority of Germans as dangerously apolitical while also emphasizing the contemporary Cold War division between the east and the west. This thesis argues that DEFA films utilized the memory of the Third Reich to support, question, and expand this dynamic foundational narrative which remained ...


The Foundations Of Teaching Chinese As A Foreign Language: An Investigation Of Late 19th Century Textbooks, Lena Pearson Jan 2013

The Foundations Of Teaching Chinese As A Foreign Language: An Investigation Of Late 19th Century Textbooks, Lena Pearson

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Although the field of Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language (TCFL) is still a relatively emerging one, its history runs much longer than we expect. As early as the mid to late 19th Century, Chinese was being shown in way that had not been done before – as textbooks. More importantly, these textbooks were created by non-native speakers. Yet their value as historical documents and as foundation pedagogical resources has not yet been fully recognized. The present study is an initial conversation of four late 19th century textbooks and how they pioneered presenting Chinese to a Western audience. After ...


Estructuras Desbordantes En Silvina Ocampo. Invenciones Del Recuerdo Como Poema Largo, Claudia Marcela Páez Lotero Jan 2013

Estructuras Desbordantes En Silvina Ocampo. Invenciones Del Recuerdo Como Poema Largo, Claudia Marcela Páez Lotero

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The subject matter of this work is the long poem entitled Invenciones del recuerdo, written by Silvina Ocampo (1903-1993) between 1960 and 1988, a period of time which covers the majority of the developmental stages of this author’s literary career. The hypothesis that this study intends to prove is that Invenciones del recuerdo, by using the form of the long poem, a literary form of the Latin American Modernity, exceeds its own material limits in order to occupy other texts. Through its extensibility, comparable to a river that overflows its banks, Silvina Ocampo’s long poem establishes a dialogue ...


Colonial Role Models: The Influence Of British And Afrikaner Relations On German South-West African Treatment Of African Peoples, Natalie J. Geeza Jan 2013

Colonial Role Models: The Influence Of British And Afrikaner Relations On German South-West African Treatment Of African Peoples, Natalie J. Geeza

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Recent scholarship on the renewed Sonderweg theory does not approach the debate with a comparative analysis. This thesis therefore presents a new argument looking at the influence of British and Afrikaner tensions in South Africa, culminating in the South African War of 1899-1902, and how their treatment of the various African peoples in their own colony influenced German South-West African colonial native policy and the larger social hierarchy within the settler colony. In analyzing the language of scholarly journals, magazine articles, and other publications of the period, one can see the direct influence of the Afrikaners, including South African Boers ...


You’Ll Find No Answers Here, Joseph M. Morelli Jan 2013

You’Ll Find No Answers Here, Joseph M. Morelli

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

One Studio Art graduate student's slog through the disciplines of art and science; noting the similarities, overlaps, and differences, and becoming utterly flummoxed in the process. It's about coming to terms with not knowing a whole lot about anything, really, but pressing on regardless.


The Terrorist Doppelganger: Somoza And The Sandinistas, Thomas A. Hohenstein Jan 2013

The Terrorist Doppelganger: Somoza And The Sandinistas, Thomas A. Hohenstein

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis makes two arguments. First, that the analytical lens of terrorism is useful to understanding the modern state because it pits the state against its antithesis. Additionally, the discursive contest between the state and terrorists is best understood within a gendered framework. Second, the Sandinista Revolution did not revolutionize the discourse the Nicaraguan state used to legitimate itself, thus limiting the movement’s revolutionary nature.


The Use Of Multimedia Material In Teaching Chinese As A Second Language And Pedagogical Implications, Zhongyuan Williams Jan 2013

The Use Of Multimedia Material In Teaching Chinese As A Second Language And Pedagogical Implications, Zhongyuan Williams

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The use of Multimedia materials has been widely accepted as an useful and effective tool in the field of second language acquisition (SLA). Many studies and researchers have examined multimedia material’s effectiveness from a number of aspects, including four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading (including vocabulary comprehension) and writing. However, the effectiveness of multimedia material from the aspect of L2 grammar comprehension hasn’t been well explored.

This study examines the effectiveness of multimedia material in teaching second language grammar comprehension among beginning and intermediate-level Chinese learners. In particular, it investigates the relative efficacy of three different ...


One Breath/ One Line, Theresa Antonellis Jan 2013

One Breath/ One Line, Theresa Antonellis

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

ABSTRACT

The scale of the body, the accretion of marks, the pace of the breath and a list of rules, underlie the work. These are parts of the process. I give myself over to the process. The drawing is evidence of the process. During process, there is constant struggle for dominance between the points of attention. Limitations of the body, habits of the mind, observation of the breath, and action of drawing compete for dominance. When are equal, the state of meditation arises. To me this is ultimate freedom. The intention is the viewer will also find freedom in contemplative ...


Detritus In Situ, Ariel R. Lavery Jan 2013

Detritus In Situ, Ariel R. Lavery

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis paper explores some of the cultural phenomena that influence my conceptual framework and describes the logic behind the formal decision-making that defines my work. Beginning with a description of the nature of the materials and environments I appropriate, this thesis aims to deconstruct the layered system of binaries that build the logic behind my work. The concerns in my work circulate around domestic consumption and the objects detritus, a term coined in the paper, that are produced as a result. However, rather than allow the objects detritus to remain cast-aways of a culture of excess, my work reincorporates ...


Towards A Neopragmatist Understanding Of Translation: A Cross-Disciplinary And Cross-Medial Survey, Steffani Scheer Jan 2013

Towards A Neopragmatist Understanding Of Translation: A Cross-Disciplinary And Cross-Medial Survey, Steffani Scheer

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Maria Tymoczko (2005) highlights four research trajectories that are likely to be at the forefront of translation studies in coming decades: the attempt to define translation, the internationalization of translation, the impact of technology and globalization on translation theory, and the contextualization of translation studies relative to other areas of academic inquiry. The goal of this thesis is to contribute to the first research trajectory. I hope to enrich current developments in translation studies by offering a new way of conceptualizing translation based upon pragmatist philosophy and its particular approach to language and epistemology. Specifically I build upon certain passages ...


Protesting Between The Lines: Carmen Martín Gaite's Frustration In Writing Vis-À-Vis 1950s Francoist Censorship, Emily Rose Spring Jan 2013

Protesting Between The Lines: Carmen Martín Gaite's Frustration In Writing Vis-À-Vis 1950s Francoist Censorship, Emily Rose Spring

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis considered the impact of censorship and authoritarian rule by dictator Francisco Franco on two novels by 20th century Spanish author Carmen Martín Gaite: El balneario, (1955) and Entre visillos (1958). The two works utilize a “discourse of censorship” to express complaints about life as a young woman deprived of fulfilling relationships and self-determination. These novels were analyzed through a search for subtexts and hidden meanings to argue for their status as texts that contain a subversive message.

This investigation was accomplished through historical research on Francoist censorship and repression; use of Michel Foucault’s theories about panopticism ...


Forms, Transitions, And Design Approaches: Women As Creators Of Built Landscapes, Tai-Hsiang Cheng Jan 2013

Forms, Transitions, And Design Approaches: Women As Creators Of Built Landscapes, Tai-Hsiang Cheng

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Gender issues in the landscape, for a long time, have belonged to the fields of social and political science, which remain relatively unfamiliar to both practitioners and students in the discipline of landscape architecture. Previous scholars have put effort into examining questions of gender, culture and landscape in order to clarify the issues that researchers may encounter in today’s field of study. Among these gender classifications, questions in feminist inquiry have provided a historical setting to this study: what are the forms, transitions and design approaches that women employ as creators of the built landscapes?

Through reviewing the past ...


The Plural Forms Of Personal Pronouns In Modern Chinese, Baoying Qiu Jan 2013

The Plural Forms Of Personal Pronouns In Modern Chinese, Baoying Qiu

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

There are four major patterns of the plural forms of personal pronouns in Modern Chinese, which are: Same Wording, Suffixation (Multisyllabic and Monosyllabic Suffixations), Sound Combination (Coda Suffix and New Wording), and Tonal Changes.

Same Wording was the original plural pattern since the singular form was also used as plural form in Old Chinese. Suffixation was already appeared in Middle Chinese. Author suspects that Suffixation was a concept inspired by non-Han languages such as the Buddhist Sanskrit. Each Chinese dialect chose a way to represent this concept based on its dialectal characteristic, thus there are many dialects in China. For ...


A Hierarchical Approach To The Analysis Of Intermediary Structures Within The Modified Contour Reduction Algorithm, Kristen M. Wallentinsen Jan 2013

A Hierarchical Approach To The Analysis Of Intermediary Structures Within The Modified Contour Reduction Algorithm, Kristen M. Wallentinsen

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Robert Morris’s (1993) Contour-Reduction Algorithm—later modified by Rob Schultz (2008) and hereafter referred to as the Modified Contour Reduction Algorithm (MCRA)—recursively prunes a contour down to its prime: its first, last, highest, and lowest contour pitches. The algorithm follows a series of steps in two stages. The first stage prunes c-pitches that are neither local high points (maxima) nor low points (minima). The second stage prunes pitches that are neither maxima within the max-list (pitches that were maxima in the first stage) nor minima within the min-list (pitches that were minima in the first stage). This second ...


Dialects Into Films----The Element Of “Dialect” In Chinese Films, Shun Yao Jan 2013

Dialects Into Films----The Element Of “Dialect” In Chinese Films, Shun Yao

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

In recent years, using dialects in Chinese films has become more and more popular. By observing this phenomenon and investigating its history, I find out three functions that dialect has in cinema: severing as fun maker, indicating the identity of the speaker, helping to describe the speaker’s characteristics.

In order to understand why dialects have these functions in cinema, semiotic analysis and discourse analysis are employed in finding the reasons.


From Main To High: Consumers, Class, And The Spatial Reorientation Of An Industrial City, Jonathan Haeber Jan 2013

From Main To High: Consumers, Class, And The Spatial Reorientation Of An Industrial City, Jonathan Haeber

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Consumer culture’s spatial dynamics have rarely been examined. This study will use a methodology of “triangulation” – a term borrowed from Geographer Richard J. Dennis – to explore the characteristics of consumer culture among the working classes in a single industrial, planned city (Holyoke, Massachusetts). Each facet of the tripartite method – literary, cliometric, and geographical sources – will be used to conclude that consumer capitalism fundamentally changed the spatial character of Holyoke’s working class communities. A time period roughly from 1880 to 1940 has been selected because novels about Holyoke in this period help augment an understanding of the city’s ...


Henry Thoreau's Debt To Society: A Micro Literary History, Laura J. Dwiggins Jan 2013

Henry Thoreau's Debt To Society: A Micro Literary History, Laura J. Dwiggins

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis examines Henry David Thoreau’s relationships with New England-based authors, publishers, and natural scientists, and their influences on his composition and professional development. The study highlights Thoreau’s collaboration with figures such as John Thoreau, Jr., William Ellery Channing II, Horace Greeley, and a number of correspondents and natural scientists. The study contends that Thoreau was a sociable and professionally competent author who relied not only on other major Transcendentalists, but on members from an array of intellectual communities at all stages of his career.


Citizens And Criminals: Mass Incarceration, "Prison Neighbors," And Fear-Based Organizing In 1980s Rural Pennsylvania, Erika Arthur Jan 2012

Citizens And Criminals: Mass Incarceration, "Prison Neighbors," And Fear-Based Organizing In 1980s Rural Pennsylvania, Erika Arthur

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Throughout the 1980s, the Citizens’ Advisory Committee (CAC), a grassroots group of “prison neighbors,” organized for tighter security at the State Correctional Institution at Dallas (SCID), a medium security prison in northeast Pennsylvania. Motivated primarily by their fear of prisoner escapes, the CAC used the local media to raise awareness about security concerns and cooperated with the SCID administration to acquire state funding for projects at the prison that they believed would improve security. Their work coincided with the widespread proliferation of “tough on crime” rhetoric and policies, and the inauguration of the most intensive buildup of prisons ever witnessed ...


"Speak To Me In Vernacular, Doctor": Translating And Adapting Tirso De Molina's El Amor Médico For The Stage, Sarah A. Brew Jan 2012

"Speak To Me In Vernacular, Doctor": Translating And Adapting Tirso De Molina's El Amor Médico For The Stage, Sarah A. Brew

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Considered one of the greatest playwrights of the Spanish Golden Age, Tirso de Molina (1580?-1648) lived something of a double life, alternating—much like the characters in his plays—between two separate and often conflicting lives. Though Tirso, whose real name was Gabriel Téllez, spent the greater portion of his life in the church as a Mercedarian friar, his dramatic output as a playwright was prodigious in scope. Fewer than 90 of his plays survive today, and only a handful have been translated into English. This M.F.A. thesis therefore presents the first-ever English-language translation and adaptation of ...