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Autosegmental Spreading In Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy Aug 2011

Autosegmental Spreading In Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Revised December 2009

This paper is a shorter (and probably better) version of "Harmony in Harmonic Serialism." Like its big brother, it argues that Harmonic Serialism answers the conundrum of how iterative autosegmental spreading is obtained in Optimality Theory.


Pausal Phonology And Morpheme Realization, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2011

Pausal Phonology And Morpheme Realization, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Revised December 2009

Classical Arabic has complex phonological alternations affecting words in utterance-final position, traditionally called "pause". All pausal forms end in a heavy syllable, but the ways of achieving this result are both diverse and subject to both phonological and morphological conditioning. This chapter argues that an adequate analysis of Arabic's pausal phonology requires a derivational version of Optimality Theory, called Harmonic Serialism, in which morpheme spell-out is interleaved with phonological processes.


Grammar In The Classroom: The Case Of Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2009

Grammar In The Classroom: The Case Of Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Introduction: The Private Life Of Public Conveniences, Olga Gershenson Jan 2009

Introduction: The Private Life Of Public Conveniences, Olga Gershenson

Olga Gershenson

No abstract provided.


Harmony In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2009

Harmony In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

What OT constraint favors autosegmental spreading? Existing proposals for the pro-spreading markedness constraint make implausible typological predictions. This paper presents a new proposal that depends on Harmonic Serialism to avoid those unwanted predictions.


Classified Bibliography Of Works On Ot With Candidate Chains (Ot-Cc) And Harmonic Serialism (Hs), John J. Mccarthy Jan 2009

Classified Bibliography Of Works On Ot With Candidate Chains (Ot-Cc) And Harmonic Serialism (Hs), John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Ambivalence And Identity In Russian-Jewish Cinema, Olga Gershenson Jan 2008

Ambivalence And Identity In Russian-Jewish Cinema, Olga Gershenson

Olga Gershenson

No abstract provided.


The Serial Interaction Of Stress And Syncope, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2008

The Serial Interaction Of Stress And Syncope, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Many languages respect the generalization that some or all unstressed vowels are deleted. This generalization proves elusive in classic Optimality Theory, however. The source of the problem is classic OT’s parallel evaluation, which requires that the effects of stress assignment and syncope be optimized together. This article argues for a version of OT called Harmonic Serialism, in which the effects of stress assignment and syncope can and must be evaluated sequentially. The results are potentially applicable to other domains where process interaction is best understood in derivational terms.


Keycad Lehorot ’Et Hamorfologya Šel Binyan Hitpa`El: Basis ’Exad, ’O Šloša Digmey Mišne (How To Teach The Morphology Of The Hitpa`El Binyan: One Base, Or Three Sub-Patterns?), Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2007

Keycad Lehorot ’Et Hamorfologya Šel Binyan Hitpa`El: Basis ’Exad, ’O Šloša Digmey Mišne (How To Teach The Morphology Of The Hitpa`El Binyan: One Base, Or Three Sub-Patterns?), Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Centralization Of The Vowel I In Colloquial Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2007

Centralization Of The Vowel I In Colloquial Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Metaphors In Hebrew Slang, And Their Parallels In Hebrew Literature And In The Sources, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2007

Metaphors In Hebrew Slang, And Their Parallels In Hebrew Literature And In The Sources, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Less Than Zero: Correspondence And The Null Output, John J. Mccarthy, Matthew Wolf Jan 2007

Less Than Zero: Correspondence And The Null Output, John J. Mccarthy, Matthew Wolf

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In this chapter, we have argued for a revision of correspondence theory in which strings rather than segments are the formal objects that stand in correspondence. In this revision, well-behaved unfaithful mappings do not alter ℜ’s status is a total bijective function. Candidates with a less orderly ℜ violate MPARSE; among these candidates there is one that harmonically bounds all of the others, the null output &#;. The primary goal of this project is to explain why &#; uniquely violates no constraints except MPARSE, making it suitable for the analysis of phonologically-conditioned gaps. Along the way, we have also discussed the ...


What Is Optimality Theory?, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2007

What Is Optimality Theory?, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Optimality Theory is a general model of how grammars are structured. This article surveys the motivations for OT, its core principles, and the basics of analysis. It also addresses some frequently asked questions about this theory and offers suggestions for further reading.


Slouching Toward Optimality: Coda Reduction In Ot-Cc, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2007

Slouching Toward Optimality: Coda Reduction In Ot-Cc, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

There is a well-established asymmetry in the behavior of medial consonant clusters: the first consonant in the cluster can undergo assimilation or deletion, but the second consonant in the cluster cannot. This article presents an explanation for that asymmetry based on a version of Optimality Theory with candidate chains (McCarthy (2006a)). The key idea is that a consonant can only assimilate or delete if it first loses its place features by debuccalizing, and debuccalization is only possible in coda position.


Consonant Harmony Via Correspondence: Evidence From Chumash, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2007

Consonant Harmony Via Correspondence: Evidence From Chumash, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The phonology of [anterior] in Chumash supports recent proposals by Hansson (2001), Rose & Walker (2004), and Walker (2000a, 2000b) that long-distance consonant assimilation does not involve autosegmental spreading. Linking of the feature [anterior] is forbidden across morpheme boundaries, but long-distance [anterior] harmony is allowed across morpheme boundaries. The Chumash evidence therefore shows that assimilation can occur without autosegmental spreading.


Derivations And Levels Of Representation, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2007

Derivations And Levels Of Representation, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In the theory of generative phonology, the phonological grammar of a language is regarded as a function from underlying to surface forms: /kæt þz/ ! [kæts] ‘cats’. Underlying and surface form are known as levels of representation, and the mapping between them is a derivation. This chapter describes the rationale for positing distinct levels of representation, various views of how many and what kind of levels of representation there are, and the nature of the derivations that link different levels of representation.


Ha’Araxa Pretonit Be`Ivrit Yisre’Elit Meduberet, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2006

Ha’Araxa Pretonit Be`Ivrit Yisre’Elit Meduberet, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


A Note On Initial Consonant Clusters In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2006

A Note On Initial Consonant Clusters In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Morphology: Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2006

Morphology: Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Prosodic Morphology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2006

Prosodic Morphology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Casual Speech In Evaluating Naturalness Of Phonological Processes: The Phonetic Reality Of The Schwa In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2005

The Role Of Casual Speech In Evaluating Naturalness Of Phonological Processes: The Phonetic Reality Of The Schwa In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Optimal Paradigms, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2005

Optimal Paradigms, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Transderivational Correspondence and Uniform Exponence are two recent theories of surface resemblances among morphologically related words. This article describes the Optimal Paradigms theory, which incorporates elements of both. In OP, candidates consist of entire inflectional paradigms. Within each candidate paradigm, there is a correspondence relation from every paradigm member to every other paradigm member. Faithfulness constraints on this intraparadigmatic correspondence relation resist alternation within the paradigm. This model is illustrated and supported with a type of evidence that has not figured in previous discussions, the templatic structure of the Classical Arabic verb. Generalized Template Theory demands that templatic restrictions emerge ...


Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2005

Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

As language learners begin to analyze morphologically complex words, they face the problem of projecting underlying representations from the morphophonemic alternations that they observe. Research on learnability in Optimality Theory has started to address this problem, and this article deals with one aspect of it. When alternation data tell the learner that some surface [B]s are derived from underlying /A/s, the learner will under certain conditions generalize by deriving all [B]s, even nonalternating ones, from /A/s. An adequate learning theory must therefore incorporate a procedure that allows nonalternating [B]s to take a «free ride» on ...


The Length Of Stem-Final Vowels In Colloquial Arabic, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2005

The Length Of Stem-Final Vowels In Colloquial Arabic, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

This paper has argued that richness of the base, when combined with OT’s inherent commitment to typology, leads to an improved understanding of problems of indeterminacy in underlying representations. The controversy over the length of Arabic final vowels, a controversy to which many analysts have contributed without a final resolution, disappears once the phenomena are examined from the perspective of ROTB and a typologically responsible CON. It has been suggested (M. Hale and Reiss 1998: 660) that “the notion of richness of the base [is] a computational curiosity of OT grammars that may be quite irrelevant to human language ...


Bniyat Korpus Mugdar Le`Ivrit Yisre’Elit Vešimuš Bo Bevalšanut `Ivrit Uvehora’At `Ivrit Kesafa Zara (Building Up A Limited Corpus For Israeli Hebrew, And Using It In Hebrew Linguistic Research And In Teaching Hebrew As A Foreign Language.), Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2004

Bniyat Korpus Mugdar Le`Ivrit Yisre’Elit Vešimuš Bo Bevalšanut `Ivrit Uvehora’At `Ivrit Kesafa Zara (Building Up A Limited Corpus For Israeli Hebrew, And Using It In Hebrew Linguistic Research And In Teaching Hebrew As A Foreign Language.), Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Linear First-Time Derivation Of Verbs And Consonant Cluster Preservation In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2004

Linear First-Time Derivation Of Verbs And Consonant Cluster Preservation In Israeli Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


Headed Spans And Autosegmental Spreading, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2004

Headed Spans And Autosegmental Spreading, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Review Of Janet C. E. Watson (2002) The Phonology And Morphology Of Arabic, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2004

Review Of Janet C. E. Watson (2002) The Phonology And Morphology Of Arabic, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Phonological And Morphological Variation In Spoken Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2003

Phonological And Morphological Variation In Spoken Hebrew, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.


The ‘Roots’ Of Denominative Hebrew Verbs, Shmuel Bolozky Jan 2003

The ‘Roots’ Of Denominative Hebrew Verbs, Shmuel Bolozky

Shmuel Bolozky

No abstract provided.